FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Battle of Tannenberg (1914)
Battle of Tannenberg
Part of the Eastern Front of World War I
Date 23 August-2 September 1914
Location Stębark, Poland
Result Decisive German Victory
Combatants
Flag of Russia Russian Empire Flag of German Empire German Empire
Commanders
Alexander Samsonov,
Paul von Rennenkampf
Paul von Hindenburg,
Erich Ludendorff
Strength
190,000 150,000
Casualties
30,000 killed or wounded; 95,000 captured 20,000

The Battle of Tannenberg in 1914 was a decisive engagement between the Russian Empire and the German Empire in the first days of The Great War, fought by the Russian First and Second Armies and the German Eighth Army between 17 August and 2 September 1914. The battle resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army. A series of follow-up battles kept the Russians off-balance until the spring of 1915. The battle is notable particularly for a number of rapid movements of complete corps by train, allowing the single German Army to present a single front to both Russian Armies. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... ST or St may stand for: Abbreviation for Street (St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Russian General Aleksander Samsonov, 1913. ... Russian General Paul von Rennenkampf, 1905. ... Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a German field marshal and statesman. ... Ludendorff in 1918 Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as von Ludendorff) (April 9, 1865–December 20, 1937, Tutzing, Bavaria, Germany) was a German Army officer, Generalquartiermeister during World War I, victor of Liege, and, with Paul von Hindenburg, one of the victors of the battle of Tannenberg. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... The Battle of Stalluponen was the first German victory on the Eastern Front in World War I. Brought on by the aggressive tactics of General Hermann von Francois in defense of the German province of East Prussia, the battle was completely unexpected by both sides, along with its outcome. ... Combatants Russian Empire German Empire Commanders Paul von Rennenkampf, Alexander Samsonov Maximilian von Prittwitz Strength I Army (200,000 men) VIII Army (150,000 men) Casualties  ? 6,000 prisoners The Battle of Gumbinnen, started by the Germans on August 20, 1914 was the first major offense in the Eastern Front... Combatants Russian Empire Austria-Hungary Commanders Nikolai Ivanov Conrad von Hötzendorf Strength 1,200,000 1,000,000 Casualties 255,000 300,000 casualties, 130,000 POW The Battle of Lemberg was a major battle between Russia and Austria-Hungary during the early stages of World War I in... The first battle of Krasnik started on August 23rd, 1914 in the province of Galicia, in northern Austria, and ended two days later on the 25th. ... Combatants German Empire Russian Empire Commanders Paul von Hindenburg Paul von Rennenkampf Strength German Eighth Army Russian First Army Casualties Less Than 40,000 125,000 The First Battle of the Masurian Lakes was a German offensive in the Eastern Front during the early stages of World War I. It... Combatants Russia Austria-Hungary Commanders Radko Dmitriev Andrei N. Selivanov Hermann Kusmanek Strength 300,000 PrzemyÅ›l Garrison (126,000) Casualties (40,000 casualties were sustained in the first few days of the siege) at least 16,000 dead, the remaining 110,000 surrendered The Siege of PrzemyÅ›l was... Combatants Russian Empire German Empire Commanders Nikolai Ruzsky August von Mackensen Strength Russian First Army Russian Twelfth Army German Ninth Army Casualties 15,000 killed, 50,000 wounded 42,000 The Battle of the Vistula River, also known as the Battle of Warsaw, was a Russian victory against the German... Combatants Russia Germany Commanders Nikolai Ruzski August von Mackensen Strength Russian First, Second and Fifth Armies German Ninth Army Casualties 95,000 killed, wounded & captured 35,000 killed, wounded & missing The Battle of Łódź took place from November 11 to December 6, 1914, near the city of Łódź in Poland. ... Combatants German Empire Russian Empire Commanders August von Mackensen General Smirnov Vasily Gurko, VI Corps Strength German Ninth Army unknown Casualties unknown 40,000 casualties The Battle of Bolimov was an inconclusive battle of World War I fought on January 31, 1915 between Germany and Russia and considered a preliminary... The Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes, also known as the Winter Battle of the Masurian Lakes, was the northern part of the Central Powers offensive on the Eastern Front (World War I) in the winter of 1915. ... Combatants Russia Germany, Austria-Hungary Commanders Ratko Dimitriev August von Mackensen Strength III Army XI Army (Germany) IV Army (Austria-Hungary) Casualties 240,000 90,000 To allay Russian pressure on the Austro-Hungarians on the Eastern Front, and to inflict Russia a decisive blow, the German Chief of Staff... Poniatowski Bridge, blown up by the retreating Russian Army in 1915 only months after its grand opening. ... Combatants Russian Empire German Empire Commanders Alexei Kuropatkin Alexei Evert Hermann von Eichhorn Strength Parts of two army groups (350,000 men + 1,000 guns) Tenth Army (75,000 men + 400 guns) Casualties 120,000 20,000 The Lake Naroch Offensive (Russian: Нарочь; Belarusian: Нарач (Narač) was an inconclusive battle mainly fought... Combatants Russian Empire Austria-Hungary German Empire Commanders Aleksei Brusilov Conrad von Hötzendorf Alexander von Linsingen Strength 40+ infantry divisions (573,000 men) 15 cavalry divisions (60,000 men) 39 infantry divisions (437,000 men) 10 Cavalry divisions (30,000 men) Casualties 500,000+ men killed or wounded 975... Combatants Russia Germany, Austria-Hungary Commanders Aleksei Brusilov von Bothmer Strength XI, VII, VIII Armies South Army (A.H.-Germany) VII and III Army (Austria-Hungary) Casualties 400,000 ? The Kerensky Offensive (aka July Offensive or Galician Offensive) was the last Russian offensive in World War One. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Russian First Army was a World War I Russian field army that fought on the Eastern Front for two years. ... The German Eighth Army (German: ) was a World War I and World War II field army. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents

