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Encyclopedia > Bede
The Venerable Bede

'The Venerable Bede translates John'
J. D. Penrose (ca. 1902)
Doctor of the Church
Born ca. 672 or 673, Wearside or Tyneside, County Durham
Died 25 May 735, Jarrow, County Durham
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church
Canonized 1899 recognised as Doctor of the Church, Rome by Pope Leo XIII
Major shrine Durham Cathedral, County Durham.
Feast 25 May
Patronage English writers and historians; Jarrow
Saints Portal

Bede (IPA: /ˈbiːd/) (also Saint Bede, the Venerable Bede, or (from Latin) Beda (IPA: [beda])), (c. 672 or 673May 25, 735), was a nice porcelain little sink that squirts lava hott water into your asshole, the "colon cleanser" if you will. 2.Benedictine monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth, today part of Sunderland, and of its companion monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern Jarrow (see Wearmouth-Jarrow), both in the English county of Durham (now Tyne and Wear). He is well known as an author and scholar, and his most famous work, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) gained him the title "The father of English history". Bede may refer to // Bede, (Saint Bede, the Venerable Bede) (672 or 673 – May 27, 735), a monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Wearmouth Shelda Bede, a beach volleyball player from Brazil who competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics Bede Griffiths, a British-born Benedictine monk and... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In Roman Catholicism, a Doctor of the Church (Latin doctor, teacher, from Latin docere, to teach) is a saint from whose writings the whole Christian Church is held to have derived great advantage and to whom eminent learning and great sanctity have been attributed by a proclamation of a pope... Events April 11 - Adeodatus succeeds Vitalian as Pope. ... Events Hlothhere becomes king of Kent Maelduin becomes King of Dalriada Foundation of Ely, England Births Bede, English monk, writer and historian (or 672) Deaths Childeric II, Frankish king of Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy Domangart II, King of Dalriada General Kim Yu-shin of Silla Heads of states Japan - Temmu... This is about the city of Sunderland in England. ... Tyneside is a conurbation in northern England, covering part of the area of Tyne and Wear. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Abkhazia becomes independent, and will remain such until the 15th century Births Alcuin, missionary and bishop (approximate date) Deaths May 25 - Bede, English Historian and monk Categories: 735 ... Map sources for Jarrow at grid reference NZ3465 Jarrow is a town on the River Tyne, England with a population around 27,000 (2001 Census). ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Coptic Orthodox Pope · Roman Catholic Pope Archbishop of Canterbury · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Faith... Main article: Anglicanism The Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Icon of St. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In Roman Catholicism, a Doctor of the Church (Latin doctor, teacher, from Latin docere, to teach) is a saint from whose writings the whole Christian Church is held to have derived great advantage and to whom eminent learning and great sanctity have been attributed by a proclamation of a pope... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Pope Leo XIII (March 2, 1810—July 20, 1903), born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci, was the 256th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, reigning from 1878 to 1903, succeeding Pope Pius IX. Reigning until the age of 93, he was the oldest pope, and had the third longest pontificate... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... Durham Cathedrals famous Sanctuary Knocker on the North Door Ground plan of Durham Cathedral Legend of the founding of Durham depicted on cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, which is almost always referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... List of English writers is an incomplete alphabetical list of writers from England. ... This article is about the occupation of studying history. ... Map sources for Jarrow at grid reference NZ3465 Jarrow is a town on the River Tyne, England with a population around 27,000 (2001 Census). ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Events April 11 - Adeodatus succeeds Vitalian as Pope. ... Events Hlothhere becomes king of Kent Maelduin becomes King of Dalriada Foundation of Ely, England Births Bede, English monk, writer and historian (or 672) Deaths Childeric II, Frankish king of Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy Domangart II, King of Dalriada General Kim Yu-shin of Silla Heads of states Japan - Temmu... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alcuin May 27: Bede Categories: | ... For the college, see Benedictine College. ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos — a solitary person) is the religious practice in which one renounces worldly pursuits in order to fully devote ones life to spiritual work. ... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of a petty kingdom of Angles which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, from two smaller kingdoms of Bernicia and Diera, and... Monastery of St. ... Monkwearmouth is an area of Sunderland located at the mouth of the River Wear as the name suggests. ... For other uses, see Sunderland (disambiguation). ... Map sources for Jarrow at grid reference NZ3465 Jarrow is a town on the River Tyne, England with a population around 27,000 (2001 Census). ... Wearmouth-Jarrow Abbey is a twin-founation abbey located on the River Wear at Wearmouth and the River Don at Jarrow respectively, in the Kingdom of Northumbria (now in County Durham). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... Folio 3v from Codex Beda Petersburgiensis (746) The Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (in English: Ecclesiastical History of the English People) is a work in Latin by the Venerable Bede on the history of the Church in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between Roman... England is the largest and most populous of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Name

