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Encyclopedia > Bayonet
For other uses, see bayonet (disambiguation).

A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife-, dagger-, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on or over the muzzle of a rifle barrel or similar weapon, effectively turning the gun into a spear. It is a close-combat or last-resort weapon. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Bayonet may refer to: A bayonet is a blade fastened to the end of a gun or rifle. ... This article is about the tool. ... Bold text This article is about the weapon. ... For other uses, see Weapon (disambiguation). ... The muzzle of a firearm is the end of the barrel from which the projectile will exit. ... For other uses, see Rifle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Weapon (disambiguation). ... Spears were one of the most common personal weapons from the late Bronze Age until the advent of firearms. ...

Contents

History

Early-19th century socket bayonet
Early-19th century socket bayonet
Socket of a bayonet
Socket of a bayonet

The evolution of the bayonet can be traced to a certain extent to an accident. In the mid-17th century irregular military conflicts of rural France, the peasants of the Southern French town of Bayonne, who were Basques, having run out of powder and shot, rammed their long-bladed hunting knives into the muzzles of their primitive muskets to fashion impromptu spears and, by necessity, created an ancillary weapon that was to influence Western European infantry tactics well into the early 20th century. The weapon was introduced into the French army by General Jean Martinet. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2548x736, 50 KB) Bayonette à douille, XIXe siècle Work by Rama File links The following pages link to this file: Bayonet ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2548x736, 50 KB) Bayonette à douille, XIXe siècle Work by Rama File links The following pages link to this file: Bayonet ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 2534 KB) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bayonet Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 2534 KB) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bayonet Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century. ... Bayonne (French: Bayonne, pronounced ; Gascon Occitan and Basque: Baiona) is a city and commune of southwest France at the confluence of the Nive and Adour rivers, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Language(s) Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religion(s) Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: ) are an indigenous people[5] who inhabit parts of north-central Spain and southwestern... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ... Spears were one of the most common personal weapons from the late Bronze Age until the advent of firearms. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Jean Martinet (d. ...


There is evidence though that the first bayonet appeared in 13th century China. When the developer of the musket found they could not damage an enemy at close proximity, they introduced two types of firearm, one with an attached knife and the other a spear. One is called (chinese:), and the other is (chinese:)[citation needed] Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ...


The benefit of such a dual-purpose arm contained in one was soon apparent. The early muskets fired at a slow rate (about a round per minute when loading with loose powder and ball, and no more than 3–4 rounds per minute using paper cartridges), and were both inaccurate and unreliable. Bayonets provided a useful addition to the weapons system when an enemy charging to contact could cross the musket's killing ground (a range of approximately 100 yards/metres at the most optimistic) at the expense of perhaps only one or two volleys from their waiting opponents. A foot-long bayonet, extending to a regulation 17 inches (approx. 43 centimetres) during the Napoleonic period, on a 5-foot (around 1.5 metre) tall musket achieved a reach similar to the infantry spear, and later halberd, of earlier times. Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ... Black powder was the original gunpowder and practically the only known propellant and explosive until the middle of the 19th century. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Spears were one of the most common personal weapons from the late Bronze Age until the advent of firearms. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


Early bayonets were of the "plug" type. The bayonet had a round handle that slid directly into the musket barrel. This naturally prevented the gun from being fired. In 1671, plug bayonets were issued to the French regiment of fusiliers then raised. They were issued to part of an English dragoon regiment raised in 1672 and disbanded in 1674, and to the Royal Fusiliers when raised in 1685. The danger incurred by the use of this bayonet (which put a stop to all fire) was felt so early that the younger Puysgur saw a ring-bayonet in 1678 which could be fixed without stopping the fire. The defeat of forces loyal to William of Orange by Jacobite Highlanders at the Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689 was due (among other things) to the use of the plug-bayonet; and shortly afterwards the defeated leader, Hugh Mackay, is believed to have introduced a ring-bayonet of his own invention. Soon "socket" bayonets offset the blade from the musket barrel's muzzle. The bayonet attached over the outside of the barrel with a ring-shaped socket, secured on later models by a spring-loaded catch on the muzzle of the musket barrel. Fusilier was originally the name of a soldier armed with a light flintlock musket called the fusil. ... For other uses, see Dragoon (disambiguation). ... Combatants Jacobite Royalists (Highlanders & Irish) Orange Royalists (Covenanters, Lowlanders) Commanders Viscount Dundee† Hugh Mackay Strength 2400 foot 3500 foot Casualties 800, inc. ... Hugh Mackay Hugh Mackay (c. ...


