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Encyclopedia > Beaujolais
A Beaujolais label

Beaujolais is a historical province and a wine-producing region in France. It is located north of Lyon, and covers parts of the north of the Rhône département (Rhône-Alpes) and parts of the south of the Saône-et-Loire département (Burgundy). The region is known internationally for its long tradition of winemaking, and more recently for the enormously popular Beaujolais nouveau. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 761 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1073 × 845 pixel, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source URL: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 761 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1073 × 845 pixel, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source URL: http://www. ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... The following is a list of regions where wine grapes are grown and wine is made from them. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... Rhône is a French département located in the central Eastern région of Rhône-Alpes. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... Saône-et-Loire is a French département, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Dijon Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Departments Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Winemakers often use carboys like these to ferment smaller quantities of wine Winemaking, or vinification, is the process of wine production, from the selection of grapes to the bottling of finished wine. ... Two examples of Beaujolais nouveau Beaujolais nouveau 2002 Beaujolais nouveau is a wine of the Gamay variety produced in the Beaujolais (AOC) region of France that is authorized for immediate sale after fermentation. ...

Contents

History

The historical capital of the province is Beaujeu and the economic capital of the area is Villefranche-sur-Saône. Beaujeu is a small town in the French département of Rhône, in the east-central Rhône-Alpes region of the country. ... Villefranche-sur-Saône is a town in the Rhône département of the Rhône-Alpes région of east-central France, one mile (1. ...


Beaujolais Wines

The Beaujolais is a French AOC wine generally made of the Gamay grape which has a thin skin and few tannins. Like most AOC wines they are not labelled varietally. Whites from the region, which make up only 1% of its production, are made with Chardonnay grapes. Beaujolais tends to be a very light-bodied red wine, with relatively high amounts of acidity. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Two examples of Beaujolais nouveau Beaujolais nouveau 2002 Beaujolais nouveau is a wine of the Gamay variety produced in the Beaujolais (AOC) region of France that is authorized for immediate sale after fermentation. ... Appellation dOrigine Contrôlée (AOC), which roughly translates as term of origin is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, by the government bureau Institut National des Appellations dOrigine (INAO). ... A California Gamay Gamay is a purple-colored grape variety used to make red wines, most notably grown in Beaujolais. ... It has been suggested that Veraison be merged into this article or section. ... Varietal describes wines made from a single named grape variety. ... Oak-aged Chardonnay is particularly popular in the United States. ...


The Beaujolais Region is located south of Burgundy and its climate is warmer. Because of the difference in region, the Pinot Noir grape normally grown in Burgundy would not do well here.


Beaujolais wines are often produced by the carbonic maceration process. The whole grape cluster is put in a tank while carbon dioxide from the fermentation breaks down the skin of the grape. This results in a fruity wine without much tannin.


Generally speaking, a Beaujolais should be consumed within the first three years of its life in order to ensure quality; only the wine produced by the best vintners improve with age for up to ten years.


There are four classifications of Beaujolais Wines:

  • Beaujolais Nouveau wines are the first wines from the new vintage, released on the 3rd Thursday of November after harvest. They have become so immensely popular, that it's not uncommon for people to assume that all wines from the region are produced in this style.
  • Beaujolais superior wines are slightly more ripe and contain more alcohol than the nouveau wines.
  • Beaujolais villages are wines that are made from a mixture of different villages. Beaujolais Villages makes up 25% of the region's production.
  • Cru Beaujolais come from better vineyard sites in and around the ten "crus" in the north part of the region. Wine from these individual crus, which make up for the rest of the percentage, can be more full-bodied, darker in color, and significantly longer-lived. These wines do not usually show the word "Beaujolais" on the label, leaving one with little recourse but to memorize the list. The ten crus are the following: Morgon, Moulin-à-Vent, Brouilly, Côte de Brouilly, Saint-Amour, Chiroubles, Chénas, Fleurie, Juliénas, and most recently, Régnié.

The largest production comes from the négoçiant Georges Duboeuf, who makes the well-known "flower labels". Two examples of Beaujolais nouveau Beaujolais nouveau 2002 Beaujolais nouveau is a wine of the Gamay variety produced in the Beaujolais (AOC) region of France that is authorized for immediate sale after fermentation. ... Régnié is one of the ten Beaujolais crus, and the last to be given this status in 1988 by the the Institut National des Appellations dOrigine. ... A négociant is a wine merchant who assembles the produce of smaller growers and winemakers and sells the result under its own name. ... Georges Duboeuf, the largest Beaujolais bottler by far, has been called the prince of Beaujolais and the Beaujolais king. ...


See also

A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... French gastronomy France is one of the oldest wine producing regions of Europe. ...

External link

  • Beaujolais Region Explained at Classic Wines
  • Beaujolais Wines Homepage

  Results from FactBites:
 
Beaujolais vineyards (1039 words)
At 400 metres, Chiroubles is the highest in altitude of the Beaujolais Crus and nestles in a granite amphitheatre.
Carmine coloured, it is often said to be the most feminine of the Beaujolais Crus which, according to local tradition, is due to the influence of the Virgin of Fleurie who watches over the wines from her hilltop seat...
This appellation is the standart-bearer of the Beaujolais region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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