FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Battle of Toulouse (1814)

The battle of Toulouse, fought on April 10, 1814, was one of the final battles of the Napoleonic Wars, although its official classification is disputed as the battle occurred four days after Napoleon's surrender of the French Empire to the nations of the Sixth Coalition. The hundreds of soldiers killed in the battle died unnecessarily, as the war was already over, though news had yet to reach the south of France. The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French (help· info), in local Toulouse accent (help· info)) (Occitan... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allies: • United Kingdom, • Prussia, • Austria, • Russia France Casualties Full list Full list The Napoleonic Wars were a series of wars fought during Napoleon Bonapartes rule over France. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire or the Napoleonic Empire, covers the period of the domination of France and much of continental Europe by Napoleon I of France. ... The Sixth Coalition (1812-1814) was a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and a number of German States against Napoleonic France. ...


Following their successful invasion of France earlier in the year, an allied army of the Sixth Coalition, composed of British, Portuguese and Spanish troops under the supreme command of Sir Arthur Wellesley laid siege to the city of Toulouse, one of the few remaining urban centres in France still loyal to Napoleon. The Sixth Coalition (1812-1814) was a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and a number of German States against Napoleonic France. ... Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, widely considered one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. ... The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French (help· info), in local Toulouse accent (help· info)) (Occitan...


The city of Toulouse was garrisoned by a small contingent of French troops, under the command of Marshal Soult, Duke of Dalmatia. French forces across southern France were greatly demoralised by fighting the allied forces in their own country, and were further demoralised by news of repeated Coalition victories in northern and eastern France. French forces in Spain had been steadily pushed out of the country since 1809, resulting in endless guerrilla wars which resulted in more than 300,000 French casualties by late 1813. The French suffered greater losses in manpower in southern France, as Napoleon diverted many southern forces to bolster the Coalition armies invading northern and eastern France after an allied victory at Leipzig in 1813. Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, marshal of France Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie (March 29, 1760 - November 26, 1851), marshal of France, was born at Saint-Arnans-la-Bastide (now in department of the Tarn), and was the son of a country notary at that place. ... Dalmatia (Croatian Dalmacija, Italian Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, (mostly) in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Bay of Kotor in the southeast. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Guerrilla War redirects here. ... Combatants France, Poland, some states of Confederation of the Rhine Russia, Austrian Empire, Prussia, Sweden Commanders Napoleon I of France, prince Jozef Antoni Poniatowski Karl von Schwarzenberg Gebhard von Blucher Crown Prince Charles of Sweden Strength 191,000 430,000 Casualties 38,000 dead or wounded 30,000 captured 52... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


When the siege of Toulouse began, Soult commanded approximately 40,000 troops, who were ordered to fortify the city, preparing for what Soult believed to be his last chance to inflict a defeat on the allied armies and buy time for French reinforcements from Italy to arrive. The allied army, around 55,000 strong, aimed to take the heights to the east of the city before attacking the fortifications; Marshal Beresford was tasked with this mission while a diversionary attack was made against the city by General Hill's troops. British military intelligence underestimated the morale of French defenders, resulting in heavy casualties amongst the allied troops. Despite the casualties, British and Spanish troops succeeded in capturing the heights, allowing for an artillery bombardment of the city and its fortifications. Allied troops began to encircle the city and launched sporadic attacks against the hastily-constructed French defences. Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ...


In the evening of April 10th, Soult received an official communique from Paris informing him that Napoleon had surrendered to the Coalition forces in northern France. Unsure of what to do, Soult's generals advised him to surrender the city, as reinforcements were unlikely to arrive and further news reached Toulouse informing Soult of the surrender of French armies across France. The French suffered some 3,200 casualties while the British, Portuguese and Spanish suffered over 4,500 dead and wounded. The Eiffel Tower, the tallest structure in Paris, is an international symbol of the city. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French (help· info), in local Toulouse accent (help· info)) (Occitan...


With the surrender, French resistance in the south collapsed and the defeated Napoleon, who had already surrendered, was exiled to the island of Elba. The city was briefly placed under Coalition control during the summer of 1814, with the withdrawal of allied troops in September 1814. Elba (top center) from space, February 1994 Elba and the Tuscan Archipelago. ...


External links

  This article about a battle in French history is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
  This article about a battle of the Napoleonic Wars is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Toulouse (1814) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (606 words)
The Battle of Toulouse (April 10, 1814) was one of the final battles of the Napoleonic Wars, four days after Napoleon's surrender of the French Empire to the nations of the Sixth Coalition.
The hundreds of soldiers killed in the battle died unnecessarily, as the war was already over, though news had yet to reach the south of France.
The city of Toulouse was garrisoned by a small contingent of French troops, under the command of Marshal Soult, Duke of Dalmatia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m