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Encyclopedia > Battle of the Crimea (1944)
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Battle of the Crimea (1944)
Part of Soviet-German War, World War II

Advance of the Red Army 1943 - 1944
Date: April to May 1944
Location: Crimea Peninsula, Ukraine
Result: Soviet Victory
Casus belli: {{{casus}}}
Territory changes: {{{territory}}}
Combatants
Red Army Wehrmacht 17. Armee, Romanian Army formations
Commanders
Soviet STAVKA German OKW
Strength
ca. 300,000 Unknown
Casualties
85,000 all causes 97,000 all causes

Contents

Download high resolution version (1201x921, 283 KB)Soviet advances on the Eastern Front (WWII), 1943-08-01 to 1944-12-31 Drawn by User:Gdr File links The following pages link to this file: Siege of Leningrad Operation Bagration Eastern Front (World War II) Talk:Eastern Front (World War II... Casus belli is a Latin expression from the international law theory of Jus ad bellum. ...


Overview

The Battle of the Crimea 1944 denotes combat operations between the German Wehrmacht and the Red Army in the Crimea peninsula during April and May of 1944. The Red Army's 3rd Ukrainian Front engaged German 17. Armee of Army Group South, which consisted of German and Romanian formations, in an operation to liberate the Crimean peninsula. The result of the battle was complete victory for the Red Army, and a botched evacuation effort across the Black Sea, leading to significant German and Romanian losses. Wehrmacht ▶ (help· info) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Crimea /kraɪˈmia/ is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... Map of the Black Sea. ...


Setting the stage

During late 1943 and early 1944, the Wehrmacht was pressed back along its entire frontline in the east. In October 1943 the 17. Armee was forced to retreat from the Kuban Bridgehead across the Kerch Strait to Crimea. During the following months, the Red Army pushed back the Wehrmacht in southern Ukraine, eventually cutting off the land-based connection of 17. Armee through the Perekop Isthmus in November 1943. Kerch Strait. ... The Isthmus of Perekop is the narrow, three to four mile wide strip of land that connects the peninsula of Crimea to the rest of mainland Ukraine. ...


Progress of the battle

Soviet landings across the Kerch Strait and in the north-eastern sector of the Crimea near Sivash at the end of 1943, together with an attack at the Perekop Isthmus forced 17. Armee back towards Sevastopol from 10 April 1944. The OKW intended to hold Sevastopol as a fortress, as the Red Army had done during the first battle for the Crimea in 1941/42. The rapid movement of the Red Army together with inadequate preparation of the defences of Sevastopol made this impossible, and on 9 May 1944, not even one month after the start of the battle, Sevastopol fell. Sevastopol (Севастополь, Sevastopol’ in Russian and Ukrainian; Aqyar in Crimean Tatar), formerly known as Sebastopol (from a mistransliteration of the Russian v), is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimean peninsula at , . It has a population of 328,600 (2004). ... Oberkommando der Wehrmacht OKW most notably stands for Oberkommando der Wehrmacht - the high Command of the Third Reich armed forces. ...


Consequences

The German and Romanian formations suffered very high irrecoverable losses of ca. 65,000 men, many of them taken prisoner when the evacuation failed. Soviet losses were slightly lower. The table below is based on information from Glantz/House When Titans Clashed:


German losses: Irrecoverable: 31,700 Wounded: 33,400 Total: 65,100


Romanian losses: Irrecoverable: 25,800 Wounded: 5,800 Total: 31,600


Total axis: Irrecoverable: 57,500 Wounded: 39,200 Total: 96,700


Soviet losses (according to Krivosheev): Irrecoverable: 17,754 Wounded: 67,065 Total: 84,808


Tanks: 171 Artillery: 521 Aircraft: 179


Formations and units involved

Soviet

Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... The Soviet partisans were members anti-fascist resistance movement which fought against the occupation of the Soviet Union by Axis forces during World War II. At the end of June 1941, immediately after the Germans crossed the Soviet border, the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) (see...

German

  • Army Group South
  • 17. Armee

Romanian

Please improve this section according to the posted request for expansion.

Sources

  • Pickert, W. Vom Kuban-Brueckenkopf bis Sewastopol - Flakartillerie im Verband der 17. Armee'
  • Glantz, D'./House, J. 'When Titans Clashed'
  • Ziemke, E.F. 'Stalingrad to Berlin'
  • Fortress Crimea - A Romanian View
  • Last Stand in Crimea - A Romanian View
  • "Operation 60,000" Evacuation from Crimea - a Romanian View
  • Soldiers of the Great War
  • Link to external map of Eastern Front
Soviet-German War
Barbarossa – Battle of Bialystok-Minsk –SilberfuchsSmolenskUman1st KievTyphoon1st RostovLeningradMoscow – Odessa – Sevastopol1st Rzhev-Vyazma2nd Kharkov1st VoronezhEdelweissStalingradVelikiye LukiUranus – 2nd Rzhev-Sychevka – Saturn3rd KharkovKursk – Belgorod – 4th Kharkov – KorsunNarva – Hube's Pocket – Bagration – Lvov-Sandomierz – 2nd Kiev – Battle of Crimea (1944)Battle of Romania_(1944)DebrecenBattle of the Baltic (1944) – Vistula-Oder – BalatonBerlinHalbePrague

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