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Encyclopedia > BeOS
BeOS
BeOS R4.5
Company/developer: Be Inc.
OS family: BeOS
Source model: Closed source
Kernel type: Modular Hybrid kernel
License: Proprietary
Working state: Defunct
Website: http://www.beincorporated.com/

BeOS is an operating system for personal computers which began development by Be Inc. in 1991. It was first written to run on BeBox hardware. Unlike some other operating systems of the time, BeOS was written to take advantage of modern hardware. Optimized for digital media work, BeOS made full use of multiprocessor systems by utilizing modular I/O bandwidth, pervasive multithreading, preemptive multitasking and a custom 64-bit journaling file system known as BFS. The BeOS GUI was developed on the principles of clarity and a clean, uncluttered design. The API was written in C++ for ease of programming. It has POSIX compatibility and access to a command line interface through the bash shell, although internally it is not a Unix-derived operating system. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 126 KB)Picture of the BeOS Desktop This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software. ... The term software company could be applied to: a) a company that produces software, distributes software from a third party, or provides services such as custom software development. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Be, Incorporated was the company that developed the BeOS operating system and BeBox computer. ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... Modularity is a concept that has applications in the contexts of computer science, particularly programming, as well as cognitive science in investigating the structure of mind. ... Graphical overview of a hybrid kernel Hybrid kernel is a kernel architecture based on combining aspects of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Be, Incorporated was the company that developed the BeOS operating system and BeBox computer. ... The BeBox The BeBox was a short-lived dual processor PC, offered by Be Incorporated to run their own operating system, BeOS. The BeBox made its debut in October 1995 (BeBox Dual603-66). ... Symmetric multiprocessing, or SMP, is a multiprocessor computer architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single shared main memory. ... Many programming languages, operating systems, and other software development environments support what are called threads of execution. ... Pre-emptive multitasking is a form of multitasking in which processes are not allowed to take an indefinitely long time to complete execution in the CPU. Each process, in turn, is granted a portion of CPU time (usually called a time slice, on the order of milliseconds). ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ... A journaling (or journalling) file system is a file system that logs changes to a journal (usually a circular log in a specially-allocated area) before actually writing them to the main file system. ... The Be File System (BFS, occasionally misnamed as BeFS) is the native file system for the BeOS operating system. ... API and Api redirect here. ... C++ (pronounced see plus plus, IPA: ) is a general-purpose programming language with high-level and low-level capabilities. ... POSIX or Portable Operating System Interface[1] is the collective name of a family of related standards specified by the IEEE to define the application programming interface (API) for software compatible with variants of the Unix operating system. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the Unix shell. ...


BeOS was positioned as a platform which could be used by a substantial population of desktop users and a competitor to Microsoft Windows and Linux. However, it was ultimately unable to achieve a significant market share and proved commercially unviable for Be Inc. The company was acquired by Palm Inc. and today BeOS is mainly used and developed by a small population of enthusiasts. Windows redirects here. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... Palm, Inc. ...

Contents

History

Initially designed to run on AT&T Hobbit-based hardware, BeOS was later modified to run on PowerPC-based processors: first Be's own systems, later Apple's PReP and CHRP platforms, with the hope that Apple Computer would purchase or license BeOS as a replacement for its then aging Mac OS.[1] Apple CEO Gil Amelio started negotiations to buy Be Inc., but negotiations stalled when Be CEO Jean-Louis Gassée wanted $400 million; Apple was unwilling to offer any more than $125 million. Apple's board of directors decided NeXTSTEP was a better choice and purchased NeXT in 1996 for $429 million, bringing back Apple co-founder Steve Jobs. To further complicate matters for Be, Apple refused to disclose architectural information about its G3 line of computers—information Be deemed critical to making BeOS work on the latest hardware from Apple, though Terra Soft Solutions was able to port Linux to these machines without Apple's assistance. The Hobbit was a microprocessor design of the early 1990s from AT&T. It developed from their CRISP (C-language Reduced Instruction Set Processor) design that was in turn developed from the C Machine experimental efforts in the late 1980s at Bell Labs. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... Apple Inc. ... PowerPC Reference Platform (PReP) was a PowerPC hardware reference design. ... Common Hardware Reference Platform (CHRP) was an early PowerPC hardware reference design. ... Apple Inc. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... Gil Amelio Gilbert F. Amelio (born March 1, 1943 in New York City) is an American technology executive. ... Jean-Louis Gassée (born March 1944 in Paris, France) was an executive at Apple Computer from 1981 to 1990. ... NEXTSTEP is the original object-oriented, multitasking operating system that NeXT Computer, Inc. ... For other meanings, see Next. ... Steven Paul Jobs (born February 24, 1955) is the co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. ... 300 MHz Motorola PowerPC 750 processor with off-die L2 cache on the CPU module of a PowerMac G3. ... Terra Soft Solutions, Inc. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