Bede became known as Venerable Bede (Lat.: Beda Venerabilis) soon after his death, but this was not linked to consideration for sainthood by the Roman Catholic Church. In fact, his title is believed to come from a mistranslation of the Latin inscription on his tomb in Durham Cathedral, intended to be Here lie the venerable bones of Bede, but wrongly interpreted as here lie the bones of the Venerable Bede.[citation needed] A Stained Glass image of Venerable Father Samuel Mazzuchelli in St. ... Icon of St. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      As a... Durham Cathedrals famous Sanctuary Knocker on the North Door Ground plan of Durham Cathedral Legend of the founding of Durham depicted on cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, which is almost always referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city...


Life

Almost all that is known of Bede's life is contained in a notice added by himself when he was 59 to his Historia (v.24), which states that he was placed in the monastery at Wearmouth at the age of seven, that he became deacon in his nineteenth year, and priest in his thirtieth. He implies that he finished the Historia at the age of 59, and since the work was finished around 731, he must have been born in 672/3. It is not clear whether he was of noble birth. He was trained by the abbots Benedict Biscop and Ceolfrid, and probably accompanied the latter to Wearmouth's sister monastery of Jarrow in 682. There he spent his life, prominent activities evidently being teaching and writing. There he also died, on 25 May 735, and was buried, although his body was later transferred to Durham Cathedral. Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ... This article is about religious workers. ... Nobility is a traditional hereditary status (see hereditary titles) that exists today in many countries (mainly present or former monarchies). ... Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ... Benedict Biscop (628?-690), also known as Biscop Baducing, English churchman, was born of a good Northumbrian family and was for a time a thegn of King Oswiu. ... Ceolfrid or Ceolfrith (c. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Abkhazia becomes independent, and will remain such until the 15th century Births Alcuin, missionary and bishop (approximate date) Deaths May 25 - Bede, English Historian and monk Categories: 735 ... Durham Cathedrals famous Sanctuary Knocker on the North Door Ground plan of Durham Cathedral Legend of the founding of Durham depicted on cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, which is almost always referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city...


Work

Bede in The Little Lives of the Saints, illustrated by Charles Robinson in 1904.
Bede in The Little Lives of the Saints, illustrated by Charles Robinson in 1904.

His works show that he had at his command all the learning of his time. It was thought that the library at Wearmouth-Jarrow was between 300-500 books, making it one of the largest and most extensive in England. It is clear that Biscop made strenuous efforts to collect books during his extensive travels. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


Bede's writings are classed as scientific, historical and theological, reflecting the range of his writings from music and metrics to Scripture commentaries. He was proficient in patristic literature, and quotes Pliny the Elder, Virgil, Lucretius, Ovid, Horace and other classical writers, but with some disapproval. He knew some Greek, but no Hebrew. His Latin is generally clear and without affectation, and he was a skillful story-teller. However, his style can be considerably more obscure in his Biblical commentaries For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Particularly, this article is not about Hymn meters, as often found on hymn tunes Meter (UK spelling: metre) is the measurement of a musical line into measures of stressed and unstressed beats, indicated in Western music notation by a symbol called a time signature. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ... The Church Fathers or Fathers of the Church are the early and influential theologians and writers in the Christian church, particularly those of the first five centuries of Christian history. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Lucretius Titus Lucretius Carus (c. ... For other uses, see Ovid (disambiguation) Publius Ovidius Naso (March 20, 43 BC – 17 AD) was a Roman poet known to the English-speaking world as Ovid who wrote on topics of love, abandoned women and mythological transformations. ... Horace, as imagined by Anton von Werner Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus. ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


Bede's scriptural commentaries employed the allegorical method of interpretation[1] and his history includes accounts of miracles, which to modern historians has seemed at odds with his critical approach to the materials in his history. Modern studies have shown the important role such concepts played in the world-view of Early Medieval scholars.[2] Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ...

