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Encyclopedia > Beelzebub
Beelzebub as depicted in Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal (Paris, 1863).
Beelzebub as depicted in Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal (Paris, 1863).

Ba‘al Zebûb or Ba‘al Zəvûv (Hebrew בעל זבוב, with numerous variants)[1] appears as the name of a deity worshipped in the Philistine city of Ekron. Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Original run 2000 – 2000 No. ... Beelzebub ) is a fictional character and main protagonist who first appears in the manga series Sand Land by Akira Toriyama. ... This is a disambiguation page, for the Judeo-Christian demon, see Beelzebub The title of William Goldings novel Lord of the Flies is a literal English translation of Beelzebub. In Steven Brusts To Reign in Hell, Beelzebub is cast as a faithful servant of Lucifer who is stuck... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (701x800, 114 KB) Summary Description: Beelzebub Source: Dictionnaire Infernal, scan downloaded from http://fantastic. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (701x800, 114 KB) Summary Description: Beelzebub Source: Dictionnaire Infernal, scan downloaded from http://fantastic. ... Jacques Auguste Simon Collin de Plancy (1793-1887) was a French occultist, demonologist and writer; he published several works on cultism and demonology. ... The Dictionnaire Infernal is a book on demonology that includes the name and description of the lots of demons the demonology organised in hellish hierarchies. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... This article is about the term Deity in the context of mysticism and theology. ... The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ... The city of Ekron (Hebrew עֶקְרוֹן, Standard Hebrew Ê»Eqron, Tiberian Hebrew Ê»Eqrôn) was one of the five Philistine cities in southwestern Canaan. ...


In ancient contexts, there appears to have been little, if any, meaningful distinction between Beelzebub and the polytheistic Semitic god named Ba‘al. Monotheistic Jewish reference to Baal was almost certainly pejorative, and grew to be used among other terms for Satan. The name later appears as the name of a demon or devil, often interchanged with Beelzebul. Polytheism is belief in or worship of multiple gods or deities. ... In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical Shem, Hebrew: שם, translated as name, Arabic: سام) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... For other uses, see Baal (disambiguation). ... For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album) In theology, monotheism (from Greek one and god) is the belief in the existence of one deity, or in the oneness of God. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with pejoration. ... This article is about the concept of Satan. ... “Fiend” redirects here. ... This is an overview of the Devil. ...


Examination has sought to interpret the meaning of Baal in context to determine the specific reasons for this connotation, and varied religious speculations have run the gamut.


Regardless, the demonization of the deity or deification is thought to have been one basis for the personification of Satan as the adversary of the Abrahamic God, though other influences such as the Zoroastrian Daeva may have contributed. Demonization is the characterization of individuals, groups, or political bodies as evil or subhuman for purposes of justifying and making plausible an attack, whether in the form of character assassination, legal action, circumscribing of political liberties, or warfare. ... The three so-called Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam have in common many beliefs about God. ... A div (earlier Persian dēv, Middle Persian dēw, Avestan daēva) is an evil spirit in Persian mythology that loves to cause harm and destruction. ...

Contents

Religious meaning

Ba‘al Zebûb might mean 'Lord of Zebûb', referring to an unknown place called Zebûb, or 'Lord of things that fly' (zebûb being a Hebrew collective noun for 'fly', thus the common lay translation 'Lord of the Flies'). Thomas Kelly Cheyne suggested that it might be a derogatory corruption of Ba'al Zebul, 'Lord of the High Place', or 'Lord of Heaven'.[2] The SeptuagintA renders the name as Baalzeboub, SeptuagintB as Baal myîan 'Baal of flies', but Symmachus the Ebionite may have reflected a tradition of its offensive ancient name when he rendered it as Beelzeboul (Cath.Ency.). Hebrew redirects here. ... For other uses, see Lord of the Flies (disambiguation). ... Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1841 - 1915), English divine and Biblical critic, was born in London, and educated at Merchant Taylors School and Oxford. ... The Septuagint: A column of uncial text from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brentons Greek edition and English translation. ... Symmachus the Ebionite (late 2nd century CE), was the author of one of the Greek versions of the Old Testament that were included by Origen in his Hexapla and Tetrapla, which compared various versions of the old Testament side by side with the Septuagint. ... Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ...