A trial with badly fitting socket or zigzag bayonets was made after the battle of Fleurus, 1690, in the presence of Louis XIV, who refused to adopt them. Shortly after the Peace of Ryswick (1697), the English and Germans abolished the pike and introduced these bayonets, and plates of them are given in Surirey de St. Remy's Mémoires d'Artillerie, published in Paris in that year; but owing to a military cabal they were not issued to the French infantry until 1703. Henceforward, the bayonet became, with the musket or other firearm, the typical weapon of infantry. Combatants France England United Provinces Spain Holy Roman Empire Commanders Duc de Luxembourg Prince of Waldeck Strength 35,000 38,000 Casualties 3,000 dead 3,000 wounded 6,000 dead 5,000 wounded 8,000 captured The Battle of Fleurus took place on July 1, 1690. ... Louis XIV redirects here. ... The Treaty of Ryswick was signed on 20 September 1697 and named after Ryswick in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands). ... A modern recreation of a mid-17th century company of pikemen. ...


Many socket bayonets were triangular in cross-section in order to provide flexing strength in the blade without much increase in weight. Flexing strength was needed in case a bayonet struck a hard object: better to have it bend and be repairable, than have it be stiff and shatter on impact. This design of bayonet did not usually include a grip for using the bayonet apart from the gun, although a socket bayonet was deemed a sidearm anyway, especially in the British army of 1775.


The triangular bayonet, unlike an old urban legend, was not designed to create stab wounds "that were difficult to stitch when attended to by a medic, as it is more difficult to stitch a three-sided wound than a two-sided one, thus making the wound more likely to become infected" (sic). This quote ignores the reality of surgery, in that surgeons have sewn up jagged wounds using more stitches when needed, since time immemorial. Instead, three sided bayonets were designed to be an economical compromise between flexing strength and the amount of wrought iron need to make the bayonet (compare to a structural steel Tee-beam). Structural steel is steel construction material, a profile, formed with a specific shape or cross section and certain standards of chemical composition and strength. ...


Similarly, in the Soviet Union, later bayonet blades, now made of steel, were stiffened with a small cross-section in the form of a cross, in order to make them more compact in form and fold better onto the sides of their rifles (see Mosin Nagant model of 1944). It is said that self-inflicted wounds made by soldiers to get themselves out of the line of battle would be recognized as such and bring them greater disciplinary punishment.[citation needed] In All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Maria Remarque, the book's author, reported that in World War I French soldiers killed German prisoners who had serrated blade bayonets, as they assumed they were for cutting off the limbs of Allied soldiers. These were carried by combat engineers as tools and by NCOs as signs of rank. The Mosin-Nagant (Russian: ) is a bolt-action, five-round, magazine fed, military rifle that was used by the armed forces of Imperial Russia and later the Soviet Union and various Eastern bloc nations. ... For the films, see All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1979 film). ... Erich Maria Remarque (June 22, 1898 – September 25, 1970) was the pseudonym of Erich Paul Remark, a German author. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The type of blade used on a saw and on some knives or scissors. ...

Bayonet M. 1898/05 used by Prussian Army during WW1
Bayonet M. 1898/05 used by Prussian Army during WW1

18th and 19th century military tactics included various massed bayonet charges and defenses. The Russian Army used the bayonet the most frequently in any Napoleonic conflict. Their motto was "The Bullet is foolish, the Bayonet wise". This implies that the bullet of a smoothbore musket was wildly inaccurate at ranges past 50 yards (which was true in most cases), but with the close quarters of bayonet fighting, it was hard to miss. It should be noted, however, that in the thick of a close-quarter combat, many soldiers revert to using bayonet-mounted rifles as clubs, this apparently being a more "natural" way of fighting (as described by military historians like John Keegan). Image File history File links Artwork by Rama Prussian bayonet, from a Public Domain photograph of English Wikipedia [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Bayonet ... Image File history File links Artwork by Rama Prussian bayonet, from a Public Domain photograph of English Wikipedia [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Bayonet ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir John Keegan OBE (born 1934) is a British military historian, lecturer and journalist. ...