Saxon chancel of the monastic church of St. Paul, Jarrow, with (right) a modern statue of Bede

Image File history File links Stpauls_jarrow. ... Image File history File links Stpauls_jarrow. ...

Historia Ecclesiastica

The most important and best known of his works is the Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, giving in five books and 400 pages the history of England, ecclesiastical and political, from the time of Caesar to the date of its completion (731). The first twenty-one chapters, treating of the period before the mission of Augustine of Canterbury, are compiled from earlier writers such as Orosius, Gildas, Prosper of Aquitaine, the letters of Pope Gregory I and others, with the insertion of legends and traditions. Folio 3v from Codex Beda Petersburgiensis (746) The Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (in English: Ecclesiastical History of the English People) is a work in Latin by the Venerable Bede on the history of the Church in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between Roman... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Augustine of Canterbury (birth unknown, died May 26, 604) was the first Archbishop of Canterbury, sent to Ethelbert of Kent, Bretwalda (ruler) of England by Pope Gregory the Great in 597. ... Paulus Orosius (c. ... Gildas (c. ... Saint Prosper of Aquitaine (c. ... “Saint Gregory” redirects here. ...


After 596, documentary sources, which Bede took pains to obtain throughout England and from Rome, are used, as well as oral testimony, which he employed with critical consideration of its value. He cited his references and was very concerned about the sources of all of his sources, which created an important historical chain.


Bede's use of something similar to the anno Domini era, created by the monk Dionysius Exiguus in 525, throughout Historia Ecclesiastica was very influential in causing that era to be adopted thereafter in Western Europe. Specifically, he used anno ab incarnatione Domini (in the year from the incarnation of the Lord) or anno incarnationis dominicae (in the year of the incarnation of the lord). He never abbreviated the term like the modern AD. Unlike the modern assumption that anno Domini was from the birth of Christ, Bede explicitly refers to his incarnation or conception, traditionally on March 25. Within this work, he was also the first writer to use a term similar to the English before Christ. In book I chapter 2 he used ante incarnationis dominicae tempus (before the time of the incarnation of the lord). However, the latter was not very influential—only this isolated use was repeated by other writers during the rest of the Middle Ages. The first extensive use of 'BC' (hundreds of times) occurred in Fasciculus Temporum by Werner Rolevinck in 1474, alongside years of the world (anno mundi). Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Little, meaning humble) (c. ... A spermatozoon fertilising an ovum Fertilisation, also spelled fertilization (also known as conception, fecundation and syngamy), is fusion of gametes to form a new organism of the same species. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Werner Rolevinck (1425-1502) was a Carthusian monk and wrote important chronicles on the history of westphalia and the world. ...


Other historical and theological works

A page from a copy of Bede's Lives of St. Cuthbert, showing King Athelstan presenting the work to the saint. This manuscript was given to St. Cuthbert's shrine in 934.[3]

Bede lists his works in an autobiographical note at the end of his Ecclesiastical History. He clearly considered his commentaries on many books of the Old and New Testaments as important; they come first on this list and dominate it in sheer number. These commentaries reflect the biblical focus of monastic life. "I spent all my life," he wrote, "in this monastery, applying myself entirely to the study of Scriptures."[4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 430 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1123 × 1566 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) King Athelstan presenting a copy of Bedes Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS 183. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 430 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1123 × 1566 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) King Athelstan presenting a copy of Bedes Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS 183. ... Athelstan redirects here. ...


As Chapter 66 of his On the Reckoning of Time, in 725 Bede wrote the Greater Chronicle (chronica maiora), which sometimes circulated as a separate work. For recent events the Chronicle, like his Ecclesiastical History, relied upon Gildas, upon a version of the Liber pontificalis current at least to the papacy of Pope Sergius I (687-701), and other sources. For earlier events he drew on Eusebius's Chronikoi Kanones. The dating of events in the Chronicle is inconsistent with his other works, using the era of creation, the anno mundi.[5] The Book of the Popes or the Liber Pontificalis is a major source for early medieval history but was also met with intense critical scrutiny. ... Sergius I (d. ... Eusebius is the name of several significant historical people: Pope Eusebius - Pope in AD 309 - 310. ... Anno Mundi (AM, in the year of the world) refers to a Calendar era counting from the creation of the world. ...