The source for the name Ba‘al Zebûb / Beelzebub is in 2 Kings 1.2–3,6,16 where King Ahaziah of Israel, after seriously injuring himself in a fall, sends messengers to inquire of Ba‘al Zebûb, the god of the Philistine city of Ekron, to learn if he will recover. The Books of Kings (‎) is a part of Judaisms Tanakh, the Hebrew Bible. ... This entry is not about King Ahaziah of Judah. ... The city of Ekron (Hebrew עֶקְרוֹן, Standard Hebrew Ê»Eqron, Tiberian Hebrew Ê»Eqrôn) was one of the five Philistine cities in southwestern Canaan. ...

Ahaziah fell through the lattice in his upper chamber at Samaria and was injured. So he sent messengers whom he instructed: "Go inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this injury." (JPS translation)

Elijah the Prophet then condemns Ahaziah to die by Yahweh's words because Ahaziah sought counsel from Ba‘al Zebûb rather than from Yahweh. Ahaziah (held by Jehovah) was the name of two kings: Ahaziah of Israel, king of Israel Ahaziah of Judah, king of Judah. ... “Shomron” redirects here. ... Elijah, 1638, by José de Ribera This article is about the prophet in the Hebrew Bible. ... For other uses, see Yahweh (disambiguation). ...


In Christianity, the name Beelzebub or Beelzebul may appear as an alternate name for Satan or else may appear to refer to the name of a lesser devil. As with several religions, the names of any earlier foreign or "pagan" deities often became synonymous with the concept of an adversarial entity. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...


In Mark 3, verse 22, the Pharisees accuse Jesus of driving out demons by the power of Beelzeboul, prince of demons, the name also appearing in the expanded version in Matthew 12.24,27 and Luke 11.15,18–19. The name also occurs in Matthew 10.25. Mark 3 is the third chapter of the Gospel of Mark in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. ... The Pharisees (from the Hebrew perushim, from parash, meaning to separate) were, depending on the time, a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought among Jews that flourished during the Second Temple Era (536 BCE–70 CE). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure, correctly pronounced exercism) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place which they are believed to have possessed (taken control of). ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον, Kata Maththaion or Kata Matthaion) is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ...

Jesus knew their thoughts and said to them, Every kingdom divided against itself will be ruined, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand. If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then can his kingdom stand? And if I drive out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. (NIV translation)

It is unknown whether Symmachus was correct in identifying these names or not since we otherwise know nothing about either of them. Zeboul might derive from a slurred pronunciation of zebûb; from 'zebel', a word used to mean 'dung' in the Targums; or from Hebrew zebûl found in 1 Kings 8.13 in the phrase bêt-zebûl 'lofty house' and used in Rabbinical writings to mean 'house' or 'temple' and also as the name for the fourth heaven. The Books of Kings (‎) is a part of Judaisms Tanakh, the Hebrew Bible. ...


In any case the form Beelzebub was substituted for Belzebul in the Syriac translation and Latin Vulgate translation of the gospels and this substitution was repeated in the King James Version of the Bible, the result of which is the form Beelzebul was mostly unknown to western European and descendant cultures until some more recent translations restored it. In summary, it is unknown if either or both of these names were a title applied to persons, to divinities exclusively, or otherwise were a corruption of such a title, possibly as a denigration. Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century version in Latin, partly revised and partly translated by Jerome on the orders of Pope Damasus I in 382. ... The King James or Authorized Version of the Bible is an English translation of the Christian Bible first published in 1611. ...


Apocryphal literature

In the Testament of Solomon, Beelzebul (not Beelzebub) appears as prince of the demons and says (6.2) that he was formerly a leading heavenly angel who was (6.7) associated with the star Hesperus (which is the normal Greek name for the planet Venus (Αφροδíτη) as evening star). Seemingly Beelzebul is here simply Satan/Lucifer. Beelzebul claims to cause destruction through tyrants, to cause demons to be worshipped among men, to excite priests to lust, to cause jealousies in cities and murders, and to bring on war. The Testament of Solomon is an Old Testament pseudepigraphical work, purportedly written by King Solomon, in which Solomon mostly describes particular demons whom he enslaved to help build the temple, the questions he put to them about their deeds and how they could be thwarted, and their answers, which provide... (*min temperature refers to cloud tops only) Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 9. ... This article is about the star or fallen angel. ...


