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Encyclopedia > Bdelloid
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Bdelloids
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Rotifera
Class: Bdelloidea
Hudson, 1884

The bdelloids (Bdelloidea) are a class of rotifers, found in freshwater and moist soil. They typically have a well developed corona, divided into two parts, on a retractable head. They may move by swimming or crawling. The latter commonly involves taking alternate steps with the head and tail, as do certain leeches, which gives the group their name (Greek βδελλα or bdella, meaning leech). Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Classes Seisonoidea Bdelloidea Monogononta The rotifers make up a phylum of microscopic, and near-microscopic pseudocoelomate animals. ... Classes Seisonoidea Bdelloidea Monogononta The rotifers make up a phylum of microscopic, and near-microscopic pseudocoelomate animals. ... This page is about the blood sucking animal leech. ...


Bdelloids have been of interest to those interested in the evolutionary role of sexual reproduction, because it has disappeared entirely from the group: males are unknown, and females reproduce exclusively by parthenogenesis. Each individual has paired gonads. Sexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that results in increasing genetic diversity of the offspring. ... Kaguya is one success from 460 attempts at growing embryos. ... The gonad is the organ that makes gametes. ...


External links

  • Bdelloids: No sex for over 40 million years

Bdelloids respond to environmental stresses by entering a state of dormancy known as anhydrobiosis. This dormancy form enables the organism to rapidly dehydrate itself.The Bdelloid will remain in this cysted state until optimal environmental conditions re-occur at which point they will rehydrate and become active within hours. Diapause is the ability of the organism to produce offspring in a dormant and unhatched state. Hatching of the young will only occur when conditions are at their most favourable. These forms of dormancy are also known as cryptobiosis or quiescence.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bdelloid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (221 words)
The bdelloids (Bdelloidea) are a class of rotifers, found in freshwater and moist soil.
Bdelloids have been of interest to those interested in the evolutionary role of sexual reproduction, because it has disappeared entirely from the group: males are unknown, and females reproduce exclusively by parthenogenesis.
Bdelloids respond to environmental stresses by entering a state of dormancy known as anhydrobiosis.
Ludmila A. Kutikova. Variability in obligatory parthenogenetic rotifers (Rotifera, Bdelloida). (1399 words)
Bdelloid rotifers have relatively uniform structure of body adapted to life, in spatially restricted water film of edaphon, in mosses, lichens, leaf and fir litter where they are mostly spread and also in the littoral and profundal of fresh waters, in benthos and among aquatic vegetation.
Bdelloids have false segmentation of the body with a definite number of segments in every section: 3 segments in head and neck, 6 segments in the body, 3-6 segments in foot.
Therefore it can be assumed that obligatory parthenogenetic bdelloid rotifers invaded terrestrial biotopes on the early stage of their evolution; they are characterized by slow evolution rates as compared to heterogonetic monogononts; the variability of bdelloids is of principally of different character and concerns morphological structures of a lower taxonomic rank.
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