His other historical works included lives of the abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow, as well as lives in verse and prose of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. In his Letter on the Death of Bede, Cuthbert, monk and later Abbot of Jarrow, describes Bede as still writing on his deathbed, working on a translation into Old English of the Gospel of John and on Isidore of Seville's On the Nature of Things.[6] Map sources for Jarrow at grid reference NZ3465 Jarrow is a town on the River Tyne, England with a population around 27,000 (2001 Census). ... Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (ca. ... Map sources for Jarrow at grid reference NZ3465 Jarrow is a town on the River Tyne, England with a population around 27,000 (2001 Census). ... Old English (also called Anglo-Penis[1], Englisc by its speakers) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... For other uses, see Gospel of John (disambiguation). ... Saint Isidore of Seville (Spanish: or ) (c. ...

Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493.
Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493.

Depiction of the Venerable Bede (CLVIIIv) from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ... Depiction of the Venerable Bede (CLVIIIv) from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ... Depiction of God creating the world Juvenal The Nuremberg Chronicle is one of the best documented early printed books. ...

Scientific writings

The noted historian of science, George Sarton, called the eighth century "The Age of Bede"; clearly Bede must be considered as an important scientific figure. He wrote several major works: a work On the Nature of Things, modeled in part after the work of the same title by Isidore of Seville; a work On Time, providing an introduction to the principles of Easter computus; and a longer work on the same subject; On the Reckoning of Time, which became the cornerstone of clerical scientific education during the so-called Carolingian renaissance of the ninth century. He also wrote several shorter letters and essays discussing specific aspects of computus and a treatise on grammar and on figures of speech for his pupils. George Alfred Leon Sarton (1884-1956) was a seminal Belgian-American polymath and historian of science. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... Computus (Latin for computation) is the calculation of the date of Easter in the Christian calendar. ... Sample of Carolingian minuscule, one of the products of the Carolingian Renaissance. ... For the rules of English grammar, see English grammar and Disputes in English grammar. ... A figure of speech, sometimes termed a rhetoric, or elocution, is a word or phrase that departs from straightforward, literal language. ...


On the Reckoning of Time (De temporum ratione) included an introduction to the traditional ancient and medieval view of the cosmos, including an explanation of how the spherical earth influenced the changing length of daylight, of how the seasonal motion of the Sun and Moon influenced the changing appearance of the New Moon at evening twilight, and a quantitative relation between the changes of the Tides at a given place and the daily motion of the moon.[7] Since the focus of his book was calculation, Bede gave instructions for computing the date of Easter and the related time of the Easter Full Moon, for calculating the motion of the Sun and Moon through the zodiac, and for many other calculations related to the calendar. He gives some information about the months of the Anglo-Saxon calendar in chapter XV.[8] Any codex of Bede's Easter cycle is normally found together with a codex of his "De Temporum Ratione". De Temporum Ratione is a treatise on the reckoning of time written in Latin by the Northumbrian Anglo-Saxon monk Bede. ... The Ancient and Medieval cosmos as depicted in Peter Apians Cosmographia (Antwerp, 1539). ... Medieval artistic representation of a spherical Earth - with compartments representing earth, air, and water (c. ... Day length as a function of latitude and the day of the year (running from 1 to 365 in an ordinary year or 1 to 366 in a leap year). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The lunar phase depends on the Moons position in orbit around Earth. ... This article is about tides in the ocean. ... The Easter controversy was a series of controversies about the proper date to celebrate Easter. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... In the year 616 an anonymous extended Dionysius Exiguus Easter table to an Easter table concerning the years 532 up to and including 721, and it is this Easter table which about the year 650 was accepted by the church of Rome, which from the third century up till then...


For calendric purposes, Bede made a new calculation of the age of the world since the Creation. Due to his innovations in computing the age of the world, he was accused of heresy at the table of Bishop Wilfred, his chronology being contrary to accepted calculations. Once informed of the accusations of these "lewd rustics," Bede refuted them in his Letter to Plegwin.[9] Cultures throughout history have believed the world formed or was formed at some time in the past, so methods of dating Creation have involved analysing scriptures and some physical data. ... Creation is a doctrinal position in many religions which maintains that one or a group of gods or deities is responsible for creating the universe. ...


His works were so influential that late in the ninth century Notker the Stammerer, a monk of the Monastery of St. Gall in Switzerland, wrote that "God, the orderer of natures, who raised the Sun from the East on the fourth day of Creation, in the sixth day of the world has made Bede rise from the West as a new Sun to illuminate the whole Earth".[10] Notker of St. ... The Abbey of St. ...

