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Encyclopedia > Battle of the Caucasus

The Battle of Caucasus is a generic name for a series of operations during the Great Patriotic War. In 1942, the Wehrmacht launched Operation Edelweiss, which was aimed at penetrating to the oil fields of Azerbaijan. The German offensive was stopped by the Red Army in Chechenya in September, partly due to severe drain of German personnel to the ongoing Battle of Stalingrad. The Soviet counter-offensive was launched in January 1943. The key military base of Novorossiysk was liberated by September, and the Taman Peninsula was cleared from the Germans in early October. The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... This article is about the year. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Defensive War of 1939 Wehrmacht (help· info) (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 79th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th _ est. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Friedrich Paulus Georgy Zhukov Vasily Chuikov Strength 500,000 Germans 1,700,000 Casualties 850,000 killed, wounded and captured 750,000+ killed, wounded and captured 40,000+ civilian dead The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in World... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... 1. ...

Contents


Forces and commanders

Red Army

The North Caucasian Front or North Caucasus Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. ... Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973), Soviet military commander, was a favourite of Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin, a fact which led to one of modern historys greatest military catastrophes. ... Transcaucasian Front or Transcaucasus Front was a front (Soviet Army group) during the World War II that operated in the Transcaucasus, hence its name. ... Ivan Vladimirovich Tyulenev (1892-1978) was a Soviet military commander, one of the first to be promoted Soviet General of the Army in 1940. ... Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Sergey Georgyevich Gorshkov (b. ...

Wehrmacht

Army Group A(Generalfeldmarshall Wilhelm List)


1st Panzer Army(Kleist)


German offensives (1942)

Soviet-German War
Barbarossa – Bialystok-Minsk –SilberfuchsSmolenskUman1st KievOdessaLeningradTyphoon1st RostovMoscow – Toropets-Kholm Operation – Demyansk PocketSevastopol1st Rzhev-Vyazma2nd KharkovOperation Blue1st VoronezhEdelweissStalingradVelikiye LukiUranus – 2nd Rzhev-Sychevka – SaturnKrasny BorOperation Spark3rd KharkovKurskBelgorod4th KharkovDnieperKorsun – 2nd Kiev – Hube's Pocket – NarvaCrimea – Târgul Frumos – Bagration – Lvov-Sandomierz – RomaniaDebrecenBalticBudapest – Vistula-Oder – Balaton – Königsberg – BerlinHalbePrague