Bayonets were experimented with through much of the 18th and 19th centuries. In the United States Navy before the American Civil War, bayonet blades were even affixed to single-shot pistols, although they soon proved useless for anything but cooking. Cutlasses remained the favoured weapon for the navies of the time, though Queen Victoria's Royal Navy gave up the pikes once used to repel attacks by boarders in favor of the cutlass bayonet. USN redirects here. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... A pistol is a usually small, projectile weapon, normally fired with one hand. ... French naval cutlass of the 19th Century A cutlass is a short, thick saber or slashing sword, with a straight or slightly curved blade sharpened on the cutting edge, and a hilt often featuring a solid cupped or basket-shaped guard. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... A modern recreation of a mid-17th century company of pikemen. ...

French infantry bayonet charge during the First World War. These are for Lebel rifle.
French infantry bayonet charge during the First World War. These are for Lebel rifle.

The 19th century finally saw the popularity of the sword bayonet. It was a long-bladed weapon with a single- or double-edged blade that could also be used as a shortsword. Its initial purpose was to ensure that riflemen, when in ranks with musketmen, whose weapons were longer, could form square properly to fend off cavalry attacks, when sword bayonets were fitted. A prime early example of a sword bayonet-fitted rifle would be the British Infantry Rifle of 1800-1840, later known as the "Baker Rifle". (However, one usually removed the sword bayonet on the Infantry Rifle before firing) Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x614, 87 KB) A remarkable photograph of an actual bayonet charge by French soldiers typical of the gallantry and spirit they display in action Source: [1] and [2] File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x614, 87 KB) A remarkable photograph of an actual bayonet charge by French soldiers typical of the gallantry and spirit they display in action Source: [1] and [2] File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file... The sword bayonet is any long, knife-bladed bayonet designed for mounting on a musket or rifle. ... Shortsword is a compound word neologism used for referring to a sword shorter than the “standard” ones but yet longer than a dagger. ...


The hilt usually had quillons modified to accommodate the gun barrel, and a hilt mechanism that enabled the bayonet to be attached to a bayonet lug. When dismounted, a sword bayonet could be used in combat as a side arm. When attached to the musket or rifle, it effectively turned almost any long gun into a spear or glaive, suitable not only for thrusting but also for slashing. World War I saw the shortening of sword bayonets into knife-sized weapons, usable as fighting knives or trench knives, so that the vast majority of modern bayonets are knife bayonets. See also: Hilt (band) and Peter Hilt Hilt of Szczerbiec The hilt of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... See also: Hilt (band) and Peter Hilt Hilt of Szczerbiec The hilt of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel. ... A bayonet lug is a standard feature on most military muskets, rifles, and shotguns, and on some civilian longarms. ... A side arm is a small personal weapon that is typically worn on the body in a holster in such a way to permit immediate access and use. ... A long gun is a firearm with an extended barrel, usually designed to be fired braced against the shoulder. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combat knives are mainly used in close combat. ... Please note: trench knives are specialized fighting knives and are not synonymous with brass knuckles - although some famous designs incorporate them, and thus these weapons deserve a page of their own. ... A knife bayonet is a knife or short sword which can be used both as a bayonet or fighting or utility knife. ...


Design

Modern bayonets are often knife-shaped with either a handle and a socket, or are permanently attached to the rifle as with the SKS. Depending on where and when a specific SKS was manufactured, it may have a permanently attached bayonet with a knife-shaped blade (Russian, Romanian, Yugoslavian, early Chinese), or a cruciform (late Chinese) or triangular (Albanian) spike bayonet, or no bayonet at all. The SKS is a Russian semi-automatic carbine, designed in 1945 by Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov. ... The SKS is a Russian semi-automatic carbine, designed in 1945 by Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Early 19th century socket bayonet Winter war A spike bayonet is a blade attachment for a firearm taking the form of a pointed spike rather than a knife. ...