In 1997, Power Computing began bundling BeOS (on a CD for optional installation) with its line of PowerPC-based Macintosh clones. These systems could dual boot either the Mac OS or BeOS, with a startup screen offering the choice. Power Computing was a short-lived manufacturer of Apple Macintosh-compatible computers. ... The StarMax 3000/160MT, a Macintosh clone manufactured by Motorola. ... Dual booting or dual-booting is the act of installing multiple operating systems on a computer, and choosing which one when it boots. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ...


Due to Apple's moves and the mounting debt of Be Inc., BeOS was soon ported to the Intel x86 platform with its R3 release in March 1998. Through the late 1990s, BeOS managed to create a niche of followers, but the company failed to become solvent. As a last-ditch effort to increase interest in the failing operating system, Be Inc. released a stripped-down, but free, copy of BeOS R5 known as BeOS Personal Edition (BeOS PE). BeOS PE could be started from within Microsoft Windows or Linux, and was intended to nurture consumer interest in its product and give developers something with which they could tinker. Apple Inc. ... Be, Incorporated was the company that developed the BeOS operating system and BeBox computer. ... Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood version), one example out of a huge number of x86 implementations from Intel, AMD, and others. ... BeOS R5 is the final version of BeOS from Be Inc. ... Windows redirects here. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


Be Inc. also released a stripped-down version of BeOS for Internet Appliances (BeIA), which soon became the company's business focus in place of BeOS. Unfortunately, BeOS PE and BeIA proved to be too little too late, and in 2001 Be's intellectual property was sold to Palm, Inc. BeOS R5 is considered the last official version, but BeOS R5.1 "Dano", which was under development before Be's sale to Palm and included the BONE networking stack, was leaked to the public shortly after the company's demise. BeIA, or BeOS for Internet Appliances was a cut down version of Be, Incorporateds BeOS for use on embedded devices. ... Palm, Inc. ... Dano is the build codename and most commonly used name to refer to a leaked R5. ... BeOS Networking Environment or BONE is the unreleased re-write of the BeOS network stack planned for inclusion in R5. ...


After the split from Palm, PalmSource used parts of BeOS' multimedia framework for their failed Palm OS Cobalt product[2]. With the takeover of PalmSource, the BeOS rights now belong to Access Co. Categories: Companies traded on NASDAQ | Electronics companies of the United States | Corporation stubs ... Palm OS is an embedded operating system initially developed by U.S. Robotics owned Palm Computing, Inc. ... ACCESS Co. ...


Continuation

Despite the end of Be Inc, BeOS remains popular among devoted followers. The BeOS community still develops free software and has even released patches, drivers and various updates to BeOS. The main source of BeOS-related software can be found at BeBits.[3] BeBits -- always the same. ...


