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Encyclopedia > Battleship Potemkin uprising
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Russian battleship Potemkin. (Discuss)

The Potemkin uprising was a 1905 mutiny of the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin against their officers, which was part of the Russian Revolution of 1905. It later came to be viewed as an initial step towards the Russian Revolution of 1917, and was the basis of the silent film Battleship Potemkin. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Potemkin (Потёмкин in Russian - pronounced Patyomkin), full name: Knyaz Potyomkin Tavricheski (Князь Потёмкин Таврический) was a pre-dreadnought battleship (Броненосец) of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Mutiny is the crime of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ... HMS Victory in 1884. ... The Potemkin (Потёмкин in Russian - pronounced Patyomkin), full name: Knyaz Potyomkin Tavricheski (Князь Потёмкин Таврический) was a pre-dreadnought battleship (Броненосец) of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. ... The Russian Revolution of 1905 was an empire-wide spasm of both anti-government and undirected violence. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... For the battleship, see Russian battleship Potemkin article Броненосец Потемкин (1925) (variously Bronenosec Potemkin, Battleship Potemkin, Battleship Potyomkin and The Battleship Potemkin) is a 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein. ...

Contents

History

In 1905 The Central Committee of the Social Democratic Organization of the Black Sea Fleet started preparations for a simultaneous crew uprising on all of the ships of the fleet some time in the fall of 1905. However, at the time of planning Potemkin was away for firing exercises at Tendra Island and the rebellion broke out on its own on June 14, spontaneously and prematurely. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Uprising is another word for rebellion. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ...


Mutiny

The uprising was sparked by the second in command of the battleship, who allegedly threatened reprisals against a number of the crew for their refusal to eat rotten meat. Reportedly he mustered the crew on the quarterdeck near where a tarpaulin was laid out and armed marines were drawn up. The sailors assumed that a group execution was pending and rushed the marines (themselves sailors) calling on them not to shoot. The actual events sparking off the mutiny remain uncertain and have been overshadowed by the version presented in the famous Sergei Eisenstein film "The Battleship Potemkin". Certainly discipline in the Tsarist navy was harsh and morale low following defeats in the Russo-Japanese War. Poster of Battleship Potemkin The Battleship Potemkin or Battleship Potemkin (Russian: , ), sometimes The Battleship Potyomkin, is a 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and produced by Mosfilm. ...


The mutineers killed seven of the Potemkin's eighteen officers, including Captain Evgeny Golikov, his second in command Ippolit Giliarovsky and the medical officer who had certified the meat as fit to eat. The surviving officers were placed under arrest, as were those of an accompanying torpedo-boat, the N267. One sailor Grigory Vakulenchuk was fatally wounded during the fight. The seamen organized a Ship’s Commission led by Afanasi Matushenko.


Arrival in Odessa

In the evening of that same day, the rebellious battleship came to Odessa flying a red flag. A general strike had been called in Odessa and there was some unrest, for which the arrival of the battleship provided a focus and incentive. However, the representatives of the contact commission of the Odessa Social Democratic parties were not able to convince the battleship crew to land armed sailors and help workers to get weapons and act together. There was division and confusion amongst both sailors and strikers. For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation). ... Historically, and most generally, the red flag is an international symbol for the blood of angry workers. ... A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. ...


On June 16, Vakulenchuk’s funeral turned into a political demonstration. Demonstrators crowded on the flight of steps leading from the port area to the centre of the city were fired on by dismounted cavalry, a scene that forms the dramatic highpoint of the film "Battleship Potemkin". Potemkin fired two shells at the part of the city where the headquarters of the Tsarist military authorities was located. One civilian was killed and limited damage done. The Imperial military sent reinforcements to Odessa in order to suppress this civil disorder. The government issued an order to either force the Potemkin crew to give up or sink the battleship. Two squadrons of the Black Sea Fleet were sent for this purpose. They gathered at the Tendra Island on June 17. Potemkin faced the joint squadron and - refusing to give up – sailed through the centre of it. This “silent battle” ended victoriously for Potemkin: the crews of the joint squadron refused to fire at the battleship and one of the battleships – Georgiy Pobedonosets – joined Potemkin. The joint squadron went to Sevastopol. The three rebellious warships headed for Odessa. June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... now. ...