The Death of St. Bede

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1581x1155, 213 KB) Summary Death of St Bede - Project Gutenberg eText 16785 From The Project Gutenberg EBook of Our Catholic Heritage in English Literature of Pre-Conquest Days, by Emily Hickey http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1581x1155, 213 KB) Summary Death of St Bede - Project Gutenberg eText 16785 From The Project Gutenberg EBook of Our Catholic Heritage in English Literature of Pre-Conquest Days, by Emily Hickey http://www. ...

Vernacular poetry

According to his disciple Cuthbert, Bede was also doctus in nostris carminibus ("learned in our song"). Cuthbert's letter on Bede's death, the Epistola Cuthberti de obitu Bedae, moreover, commonly is understood to indicate that Bede also composed a five line vernacular poem known to modern scholars as Bede’s Death Song

And he used to repeat that sentence from St. Paul “It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God,” and many other verses of Scripture, urging us thereby to awake from the slumber of the soul by thinking in good time of our last hour. And in our own language,—for he was familiar with English poetry,—speaking of the soul’s dread departure from the body:
Facing that enforced journey, no man can be

More prudent than he has good call to be,
If he consider, before his going hence,
What for his spirit of good hap or of evil
After his day of death shall be determined. Paul of Tarsus (b. ...

Fore ðæm nedfere nænig wiorðe

ðonc snottora ðon him ðearf siæ
to ymbhycgenne ær his hinionge
hwæt his gastæ godes oððe yfles
æfter deað dæge doemed wiorðe.:[11]

As Opland notes, however, it is not entirely clear that Cuthbert is attributing this text to Bede: most manuscripts of the letter do not use a finite verb to describe Bede's presentation of the song, and the theme was relatively common in Old English and Anglo-Latin literature. The fact that Cuthbert's description places the performance of the Old English poem in the context of a series of quoted passages from Sacred Scripture, indeed, might be taken as evidence simply that Bede also cited analogous vernacular texts.[12] On the other hand, the inclusion of the Old English text of the poem in Cuthbert’s Latin letter, the observation that Bede "was learned in our song," and the fact that Bede composed a Latin poem on the same subject all point to the possibility of his having written it. By citing the poem directly, Cuthbert seems to imply that its particular wording was somehow important, either since it was a vernacular poem endorsed by a scholar who evidently frowned upon secular entertainment[13] or because it is a direct quotation of Bede’s last original composition.[14] A finite verb is a verb that is inflected for person and for tense according to the rules and categories of the languages it occurs in. ...

Bede's tomb in Durham Cathedral.

Image File history File links Bede. ... Image File history File links Bede. ...

Manuscript tradition

There are two surviving manuscripts written within a few years of Bede's death:

After this, there is a gap of some 50 years. Manuscripts written before AD 900 include: Folio 3v fom the Leningrad Bede The St. ... Cambridge University Library The Cambridge University Library is the centrally-administered library of the University of Cambridge in England. ...

  • Corbie MS, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris
  • St. Gall Monastery Library

Copies are sparse throughout the 10th century and for much of the 11th century. The greatest number of copies of Bede's work was made in the 12th century, but there was a significant revival of interest in the 14th and 15th centuries. Many of the copies are of English provenance, but also surprisingly many are Continental.[15] Bede's collected works were published in Patrologia Latina vols. 90-95, but this edition was "bad on a monumental scale, and included more spuria than any previous edition".[16] The Patrologia Latina is an enormous work published by Jacques-Paul Migne between 1844 and 1855, with indices published between 1862 and 1865. ...


Palatine Library: Codex Manesse: Konrad von Altstetten. ...