The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Supreme commander: Adolf Hitler Supreme commander: Josef Stalin Strength ~ 3,200,000 ~ 2,600,000 Casualties 830,903 (174,000 dead, 36,000 missing, 604,000 injured) unknown Operation Barbarossa (Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the German codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of the Soviet... Combatants Wehrmacht Red Army Commanders Field Marshal Fedor von Bock Army General D. Pavlov Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties Unknown 425,000 The Battle of Bialystok-Minsk was one of the Border Battles during the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. ... Combatants Germany / Finland Soviet Union Commanders Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst (Armee Norwegen) Komdiv R. I. Panin (Northern Front) Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties Unknown Unknown Operation Silver Fox (Unternehmen Silberfuchs) was a German operation during World War II. Its main goal was the capture of the Soviet port at Murmansk through... The eastern front at the time of the Battle of Smolensk. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Gerd von Rundstedt Kiroponos Mikhail Strength 500,000 677,085 Casualties 100,000 dead or wounded 200,000 dead or wounded 300,000 captured The Battle of Kiev was a huge encirclement battle in Ukraine during World War II. It lasted from mid-August to... The Battle of Odessa was part of the Soviet-German War in 1941. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Kuechler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда) was the German seige of Leningrad... The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... The eastern front at the time of the Battle of Rostov. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Georgi Zhukov Strength ~ 1,500,000 ~ 1,500,000 Casualties 250,000 650,000 The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January... Combatants Wehrmacht Red Army Commanders Colonel General Ernst Busch General Kurochkin Strength Unknown 122,100 Casualties Unknown 29,200 The Toropets-Kholm Operation was a military operation ~conducted by the Red Army during the Soviet-German War, from 9th January to 6th February 1942 south of Lake Ilmen. ... Demyansk Pocket (German: die Demjansker Operation, Russian: ) is a name of encirclement of German troops by Red Army near Demyansk (Demjansk), south of Leningrad, during the Second World War, which lasted mainly from February 8 until April 21, 1942. ... Combatants Germany, Romania Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Filipp Oktyabrskiy, Ivan Petrov Strength 350,000+ 106,000 Casualties 50,000 killed, wounded and captured. ... The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Friedrich Paulus, Fedor von Bock Semyon Timoshenko Strength 1000 Tanks,1500 Aircraft, 300,000 Men 1300 Tanks,620 Aircraft, 450,000 Men Casualties 20,000 207,057 Personnel, 652 tanks, 1,646 guns, 3,278 mortars and 57,626 horse. ... Battle of Stalingrad Conflict World War II Date June 28, 1942 - February 2, 1943 Place Stalingrad, USSR Result Soviet victory The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in World War II, and is considered the bloodiest battle in human history and arguably one of the greatest come-backs... Combatants Germany, Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Hermann Hoth Gusztav Jany Yevgeny Golikov Strength Casualties The Battle of Voronezh was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought in and around the city of Voronezh on the Don river in June and July 1942. ... The Battle of Caucasus is a generic name for a series of operations during the Great Patriotic War. ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Friedrich Paulus Georgy Zhukov Vasily Chuikov Strength 500,000 Germans 1,700,000 Casualties 850,000 killed, wounded and captured 750,000+ killed, wounded and captured 40,000+ civilian dead The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in World... Battle of Velikiye Luki Conflict World War II Date November 1942 – February 1943 Place Velikiye Luki, Pskov Oblast, Russia Result Qualified Soviet victory The Battle of Velikiye Luki between Germany and the Soviet Union occurred in and around the Russian city Velikiye Luki during the winter of 1942-1943. ... The eastern front at the time of Operation Uranus. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ... Soviet advances during Operations Uranus, Mars and Saturn Operation Saturn was a Red Army operation on the Eastern Front of World War II that led to battles in the northern Caucasus and Donets Basin regions of the Soviet Union from December 1942 to February 1943. ... Combatants Germany (Spain) Soviet Union Commanders Emilio Esteban Infantes Vladimir P. Sviridov Strength 5,900 44,000 Casualties 3,945 dead, wounded, missing, or captured 11,000 dead, wounded, missing or captured The Battle of Krasny Bor was fought between the German Wehrmachts 250th Infantry Division, composed of Spanish... Operation Spark (1943) was a military operation by the Red Army during January 1943 which intended to create a land connection to break the siege of Leningrad, which was conducted by the German Wehrmacht. ... Combatants Voronezh Front Southwestern Front Army Group South First Panzer Army Fourth Panzer Army Commanders Filipp Golikov Nikolay Vatutin Erich von Manstein †Theodor Eicke Strength 300,000 men 160,000 men Casualties Voronezh Front: army of Popov: 3,000 KIA, 11,000 WIA, Southwestern Front: 20,000 KIA, 90,000... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Walther Model Nikolai Vatutin Konstantin Rokossovsky Strength 800,000 infantry 2,700 tanks 2,000 aircraft 1,300,000 infantry 3,600 tanks 2,400 aircraft Casualties 200,000 dead, wounded, and captured 500 tanks 200 aircraft 607,737 dead, wounded, and... The Battle of Belgorod was fought early August, 1943 between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. ... The Fourth Battle of Kharkov was fought on August 23, 1943 between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Marshal Erich von Manstein Marshal Rokossovsky Marshal Konev Strength 1,250,000 men 12,600 guns 2,100 tanks 2,000 planes 2,650,000 men 51,000 guns 2,400 tanks 2,850 planes Casualties Low est. ... Korsun Pocket, also known as the Cherkassy Pocket, was the name of the large pocket of German troops between the towns of Korsun and Cherkassy on the lower Dnepr River in the Southern Ukraine, during World War II. In January of 1944, the encroaching Soviet Red Army executed a pincer... The 1943 Battle of Kiev resulted in a Soviet victory, forcing the German invaders of the Soviet Union to retreat further. ... Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket Conflict World War II Date March 25, 1944 – April 15, 1944 Place Kamenets-Podolsky / Tarnopol, USSR Result Soviet Defeat; German Evacuation The Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hubes Pocket, was a battle on the Eastern Front of World War... Battle of Narva Conflict {{{conflict}}} Date {{{date}}} Place {{{place}}} Result {{{result}}} The Battle of Narva took place in the first half of 1944. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht 17. ... The Battle of Târgul Frumos (May 2-4, 1944) was fought at IaÅŸi, Romania between Nazi Germany and its Romanian allies on one side and the Soviet Red Army. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Ernst Busch Konstantin Rokossovski Georgy Zhukov Aleksandr Vasilevsky Strength 800,000 1,700,000 Casualties (Soviet est. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Harpe (Heeresgruppe Nordukraine) Ivan Koniev (1st Ukrainian Front) Strength 368,000 men 340 AFVs 4,800 guns 1,200,000 men 1,979 AFVs 11,265 guns Casualties 37,400 men 520 AFVs 198,000 men 1,285 AFVs The Lvov-Sandomierz Operation was... The Battle of Debrecen, was a battle on the Eastern Front of World War II. In October 1944 General der Artillerie Maximilian Fretter-Picos 6. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht Commanders Soviet STAVKA German OKW Strength Unkown Unknown Casualties 260,000 all causes Unknown // Overview The Battle of the Baltic, called the Baltic Operation by the Red Army who undertook it, denotes combat operations between the German Wehrmacht and the Red Army in the Baltic region... The Battle Of Budapest was a 2 month long siege in which Soviet forces captured the city of Budapest from German SS forces and Hungarian forces in World War II. Categories: World War II stubs | Battles and operations of World War II ... The eastern front at the time of the Vistula-Oder Offensive. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Dietrich (6. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders General Otto von Lasch Marshal Vasilevsky Marshal Rokossovsky Strength 130,000 250,000 Casualties 50,000 60,000 The Battle of Königsberg was the last battle of the East Prussian Operation. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Poland Commanders Gotthard Heinrici Helmuth Weidling Helmuth Reymann Wilhelm Mohnke Georgy Zhukov Ivan Konev Vassili Chuikov Strength 1 million men, 1,500 AFVs, 3,300 aircraft 2. ... The Battle of Halbe occurred during the last days of April 1945 in the Spree Forest near the village of Halbe, south-east of Berlin. ... The Eastern Front at the time of the Prague Offensive. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Defensive War of 1939 Wehrmacht (help· info) (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Stone Cross of Stavropol, symbol of the city Stavropol (Ста́врополь) is a city located in south-western Russia. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Maykop (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, capital of the Republic of Adygeya. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar 13 May 1967. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Map of North Ossetia, Russia Mozdok (Russian: Моздо́к, Ossetian Мæздæг) is a town in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in southern Russia. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... Look up September in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Soviet offensives (1943)

