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Encyclopedia > Beechcraft 1900
1900 Beechliner
A Sunwest Aviation Beechcraft 1900D Beechliner at Vancouver International Airport.
Type Regional airliner, cargo, and corporate aircraft
Manufacturer Beechcraft
Maiden flight September 3, 1982
Introduced February 1983
Produced 1982-2002
Number built 695
Developed from Beechcraft Super King Air
Variants C-12J

The Beechcraft 1900 Beechliner is a 19-passenger, pressurized twin-engine turboprop airplane manufactured by the Beechcraft Division of the Raytheon Company (now Hawker Beechcraft}. It was designed as and is primarily used as a regional airliner. It is also used commercially as a freight aircraft, corporate transport, and by the United States military and other governments. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 735 KB)A Sunwest Airlines Beechcraft 1900 D on the ramp at Vancouver International Airport. ... Sunwest Aviation is the leading Western Canadian operator of jet and turboprop charter aircraft. ... Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 15 kilometres from downtown Vancouver. ... Flybe Bombardier Q400 Régional ERJ 145 operating for Air France A regional airliner is a small airliner designed to fly between 35 and 100 passengers from point to point, generally within one country. ... Freight aircraft, also called a freighter, are airliners converted for cargo hauling through the removal of passenger ammenities and the installation of a large cargo door. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... The Beech Aircraft Corporation, purchased by Raytheon Aircraft on February 8, 1980, and often called Beechcraft after the name they give their aircraft, is a manufacturer of general aviation and military aircraft, ranging from light single engine aircraft to business jets and light military transports. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Beechcraft King Air and Beechcraft Super King Air, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The C-12F Huron provides logistics support between Navy air stations. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Beech Aircraft Corporation, purchased by Raytheon Aircraft on February 8, 1980, and often called Beechcraft after the name they give their aircraft, is a manufacturer of general aviation and military aircraft, ranging from light single engine aircraft to business jets and light military transports. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that Raytheon Aircraft Company be merged into this article or section. ... Flybe Bombardier Q400 Régional ERJ 145 operating for Air France A regional airliner is a small airliner designed to fly between 35 and 100 passengers from point to point, generally within one country. ... Freight aircraft, also called a freighter, are airliners converted for cargo hauling through the removal of passenger ammenities and the installation of a large cargo door. ...


The Beechliner is designed to carry passengers in all weather conditions from airports with relatively short runways for distances of more than 600 miles. In terms of the number of aircraft built and its continued use by many passenger airlines and other users, it is the most successful 19-passenger airliner in history.[1] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Development

The 1900 is Beechcraft's third regional airline aircraft. The Beechcraft Model 18 was a 6 to 11 passenger utility aircraft produced from 1937 to 1970, used by the military, airlines, charter operations, corporations for executive transport, and freight carriers. The Beech 18, or "Twin Beech" as it was often called, was hugely successful, with a production run of over 30 years, more than 9,000 built and more approved modifications than any other airplane in history. It remains in common use in numerous roles including freight aircraft and skydivers' jump plane. The 15-passenger Beechcraft Model 99 Airliner was designed to replace the Beech 18, and was produced from 1966 to 1986. It was also commercially successful and remains in common use with freight airlines such as Ameriflight. The Beech Aircraft Corporation, purchased by Raytheon Aircraft on February 8, 1980, and often called Beechcraft after the name they give their aircraft, is a manufacturer of general aviation and military aircraft, ranging from light single engine aircraft to business jets and light military transports. ... Beechcraft 18 on floats. ... The Beechcraft Model 99 is similar to the King Air 200 but is not presurized civilian aircraft produced by the Beech Aircraft Corporation (now Raytheon). ... Ameriflight is a cargo airline based in Burbank, California, USA. It is the largest US Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services to destinations in 30 US states, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. ...


The Beechcraft 1900 was developed directly from the Beechcraft Super King Air 200. The 1900 first flew on September 3, 1982, with Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification awarded in November 1983 under Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 41C airworthiness standards. Like the 1900, the 1900C was certified under SFAR 41C, but the later 1900D version was certified to FAR Part 23 "Commuter Category" standards.[2] It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Beechcraft King Air and Beechcraft Super King Air, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... “FAA” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Temporary Flight Restriction be merged into this article or section. ...


