FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Beach" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Beach
Lanikai Beach on Oahu. This gently-sloping beach face is topped by a beach crest onto which a salt-tolerant grass (Sporobolus virginicus) is spreading from the incipient dune.
The rocky beach of Newport, Rhode Island
The rocky beach of Newport, Rhode Island

[1] A beach is a geological landform along the shoreline of a body of water. It usually consists of loose particles which are often composed of rock, such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, or cobble. The particles of which the beach is composed can sometimes instead have biological origins, such as shell fragments or coralline algae fragments. Look up beach in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 370 KB) 90 mile beach, Lakes Entrance File links The following pages link to this file: Tourism Beach Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Lakes Entrance, Victoria Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/90 mile beach ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 370 KB) 90 mile beach, Lakes Entrance File links The following pages link to this file: Tourism Beach Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Lakes Entrance, Victoria Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/90 mile beach ... False colour NASA landsat image of Ninety Mile Beach and the Gippsland Lakes The Ninety Mile Beach is a sandy stretch of south-eastern coastline of Victoria, Australia which separates the Gippsland Lakes region from Bass Strait. ... Early morning view of the beach face and dune vegetation at at Lanikai Beach, Oahu taken by Eric Guinther and donated to Wikipedia under GNU File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Early morning view of the beach face and dune vegetation at at Lanikai Beach, Oahu taken by Eric Guinther and donated to Wikipedia under GNU File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... OÊ»ahu (usually Oahu outside Hawaiian and Hawaiian English), the Gathering Place, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous island in the State of HawaiÊ»i. ... This article is about sand formations. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... Newport, Rhode Island Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit, and is largely defined by its surface form and location in the landscape, as part of the terrain, and as such, is typically an element of topography. ... Shore A shore or shoreline is the land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake. ... This article is about the geological substance. ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Gravel (largest fragment in this photo is about 4 cm) Gravel is rock that is of a certain particle size range. ... A shingle beach is a beach which is armoured with pebbles or small to medium sized cobbles. ... Sea wave polishing pebbles into rounded corners Pebbles For other uses, see Pebble (disambiguation). ... Cobble is a geologic term for a rock or rock fragment with a grain size with dimensions between 64–256 mm (2. ... Various seashells Danielle A shell is the hard, rigid outer covering, or integument, allanimals. ... Genera 39 genera Coralline algae are red algae in the Family Corallinaceae characteriuzed by a thallus covered with calcareous deposits. ...


Beaches often occur along coastal areas, where wave or current action deposits and reworks sediments. For the TV movie also known as The Ocean Waves, see I Can Hear the Sea. ... Ocean currents (1911) Ocean currents (1943) An ocean current is any more or less continuous, directed movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earths oceans. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into sediment. ...


Although the seashore is most commonly associated with the word "beach", beaches are not only found by the ocean: beaches also occur at the margin of the land along lakes and rivers where sediments are reworked or deposited. Shore A shore or shoreline is the land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake. ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ...

  • small systems in which the rock material moves onshore, offshore, or alongshore by the forces of waves and currents; or
  • geological units of considerable size.

The former are described in detail below; the larger geological units are discussed elsewhere under bars. Sand bars in the Mississippi River at Arkansas and Mississippi A bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ...


There are several conspicuous parts to a beach, all of which relate to the processes that form and shape it. The part mostly above water (depending upon tide), and more or less actively influenced by the waves at some point in the tide, is termed the beach berm. The berm is the deposit of material comprising the active shoreline. The berm has a crest (top) and a face — the latter being the slope leading down towards the water from the crest. At the very bottom of the face, there may be a trough, and further seaward one or more longshore bars: slightly raised, underwater embankments formed where the waves first start to break.


The sand deposit may extend well inland from the berm crest, where there may be evidence of one or more older crests (the storm beach) resulting from very large storm waves and beyond the influence of the normal waves. At some point the influence of the waves (even storm waves) on the material comprising the beach stops, and if the particles are small enough (sand size or smaller), winds shape the feature. Where wind is the force distributing the grains inland, the deposit behind the beach becomes a dune. This article is about sand formations. ...


These geomorphic features compose what is called the beach profile. The beach profile changes seasonally due to the change in wave energy experienced during summer and winter months. The beach profile is higher during the summer due to the gentle wave action during this season. The lower energy waves deposit sediment on the beach berm and dune, adding to the beach profile. Conversely, the beach profile is lower in the winter due to the increased wave energy associated with storms. Higher energy waves erode sediment from the beach berm and dune, and deposit it off shore, forming longshore bars. The removal of sediment from the beach berm and dune decreases the beach profile.


The line between beach and dune is difficult to define in the field. Over any significant period of time, sand is always being exchanged between them. The drift line (the high point of material deposited by waves) is one potential demarcation. This would be the point at which significant wind movement of sand could occur, since the normal waves do not wet the sand beyond this area. However, the drift line is likely to move inland under assault by storm waves.