The BeOS user interface was notable at the time for being almost completely unthemeable, even with third party hacks. The BeOS theme of yellow, changing length tabs on the top of windows, and relatively plain grey interface widgets was enforced. This UI remained relatively unchanged from 1995, but had been completely overhauled by the time of the leaked Dano release. An Easter egg in the OS allowed changing the title bar look-and-feel to a few others (Mac OS 8, Amiga Workbench, and Windows 98 appearances) and in Dano, this had been extended to be a feature allowing changing of the title bar and scroll bars. No other interface widgets could be changed. There is a pre-Dano third party program WindowShade that allows the colors of the title bar and window frame to be changed, but the appearance remained the same. Maple Story desktop theme for Windows Server 2003. ... A yellow Tulip. ... A tab in graphical user interfaces is a typically rectangular small box (usually containing a text label and/or an icon) associated graphically with a view pane. ... Achromatic redirects here. ... A widget (or control) is an interface component that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box. ... A virtual Easter egg is a hidden message or feature in an object such as a movie, book, CD, DVD, computer program, or video game. ... Amiga Workbench (1985) Workbench is the name given to both the core AmigaOS software that is not stored in the Kickstart ROM (the Workbench disk), and also the native graphical shell for the Amiga computer. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ...


The plain BeOS R5 GUI is commonly cloned, either as the main UI, such as in TriangleOS, or as a theme, such as for GNOME. This article is about the mythical creature. ...


Version History

Release Date Hardware
DR1 - DR5 October 1995 AT&T Hobbit
DR6 (developer release) January 1996 PowerPC
DR7 April 1996
DR8 September 1996
Advanced Access Preview Release May 1997
PR1 (preview release) June 1997
PR2 October 1997
R3 March 1998 PowerPC and Intel x86
R3.1 June 1998
R3.2 July 1998
R4 November 4, 1998
R4.5 ("Genki") June 1999
R5 PE/Pro ("Maui") March 2000
R5.1 ("Dano") November 2001 Intel x86

The Hobbit was a microprocessor design of the early 1990s from AT&T. It developed from their CRISP (C-language Reduced Instruction Set Processor) design that was in turn developed from the C Machine experimental efforts in the late 1980s at Bell Labs. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... BeOS R5 is the final version of BeOS from Be Inc. ... Dano is the build codename and most commonly used name to refer to a leaked R5. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ...

Projects to recreate BeOS

BeOS was well respected by a small but loyal user base, which was disappointed when Be Inc. failed commercially and no further enhancement of the operating system would be possible. In the years that followed, a handful of projects formed to recreate BeOS or key elements of the OS, with the eventual goal of then continuing where Be Inc. left off. To ensure that the OS could not be "taken away" from the Be community again, and to attract the efforts of volunteer programmers, these projects were all free/open-source software. The modular nature of the original BeOS facilitated recreating the operating system a piece at a time, inserting the newly coded modules into a working BeOS system to test compatibility. Eventually all of the "servers" (interworking modules of code) were to be replaced with original, freely licensed code. Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... Open source software is computer software which source code is available under a license (or arrangement such as the public domain) that meets the Open_source_definition. ...


But within a few years, some of them lost momentum and were discontinued. The domain name for Blue Eyed OS has lapsed and been taken up by another party, and the most recent release available on the Cosmoe web site is from 2004. As of 2007, active work continues on Haiku, a complete reimplementation of the BeOS operating system, and on E/OS, an operating system based on the Linux kernel that is attempting to reimplement only the APIs for BeOS and several other operating systems. BeOS Workstation is about the last "distro" offering Be, but with open software, to replace licenced software. 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... E/OS, or Emulator Operating System, is a virtual machine emulation system released under version 2. ... API and Api redirect here. ...


Projects to continue BeOS

ZETA was a commercially available operating system based on the BeOS R5.1 codebase. Originally developed by YellowTAB, the operating system was then distributed by magnussoft. During the development by YellowTAB, the company received criticism from the BeOS community for refusing to discuss their legal position with regard to the BeOS code-base (perhaps for contractual reasons). Access Co. (which bought the PalmSource, until then, the holders of the intellectual property associated the BeOS) has since declared that YellowTAB had no right to distribute a modified version of BeOS, and Magnussoft has ceased distribution of the operating system. Magnussoft ZETA, previously yellowTAB ZETA, is an operating system formerly developed by yellowTAB of Germany based on the BeOS operating system developed by Be Inc. ... yellowTAB is a German software firm that produces an operating system based on BeOS 5. ... Magnussoft GmBH is a german company that develops and sells games for the PC. Recently magnussoft owns now the rights to sell yellowTAB ZETA. And any further development of ZETA is done by an independent developing team. ... ACCESS Co. ... Categories: Companies traded on NASDAQ | Electronics companies of the United States | Corporation stubs ...