The 1900 entered service in February 1984, with the first ExecLiner corporate version delivered in 1985. A total of 695 Beechcraft 1900 aircraft were built, making the Beechliner the best-selling 19-passenger airliner in history.[1] With market trends favoring larger 50- to 90-seat regional jets, Raytheon ended production of the Beechcraft 1900 in October 2002. Many airlines continue to fly the 1900. SN Brussels Airlines Avro RJ85 Air France ERJ 145 A regional jet (RJ) is a small jet aircraft that is intended to fly passengers from point to point as efficiently as possible. ...


Design

A USAF-owned Beechcraft 1900C (UB-42) taxis at Mojave Spaceport on 2/1/2007.

Since the 1900 is derived from the King Air, all 1900s share certain characteristics with the King Air. Cockpit controls and operations are similar to those of the King Air. While Federal Aviation Regulations require two pilots for airline operations, the 1900 is designed and certificated for single-pilot operation in corporate or cargo settings, as is the King Air. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 768 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2106 × 1644 pixel, file size: 902 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 768 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2106 × 1644 pixel, file size: 902 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The Mojave Spaceport (IATA: MHV, ICAO: KMHV) , also known as the Mojave Airport and Civilian Aerospace Test Center, is located in Mojave, California, at an elevation of 2,791 feet. ... Beech King Air Categories: Aircraft stubs | U.S. civil utility aircraft 1960-1969 ...


Propulsion

The 1900 is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turboprop engines. The 1900 and 1900C use two PT6A-65B engines, each rated at 1,179 shaft horsepower. The 1900D uses two PT6A-67D engines, each rated at 1,279 shaft horsepower. The PT6 is a turboprop aircraft engine manufactured by Pratt & Whitney Canada. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... hp, see HP (disambiguation) The horsepower (hp) is the name of several non-metric units of power. ... hp, see HP (disambiguation) The horsepower (hp) is the name of several non-metric units of power. ...


The propellers are manufactured by Hartzell, with four blades on each propeller. On the 1900 the blades are metal. On the 1900C and 1900D, the blades are made from composite materials. A cloth of woven carbon fiber filaments, a common element in composite materials Composite materials (or composites for short) are engineered materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties and which remain separate and distinct within the finished structure. ...


Jet A is the recommended fuel; however the engines are also approved for limited operations on other types of jet fuel or aviation-grade gasoline.[3] An aviation fuel truck. ... Jet fuel is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in jet-engined aircraft. ... // Avgas is a high-octane fuel used for aircraft and, in the past, racing cars. ...


Performance

The 1900D cruises at about 260 knots true airspeed (300 mph or 480 km/h). Ordinary trip lengths range from 100 to 600 miles (20 minutes to two hours), but with full fuel tanks, the aircraft is capable of flying well in excess of 1,000 nautical miles. Airlines often prefer the 1900 over jet aircraft for shorter routes due to its fuel efficiency, and because trip times are not significantly longer on distances up to 300 miles (480 km).[3] A knot is a unit of speed abbreviated kt or kn. ... True airspeed (TAS) is the speed of an aircraft relative to the airmass in which it flies, i. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ...


The airplane is certified to fly up to an altitude of 25,000 feet (7,600 meters) above mean sea level. The cabin is pressurized, and the aircraft is equipped with emergency oxygen masks for the pilots and passengers in the event the cabin loses pressure.[3] For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Cabin pressurization is the active pumping of air into the cabin of an aircraft to increase the air pressure within the cabin. ... Breathing 100% oxygen from a tight fitting pressure demand oxygen mask An oxygen mask provides a method to transfer breathing oxygen gas from a storage tank to the lungs. ...


It is designed to operate in most weather conditions, including icing conditions, and it is usually equipped with weather radar to help pilots avoid severe weather.[3] The effect of atmospheric icing on a tree. ... Weather radar in Norman, Oklahoma with rainshaft (Source: NOAA) Environment Canada King City (CWKR) weather radar station. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ...


Beechcraft 1900 can safely operate on shorter, narrower, airstrips with more passengers on board and will land or take off on gravel, grass and rough airstrips.


Raytheon offers the option of configuring the aircraft with a lavatory, using space otherwise available for passenger seating and cargo storage. Because most flights are less than two hours' duration, most airlines choose to configure the aircraft with the additional seating and cargo space, forgoing the lavatory.[3] Flush toilet. ...


