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Encyclopedia > Batua
Basque Country
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Basque Country

Batua (English Unified) is a standardised dialect of the Basque language most widely and commonly spoken throughout the Basque Country. Heavily based on Gipuzkoan on account of its rich literary heritage, it is the version of the language found on TV, in newspapers and in common parlance. A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Basque (in Basque: Euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... The Basque Country (Euskal Herria in Basque) straddles the western Pyrenees mountains that define the border between France and Spain, extending down to the coast of the Bay of Biscay. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ...


Batua is a created language using unified orthography and is accepted as the literary standard. In spite of this, many people continue to oppose the imposition of a single created dialect of Basque, however, because Batua is most widely taught in schools, this balance is beginning to shift. The orthography of a language is the set of symbols (glyphs and diacritics) used to write a language, as well as the set of rules describing how to write these glyphs correctly, including spelling, punctuation, and capitalization. ...


History

The language was created by the Euskaltzaindia (Royal Academy of the Basque Language). Having been for centuries pressured on both sides by Spanish and French, and under the rule of Franco coming close to extinction, the Academy felt the need to create a unified dialect of Basque, in order that the language have a greater chance of survival. Euskaltzaindia (Basque for group of keepers of the Basque language) is the Academy watching the official Basque language. ... Francisco Franco Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (pron. ...


The 1968 Arantzazu Congress laid down the basic guidelines for achieving that objective in a systematic way (lexicon, morphology, declension and spelling). A further step was taken in 1973 with a proposal to establish a standard conjugation. 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ...


The debate arising from this new set of standard language rules (1968 - 1976) did not prevent it from becoming increasingly accepted in teaching, the media, and administration (1976 - 1983), within the context of burgeoning regional government (Statute of Autonomy in Euskadi, 1979; Improvement of the Charter of Navarre, 1982). Basque Country (Basque Euskadi, Spanish País Vasco) is an autonomous community of Spain whose capital is Vitoria (Basque Gasteiz). ... Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community in Spain. ...


Other Basque dialects

The following dialects, spoken in the Spanish and French Basque regions, pre-date Batua, which was created using them as a basis. They are typically used in the region after which they are named, but have many linguistic similarities.


Spain

France

See also

  • Gara Basque newspaper
  • Euskal Telebista Basque television and radio broadcasting
  • Ethnologue on Spanish dialects

 
 

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