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Encyclopedia > Bedford, Massachusetts
Bedford, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°29′26″N 71°16′36″W / 42.49056, -71.27667
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Settled 1640
Incorporated 1729
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
 - Town Administrator Richard Reed
Area
 - Town  13.9 sq mi (35.9 km²)
 - Land  13.7 sq mi (35.6 km²)
 - Water  0.1 sq mi (0.3 km²)
Elevation  135 ft (41 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 12,595
 - Density 916.7/sq mi (353.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01730
Area code(s) 339 / 781
Website: http://www.town.bedford.ma.us/

Bedford is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. It is within the Greater Boston area, some 15 miles north-west of the city of Boston. The population of Bedford was 12,595 at the 2000 census. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Bedford_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council-manager form of city government. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 339 is an overlay of parts of area code 781. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 10 and 100 km (104 to 105 m). ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ...

Contents

History

Bedford was first settled in 1640 and was taken mostly from Billerica with some land added from Concord and Lexington when officially incorporated in 1729. Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ...   Billerica (IPA: [bɪl. ... Concord is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 16,993. ... Lexington is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ...


Bedford's flag (still on display at the Bedford Public Library) is the oldest complete flag known to exist in the United States. It is celebrated for having been the first U.S. flag flown during the Revolutionary War, as it is believed to have been carried by Nathaniel Page's outfit of Minutemen to the Old North Bridge in Concord for the Battle of Concord on April 19, 1775. The Bedford Flag The Bedford Flag is the oldest extant battle flag of the American Revolution. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Lexington Minuteman representing John Parker Minutemen is a name given to members of the militia of the American Colonies, who would be ready for battle in a minutes notice. ... Old North Bridge. ... Concord is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 16,993. ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War, marking the shot heard around the world. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.9 km² (13.9 mi²). 35.6 km² (13.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.94%) is water. Bedford is approximately 15 miles away from the coast. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 12,595 people, 4,621 households, and 3,419 families residing in the town. The population density was 353.9/km² (916.7/mi²). There were 4,708 housing units at an average density of 132.3/km² (342.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.19% White, 1.65% African American, 0.22% Native American, 5.40% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.80% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 4,621 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.


The median income for a family was $101,081, similar to its surrounding towns. Males had a median income of $65,697 versus $45,181 for females. The per capita income for the town was $39,212. About 1.4% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

The town still uses an open town meeting as its legislature. The executive branch consists of a Board of Selectmen who oversee a town Administrator. A town meeting is a meeting where an entire geographic area is invited to participate in a gathering, often for a political or administrative purpose. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...


Bedford is the home of a Consolidated Mail Outpatient Pharmacy (CMOP). It is part of an initiative by the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide mail order prescriptions to veterans using computerization at strategic locations throughout the United States. The Consolidated Mail Outpatient Pharmacy (CMOP) is an initiative by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs to provide mail order prescriptions to veterans using computerization at strategic locations throughout the country. ...

Exterior, Unitarian Meeting House (1816).
Exterior, Unitarian Meeting House (1816).
Interior, Unitarian Meeting House.
Interior, Unitarian Meeting House.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 994 KB) Meeting House of the First Parish Unitarian (exterior view). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 994 KB) Meeting House of the First Parish Unitarian (exterior view). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 913 KB) Meeting House of the First Parish Unitarian (interior view). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 913 KB) Meeting House of the First Parish Unitarian (interior view). ...

Education

Bedford's school system consists of four buildings: Lt. Eleazer Davis Elementary (K–2), Lt. Job Lane Elementary (3–5), John Glenn Middle School (6–8), and Bedford High School (9–12). Some students from Hanscom Air Force Base, which is partially located in Bedford, join Bedford residents at Bedford High for 9th grade and beyond, or they go to Shawsheen Tech which is in nearby Billerica. A mounted F-86 Sabre serves as the centerpiece of Hanscom AFB Hanscom Air Force Base, initially and briefly designated Bedford Army Air Base, is a United States Air Force facility in Bedford, Massachusetts. ...   Billerica (IPA: [bɪl. ...