Background

The Allied battle plan prior to the War had been based on France and the United Kingdom simply halting the German Armies in the west while the huge Russian Armies could be organized and brought to the front. The numbers were overwhelming; in perhaps as little as a month, the Russians could field around ten complete armies, more men than the German Army could muster on both fronts. Frustrating this plan was the Russians' lack of a quality railroad network—theirs operated on a different gauge than the German railroad network, meaning that unless the Russians acquired German railroad cars, most of their armies could only be brought to the German border. The presence of the armies of Austria-Hungary to the south as well as initially those of Japan to the east limited Russia's involvement in the beginning. hah oh yea European military alliances in 1915. ... Combatants Belgium British Empire Australia[1] Canada[2] India[3] Newfoundland[4] New Zealand[5] South Africa[6] United Kingdom France and French Overseas Empire Portugal[7] United States Germany Commanders No unified command until 1918, then Ferdinand Foch Moltke → Falkenhayn → Hindenburg and Ludendorff → Hindenburg and Groener Casualties ~4,800... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


The Germans likewise, considered the Russians to be their primary threat. The entire Schlieffen Plan was based on the idea of defeating France and Britain as quickly as possible, and then transporting their armies by train to the eastern front. This allowed the Germans to garrison Prussia fairly lightly, with a single army, the Eighth. That said, there was little allowance for anything other than a spoiling retreat while the outcome in the west was decided. In order to delay the Russian forces as long as possible, the entire area around Königsberg, near the Russian border, was heavily fortified with a long series of fieldworks. Alfred Graf von Schlieffen For the French counter-plan, see Plan XVII The Schlieffen Plan was the German General Staffs overall strategic plan for victory on the Western Front against France, and was executed to near victory in the first month of World War I; however, a French counterattack... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... Kaliningrad (Russian: ; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German  , Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Kyonigsberg), is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ...