  • De natura rerum {CPL 1343} [685]/1
  • De tabernaculo {CPL 1345} [245]/1
  • Commentarius in Parabolas Salomonis {CPL 1351} [759]/1
  • In Marci evangelium expositio {CPL 1355} [247]/1
  • In Lucae evangelium expositio {CPL 1356} [242], 1ra-157va. excerpts [50], passim
  • Super epistolas catholicas expositio {CPL 1362} [246], 1r-80r. [947], 92r-99r {RB 1639: Beda abbrev.}. excerpt (prologue to 2.Ioh.) [1], 8ra
  • Homilies {CPL 1367} [50], passim; [563], passim. Hom. I 3 [193], 258ra-vb (exc.); hom. I 8 [193], 166ra-vb (exc.); hom. I 9 [193], 164rb-165ra (exc.); hom. I 12 [193], 177va-179ra; hom. I 15 [193], 174ra-175vb
  • Liber hymnorum {CPL 1372} Hymnus 1 [809]/4
  • De schematibus et tropis {CPL 1567} [345]/1 (exc.)
  • De temporibus liber {CPL 2318} [685]/2
  • De temporum ratione {CPL 2320} [685]/3

Veneration

Pilgrims were claiming miracles at Bede's grave only fifty years after his death. His body was transferred to Durham Cathedral in the mid-11th century and to its present location in the Galilee Chapel there in 1370. It is likely that his remains are authentic. Other relics were claimed by York, Glastonbury and Fulda. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Durham Cathedrals famous Sanctuary Knocker on the North Door Ground plan of Durham Cathedral Legend of the founding of Durham depicted on cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, which is almost always referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... A relic is an object, especially a piece of the body or a personal item of someone of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial, Relics are an important aspect of Buddhism, some denominations of Christianity, Hinduism, shamanism, and many other personal belief systems. ... York Minster is the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe and is situated in the city of York in Northern England. ... View from the former location of the North transept in East direction to the choir. ... , Fulda (IPA: ) is a city in Hessen, Germany; it is located on the Fulda River and is the administrative seat of the Fulda district (Kreis). ...


His scholarship and importance to Catholicism were recognised in 1899 when he was declared the only English Doctor of the Church as St Bede The Venerable. He is also the only Englishman in Dante's Paradise (Paradiso' X.130), mentioned among theologians and doctors of the church in the same canto as Isidore of Seville and the Scot Richard of St. Victor. This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... In Roman Catholicism, a Doctor of the Church (Latin doctor, teacher, from Latin docere, to teach) is a saint from whose writings the whole Christian Church is held to have derived great advantage and to whom eminent learning and great sanctity have been attributed by a proclamation of a pope... DANTE is also a digital audio network. ... Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, in Michelinos fresco. ... Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, in Michelinos fresco. ... Saint Isidore of Seville (Spanish: or ) (c. ... Richard of St. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Arthur G. Holder, trans., Bede: On the Tabernacle, (Liverpool: Liverpool Univ. Pr., 1994), pp. xvii-xx.
  2. ^ McClure and Collins, The Ecclesiastical History, pp. xviii-xix.
  3. ^ Cannon, John; Ralph Griffiths (1997). The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy. Oxford University Press, 42-43. ISBN 0-19-822786-8. 
  4. ^ Bede, Hist. eccl., 5. 24
  5. ^ Faith Wallis, trans., The Reckoning of Time, pp. lxvii-lxxi, 157-237, 353-66
  6. ^ Cuthbert, "Letter on the Death of Bede," in McClure and Collins, ed., The Ecclesiastical History, p. 301. – For an extensive quotation from Cuthbert's "Letter on the Death of Bede" see the article on Bede on the EWTN website (search for footnote No. 7 in the body of their text).
  7. ^ Faith Wallis, trans., The Reckoning of Time, pp. 82-85, 307-312
  8. ^ Faith Wallis, trans., The Reckoning of Time 15, pp. 53-4, 285-7; see also[1]
  9. ^ Faith Wallis, trans., The Reckoning of Time, pp. xxx, 405-415
  10. ^ Faith Wallis, trans., The Reckoning of Time, p. lxxxv
  11. ^ Colgrave and Mynors, Bede's Ecclesiastical History, pp. 580-3
  12. ^ Jeff Opland, Anglo-Saxon Oral Poetry, pp. 140-141
  13. ^ McCready, Miracles and the Venerable Bede, pp. 14-19
  14. ^ See Jeff Opland, Anglo-Saxon Oral Poetry, pp. 140-141 for a discussion
  15. ^ M.L.W. Laistner, H. H. King, A Hand-List of Bede Manuscripts (1943).
  16. ^ S. Harrison Thomson, The American Journal of Philology (1944)