ICAO Aircraft Designator

The ICAO designator for the 1900 is B190. This is used in ATC flight plans and pilot reports, as well as for aircraft type identification on ATC radar. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Amsterdams Schiphol Airport Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air. ... For how a flight plan is produced, see Flight planning. ... A pilot report or PIREP is a report of actual weather conditions encountered by an aircraft in flight. ... This long range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll. ...


Variants

1900

The original design is known simply as the Beechcraft 1900. It features two "airstair" passenger boarding doors: one near the tail of the aircraft much like the smaller King Airs, and a second at the front just behind the cockpit. It has a small cargo door near the tail for access to the baggage compartment, which is behind the passenger compartment. Only three airframes were built, with "UA" serial numbers of UA-1, UA-2, and UA-3. UA-1 and UA-2 are stored at a Beechcraft facility in Wichita, Kansas. As of September 2006, UA-3 is in service with Bolivia's Ministry of National Defence in La Paz. The name given to the built in staircase found in the rear underbelly of a Boeing 727 jet airliner. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Kansas County Sedgwick Government  - Mayor Carl Brewer (D) Area  - City 359. ... Location of La Paz within Bolivia Coordinates: Country Bolivia Departament La Paz Department (Bolivia) Province Pedro Domingo Murillo Province Founded October 20, 1548 Incorporated (El Alto) 20th century Government  - Mayor Juan Del Granado Area  - City 470 km²  (181. ...


1900C

It immediately became clear that two airstair doors were redundant on an aircraft holding only 19 passengers. Beechcraft kept the front airstair, but eliminated the aft airstair door, installing an enlarged cargo door in its place. The changed aircraft was renamed 1900C. Other than the redesigned door layout, the early 1900C's were substantially similar to the original 1900's. These were assigned serial numbers starting with the letters "UB." A total of 74 UB version were built, many of which remain in service.[2] The American Federation of Teachers (AFT) is the smaller of the two education labor unions in the United States, representing 1. ...


Aircraft in the UA and UB series employ a bladder-type fuel tank system in the wings. Later 1900C's use a "wet wing" fuel system: entire sections of the wing are sealed off for use as fuel tanks. This design change allowed more fuel to be stored, substantially increasing the 1900C's range. The wet wing 1900Cs were assigned serial numbers beginning with "UC." These aircraft are also referred to as 1900C-1s. The wet wings proved popular, and the UC is the most common version of the low-ceiling 1900, with 174 UC airframes built.[2] It has been suggested that Racing Fuel Cell be merged into this article or section. ... A wet wing is an aerospace engineering technique where an aircrafts wing structure is sealed and used as a fuel tank. ...


Raytheon also manufactured six 1900C aircraft specifically for use by the U.S. military. These were assigned "UD" serial numbers, UD-1 through UD-6.


1900D

Facing forward in the passenger cabin of a CommutAir Airlines Beechcraft 1900D

While the 1900C had become a popular regional airliner, Beechcraft undertook a substantial redesign of the aircraft, and in 1991 introduced a new version called the 1900D. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... CommutAir is an American regional airline based in Plattsburgh, New York, USA. It operates under the name Continental Connection for Continental Airlines. ...


The 1900 and 1900C, like most 19-passenger airliners and business jets, have fairly small passenger cabins, with ceilings so low that passengers cannot walk through the interior without bending forward. The 1900D was designed to remedy this by providing a "stand-up cabin," which would allow most passengers to walk upright. It is the only 19-seat airliner with this feature.[2] Business jet (slang, Bizjet) is a term for a jet aircraft, usually of modest size, designed for transporting small groups of business people for commercial reasons at a time convenient to their business needs. ...


Because the taller passenger cabin adds both weight and drag to the airplane, other elements of the 1900D were also changed. More powerful engines and modified propellers were installed, winglets were added to reduce drag and increase the wings' efficiency, and the tail was made larger in response to the more powerful engines. The cockpit was updated with an Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS). The 1900D was certified under the then-new FAR Part 23 "Commuter Category" standards, which had replaced the earlier SFAR 41C. Since the "UD" serial numbers were already in use by the military 1900s, the 1900D airplanes have serial numbers beginning with "UE." The 1900D is the most popular version of the Beechliner, with 438 of the 1900D built.[2] Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first mainline airliner to feature winglets in 1990 Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ... An Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) is a type of electronic display (usually a CRT or LCD) fitted to the cockpit of an aircraft in order to display flight information. ...