Contents

Beach formation

Pajuçara Beach in Maceió, Brazil.
Pajuçara Beach in Maceió, Brazil.

Beaches are deposition landforms, and are the result of wave action by which waves or currents move sand or other loose sediments of which the beach is made as these particles are held in suspension. Alternatively, sand may be moved by saltation (a bouncing movement of large particles). Beach materials come from erosion of rocks offshore, as well as from headland erosion and slumping producing deposits of scree. Some of the whitest sand in the world, along Florida's Emerald Coast, comes from the erosion of quartz in the Appalachian Mountains. A coral reef offshore is a significant source of sand particles. Image File history File links Maceio01. ... Image File history File links Maceio01. ... Maceió (Mah-say-oh) is the capital and the largest city of the coastal state Alagoas in Brazil. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into sediment. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit, and is largely defined by its surface form and location in the landscape, as part of the terrain, and as such, is typically an element of topography. ... Surface waves in water This article is about waves in the most general scientific sense. ... A current is a movement or flow of fluids, especially water in a river or ocean. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mixture. ... In geology, saltation (from Latin, saltus, leap) refers to a bouncing-like motion when alluvium is dislodged from the streambed, travels in a parabolic path through the stream water, and then impacts back on to the bed. ... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ... Slumping is a categorical description of an area of techniques for the forming of glass through the use of heating glass to the point where it becomes plastic. ... Scree or detritic cone is a term given to broken rock that appears at the bottom of crags, mountain cliffs or valley shoulders. ... Emerald-green waters in Destin, FL, part of the Emerald Coast. Pensacola Beach, part of the Emerald Coast. The Emerald Coast (sometimes called the Redneck Riviera) is an area in the southeastern United States on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, roughly bounded by Pensacola, Florida on the west... For other uses, see Reef (disambiguation). ...


The shape of a beach depends on whether or not the waves are constructive or destructive, and whether the material is sand or shingle. Constructive waves move material up the beach while destructive waves move the material down the beach. On sandy beaches, the backwash of the waves removes material forming a gently sloping beach. On shingle beaches the swash is dissipated because the large particle size allows percolation, so the backwash is not very powerful, and the beach remains steep. Cusps and horns form where incoming waves divide, depositing sand as horns and scouring out sand to form cusps. This forms the uneven face on some sand shorelines.


There are several beaches which are claimed to be the "World's longest", including Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh (120 km), Fraser Island beach, 90 Mile Beach in Australia and 90 Mile Beach in New Zealand and Long Beach, Washington (which is about 30km). Wasaga Beach, Ontario on Georgian Bay claims to have the world's longest freshwater beach. But the longest beach in the world is in fact Praia do Cassino, a 240km long beach located in southern Brazil, near the border with Uruguay. Coxs Bazar in Bangladesh is the worlds longest natural beach (120 km). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... False colour NASA landsat image of Ninety Mile Beach and the Gippsland Lakes The Ninety Mile Beach is a sandy stretch of south-eastern coastline of Victoria, Australia which separates the Gippsland Lakes region from Bass Strait. ... NASA satellite photo of the Aupouri Peninsula and Ninety Mile Beach Ninety Mile Beach is a beach located on the western coast of the far north of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Long Beach is a city located in Pacific County, Washington. ... Wasaga Beach Wasaga Beach is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Georgian Bay (French: baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... Praia do Cassino (lit. ...


Beaches and recreation

Recreation on a California beach in the first decade of the 20th century.
Recreation on a California beach in the first decade of the 20th century.
A surfer carries a surfboard along the beach.
A surfer carries a surfboard along the beach.

In the Victorian era, many popular beach resorts were equipped with bathing machines because even the all-covering beachwear of the period was considered immodest. This social standard still prevails in many Muslim countries. At the other end of the spectrum are clothing-optional beaches, where swimwear and other forms of clothing are optional. Recreation on California beach, 1st decade of 20th century, from period postcard This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Recreation on California beach, 1st decade of 20th century, from period postcard This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 3875 KB) Summary Surf, Surfing: Surfer carrying surfboard along the beach. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 3875 KB) Summary Surf, Surfing: Surfer carrying surfboard along the beach. ... See World Wide Web for surfing the web; see also Wind surfing Surfing at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. ... A stack of boards in Waikiki during a surf competition lalalala yeshhhh Surfboards are long, buoyant decks used in the sport of surfing. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... The bathing machine was a device which flourished in the 19th century to allow people to wade in the ocean at beaches without violating Victorian notions of modesty. ... A swimsuit, bathing suit or swimming costume is an item of clothing designed to be worn for swimming. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Beach in Koktebel. ...