Most modern bayonets have a fuller (visible on the top half of the blade shown above), which is a concave depression in the blade designed to reduce the weight while keeping the blade's stiffness. Some speculate that this design feature makes a bayonet easier to withdraw after a stabbing attack by allowing air into the wound it produces, or to allow blood to drain from it, but in fact fullers have not been experimentally shown to have such an effect. Rather, the fuller increases the bending strength of the blade in the same way the "I" cross-section of an I-Beam is more efficient in resisting bending than an equivant rectangular cross-section. [1] Prussian bayonet, with a prominent fuller A Fuller is a rounded or beveled groove on the flat side of a blade, such as a sword, knife, or bayonet (shown). ... I-beams are beams with an I- or H-shaped cross-section. ...


Modern use

Swiss army Sig 550 rifle with bayonet.
Swiss army Sig 550 rifle with bayonet.

The advent of modern warfare in the 1800s decreased the bayonet's usefulness, and as early as the U.S. Civil War (1861–65) the bayonet was ultimately responsible for less than one percent of battlefield casualties.[1] Modern warfare still sees the use of the bayonet for close-quarter fighting. British forces, for example, performed bayonet charges during the Falklands War and the 2003 Iraq War.[2] During the Korean War, Lewis L. Millett led soldiers of the US 27th Infantry Regiment (United States) in taking out a Chinese machine gun position with bayonets. Millett was awarded the Medal of Honor for this action. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2304x735, 112 KB) fr: Fusil dassaut Sig 550 (F ass 90) dordonance de larmée suisse, avec sa sangle (alongée par des lacets pour permettre le port en bandouillère prêt à tirer) et la bayonnette. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2304x735, 112 KB) fr: Fusil dassaut Sig 550 (F ass 90) dordonance de larmée suisse, avec sa sangle (alongée par des lacets pour permettre le port en bandouillère prêt à tirer) et la bayonnette. ... The SIG 550 is an assault rifle manufactured by SAN Swiss Arms (formerly SIGARMS) of Switzerland. ... Modern warfare involves the widespread use of highly advanced technology. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Close Quarters Combat. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Belligerents Argentina United Kingdom Commanders President Leopoldo Galtieri Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo Brigade-General Mario Menéndez Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward Major-General Jeremy Moore Casualties and losses 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner... For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq without the explicit backing of the United... Lewis L. Millett (born 1920) was awarded the Medal of Honor during the Korean War for leading the last major American bayonet charge. ... The 27th Infantry served as part of the 25th Infantry (Lighting) Division during the Korean War. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ...


In the US Marine Corps, trainees at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot in San Diego for instance get their first instruction in using the bayonet as a lethal weapon on their 10th day. The essence of bayonet fighting as taught in the Corps is to spring forward from a modified crouch and thrust the blade into the enemy. Recruits are taught to slash an enemy diagonally from shoulder to hipbone and how to use a bayonet to push aside an enemy's weapon. United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ...


In a modern context, bayonets are used for controlling prisoners and as a "last resort" weapon for close quarters combat, in cases where a soldier is out of ammo or if a weapon has jammed. However, they are not normally fitted to weapons except when such situations are at hand, because the bayonet impairs long-range accuracy, as its weight alters the rifle's balance.


A bayonet also remains useful as a utility knife, and as an aid to combat morale. Training in the use of the bayonet has been given precedence long after the combat role of the bayonet declined as it is thought to increase desired aggressiveness in troops.[citation needed] Despite the limitations of the bayonet, many modern assault rifles retain a bayonet lug and the weapon is still issued in many armies. Examples are the M16, AK-47, and the Sig 550. For other uses, see Utility (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... Avtomat Kalashnikova model 1947 g. ... The SIG 550 is an assault rifle manufactured by SAN Swiss Arms (formerly SIGARMS) of Switzerland. ...