Military C-12J

The U.S. military designation for the Beechcraft 1900C is C-12J. This is a variant of the C-12 Huron, which is the most common designation for military King Airs. The C-12J includes the 6 "UD" series Beechcraft 1900s specifically built for the U.S. military, as well as other 1900Cs in U.S. military service. The C-12F Huron provides logistics support between Navy air stations. ...


Examples of C-12J aircraft in military service include one used for GPS jamming tests at the 586th Flight Test Squadron, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico,[4] another based at the 517th Airlift Squadron, Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska,[5] and two based at the 55th Airlift Flight, Osan Air Base, South Korea.[1] The U.S. Army operates both C-12J and 1900D aircraft along with other C-12 (King Air) aircraft.[6] The Global Positioning System (GPS) is the only fully functional Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). ... Radio jamming is the (usually deliberate) transmission of radio signals that disrupt communications by decreasing the signal to noise ratio. ... Holloman Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Otero County, about 6 miles SW of Alamogordo, New Mexico. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... A Japanese F-15 takes off from Elmendorf during a joint exercise. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Osan Air Base, a base of the United States Air Force, is located 4. ...


King Air ExecLiner

The King Air ExecLiner was a marketing name for a corporate version of the Beechcraft 1900C.


Operators

Civilian operators

Beechcraft 1900D cockpit detail, from the simulator at FlightSafety International's Orlando, Florida facility.

Airlines in the United States which currently operate the Beechcraft 1900 include Air Midwest (as Mesa Airlines and as US Airways Express), Big Sky Airlines (as Delta Connection), Chalk's International Airlines, Colgan Air (as US Airways Express), CommutAir (as Continental Connection), Great Lakes Airlines, Era Aviation, Gulfstream International (as Continental Connection), Scenic Airlines, and Skyway Airlines (as Midwest Connect). Cargo operators such as Ameriflight and the relief organization Air Serv International also operate the Beechliner.[7] Flight Safety International Beech 1900D Simulator, at the Daytona Beach Campus of Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. ... Flight Safety International Beech 1900D Simulator, at the Daytona Beach Campus of Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. ... FlightSafety International is the world’s leading provider of professional aviation training, as well as simulation equipment and software. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area South Florida Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... 1970s Logo This article is about the regional airline based in Wichita, KS. For the article regarding the renamed Midwest Express, see Midwest Airlines. ... Mesa Airlines (IATA: YV, ICAO: ASH, and Callsign: Air Shuttle), a subsidiary of Mesa Air Group, is a US airline headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona which operates flights as Air Midwest, United Express and US Airways Express. ... US Airways Express is a brand name used by several airlines which provide feederliner service for US Airways from smaller markets in the United States, Canada, and the Bahamas to its major stations at Charlotte Douglas International Airport, Philadelphia International Airport, Pittsburgh International Airport, New York Citys LaGuardia Airport... Big Sky Airlines (IATA: GQ, ICAO: BSY, and Callsign: Big Sky) [1] is a commercial airline headquartered in Billings, Montana, USA. Big Sky Airlines is wholly owned by Big Sky Transportation Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of MAIR Holdings. ... Delta Connection is the name under which seven regional airlines operate short and medium haul routes for mainline carrier, Delta Air Lines. ... Chalks International Airlines (IATA: OP, ICAO: CHK, and Callsign: Chalks), formerly Chalks Ocean Airways, is an airline based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. ... Colgan Air (IATA: 9L, ICAO: CJC, and Callsign: Colgan) [1] is a regional airline of the United States. ... US Airways Express is a brand name used by several airlines which provide feederliner service for US Airways from smaller markets in the United States, Canada, and the Bahamas to its major stations at Charlotte Douglas International Airport, Philadelphia International Airport, Pittsburgh International Airport, New York Citys LaGuardia Airport... CommutAir is an American regional airline based in Plattsburgh, New York, USA. It operates under the name Continental Connection for Continental Airlines. ... Continental Connection is a name under which several commuter carriers operate service marketed exclusively by Continental Airlines, but which Continental does not own. ... Great Lakes Airlines (IATA: ZK, ICAO: GLA, and Callsign: Lakes Air), formerly Great Lakes Aviation, is an airline based in Cheyenne, Wyoming, USA. It is a regional airline operating domestic scheduled and charter services. ... Era Aviation (IATA: 7H, ICAO: ERH, and Callsign: Era) [1] is an airline based in Anchorage, Alaska, USA. It operates a network of services from Anchorage as part of Alaska Airlines Commuter service. ... Gulfstream International Airlines is a carrier operating under the name Continental Connection for Continental Airlines. ... Continental Connection is a name under which several commuter carriers operate service marketed exclusively by Continental Airlines, but which Continental does not own. ... Early Scenic Airways timetable, note the Fly over the colorful West inscription Scenic Airlines is an American airline which is based in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... Skyway Airlines is a subsidiary of Midwest Airlines that feeds Midwests hub at General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee, Wisconsin under the trade name Midwest Connect. ... Midwest Connect is the name given for short connecting flights operating under Midwest Airlines. ... Ameriflight is a cargo airline based in Burbank, California, USA. It is the largest US Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services to destinations in 30 US states, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. ... Air Serv International is a nonprofit humanitarian organization that uses aircraft to fly relief workers and supplies to help victims of disasters in some of the most remote and challenging areas in the world. ...


