FACTOID # 30: If Alaska were its own country, it would be the 26th largest in total area, slightly larger than Iran.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Battles of Rzhev
The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942.
Enlarge
The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942.
Soviet-German War
Barbarossa – Bialystok-Minsk –SilberfuchsSmolenskUman1st KievOdessaLeningradTyphoon1st RostovMoscow – Toropets-Kholm Operation – Demyansk PocketSevastopol1st Rzhev-Vyazma2nd KharkovOperation Blue1st VoronezhEdelweissStalingradVelikiye LukiUranus – 2nd Rzhev-Sychevka – SaturnKrasny BorOperation Spark3rd KharkovKurskBelgorod4th KharkovDnieperKorsun – 2nd Kiev – Hube's Pocket – NarvaCrimea – Târgul Frumos – Bagration – Lvov-Sandomierz – RomaniaDebrecenBalticBudapest – Vistula-Oder – Balaton – Königsberg – BerlinHalbePrague

Rzhev Battles (Ржевская битва) is a general term for a series of World War II offensives launched during January 8, 1942March 22, 1943 by Soviet forces in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka and Vyazma against a German salient in the vicinity of Moscow, known as the "Rzhev meat grinder" ("Ржевская мясорубка") for its huge losses. Download high resolution version (1201x921, 197 KB)Eastern Front (WWII), 1941-12-05 to 1942-05-07 Drawn by User:Gdr File links The following pages link to this file: Eastern Front (World War II) Talk:Eastern Front (World War II) Battle of Moscow Second Battle of Kharkov User:Gdr... Download high resolution version (1201x921, 197 KB)Eastern Front (WWII), 1941-12-05 to 1942-05-07 Drawn by User:Gdr File links The following pages link to this file: Eastern Front (World War II) Talk:Eastern Front (World War II) Battle of Moscow Second Battle of Kharkov User:Gdr... The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Supreme commander: Adolf Hitler Supreme commander: Josef Stalin Strength ~ 3,200,000 ~ 2,600,000 Casualties 830,903 (174,000 dead, 36,000 missing, 604,000 injured) unknown Operation Barbarossa(Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the German codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of the Soviet... Combatants Wehrmacht Red Army Commanders Field Marshal Fedor von Bock Army General D. Pavlov Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties Unknown 425,000 The Battle of Bialystok-Minsk was one of the Border Battles during the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. ... Combatants Germany / Finland Soviet Union Commanders Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst (Armee Norwegen) Komdiv R. I. Panin (Northern Front) Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties Unknown Unknown Operation Silver Fox (Unternehmen Silberfuchs) was a German operation during World War II. Its main goal was the capture of the Soviet port at Murmansk through... The eastern front at the time of the Battle of Smolensk. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Gerd von Rundstedt Kiroponos Mikhail Strength 500,000 677,085 Casualties 100,000 dead or wounded 200,000 dead or wounded 300,000 captured The Battle of Kiev was a huge encirclement battle in Ukraine during World War II. It lasted from mid-August to... The Battle of Odessa was part of the Soviet-German War in 1941. ... Combatants Axis Powers, Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German... The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... The eastern front at the time of the Battle of Rostov. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Georgi Zhukov Strength ~ 1,500,000 ~ 1,500,000 Casualties 250,000 650,000 The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January... Combatants Wehrmacht Red Army Commanders Colonel General Ernst Busch General Kurochkin Strength Unknown 122,100 Casualties Unknown 29,200 The Toropets-Kholm Operation was a military operation ~conducted by the Red Army during the Soviet-German War, from 9th January to 6th February 1942 south of Lake Ilmen. ... Demyansk Pocket (German: die Demjansker Operation, Russian: ) is a name of encirclement of German troops by Red Army near Demyansk (Demjansk), south of Leningrad, during the Second World War, which lasted mainly from February 8 until April 21, 1942. ... Combatants Germany, Romania Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Filipp Oktyabrskiy, Ivan Petrov Strength 350,000+ 106,000 Casualties 50,000 killed, wounded and captured. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Friedrich Paulus, Fedor von Bock Semyon Timoshenko Strength 1000 Tanks,1500 Aircraft, 300,000 Men 1300 Tanks,620 Aircraft, 450,000 Men Casualties 20,000 207,057 Personnel, 652 tanks, 1,646 guns, 3,278 mortars and 57,626 horse. ... Battle of Stalingrad Conflict World War II Date June 28, 1942 - February 2, 1943 Place Stalingrad, USSR Result Soviet victory The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in World War II, and is considered the bloodiest battle in human history and arguably one of the greatest come-backs... Combatants Germany, Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Hermann Hoth Gusztav Jany Yevgeny Golikov Strength Casualties The Battle of Voronezh was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought in and around the city of Voronezh on the Don river in June and July 1942. ... The Battle of Caucasus is a generic name for a series of operations during the Great Patriotic War. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Friedrich Paulus Hermann Hoth Georgy Zhukov Vasily Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength German Sixth Army German Fourth Panzer Army Romanian Third Army Romanian Fourth Army Hungarian Second Army Italian Eighth Army 500,000 Germans Unknown number Reinforcements Unknown number Axis-allies Stalingrad... Battle of Velikiye Luki Conflict World War II Date November 1942 – February 1943 Place Velikiye Luki, Pskov Oblast, Russia Result Qualified Soviet victory The Battle of Velikiye Luki between Germany and the Soviet Union occurred in and around the Russian city Velikiye Luki during the winter of 1942-1943. ... The eastern front at the time of Operation Uranus. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ... Soviet advances during Operations Uranus, Mars and Saturn Operation Saturn was a Red Army operation on the Eastern Front of World War II that led to battles in the northern Caucasus and Donets Basin regions of the Soviet Union from December 1942 to February 1943. ... Combatants Germany (Spain) Soviet Union Commanders Emilio Esteban Infantes Vladimir P. Sviridov Strength 5,900 44,000 Casualties 3,945 dead, wounded, missing, or captured 11,000 dead, wounded, missing or captured The Battle of Krasny Bor was fought between the German Wehrmachts 250th Infantry Division, composed of Spanish... Operation Spark (1943) was a military operation by the Red Army during January 1943 which intended to create a land connection to break the siege of Leningrad, which was conducted by the German Wehrmacht. ... Combatants Voronezh Front Southwestern Front Army Group South First Panzer Army Fourth Panzer Army Commanders Filipp Golikov Nikolay Vatutin Erich von Manstein †Theodor Eicke Strength 300,000 men 160,000 men Casualties Voronezh Front: army of Popov: 3,000 KIA, 11,000 WIA, Southwestern Front: 20,000 KIA, 90,000... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Walther Model Nikolai Vatutin Konstantin Rokossovsky Strength 800,000 infantry 2,700 tanks 2,000 aircraft 1,300,000 infantry 3,600 tanks 2,400 aircraft Casualties 200,000 dead, wounded, and captured 500 tanks 200 aircraft 607,737 dead, wounded, and... The Battle of Belgorod was fought early August, 1943 between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. ... The Fourth Battle of Kharkov was fought on August 23, 1943 between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Rokossovsky, Konev Strength 1,250,000 men 12,600 guns 2,100 tanks 2,000 planes 2,650,000 men 51,000 guns 2,400 tanks 2,850 planes Casualties Low est. ... Korsun Pocket, also known as the Cherkassy Pocket, was the name of the large pocket of German troops between the towns of Korsun and Cherkassy on the lower Dnepr River in the Southern Ukraine, during World War II. In January of 1944, the encroaching Soviet Red Army executed a pincer... The 1943 Battle of Kiev resulted in a Soviet victory, forcing the German invaders of the Soviet Union to retreat further. ... Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket Conflict World War II Date March 25, 1944 – April 15, 1944 Place Kamenets-Podolsky / Tarnopol, USSR Result Soviet Defeat; German Evacuation The Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hubes Pocket, was a battle on the Eastern Front of World War... Battle of Narva Conflict {{{conflict}}} Date {{{date}}} Place {{{place}}} Result {{{result}}} The Battle of Narva took place in the first half of 1944. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht 17. ... The Battle of Târgul Frumos (May 2-4, 1944) was fought at IaÅŸi, Romania between Nazi Germany and its Romanian allies on one side and the Soviet Red Army. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Ernst Busch Konstantin Rokossovski Georgy Zhukov Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength 800,000 1,700,000 Casualties (Soviet est. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Harpe (Heeresgruppe Nordukraine) Ivan Koniev (1st Ukrainian Front) Strength 368,000 men 340 AFVs 4,800 guns 1,200,000 men 1,979 AFVs 11,265 guns Casualties 37,400 men 520 AFVs 198,000 men 1,285 AFVs The Lvov-Sandomierz Operation was... The Battle of Debrecen, was a battle on the Eastern Front of World War II. In October 1944 General der Artillerie Maximilian Fretter-Picos 6. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht Commanders Soviet STAVKA German OKW Strength Unkown Unknown Casualties 260,000 all causes Unknown // Overview The Battle of the Baltic, called the Baltic Operation by the Red Army who undertook it, denotes combat operations between the German Wehrmacht and the Red Army in the Baltic region... The Battle Of Budapest was a 2 month long siege in which Soviet forces captured the city of Budapest from German SS forces and Hungarian forces in World War II. Categories: World War II stubs | Battles and operations of World War II ... The eastern front at the time of the Vistula-Oder Offensive. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Dietrich (6. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders General Otto von Lasch Marshal Vasilevsky Marshal Rokossovsky Strength 130,000 250,000 Casualties 50,000 60,000 The Battle of Königsberg was the last battle of the East Prussian Operation. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Poland Commanders Gotthard Heinrici Helmuth Weidling Helmuth Reymann Wilhelm Mohnke Georgy Zhukov Ivan Konev Vassili Chuikov Strength 1 million men, 1,500 AFVs, 3,300 aircraft 2. ... The Battle of Halbe occurred during the last days of April 1945 in the Spree Forest near the village of Halbe, south-east of Berlin. ... The Eastern Front at the time of the Prague Offensive. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 22 March is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... Rzhev is the uppermost town situated on the Volga river. ... Vyazma (Вязьма in Russian) is a city in the Smolensk Oblast in Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk and Mozhaysk. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ...


