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Encyclopedia > Baturyn

Baturyn (Батурин in Ukrainian), is a town in Chernihiv region in central Ukraine with a population of about 3,600. Chernihivs’ka oblast’ (Чернігівська область, Chernihivs’ka oblast’ in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. ...


History

According to some modern sources, the origins of Baturyn date back to 11th century as a fortress built by Chernihiv Principality. The contemporary name for the settlement is first mentioned in the 17th-century documents. In 1648 it is transformed into a Cossack company (regional) center as the Zaporizhian Sich gained control over the territory from the Poles, and in 16691708 it was the capital of the Hetmanate, a Cossack state in Left-bank Ukraine (referring to the left bank of Dnipro river). (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... Zaporizhian Sich or Zaporozhian Sech (Ukrainian: Запорізька Січ, Zaporizka Sich) was the center of the Cossacks of Zaporizhzhia. ... Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J.S. Bach appointed as chamber musician and... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1568 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... The Dnieper River (Belarusian: Дняпро/Dnyapro; Russian: Днепр/Dnepr; Ukrainian: Днiпро/Dnipro; Polish: Dniepr; Latin: Borysthenes, Danaper) is a river (2290 km length) which flows from Russia through Belarus and then Ukraine. ...


The town prospered under the rule of hetman Ivan Mazepa, with its area increasing and the population growing to 20,000. Baturyn had 40 churches and chapels, 2 monasteries and a college for government officials and diplomats. In 1708, the Cossack Ukraine was caught in the midst of the Great Northern War with Mazepa supporting the Swedes despite an earlier treaty with Russia. The town was razed to the ground by the Russian army of Alexander Menshikov in revenge for this alliance. 13 000 - 15 000 inhabitants and defenders were slaughtered. Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1568 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Ivan Stepanovich Mazepa (Іван Степанович Мазепа in Ukrainian; Иван Степанович Мазепа in Russian, historically spelled as Mazeppa) (circa 1640 — August 28, 1709), Cossack Hetman (Ataman) of the Left-bank Ukraine in 1687—1708. ... Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J.S. Bach appointed as chamber musician and... Not to be confused with the Northern Wars (1655–1661) The Swedish Victory at Narva, 1700 by Gustaf Cederström, painted 1910 Battle of Poltava fragment of mosaic, by Mikhail Lomonosov, 1717 The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from... Pereyaslav Rada The Treaty of Pereyaslav was concluded in 1654 in the Ukrainian city of Pereyaslav during the meeting known as Pereyaslavska Uhoda (Pereyaslav Treaty). ... Menshikov in Exile Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov (Александр Данилович Меншиков) (1673 – 1729) was a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimo, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Izhora. ...


The town was rebuilt only in the 1750s, and served as the capital of hetman Kyrylo Rozumovsky until 1764, when Russian empress Catherine II abolished the Cossack state and incorporated it into Russia. After Rozumovsky's death the town lost its importance and is now a tiny agrarian settlement. His baroque palace stands in ruins. Events and Trends Scientific navigation is developed. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to her death on November 6, 1796. ...


External links

  • Baturyn article in Encyclopedia of Ukraine (http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkpath=pagesBABaturyn.htm)
  • "Baturyn: historic capital of the Kozak Hetman state." The Ukrainian Weekly (http://www.ukrweekly.com/Archive/2003/030323.shtml)
  • Baturyn coat of arms (http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/picturedisplay.asp?linkpath=picBABaturyn%20Coat%20of%20Arms.jpg)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Historical Gallery (424 words)
Located in the Chernihiv region in Eastern Ukraine, Baturyn emerged as a fortress on the steppe border of the Chernihiv principality in the 11th century.
Baturyn remained deserted for several decades, recovering by the mid-18th century when it briefly regained its status as Hetman capital during the reign of Kyrylo Rozumovs'kyi (1750-64) until the Hetmanate was abolished in 1764.
Archaeological exploration of Baturyn was halted in 1997 because of lack of funding.
www.Baturyn.org - Executive (354 words)
The Baturyn Concert Marching Band is a non-profit initiative of the UKRAINIAN YOUTH ASSOCIATION OF CANADA (UYA) Toronto Branch.
Baturyn is operated under the support and direction of the Baturyn Concert Marching Band's Executive.
Baturyn is a non-profit orchestra that relies on the support and contribution of volunteers, the sponsorship of business, and funding from the Ukrainian Youth Association of Toronto.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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