Airlines in Canada which operate the Beechcraft 1900 include Air Georgian, Air Labrador, Central Mountain Air, North Cariboo Air, Pacific Coastal Airlines, Pronto Airways, Sunwest Aviation and Transwest Air.[7] Air Georgian is an airline based in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. ... Air Labrador is an airline based in St Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Central Mountain Air is an airline based in Smithers, British Columbia, Canada. ... North Cariboo Air is an airline based in Fort St John, British Columbia, Canada. ... Pacific Coastal Airlines is a commuter airline based in Vancouver, Canada, that serves communities on the southern British Columbia coast and on Vancouver Island. ... Pronto Airways LP is an airline based in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. ... Sunwest Aviation is the leading Western Canadian operator of jet and turboprop charter aircraft. ... TransWest Air is a scheduled and charter airline primarily serving the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...


Airlines in Europe which operate the Beechcraft 1900 include Denmark's Danish Air Transport, France's Twin Jet and Chalair Aviation, Germany's Avanti Air and Private Wings Flugcharter, Malta's Medavia, Portugal's Portugalia Airlines, Spain's Binter Canarias, and Sweden's Nextjet, UK's Manx 2.[7] DAT - Danish Air Transport is an airline based in Vamdrup, Denmark. ... Twin Jet (IATA: T7; ICAO: TGT)is a French airline started in May 2001 but their first scheduled flight wasnt until March 2002. ... Chalair Aviation, previously Chalair, is an airline based in Caen, France. ... Avanti Air is an airline based at Siegerland, Germany. ... Private Wings (Flugcharter) is an airline based in Germany operating business charter, freight and air ambulance services. ... Medavia is an airline based at Luqa in Malta. ... Portugália (Companhia Portuguesa de Transportes Aereos SA) (IATA: NI, ICAO: PGA, and Callsign: Portugalia) is a regional airline based in Lisbon, Portugal. ... Binter Canarias is an airline based in Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain. ... Nextjet is a Swedish airline with focus on passenger and cargo flights. ...


Other airlines operate Beechcraft 1900s in Africa, Latin America and elsewhere around the world, as do many corporate and freight operators.


The last 16 Beechcraft 1900D airliners built were sold to Eagle Airways to provide regional services for Air New Zealand. Eagle Airways is a regional airline based in Hamilton, New Zealand with 10 crew bases from Kerikeri in the Bay of Islands to Blenheim in the Marlborough region. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


According to Flight International magazine, 451 1900s remain in airline service as of August, 2006, as follows: Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


138 Raytheon Beech 1900Cs. Major operators include: Alpine Air (12), Buddha Air (2) and Ameriflight (20). Some 45 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[8] Buddha Air is an airline based in Nepal. ... Ameriflight is a cargo airline based in Burbank, California, USA. It is the largest US Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services to destinations in 30 US states, Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. ...