Bayonets were used as a direct attack weapon by Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders troops from the British Army in the second conflict in Iraq. When two landrovers of Highlander troops were ambushed by soldiers loyal to cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, the Highlander troops fixed bayonets to their rifles and charged the militiamen. 30 Iraqi gunman were killed and 12 were captured.[2] The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division. ...


Commonwealth armies

The blade bayonet for the Lee-Enfield Rifle No. 5 Mk I "Jungle Carbine" rifle
The blade bayonet for the Lee-Enfield Rifle No. 5 Mk I "Jungle Carbine" rifle

In armies of the Commonwealth of Nations, in close-order drill the command to fix bayonets is a two-part command. It consists of the preparatory order "Fix" and the execution order "BAYONETS". It is issued only from the Order Arms position. The commands to "Fix" and "Unfix" bayonets are among the only drill commands not executed in a specified cadence. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 817 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)The bayonet for a Lee-Enfield Rifle No 5 Mk I Jungle Carbine rifle, which was designed to double as a combat knife if so needed. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 817 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)The bayonet for a Lee-Enfield Rifle No 5 Mk I Jungle Carbine rifle, which was designed to double as a combat knife if so needed. ... Lee-Enfield No4 Mk1 with bayonet, scabbard attached The Lee-Enfield was the British armys standard bolt action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle from 1895 until 1956. ... Jungle Carbine was an informal term used for the Rifle No. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...


In the Rifle Regiments of the British Army, using a practice harkening back to the days when their flintlock rifles carried sword bayonets, the command is "Fix....SWORDS!". Bayonets are also fixed on the command, "Prepare to Assault", which is given towards the end of a section or fire team attack. The bayonet in the Canadian Forces is fitted on the front of the Tactical Vest for easy access. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


U.S

M1 Bayonet made by American Fork & Hoe; used with M1 Garand
M1 Bayonet made by American Fork & Hoe; used with M1 Garand
The U.S. M6 bayonet and sheath used with the M14 rifle
The U.S. M6 bayonet and sheath used with the M14 rifle
Adopted in 1984, the U.S. M9 bayonet and sheath used with the M16 rifle and M4 carbine.
Adopted in 1984, the U.S. M9 bayonet and sheath used with the M16 rifle and M4 carbine.
The US Marine Corps' OKC-3S Bayonet
The US Marine Corps' OKC-3S Bayonet

The modern sawback US M9 bayonet, officially adopted in 1984, is issued with a special sheath designed to double as a wire cutter, developed by Phrobis III. Some production runs of the M9 have a fuller and some do not, depending upon which contractor manufactured that batch and what the military specs were at the time. The M9 bayonet partially replaced, but is used in addition to, the older M6 and M7 bayonets, introduced in 1957 and 1964 respectively. Many troops have retained the M7, since the M9 has a reputation for breakage due to a combination of its thin blade and varying quality among the various contractors used. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 688 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) M1 Bayonet, picture taken by me 6/17/07 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 688 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) M1 Bayonet, picture taken by me 6/17/07 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... The M1 Bayonet was designed to be used with the . ... The M1 Garand (more formally the United States Rifle, Caliber . ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 265 KB) Summary Taken by me on March 8, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 265 KB) Summary Taken by me on March 8, 2006. ... The M6 Bayonet with scabbard The M6 Bayonet is a bayonet used by the U.S. military for the M14 rifle. ... M14 and M-14 redirect here. ... Image File history File links M9 bayonet-knife and sheath Taken from http://www. ... Image File history File links M9 bayonet-knife and sheath Taken from http://www. ... M9 bayonet and scabbard The M9 Bayonet is a multi-purpose knife and bayonet officially adopted in 1984 by the U.S.. It is issued with a special sheath designed to double as a wire cutter, developed by Qual-A-Tec (later development and production by Phrobis III) from the... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... M4A1 redirects here. ... Download high resolution version (1200x558, 72 KB)Bayonet OKC-3S - Ontario Knife Company. ... Download high resolution version (1200x558, 72 KB)Bayonet OKC-3S - Ontario Knife Company. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The OKC-3S bayonet The OKC-3S is a bayonet developed by the US Marine Corps to replace the M7 bayonet as its service bayonet for the M16 rifle. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... M9 bayonet and scabbard The M9 Bayonet is a multi-purpose knife and bayonet officially adopted in 1984 by the U.S.. It is issued with a special sheath designed to double as a wire cutter, developed by Qual-A-Tec (later development and production by Phrobis III) from the... This article is about the year. ... Prussian bayonet, with a prominent fuller A Fuller is a rounded or beveled groove on the flat side of a blade, such as a sword, knife, or bayonet (shown). ... The M6 Bayonet with scabbard The M6 Bayonet is a bayonet used by the U.S. military for the M14 rifle. ... The M7 Bayonet is a bayonet used by the U.S. military for the M16 rifle. ...


