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Encyclopedia > Bedroom community
Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey
Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey

A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 936 KB)Commuters at Maplewood, NJ File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 936 KB)Commuters at Maplewood, NJ File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of Maplewood Township in Essex County Maplewood is a township located in Essex County, New Jersey. ... Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ...


The distinction between a suburb and a bedroom community is not always clear. As a general rule, suburbs are developed in areas adjacent to main employment centers, whereas bedroom communities have no large businesses and most residents commute to employment centers some distance away. Bedroom communities may be in rural or semi-rural areas, but urban sprawl and conurbation have erased clear lines among towns and cities in large metropolitan areas. Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is a term for the rapid and expansive growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities or towns which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ...

Contents


Causes

Bedroom communities can arise for a number of different reasons. Sometimes, a town loses its main source of employment, leading its residents to seek work elsewhere. In other cases, a pleasant small town over time attracts more residents but not large businesses to employ them, requiring them to commute to employment centers elsewhere.


Often, however, bedroom communities form when the workers in a region cannot afford to live in the particular town in which they are employed and are forced to seek residency in another town with a lower cost of living. This phenomenon is becoming increasingly common in the American West, where resort towns require large workforces but place an emphasis on building "McMansions", and other types of extremely expensive housing. For example, the resort town of Jackson, Wyoming has spawned several bedroom communities nearby, including Victor, Idaho, Driggs, Idaho, and Alpine, Wyoming, where the majority of the Jackson workforce resides. A cost-of-living index measures differences in the price of goods and services over time. ... The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation. ... A McMansion in Needham, Massachusetts, emulating a modest farmhouse original construction on the right and a grandiose later addition to the left, simulating local historic buildings that evolved by accretion in the 18th and 19th centuries A California flat top McMansion with indefinite architectural references An Arizona McMansion incorporating extensive... Jackson is a town located in the Jackson Hole valley of Teton County, Wyoming. ... Victor is a city located in Teton County, Idaho. ... Driggs is a city located in Teton County, Idaho. ... Alpine is a town located in Lincoln County, Wyoming. ...


Effects

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Since commuters tend to be wealthier and small town housing markets tend to be weaker than city housing markets, the development of a bedroom community tends to raise local housing prices and attract upscale service businesses in a process called gentrification. Long-time residents are often displaced by new commuter residents due to the rising house prices. This can also be influenced by zoning restrictions in urbanized areas that prevent the construction of suitable housing closer to places of employment. Image File history File links Circle-question. ... Gentrification is a process in which low-cost, deteriorated neighborhoods experience urban restoration and an increase in property values, along with an influx of wealthier residents. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ...


Bedroom communities also naturally tend to spur the development of roads and public transportation systems. These generally take the form of light rail lines extended from the city center to the commuter town and new or expanded highways, whose construction and traffic can cause substantial friction. A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Highway in Pennsylvania, USA A highway is a major road designed for automobile travel that connects cities, places, other highways, or other significant points of interest. ... Interstate 80, a freeway in California with many lanes and heavy traffic. ...


The number of bedroom comunities has increased in the U.S. and the UK since the 1960s because of a trend for people to move out of the cities into the surrounding green belt. Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The outrageously crowded Woodstock festival epitomized the popular antiwar movement of the 60s. ... For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ...


In the United States, it is common for bedroom communities to create disparities in municipal tax rates. Because the bedroom community collects few business taxes, individuals are often forced to pay the brunt of the public operating budget in higher property or income taxes. This can also lead these municipalities scrambling to encourage commercial growth once an established residential base has been reached. // Property tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the thing taxed. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Commerce is the trading of something of value between two entities. ... A residential area is a type of land use where the predominant use is residential. ...


List of bedroom communities

Ahwatukee (Ahwatukee Foothills Village) is an L-shaped bedroom community bordered on the north by South Mountain Park and Baseline Road, on the east by Interstate 10 and the cities of Chandler, Guadalupe, and Tempe, and on the south and west by the Gila River Indian Community. ... Anthem, Arizona is the result of a Del Webb development on a large parcel of land adjacent to New River, Arizona. ... Fountain Valley is a city located in Orange County, California. ... Oceano is a census-designated place located in San Luis Obispo County, California. ... Orinda is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... The Lehigh Valley (also commonly referred to as The Valley) is a region of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, located along the Lehigh River and including Lehigh County and Northampton County. ... Santa Maria is the largest city in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Deltona is a city located in southwestern Volusia County, Florida. ... Cary is the second largest city in Wake County, North Carolina. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... East Kilbride (Cille Bhrìghde an Ear in Scottish Gaelic) is a large town in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Orpington is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... Church Green and St. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... Hönow is a village in Brandenburg, Germany, near the border of Berlin. ... Getafe is a town in the southern metropolitan area of Madrid, Spain, 10 km from downtown. ... LHospitalet de Llobregat or LHospitalet is a city contiguous to the west of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Amadora is a city and municipality (Portuguese: concelho or município) in Portugal, in the northwest of the Lisbon metropolitan area. ... Aparecida de Goiânia is a city and municipality in central Goiás, Brazil. ... This sign at the western edge of Meyrin features the coat of arms of the community. ... Northfield is a city in Rice County, Minnesota. ... It has been suggested that some sections of this article be split into a new article entitled Professional Sports Minnesota . ... The Village of Russell is part of the Township of Russell which in turn is located in the United Counties of Prescott and Russell which covers part of Eastern Ontario located immediately East of Ottawa. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = The People are the City Location City Information Established: 1853 Area: km² Population:  - Total (2001 census)  - Urban (2001)  - Growth  - Rank 103,710 (source) 129,963 (source) approx. ... Gahanna is a city located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Victor is a city located in Teton County, Idaho. ... Alpine is a town located in Lincoln County, Wyoming. ... Carbondale is a town in Garfield County, Colorado, United States. ... Eagle is a town located in Eagle County, Colorado. ... Edwards is a census-designated place located in Eagle County, Colorado. ... Granby, Colorado is located along U.S. Highway 40 in Grand County, Colorado. ... Thayne is a town located in Lincoln County, Wyoming. ... Nickname: The Gateway to the Rockies Official website: http://www. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bedroom community - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (443 words)
A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood.
Bedroom communities may be in rural or semi-rural areas, but urban sprawl and conurbation have erased clear lines among towns and cities in large metropolitan areas.
Because the bedroom community collects few business taxes, individuals are often forced to pay the brunt of the public operating budget in higher property or income taxes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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