This part of the Great Patriotic War was poorly covered by Soviet military historiography, and what coverage exists occurred only after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, when historians gained access to relevant documents. Exact dates of particular battles, their names, outcomes, significance, and even losses have not been fully clarified. The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Historiography is the study of the way history is and has been written. ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ...


A reminder of these nameless and apparently futile battles is the poem by Aleksandr Tvardovsky which contains the evocative phrase I was killed near Rzhev... (Я убит подо Ржевом, (1945-1946)). Aleksandr Trifonovich Tvardovsky (Александр Трифонович Твардовский) (1910— 1971) was a Soviet poet, chief editor of Novy Mir literary magazine (1950-1954, 1958-1970). ...


The major operations that have been identified are known as the First Rzhev-Vyazma Offensive, the First Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive, the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive (codenamed Operation Mars), and the Second Rzhev-Vyazma Offensive. The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ...


History

During the Soviet winter counter-offensive of 1941, and the First Rzhev-Vyazma Offensive of January–April, 1942 (one of the bloodiest Soviet offensives), German forces were pushed back from Moscow. As a result, a salient was formed along the front line in the direction of the capital, which became known as the Rzhev-Vyazma Salient. It was strategically important for the German Army Group Centre, and was therefore strongly defended. The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... This article is about the year. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory. ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was created on 22 June 1941 when Army Group B was renamed Army Group Centre. ...


Soviet forces along the Kalinin Front and Western Front broke through the German lines west of Rzhev in January, but because of a bad supply route the troops of the Russian 22th, 29th and 39th Armies became encircled. To eliminate this threat to the rear of the German 9th Army, the Germans had started Operation 'Seydlitz' by the 2nd of July. This operation resulted in the complete elimination of the trapped Russian forces on the 12th of July. The Western Front was a military subdivision of the Soviet Army, one of the Soviet Army Fronts during the World War II. The term is not to be confused with the general notion of the front in Western direrection. Categories: Russia-related stubs | Soviet fronts ...


Between July and October Russian forces made multiple attempts to break through again but failed. The frontline around the salient however, was pushed closer to the city of Rzhev. During this period the city of Subzow came back into Russian hands.


The next Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive of November–December, 1942, codenamed Operation 'Mars', was nearly as bloody as the first, and also failed. Although the Soviets tied down German forces which may have otherwise been transferred to the Battle of Stalingrad which was then raging. Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Friedrich Paulus Hermann Hoth Georgy Zhukov Vasily Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength German Sixth Army German Fourth Panzer Army Romanian Third Army Romanian Fourth Army Hungarian Second Army Italian Eighth Army 500,000 Germans Unknown number Reinforcements Unknown number Axis-allies Stalingrad...


However, due to the general course of the war, Hitler ordered German forces to depart the salient in March, 1943 during operation 'Buffel'. This turned into a Russian pursuit of the retreating Germans. 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...


Losses

For the whole series of Rzhev battles, the numbers are not clear but the total Soviet losses are estimated at between 500,000 and 1,000,000 men. The German losses are estimated at between 300,000 and 450,000 men.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grossdeutschland in Russia (744 words)
The battles around Rzhev had bled the GD white; the division moved to Smolensk on 9 January, and on the 17th moved by rail the Volchansk area, between Byelgorod and Kharkov.
It was shortly engaged in battles east of Byelgorod; on the 8th of February, Byelgorod was lost to the Russians.
Several delaying battles and actions were fought, and heavy battles and attacks by both sides were launched in the Michurin-Rog area through to the middle of October.
Rzhev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (429 words)
Rzhev (Russian: Ржев) is the uppermost town situated on the Volga River.
Rzhev rivals Toropets as the oldest town of the region.
Whatever the truth may be, it is clear that medieval Rzhev was bitterly contested by three regional powers—the Republic of Novgorod, the Princedom of Smolensk, and the Grand Princedom of Vladimir-Suzdal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m