A walk along the beach is also popular, including a long walk in the case of a long beach, for example from one seaside resort to the next. It is customary for people to walk barefoot to the beach, because of the pleasant feeling of sand on their soles and between their toes. The best beach walking areas typically are near the shoreline, where the sand is wet and more comfortable to walk in. A person will also enjoy walking with their bare feet in the water. Walking barefoot Going barefoot means not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ...


In more than thirty countries in Europe, South Africa, New Zealand, Canada, Costa Rica, South America and the Caribbean, the best recreational beaches are awarded Blue Flag status, based on such criteria as water quality and safety provision. Subsequent loss of this status can have a severe effect on tourism revenues. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... West Indies redirects here. ... A Blue Flag beach is a maritime or freshwater recreational beach that has met stringent quality standards during the whole of the previous bathing season. ...

A combination of public carelessness and official negligence has turned this beach in Dar es Salaam (the capital of Tanzania) into a open rubbish dump, posing a risk to public health.

Due to intense use by the expanding human population, beaches are often dumping grounds for waste and litter, necessitating the use of beach cleaners and other cleanup projects. More significantly, many beaches are a discharge zone for untreated sewage in most underdeveloped countries; even in developed countries beach closure is an occasional circumstance due to sanitary sewer overflow. In these cases of marine discharge, waterborne disease from fecal pathogens and contamination of certain marine species is a frequent outcome. Map of countries by population density (See List of countries by population density. ... For other uses, see Waste (disambiguation). ... A beach cleaner is a vehicle that drags a sifting device over beach sand to remove rubbish and other foreign matter. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2003). ... A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... Decentralized wet weather overflow event Sanitary sewer overflow (SSO} is a condition whereby untreated sewage is discharged into the environment, escaping wastewater treatment. ... This article is about the medical term. ... Horse feces Feces, faeces, or fæces (see spelling differences) is a waste product from an animals digestive tract expelled through the anus (or cloaca) during defecation. ... A pathogen (from Greek pathos, suffering/emotion, and gene, to give birth to), infectious agent, or more commonly germ, is a biological agent that causes disease or illness to its host. ...


Beach tokens

Beach tokens, a form of season pass admission ticket, may be required for entrance, for people and even pets. [1] They are made of metal etc. durable material, to enable them to withstand swimming, so the bearer can just carry them around his neck or on his swimsuit. Goals may be:

  • restricting to only community members
  • user fees for lifeguards, clean up

Artificial beaches

Marine debris washed ashore on Hawaii
Marine debris washed ashore on Hawaii

Some beaches are artificial; they are either permanent or temporary (For examples see Monaco, Paris, Rotterdam,Toronto, Hong Kong and Singapore). A turtle is trapped in a ghost net, an abandoned fishing net Marine debris usually applies to floating waste such as bottles, cans, styrofoam, cruise ship waste, offshore oil and gas exploration and production facilities pollution, and fishing paraphanalia from professional and recreational boaters. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ...


The soothing qualities of a beach and the pleasant environment offered to the beach goer are replicated in artificial beaches, such as "beach style" pools with zero-depth entry and wave pools that recreate the natural waves pounding upon a beach. In a zero-depth entry pool, the bottom surface slopes gradually from above water down to depth. Another approach involves so-called urban beaches, a form of public park becoming common in large cities. Urban beaches attempt to mimic natural beaches with fountains that imitate surf and mask city noises, and in some cases can be used as a play park. A jogger cools off at the splash fountains in the heart of downtown Toronto at Yonge and Dundas Square (multiple exposure picture). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Beach nourishment involves pumping sand onto beaches to improve their health. Beach nourishment is common for major beach cities around the world; however the beaches that have been nourished can still appear quite natural and often many visitors are unaware of the works undertaken to support the health of the beach. Such beaches are often not recognized as artificial. Before and after photos of beach restoration efforts, Florida coastline, USA. Beach nourishment device Beach nourishment is a complimentary term that describes a process by which sediment (usually sand) lost through longshore drift or erosion is replaced on a beach. ...


A concept of IENCE has been devised to describe investment into the capacity of natural environments. IENCE is Investment to Enhance the Natural Capacity of the Environment and includes things like beach nourishment of natural beaches to enhance recreational enjoyment and snow machines that extend ski seasons for areas with an existing snow economy developed upon a natural snowy mountain. As the name implies IENCE is not quite mainstream natural science as its goal is to artificially invest into an environment's capacity to support anthropogenic economic activity. An artificial reef designed to enhance wave quality for surfing is another example of IENCE. The Surfrider Foundation has debated the merits of artificial reefs with members torn between their desire to support natural coastal environments and opportunities to enhance the quality of surfing waves. Similar debates surround Beach nourishment and Snow cannon in sensitive environments. Look up anthropogenic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Construction in place of an artificial reef from hollow tile blocks Ship about to be scuttled to act as an Artificial Reef An artificial reef is a man-made, underwater structure, typically built for the purpose of promoting marine life in areas of generally featureless bottom. ... The Surfrider Foundation USA is a U.S. 501(c)(3) non-profit environmental organization working to preserve oceans, waves, and beaches. ... Construction in place of an artificial reef from hollow tile blocks Ship about to be scuttled to act as an Artificial Reef An artificial reef is a man-made, underwater structure, typically built for the purpose of promoting marine life in areas of generally featureless bottom. ... Before and after photos of beach restoration efforts, Florida coastline, USA. Beach nourishment device Beach nourishment is a complimentary term that describes a process by which sediment (usually sand) lost through longshore drift or erosion is replaced on a beach. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Beaches as habitat