References

  • Colgrave, Bertram and R.A.B. Mynors, eds. Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Oxford, 1969.
  • Farmer, David Hugh. The Oxford Dictionary of Saints Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-19282-038-9.
  • N.J. Higham, Re-Reading Bede: The Historia Ecclisiastica In English History Routledge (2006), ISBN 978-0415353687.
  • McCready, William D. Miracles and the Venerable Bede: Studies and Texts (Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies), 118. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1994. ISBN 0-88844-118-5.
  • McClure, Judith and Roger Collins, eds. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1994 ISBN 0-19-283866-0.
  • Mayr-Harting, Henry. The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England. 3rd Ed. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991. ISBN 0-271-00769-9.
  • Opland, Jeff. Anglo-Saxon Oral Poetry: A Study of the Traditions. New Haven and London, 1980. ISBN 0-300-02426-6.
  • Wallis, Faith, trans. Bede: The Reckoning of Time Liverpool: Liverpool Univ. Pr., 2004. ISBN 0-85323-693-3.

On the campus of the University of St. ... Professor Henry Maria Robert Egmont Mayr-Harting was Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History in the University of Oxford and Lay Canon of Christ Church, Oxford from 1997 until 2003. ...

External links

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Bede

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies and is part of the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies (ORB). ... The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. ... In Our Time is a discussion programme hosted by Melvyn Bragg on BBC Radio 4 in the United Kingdom. ...

See also

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Bede

This article includes content derived from the Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1914, which is in the public domain. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Name used by the Venerable Bede to describe the meeting of river and tributary at the mouth of the River Aln, at Alnmouth, Northumberland. ... College of St Hild and St Bede Durham University Named after The Venerable Bede & St Hild Established 1975 (precursors in 1839 and 1858) Principal Dr Alan Pearson Senior Tutor Mrs C A Carr SRC President Jon Broomhall Undergraduates 1123 Postgraduates 111 Website College of St Hild and St Bede SRC... Affiliations 1994 Group European University Association Association of MBAs EQUIS Universities UK N8 Group Association of Commonwealth Universities Website http://www. ... English historians in the Middle Ages is an overview of the history of English historians and their works in the Middle Ages. ... San Beda College (SBC) (Spanish for Saint Bede) is a college run by the Benedictine monks in the Philippines. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Saint Bede Academy is a private, four-year, Catholic college preparatory high school located in Peru, Illinois. ... Aerial view of Peru, Illinois Peru is a city in La Salle County, Illinois, United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the English city. ... St Bedes is a Catholic comprehensive school in Peterlee, County Durham. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ... St. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... St Bedes College, Manchester is a Roman Catholic Independent Grammar School situated on Alexandra Park Road South in the area of Whalley Range. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... St Bedes College is a Roman Catholic, boys secondary school in Mentone, Victoria, Australia. ... VIC redirects here. ... St. ... For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation). ... Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... St. ... For other places with the same name, see Eastbourne (disambiguation). ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... St. ... Statistics Population: 19,658 (2001 Census) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ590095 Administration District: Wealden Shire county: East Sussex Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: East Sussex Historic county: East Sussex Services Police force: Sussex Police Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: South... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Redhill can refer to several places: Redhill, Somerset, England Redhill, Surrey, England Redhill, Nottinghamshire, England Redhill, Singapore, Singapore Redhill High School, South Africa This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the English county. ... St. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... The extraordinary life of the Venerable Bede (AD 673-735) created a rich legacy that is celebrated at Bedes World, a museum in Jarrow. ... Map sources for Jarrow at grid reference NZ3465 Jarrow is a town on the River Tyne, England with a population around 27,000 (2001 Census). ... The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge is a 1914 religious encyclopedia, published in thirteen volumes. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bede - definition of Bede in Encyclopedia (806 words)
Bede became known as Venerable Bede soon after his death, but this was not linked to consideration for sainthood by the Roman Catholic Church.
Bede was proficient in patristic literature, and quotes from Pliny the Younger, Vergil, Lucretius, Ovid, Horace, and other classical writers, but with some disapproval.
Bede made a new calculation of the age of the earth and began the practice of dividing the christian era into BC and AD.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Venerable Bede (1754 words)
It is plain from Bede's letter to Bishop Egbert that the historian occasionally visited his friends for a few days, away from his own monastery of Jarrow, but with such rare exceptions his life seems to have been one peaceful round of study and prayer passed in the midst of his own community.
Bede's exegetical writings both in his own idea and in that of his contemporaries stood supreme in importance among his works, but the list is long and cannot fully be given here.
Venerable Bede is the earliest witness of pure Gregorian tradition in England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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