As of 2002, the US Marine Corps is also issuing small quantities of new bayonets of a different design from the M9, with an 8-inch Bowie knife-style blade and no fuller, manufactured by the Ontario Knife Company of New York. This new bayonet, the OKC-3S, is cosmetically similar to the Marines' famed Ka-bar fighting knife. The weapon upgrade is part of a push begun four years ago by then-Commandant Gen. James L. Jones to expand and toughen hand-to-hand combat training for Marines, including more training in the martial arts and knife fighting. The new bayonet — with a steel blade is 8" long, 1-3/8" wide, .2" thick blade, and weighing 1¼ pounds with its sheath — is slightly longer, thicker, and heavier than the current M9. A sharper point and serrations near the handle help penetrate body armor that many modern adversaries wear. In one demonstration, a prototype was able to pierce a punching bag covered with aircraft aluminum and a bulletproof flak jacket. Also, the handle is more oval than round to prevent repetitive-stress injuries during training. A typical bowie knife, with its hallmark large blade and unique shape. ... The Ontario Knife Company, or OKC, is an American manufacturer of knives and other edged tools. ... The OKC-3S bayonet The OKC-3S is a bayonet developed by the US Marine Corps to replace the M7 bayonet as its service bayonet for the M16 rifle. ... USMC KA-BAR knife, standard model The KA-BAR is a 7-inch fighting and utility knife first used by the US Marines in World War II, and carried into battle by generations of Marines since that conflict. ... MCMAP logo The Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) is a combat system developed by the United States Marine Corps to combine existing and new hand-to-hand and close combat techniques with morale and team-building functions and instruction in what the Marine Corps calls the Warrior Ethos.[1...

"We spent a lot of time making sure the handle was ergonomically correct… There are no blister points on the handle. The Marines are the best and they deserve the best."[3]

In United States Marine Corps drill and ceremonies, the command "FIX... BAYONETS!" is executed in four movements from the order arms position. In the United States Army, the movement is also executed from order arms; there are no specified movements, but the bayonet is to be attached quickly and quietly. The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


Cultural impact

The push-twist motion of fastening the older type of bayonet has given name to:

  • The "bayonet mount" used for various types of quick fastenings, such as camera lenses.
  • Several connectors and contacts including the bayonet-fitting light bulb that is common in the UK (as opposed to the continental screw-fitting type).
  • The BNC ("Bayonet Neill-Concelman") RF connector.

The bayonet has become a symbol of military power. The term "at the point of a bayonet" refers to using military force or action to accomplish, maintain, or defend something. A bayonet mount A bayonet mount before and after insertion A bayonet mount or bayonet connector is a fastening mechanism that relies on mated surfaces; a male side with one or more pins or slots, and a female receptor with matching slots and a spring that maintains a clamping force. ... Photographic lens One of Canons most popular wide angle lenses - 17-40 f/4 L The zoom lens of the Canon Elph A photographic lens (or more correctly, objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images... The light bulb is one of the most significant inventions in the history of the human race, illuminating the darkness of the evening and bringing light indoors at all times in order focus on the task at hand. ... Male BNC connector Cables with BNC connectors Adapter between a female BNC connector and banana plugs Picture to show the similarity between 50 Ω and 75 Ω BNC connectors Pulse generators with BNC connectors and cables. ... An RF connector is an electrical connector designed to work at radio frequencies in the multi-megahertz range. ...