Products using BeOS

BeOS (and now Zeta) continue to be used in media appliances such as the Edirol DV-7 video editors from Roland corporation which run on top of a modified BeOS[4] and the TuneTracker radio automation software that runs on BeOS and Zeta, but is also sold as a "Station-in-a-Box" with the Zeta operating system included.[5] Roland Corporation ) TYO: 7944 is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software. ...


iZ Technology sells the RADAR 24, a hard disc-based, 24-track professional audio recorder based on BeOS 5.[6]


Signage and broadcast display machines from Magicbox also use BeOS to power their Aavelin product line.[7]


The Casablanca-TRON from MacroSystem[1] runs a modified version of BeOS 5. A dedicated computer built to edit video and audio, using a built in hard disk, CD-R(W)/DVD-R(W), and SD capabilities included to store media for later use and/or presentation. Made primarily for Schools and Universities.


Final Scratch - the 12" vinyl timecode record-driven DJ software/hardware system was first developed on BeOS. The 'ProFS' version was sold to a few dozen world-class DJs prior to the 1.0 release, which ran on a Linux virtual partition. Final Scratch is a DJ tool created by the Dutch company N2IT with input from Richie Hawtin (aka Plastikman) and John Acquaviva that allows manipulation and playback of digital audio sources using traditional vinyl and turntables. ...


See also

bootman is the BeOS boot loader. ... These tables compare general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available operating systems. ... Gobe Software, Inc was a software company that published an integrated desktop software suite for BeOS. In later years, they were the publishers of BeOS itself. ... This is a list of computer programs for BeOS. 3dmiX - sound mix NetPositive - web browser SoftwareValet - software package manager Vision - IRC client In addition, many cross platform programs have or had BeOS ports AbiWord Blender 3D CodeWarrior (as BeIDE) Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird, Nvu Opera VLC media player As well... OpenTracker is the generic term given to the open source versions of the Tracker and Deskbar desktop management tools for BeOS. The original Tracker and Deskbar were created by Be, Incorporated, as part of BeOS, but were opensourced in late 2000. ...

References

  1. ^ Tom (2004-11-24). BeOS @ MaCreate. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  2. ^ PalmSource Introduces Palm OS Cobalt, PalmSource press release, Feb 10, 2004
  3. ^ BeBits - The Best Source of BeOS Software. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  4. ^ EDIROL by Roland DV-7DL Series Digital Video Workstations. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  5. ^ TuneTracker Radio Automation Software. Retrieved on 2006-12-09.
  6. ^ iZ RADAR 24. Retrieved on 2006-12-27.
  7. ^ Jay Ankeney (May 1, 2006). Technology Showcase: Digital Signage Hardware. Digital Content Producer. Retrieved on 2006-12-09.

Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Best place to get BeOS 4.5
  • Mirror of the old www.be.com site
  • BeBits is a comprehensive file repository for BeOS applications.
  • BeOS Celebrating Ten Years
  • BeGroovy A blog dedicated to all things BeOS
  • BeOS: The Mac OS X might-have-been, reghardware.co.uk
  • YouTube videos A brief overview of the BeOS features

  Results from FactBites:
 
BeOS - a definition from Whatis.com (430 words)
BeOS is a personal computer operating system that its makers describe as designed for the multimedia applications of the future.
BeOS can run on multiple microprocessors at the same time (using symmetric multiprocessing) and is able to coordinate work threads across the processors.
BeOS comes with a desktop user interface that improves in some ways on both Windows and the Mac and a built-in Web browser, audio, MIDI, and its own 3D interface as well as support for OpenGL.
Encyclopedia4U - BeOS - Encyclopedia Article (577 words)
BeOS is a personal computer operating system developed by Be Incorporated in 1990 as a media OS.
In 2001 Be's intellectual property was sold to Palm, Inc. BeOS 5 is considered the last version, though a substantial upgrade was in the works before the bankruptcy.
BeOS was well loved by many people, and the BeOS userbase was understandably disappointed when Be Inc. commercially failed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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