313 Raytheon Beech 1900Ds. Major operators include: Air Georgian (19), Avior Express (11), Big Sky Airlines (10), Central Mountain Air (11), Colgan Air (10), Commutair (17), Eagle Airways (17 (18)), Great Lakes Airlines (23), Gulfstream International Airlines (26), Mesa Airlines (20), National Airways (12), Skyway Airlines (10),Buddha Air (5) and Travira Air (15). Some 60 other airlines also operate the type, but in smaller numbers.[8] Air Georgian is an airline based in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. ... Big Sky Airlines (IATA: GQ, ICAO: BSY, and Callsign: Big Sky) [1] is a commercial airline headquartered in Billings, Montana, USA. Big Sky Airlines is wholly owned by Big Sky Transportation Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of MAIR Holdings. ... Central Mountain Air is an airline based in Smithers, British Columbia, Canada. ... Colgan Air (IATA: 9L, ICAO: CJC, and Callsign: Colgan) [1] is a regional airline of the United States. ... CommutAir is an American regional airline based in Plattsburgh, New York, USA. It operates under the name Continental Connection for Continental Airlines. ... Eagle Airways is a regional airline based in Hamilton, New Zealand with 10 crew bases from Kerikeri in the Bay of Islands to Blenheim in the Marlborough region. ... Great Lakes Airlines (IATA: ZK, ICAO: GLA, and Callsign: Lakes Air), formerly Great Lakes Aviation, is an airline based in Cheyenne, Wyoming, USA. It is a regional airline operating domestic scheduled and charter services. ... Gulfstream International Airlines is a carrier operating under the name Continental Connection for Continental Airlines. ... Mesa Airlines (IATA: YV, ICAO: ASH, and Callsign: Air Shuttle), a subsidiary of Mesa Air Group, is a US airline headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona which operates flights as Air Midwest, United Express and US Airways Express. ... National Airways is an airline based in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Skyway Airlines is a subsidiary of Midwest Airlines that feeds Midwests hub at General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee, Wisconsin under the trade name Midwest Connect. ... Buddha Air is an airline based in Nepal. ... Airline based in Jakarta. ...


Military operators

Military and government operators include:[7]

 Egypt
 France
 Republic of China
 United Arab Emirates
 United Nations
 United States
 Algeria

Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Anthem National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital (and largest city) Taipei1 Official languages Standard Mandarin (GuóyÇ”), Taiwanese, Aborigine Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Chen Shui-bian  -  Vice President Annette Lu  -  Premier Chang Chun-hsiung Establishment Xinhai Revolution   -  Independence declared October 10, 1911   -  Republic established January 1, 1912... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ...

Incidents

On December 7, 1995, a chartered twin-turboprop Beechcraft 1900D commuter aircraft registered as F-OHRK and owned and operated by Air St. ... US Airways Express Flight 5481, a Beechcraft 1900D operated by Air Midwest as US Airways Express under a franchise agreement, crashed into an airport hangar and burst into flames 37 seconds after leaving Charlotte/Douglas International Airport in Charlotte, North Carolina for Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport in Greer, South Carolina...

Specifications (Beechcraft 1900D)

Data from Beechcraft 1900D Airplane Flight Manual

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 (2 in U.S. airline operations)
  • Capacity: 19 passengers + 2 crew
  • Length: 57 ft 10 in (17.63 m)
  • Wingspan: 58 ft 0 in (17.67 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)
  • Empty weight: 10,650 lb (4,831 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 17,120 lb (7,668 kg)
  • Powerplant:Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67D turboprops, 1,279 shaft horsepower [9] (955 kW) each
  • *Fuel Capacity: 4,484 pounds.
  • Fuel Type: Jet A recommended, others usable.

Performance

Avionics

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... A PT6A-20 on display at the Canada Aviation Museum A PT6A-67D engine on a Beechcraft 1900D. The jet nozzle on the exhaust is prominent. ... A schematic diagram showing the operation of a turboprop engine. ... An aviation fuel truck. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... Aircraft display an Indicated Airspeed (abbreviated IAS) on an instrument called an airspeed indicator. ... Airspeed Indicator in a light aircraft The VC of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of cruising. ... True airspeed (TAS) is the speed of an aircraft relative to the airmass in which it flies, i. ... Stall speed is an aerodynamic term. ... Aircraft display an Indicated Airspeed (abbreviated IAS) on an instrument called an airspeed indicator. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Rockwell Collins (NYSE: COL) is a large United States-based international company headquartered in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, primarily providing aviation and information technology systems, solutions, and services to governmental agencies and aircraft manufacturers. ... An Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) is a type of electronic display (usually a CRT or LCD) fitted to the cockpit of an aircraft in order to display flight information. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c C-12J overview, GlobalSecurity.org
  2. ^ a b c d e 1900 Airliner model information from Raytheon Aircraft Services' web site
  3. ^ a b c d e Beechcraft 1900D Aircraft Flight Manual, Raytheon Aircraft Corporation
  4. ^ Holloman Air Force Base fact sheet
  5. ^ Elmendorf Air Force Base website
  6. ^ U.S. Army Aviation website
  7. ^ a b c d Beech 1900 image database from Airliners.net
  8. ^ a b Flight International Magazine, 2006-10-09
  9. ^ (1,353 equivalent shaft horsepower, including thrust from jet exhaust), 3,950 foot-pounds Torque
  10. ^ Mmo = Mach 0.48 to 25,000 ft (7,600 m)