January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Map of North Ossetia, Russia Mozdok (Russian: Моздо́к, Ossetian Мæздæг) is a town in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in southern Russia. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Stone Cross of Stavropol, symbol of the city Stavropol (Ста́врополь) is a city located in south-western Russia. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Armavir (Армавир in Russian) is city in the Krasnodar Krai in Russia. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Maykop (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, capital of the Republic of Adygeya. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar 13 May 1967. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Stalingrad (2794 words)
It was the stubborn battle to occupy the city itself to the last ruined meter, and later Hitler's refusal to retreat from Stalingrad, that cost him his entire southern campaign, and horrible losses to both sides.
One unit which perhaps sacrificed most in the battle of Stalingrad was the elite 13th Guards division, which was sent across the Volga into Stalingrad just in time to repel a German attack that reached the Volga near the center of the city.
It was clear that the battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point of World War 2, that the direction of the war turned against Germany.
North-Caucasian Military District (2309 words)
The North Caucasian Military District [SKVO] with its headquarters in Rostov-on-Donu is responsible for the Caucasus region.
This district includes all of the North Caucasus region and the Don-Volga lands from Rostov-on-Donu to Astrakhan on the Caspian Sea, and from Dagestan in the south to the Volgograd Region in the north.
The bitter battles with the enemy were developed along the front from 320 to 1000 kilometers and at the depth from 400 to 800 kilometers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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