The Central Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party tried to provide support for the Potemkin uprising. However, Mikhail Vasilyev-Yuzhin, who came to Odessa at the request of Vladimir Lenin to lead the uprising, found the battleship had left the port. The Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party, or RSDLP (Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия = РСДРП), also known as the Russian Social-Democratic Workers Party and the Russian Social-Democratic Party, was a revolutionary socialist Russian political party formed in 1898 in Minsk to unite the various revolutionary organizations into one party. ... Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the name   (b. ...


Sail to Romania

In the evening of June 18, the battleship sailed for Constanţa (Romania) together with the torpedo boat #267 for fuel and supplies (by that time, Georgiy Pobedonosets had surrendered to the authorities). On June 20, the Ship’s Commission issued appeals “To all civilized world” and “To all European powers”, proclaiming the crew’s firm decision to fight against the Tsarist regime. Romanian authorities refused to permit supplies to be sent to the battleship. The same happened in the port of Theodosia on June 22. On June 25, Potemkin returned to Constanţa and its crew handed the ship over to the Romanian authorities. Some crewmen returned to Russia in 1905, only to be arrested and convicted. The majority of the crew returned to Russia after the February Revolution in 1917. June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Росси́йская Импе́рия, (also Imperial Russia) covers the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great into the Russian Empire stretching from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to... Theodosia (Russian: Феодосия; Ukrainian: Феодосія; Greek: Θεοδωσία; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Kefe) is a port and resort city in southern Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimea at coordinates 45. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... The February Revolution (N.S.: March Revolution) of 1917 in Russia was the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Aftermath

Romanian authorities later returned the battleship to the Russian government. In October of 1905 it was renamed to St. Panteleimon. In April of 1917 the ship was renamed to Potemkin once again. However, in May they changed it to Freedom Fighter. In April of 1919, the interventionists blew it up in Sevastopol. After the Russian Civil War, Potemkin was raised from the bottom of the sea and dismantled because of irreparable damage. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Britain, France, Canada and the United States, along with other World War I Allied countries, conducted a military intervention into the Russian Civil War during the period of 1918 through 1920. ... Combatants Red Army (Bolsheviks) German Empire? White Army (Monarchists, SRs, Anti-Communists) Commanders Leon Trotsky, Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Semyon Budyonny Lavr Kornilov, Alexander Kolchak, Anton Denikin, Pyotr Wrangel The Russian Civil War was fought from 1917 to 1922. ...


Lenin wrote that the Potemkin uprising had had a huge importance in terms of being the first attempt at creating the nucleus of the revolutionary army, especially when a big part of the tsarist army sided with the revolution. Lenin called Potemkin an "undefeated territory of the revolution." The Potemkin uprising had a significant influence on the revolutionizing process in the Russian army and fleet.


See also

Poster of Battleship Potemkin The Battleship Potemkin or Battleship Potemkin (Russian: , ), sometimes The Battleship Potyomkin, is a 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and produced by Mosfilm. ... The Potemkin (Потёмкин in Russian - pronounced Patyomkin), full name: Knyaz Potyomkin Tavricheski (Князь Потёмкин Таврический) was a pre-dreadnought battleship (Броненосец) of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. ...

External links

  • Battleship "Kniaz Potemkin Tavricheskiy". flot.sevastopol.info. Retrieved on 2006-07-30.
  • Biography of Afanasi Matiushenko (1879-1907). www.libcom.org. Retrieved on 2006-07-30. One of the leaders of the mutiny
  • Potemkin sailor monument. 2odessa.com. Retrieved on 2006-08-22. Monument in Odessa, explanation of the mutiny
  • The Latest News Report. www.marxists.org. Retrieved on 2006-07-30. A First Hand News Article on the Mutiny

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Battleship Potemkin at AllExperts (727 words)
The Battleship Potemkin or Battleship Potemkin (Russian: Броненосец Потемкин, Bronenosets Potyomkin), sometimes The Battleship Potyomkin, is a 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and produced by Mosfilm.
It is a fictional narrative film meant to glorify a real-life event that occurred in 1905, the Battleship Potemkin uprising, when the crew of a Russian battleship rebelled against their oppressive officers during the Tsarist regime.
Potemkin has been called one of the most influential films of all time, and it was named the greatest movie of all time at the World's Fair at Brussels, Belgium, in 1958.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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