Flight International is a magazine relating to airlines, general aviation, and aerospace manufacture. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ...

External links

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Related development

Comparable aircraft

Designation sequence

800 - 1000 - 1300 - 1900 - 2000 - 4000 The Beechcraft King Air is a line of twin-turboprop aircraft produced by the Beech Aircraft Corporation (now the Beechcraft Division of Raytheon Aircraft). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Beechcraft King Air and Beechcraft Super King Air, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Beechcraft Model 99 is similar to the King Air 200 but is not presurized civilian aircraft produced by the Beech Aircraft Corporation (now Raytheon). ... The Beechcraft Super King Air is a line of twin-turboprop aircraft produced by the Beech Aircraft Corporation (now the Beechcraft Division of Raytheon Aircraft). ... The Antonov An-28 (NATO reporting name= Cash) is a 2-engined light prop transport aircraft, developed from the Antonov An-14M. It was the winner of a competition against the Beriev Be-30 for use by Aeroflot as a short-range airliner. ... A Trislander aircraft at Guernsey airport. ... The Handley Page HP.137 Jetstream is a small twin turboprop airliner, with a pressurised fuselage, designed to meet the requirements of the United States feederliner and regional airline market. ... The DHC-6 Twin Otter is a 20-passenger STOL feederliner and utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada. ... The Dornier Do 228 is a small German twin turboprop STOL-utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH (later DASA Dornier, Fairchild-Dornier) from 1981 until 1998. ... EMB 110 Bandeirante The Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante (Portuguese: Scout) is a general purpose 15-21 passenger twin-turboprop light transport aircraft suitable for military and civil duties. ... The Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner or the Fairchild Aerospace Metro is a 19-seat, pressurised, twin turboprop airliner first produced by Swearingen and later by Fairchild. ... The Harbin Y-12 is a high wing twin-engine turboprop utility aircraft built by Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC). ... The PZL M-28/M-28B/An-28 is a twin-engined high-wing cantilever monoplane of all-metal structure, with twin vertical tails and a robust tricycle non-retractable landing gear, featuring a steerable nose wheel to provide for operation from short, unprepared runways where hot or high altitude... The Skyvan is a 19-seater twin turboprop aircraft manufactured by Short Brothers, at the time Short Brothers & Harland Ltd, and used mainly for short-haul freight and skydiving. ... BAe 125-1000 The twin engined BAe 125 is the worlds best selling mid-size corporate jet, now marketed as the Raytheon Hawker 800. ... The twin-engined British Aerospace BAe 125 is the worlds best selling mid-size corporate jet, now marketed as the Raytheon Hawker 800. ... The Beechcraft Super King Air is a line of twin-turboprop aircraft produced by the Beech Aircraft Corporation (now the Beechcraft Division of Raytheon Aircraft). ... Beechcraft 2000 Starship (NASA) Beechcraft Starship (NASA) The Beechcraft Starship is a futuristic-looking aircraft designed by Burt Rutans Scaled Composites and produced by the Beech Aircraft Corporation. ... The Hawker 4000 is a new super-midsize business jet being developed by Raytheon Aircraft Company. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Airliner - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (695 words)
The definition of an airliner can vary from country to country, but typically, 20 or more passenger seats or an empty weight above 50,000 lb (22,680 kg) qualifies an aircraft as an airliner.
Passenger aircraft with fewer than 20 passenger seats are called commuter aircraft or air taxis, depending on their size, and engine and seating configurations (the Beechcraft 1900, for example, has only 19 seats so that it will not qualify as an airliner and may be operated under less strict requirements in most countries).
While piston engines were common on propliners like the Douglas DC-3 until the beginning of the jet age, nearly all modern airliners are powered by turbine engines, either turbofans or turboprops, since they operate efficiently at much higher altitudes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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