The Australian Army 'Rising Sun' badge features a semi-circle of bayonets. The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... The current rising sun badge used since 1991 The Rising Sun badge, also known as the General Service Badge or the Australian Army Badge is the official badge of the Australian Army. ...


The U.S. Army Combat Action Badge, awarded to personnel who have come under fire since 2001 and who are not eligible for the Combat Infantryman Badge, has a bayonet as its central motif. The Combat Action Badge (or CAB) is a military badge worn in the U.S. Army. ... The Combat Infantryman Badge (CIB) is an award of the United States Army which is presented to those officers, warrant officers and enlisted soldiers, in the grade of Colonel and below, who participate in active ground combat while assigned as a member of an infantry or special forces unit, brigade...


Undertaking a task 'with fixed bayonets' has this connotation of no room for compromise and is a phrase used particularly in politics.[citation needed]


The shoulder sleeve insignia for the 10th Mountain Division in the U.S. Army features crossed bayonets. The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division of the United States Army currently serving under the XVIII Airborne Corps. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


The bayonet was also used in the Kent State massacre. Mary Ann Vecchio kneels over the body of Jeffrey Miller The Kent State shootings occurred at Kent State University, Ohio, and involved the shooting of students by the National Guard on May 4, 1970. ...


References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ O'Connell, Robert L., "Arme Blanche", Military History Quarterly, Vol. 5, nº 1.
  2. ^ a b The Telegraph, 2004-06-13.
  3. ^ Nick Trbovich Jr., president and chief executive of Ontario Knife Co., which won the Marine bayonet contract after a yearlong competition. It can also double as a fighting knife.[citation needed]

See also

A bayonet mount A bayonet mount before and after insertion A bayonet mount or bayonet connector is a fastening mechanism that relies on mated surfaces; a male side with one or more pins or slots, and a female receptor with matching slots and a spring that maintains a clamping force. ... The incandescent light bulb uses a glowing wire filament heated to white-hot by electrical resistance, to generate light (a process known as thermal radiation). ... Gunpowder warfare is associated with the start of the widespread use of gunpowder and the development of suitable weapons to use the explosive. ... Combatives FM 21-150 Figure 4-1, Vital Targets. ... A knife bayonet is a knife or short sword which can be used both as a bayonet or fighting or utility knife. ... modern factory-made Machete For other uses, see Machete (disambiguation). ... A Pistol Sword is a sword with a pistol or revolver attached, usually alongside the blade. ... A bayonet lug is a standard feature on most military muskets, rifles, and shotguns, and on some civilian longarms. ... A pole weapon or polearm is a close combat weapon with the main fighting part of the weapon placed on the end of a long shaft, typically of wood. ... Early 19th century socket bayonet Winter war A spike bayonet is a blade attachment for a firearm taking the form of a pointed spike rather than a knife. ... The sword bayonet is any long, knife-bladed bayonet designed for mounting on a musket or rifle. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A list of bayonets, past and present, categorized by country with informal naming. ... Jukendo is the Japanese martial art of bayonet fighting. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Bayonet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1842 words)
Bayonets provided a useful addition to the weapon-system when an enemy charging to contact could cross the musket's killing ground (a range of approximately 100 yards/metres at the most optimistic) at the expense of perhaps only one or two volleys from their waiting opponents.
Modern bayonets are often knife-shaped with handles and a socket, or permanently attached to the rifle as with the SKS.
In a modern context, bayonets are known to be particularly good for controlling prisoners, poking an enemy to see whether he is dead and for when the fighter is out of ammunition or so close to the enemy that firing a round is impossible.
Bayonet - LoveToKnow 1911 (774 words)
The triangular bayonet (so called from the cross-section of its blade) was used in the British army until the introduction of the magazine rifle, when it was replaced by the sword-bayonet or dagger-bayonet.
In the short Lee-Enfield rifle of 1903, the bayonet, not being directly attached to the barrel, does not influence accuracy, but with the long rifles, when the bayonet is fixed, the sight must be raised by two or three graduations to ensure correct elevation.
The German rifles (1898)have a length with bayonet of 5 ft. 94 in.; the Russian (1894) 5 ft. 9 in.; and the Japanese 5 ft. 52 in.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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