The former Center School was deactivated in the 1980s. Center School is today the Town Center building. Page School was similarly deactivated in the 1980s and today is a retirement village. John Glenn Middle School (originally called Bedford Junior High School) is named for the late John Glenn, formerly the Superintendent of Schools in Bedford, not for the U.S. Senator and astronaut. The Davis and Lane (and former Page) schools are named for local officers who took part in the Battle of Concord on April 19, 1775. The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War, marking the shot heard around the world. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The high school mascot is the Buccaneer and the team colors are blue and white. Bedford's school sports teams compete in the Dual County League. In 2005–06, the boys' basketball team won the DCL behind the strong play of DCL MVP Gerry Cohen. In 2006–07, the Bucs made the MIAA Division III North Sectional Final but lost to eventual state champion Watertown, 63–58. Woody Carter was voted an all scholastic football player and will attend Northeastern University as a wide receiver. See also: www.bedford.k12.ma.us. This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1630 Government  - Type Town Council  - City Manager Michael J. Driscoll Area  - City  4. ... This article is about the American institution. ...


Transportation

Bedford is located slightly northwest of the intersection of I-95 (also known as MA-128) and MA-4/MA-225 (which actually cross in Lexington). Nearby highways include US-3 and MA-62. It is serviced by the 62 and 62/76 lines of the MBTA's bus service. Bedford is also served by Hanscom Field (IATA: BEDICAO: KBED), a civilian airport, which is located adjacent to Hanscom Air Force Base. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 95 Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is a well-known, important, and heavily traveled highway in the United States Interstate Highway System. ... Route 128 is a circumferential or ring highway in eastern Massachusetts with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... Massachusetts Route 4, is a northwest-southeast state highway in Massachusetts. ... Route 225 is a northwest-southeast state highway in Massachusetts, which is signed as an east-west route. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1642 Incorporated 1713 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  16. ... U.S. Route 3 is a north-south United States highway that runs from its southern terminus in Cambridge, MA (the official end according to AASHTO is at US 20 across the Charles River in Boston, though current signs indicate a terminus in Cambridge at Route 2A/3) through New... Massachusetts Route 62, is an east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [3] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates a large number of bus lines in the greater Boston area. ... Hanscom Field (IATA: BED, ICAO: KBED) is an airport located in Bedford, Massachusetts, United States and is operated by the Massachusetts Port Authority. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... A mounted F-86 Sabre serves as the centerpiece of Hanscom AFB Hanscom Air Force Base, initially and briefly designated Bedford Army Air Base, is a United States Air Force facility in Bedford, Massachusetts. ...


A snowstorm on January 10, 1977, prompted the end of passenger service on the Lexington Branch of the Boston & Maine Railroad (see additional notes under Boston and Lowell Railroad). The line was embargoed four years later. In 1991, the branch was railbanked by the Interstate Commerce Commission. It is now used for the Minuteman Bikeway. In the early 1900s, the Middlesex & Boston Street Railway line ran generally down Great Road, with lines from as far west as Hudson running into Lexington and beyond. 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting mark BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... The Lowell Line running from Boston, Massachusetts to Lowell, Massachusetts, originally the Boston and Lowell Railroad, is the oldest continually operated passenger train line in the western hemisphere. ... A Rail Bank is a system whereby the right-of-way, land and route of a closed railway is preserved so that service can be restored if circumstances change at a later time. ... The Minuteman Bikeway; is an 11 mile paved, mixed-use recreational Rail Trail and cycle path in suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Middlesex and Boston Street Railway (M&B) was a streetcar and later bus company in the area west of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Town of Bedford Official Website (243 words)
The Town of Bedford makes no claims, promises or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the contents of this web site and expressly disclaims liability for errors and omissions in the contents of this web site.
No warrant of any kind, implied, expressed or statutory, including but not limited to the warranties of non-infringement of third party rights, title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and freedom from computer virus, is given with respect to the contents of this web site or its hyperlinks to other Internet resources.
No photos or other information may be used without the written consent form the Town of Bedford.
New Bedford: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (4042 words)
New Bedford is nicknamed "The Whaling City" due to the fact that it was one of the most important ports for the whaling industry.
The land was purchased by the settlers of the Plymouth Colony from chief Massasoit of the Wampanoag tribe.
New Bedford is the southern terminus of MA 140, which is a freeway from MA 24.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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