Texts of the Acts of Pilate (also known as the Gospel of Nicodemus) vary in whether they use Beelzebul or Beelzebub. The name is used by Hades as a secondary name for Satan. But it may vary with each translation of the text, other versions give the name Beelzebub as Beelzebub, but separates him from Satan. The Acts of Pilate (Latin Acta Pilati) is a book of the New Testament apocrypha. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). ...


Later accounts

"Beelzebub and them that are with him shoot arrows" from John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress (1678)
"Beelzebub and them that are with him shoot arrows" from John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress (1678)

Beelzebub is commonly described as placed high in Hell's hierarchy; he was of the order of cherubim. According to the renowned 16th century occultist Johannes Wierus, Beelzebub is the chief lieutenant of Lucifer, the Emperor of Hell, and presides over the Order of the Fly. Similarly, the 17th century exorcist Sebastien Michaelis, in his Admirable History (1612), placed Beelzebub among the three most prominent fallen angels, the other two being Lucifer and Leviathan, whereas two 18th century works identified an unholy trinity consisting of Beelzebub, Lucifer, and Astaroth. John Milton featured Beelzebub as seemingly the second-ranking of the many fallen cherubim in the epic poem Paradise Lost, first published in 1667. Wrote Milton of Beelzebub "than whom, Satan except, none higher sat." Beelzebub is also a character in John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress, first published in 1678. Image File history File links Beelzebub_and_them_with_him. ... Image File history File links Beelzebub_and_them_with_him. ... John Bunyan. ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ... CHERUB is a series of childrens books written by the author Robert Muchamore about a group of children who are trained to be agents working for the British Government in the top secret organisation known as CHERUB. It is similar to the British security service MI5, and is based... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Johann Weyer, aka Wierus, Wier (1515—1588) was a German physician, occultist and demonologist, disciple and follower of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article is about the supernatural being. ... This article is about the biblical creature. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other persons named John Milton, see John Milton (disambiguation). ... A cherub (Hebrew כרוב; plural cherubim, כרובים) is an angelic creature mentioned several times in the Tanakh, or Old Testament, and in the Book of Revelation. ... For other uses, see Paradise Lost (disambiguation). ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... John Bunyan. ... The Pilgrims Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come by John Bunyan (published, February, 1678) is a Christian allegory. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ...


Sebastien Michaelis associated Beelzebub with the deadly sin of pride. However, according to Peter Binsfeld, Beelzebub was the demon of gluttony, one of the other seven deadly sins, whereas Francis Barrett asserted that Beelzebub was the prince of false gods. In any event, Beelzebub was frequently named as an object of supplication by confessed witches. After being accused by the Pharisees of possessing Jesus, he has also been held responsible for at least one famous case of alleged demon possession which occurred in Aix-en-Provence in 1611 involving a nun by the name of Sister Madeleine de Demandolx de la Palud who named one Father Jean-Baptiste Gaufridi as a bewitcher of young nuns. Beelzebub was also imagined to be sowing his influence in Salem, Massachusetts: his name came up repeatedly during the Salem witch trials, the last large-scale public expression of witch hysteria, and afterwards Rev. Cotton Mather wrote a pamphlet entitled Of Beelzebub and his Plot.[3] Peter Binsfeld ( 1545 - 1598 or 1603) was a Suffragan Bishop of Trier and a witch hunter who wrote the treatise De confessionibus maleficorum et sagarum, The Confession of Warlocks and Witches, translated into several languages (Trier, 1589). ... Gluttony can also refer to a character named Gluttony - a homonculus from the anime series Full Metal Alchemist Gluttony is the over-indulgence and over-consumption of food, drink, or intoxicants to the point of waste. ... For other uses, see Cardinal sin (disambiguation). ... Francis Barrett (born probably in London around 1770-1780) was an English occultist. ... Supplication (also known as petitioning) is the most common form of prayer, wherein a person asks a supernatural deity to provide something, either for the person who is praying or for someone else on whose behalf a prayer of supplication is being made. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Witchcraft. ... For the followers of the Vilna Gaon, see Perushim. ... Demonic possession is a form of spiritual possession; specifically, the act of one or more demons entering a living or dead human or animal body or an object with the intention of using it for a purpose, normally evil but sometimes instead as a punishment or test. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... 1876 illustration of the courtroom; the central figure is usually identified as Mary Walcott The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings by local magistrates and county court trials to prosecute people alleged to have committed acts of witchcraft in Essex, Suffolk and Middlesex Counties of Massachusetts in 1692... This article is about the 17th century Puritan minister. ... Polish soldiers reading a German leaflet during the Warsaw Uprising A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding). ...