A beach is an unstable environment which exposes plants and animals to changeable and potentially harsh conditions. Some small animals burrow into the sand and feed on material deposited by the waves. Crabs, insects and shorebirds feed on these beach dwellers. The endangered Piping Plover and some tern species rely on beaches for nesting. Sea turtles also lay their eggs on ocean beaches. Seagrasses and other beach plants grow on undisturbed areas of the beach and dunes. For other uses, see Crab (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... Binomial name (Ord, 1824) The Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) is a small plover. ... Genera Sterna (Gelochelidon) (Hydroprogne) (Thalasseus) Chlidonias Phaetusa Anous Procelsterna Gygis Larosterna Terns are seabirds in the family Sternidae, previously considered a subfamily Sterninae of the gull family Laridae. ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Chelonia Eretmochelys Lepidochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Dermochelys Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) Sea turtles (Superfamily Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans except the Arctic Ocean . ... Seagrass from the coast of Florida Sea grass (or sea-grass in British English) are flowering plants from four plant families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae, and Cymodoceaceae) that grow in the marine saline environment. ...


Ocean beaches are habitats with organisms adapted to salt spray, tidal overwash, and shifting sands. Some of these organisms are found only on beaches. Examples of these beach organisms in the southeast US include plants like sea oats, sea rocket, beach elder, beach morning glory aka Ipomoea pes-caprae, and beach peanut, and animals such as mole crabs aka Hippoidea, coquina clams aka Donax, ghost crabs, and white beach tiger beetles.[2] Sea oats (Uniola paniculata) are a type of grass that grows along the Atlantic coast of the United States, Mexico, and on islands in the Caribbean. ... Species (incomplete list) Cakile arabica Cakile constricta Cakile edentula Cakile geniculata Cakile lanceolata Cakile maritima Cakile is a genus within the flowering plant family Brassicaceae. ... Families Albuneidae Blepharipodidae Hippidae Hippoidea is a superfamily of decapod crustaceans known as sand crabs or mole crabs [1]. Hippoids are adapted to burrowing into sandy beaches, a habit they share with raninid crabs, and the parallel evolution of the two groups is striking [2]. The whole body is almost... Species A genus of mollusc that has a species found on the beaches along the East Coast of Australia (Donax deltoides), but also found in other countries. ... Species The ghost crab or sand crab, of the genus Ocypode , is a common shore crab in many countries. ...


See also

This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... Beach cricket Beach cricket is an informal ad hoc variant of the game of cricket, played by people of both sexes and all ages in back yards, on the street, in parks and (of course) on the beach. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... For other uses, see Coast (disambiguation). ... Dune buggy George W. Bush in a Dune buggy A dune buggy is a recreational vehicle with large wheels, and wide tires, designed for use on sand dunes or beaches. ... Beach in Koktebel. ... For architectural piers, see Pier (architecture). ... Shore A shore or shoreline is the land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake. ... For other uses, see Surfing (disambiguation). ... A jogger cools off at the splash fountains in the heart of downtown Toronto at Yonge and Dundas Square (multiple exposure picture). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... “Sandcastle” redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.cityofevanston.org/departments/parks/beach_season.shtml http://www.cityofevanston.org/departments/parks/beach_dog.shtml
  2. ^ Blair and Dawn Witherington (2007), Florida's Living Beaches, A Guide for the Curious Beachcomber, (Pineapple Press)

Source

  • Bascom, W. 1980. Waves and Beaches. Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, New York. 366 p.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
BEACH CAM - Live webcam from Venice Beach, California (354 words)
Venice Beach, just south of Santa Monica, is an eclectic, funky, and definitely unique place where sidewalk vendors line the boardwalk selling their wares, many of the items homemade; and street performers entertain the passing crowds by performing their unusual talents.
The Cam is pointing south along the boardwalk, displaying the bike path, beach, pavilion area and the beautiful Pacific Ocean.
One of the most interesting times to view Beach Cam is during the weekend, when up to 150,000 people a day visit this exciting place called Venice Beach.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m