In the small town of South Windsor, Connecticut there is a road called Beelzebub, due to a rumor of an exorcism.


In Popular Culture

The British band Queen mentions Beelzebub in their famous song Bohemian Rhapsody.   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ...


Refered to as Beazleboss in the "The Final Showdown" of the Tenacious D movie "The Pick of Destiny", Beezlebub was mentioned by his true name in the opening song "Kickapoo" by Meatloaf.


Beelzebub is also mentioned in "The Wish List", by famous author Eoin Colfer.


Ba'alzamon is the name of one of the principal antagonists in The Wheel of Time. At the begining of the plot it was believed to be the Trolloc name for the Dark One, but has been revealed as Ishmael, one of the thirteen Forsaken. Ishamael is one of the primary antagonists of the Wheel of Time fantasy series by Robert Jordan. ... This article is about a fantasy series. ... The Dark One is a fictional entity and primary antagonist of The Wheel of Time series by Robert Jordan. ... Hagar and Ishmael in the Wilderness, by Karel Dujardin Ishmael (Hebrew: יִשְׁמָעֵאל, Standard Tiberian ; Arabic: إسماعيل, Ismāīl) was Abrahams eldest son, born by his wifes handmaiden Hagar. ... forsake (STOP) verb [T] forsook, forsaken FORMAL to stop doing or having something: He decided to forsake politics for journalism. ...


Beezlemon from the Digimon series takes his name from Beezlebub.


Beelzebub apears in Ragnarok Online as a Game Boss. Ragnarok Online (Korean: ), often referred to as RO, is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game created by GRAVITY Co. ...


Beelzebub also appeared in Persona 3 as the Ultimate Persona of the Devil Arcana. Persona 3 ) is the fourth game in the Persona series. ...


Further reading

  • The Dictionary of Angels by Gustav Davidson, © 1967.
  • Fallen Angels...and Spirits of the Dark by Robert Masello ©1994.
  • The Access Bible. New Revised Standard Version. Oxford University Press. ©1999
  • The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage, Book I, II, & III. Translated By: S. L. MacGregor Mathers.
  • Grimoirium Verum or The True Grimoire. The Most Approved Keys of Solomon The Hebrew Rabbi. Translated From The Hebrew by Plangiere, Jesuit Dominicane. Edited, With A Preface By James Banner, Gent. Originally Published By Alibeck The AEgyptian at Memphis 1517. PDF edition, 1999 Phil Legard

Notes and references

  1. ^ In addition to Beelzebub, Ba‘al Zebûb, and Ba‘al Zəvûv, (בעל זבוב), there are several variants such as Belzebud, Beezelbub, Beezlebub, Beazlebub, Belzaboul, Beelzeboul, Baalsebul, Baalzebubg, Belzebuth Beelzebuth, and Beelzebus.
  2. ^ Born to Kvetch, Michael Wex, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2005, ISBN 0-312-30741-1
  3. ^ Of Beelzebub and his Plot

Michael Wex (born 1954 in Lethbridge, Alberta) is a Canadian novelist, playwright, lecturer, performer, and author of books on language and literature. ...

See also

Beelzemon is a fictional character from the Digimon Tamers series. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Beelzebub (850 words)
Beelzebub, or Baalzebûb, the Philistine god of Accaron (Ekron), scarcely 25 miles west of Jerusalem, whose oracle King Ochozias (Ahaziah) attempted to consult in his last illness, IV (II) Kings, i, 2.
Matthew and Luke by mistake fuse together two independent clauses of Mark, iii, 22 and identify Beelzebub and Satan, to whom the faculty of exorcism is ascribed.
Beelzebub does not appear in the Jewish literature of the period; there we usually find Beliar (Belial) as an alternative name for Satan.
Beelzebub (91 words)
Beelzebub is the patron god of the Philistines in ancient Palestine.
The term is a deliberate mocking perversion of the Canaanite Baal-Zebul ("Prince Baal"), one of the standard titles of the god Baal.
In the Bible, Beelzebub is the prince of evil spirits and in Milton's 'Paradise Lost' he is Satan's chief lieutenant.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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