Just prior to the opening of the war the situation developed largely as pre-war planning had expected. The German Eighth Army was in place southwest of Königsberg, while the two available Russian armies were located to the east and south, the latter in what was known as the "Polish Salient". Russian battle plans called for an immediate advance by the First Army under General Paul von Rennenkampf into East Prussia, with Königsberg as their short-term goal. The Russian Second Army under General Alexander Samsonov, located to the south, was to move westward around the Masurian Lakes and then swing north over a hilly area to cut off the Germans, who would by this point be forced into defending the area around Königsberg. If executed successfully, the Germans would be surrounded. Russian General Paul von Rennenkampf, 1905. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Russian General Aleksander Samsonov, 1913. ... Sailing on Lake MikoÅ‚ajki. ...


Prelude

When the war opened, the battle initially went largely according to the Russians' plan. The Germans had moved up about half of the units of the Eighth Army, re-enforced by small groups of the Königsberg garrison, to points to the east of Königsberg near the border. The Battle of Stalluponen, a small engagement by the German I Corps under Hermann von François was initially successful. The German theater commander, General Maximilian von Prittwitz, nevertheless ordered a spoiling retreat towards Gumbinnen. A counterattack planned for the 20th had a fair chance of succeeding but François, apparently emboldened by his success at Stalluponen, attacked early and ruined the chance for surprise. The Battle of Gumbinnen ended with the Germans forced to retreat, in many cases via rail, to positions to the south of Königsberg. The Battle of Stalluponen was the first German victory on the Eastern Front in World War I. Brought on by the aggressive tactics of General Hermann von Francois in defense of the German province of East Prussia, the battle was completely unexpected by both sides, along with its outcome. ... General der Infanterie Hermann von François, commander of I Korps at the Battle of Tannenberg, 1914. ... Maximilian von Prittwitz. ... Combatants Russian Empire German Empire Commanders Paul von Rennenkampf, Alexander Samsonov Maximilian von Prittwitz Strength I Army (200,000 men) VIII Army (150,000 men) Casualties  ? 6,000 prisoners The Battle of Gumbinnen, started by the Germans on August 20, 1914 was the first major offense in the Eastern Front...


Worried about his loss at Gumbinnen and the continued advance of the Russian Second to the south, von Prittwitz ordered a retreat to the Vistula, effectively abandoning eastern Prussia. When he heard this, Helmuth von Moltke, the German Army Chief of Staff, recalled von Prittwitz and his deputy von Waldersee to Berlin. They were replaced by Paul von Hindenburg, called out of retirement, and Erich Ludendorff as his Chief of Staff. For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation). ... Helmuth von Moltke can refer to these people: Field Marshal Helmuth Graf von Moltke (the elder) (1800–1891) Colonel General Helmuth von Moltke (the younger) (1848–1916) Helmuth James Graf von Moltke (1907–1945) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a German field marshal and statesman. ... Ludendorff in 1918 Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as von Ludendorff) (April 9, 1865–December 20, 1937, Tutzing, Bavaria, Germany) was a German Army officer, Generalquartiermeister during World War I, victor of Liege, and, with Paul von Hindenburg, one of the victors of the battle of Tannenberg. ...


Things were not entirely as they seemed to the German commanders in Berlin. The two Russian commanders, Samsonov and Rennenkampf, hated each other after Samsonov had publicly complained about Rennenkampf's behavior at the Battle of Mukden in 1905. Although the common belief that the two generals had come to blows at a railway station has proved to be incorrect (Showalter, 1991, p.134), Rennenkampf would be disinclined to help Samsonov except under dire circumstances. Meanwhile, Samsonov's Second Army was having serious problems moving forward due to fragile supply lines to the rear, and unknown even to Samsonov, Rennenkampf had decided to delay the First's advance to regroup after Gumbinnen. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Combatants Empire of Japan Empire of Russia Commanders Field Marshal Oyama Iwao General Alexei Kuropatkin Strength About 207,300 About 291,000 Casualties 15,892 killed; 59,612 wounded 20,000 killed; 49,000 wounded; 20,000 captured The Battle of Mukden, the last major land battle of the Russo... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


Nevertheless, the scale of the forces deployed still meant the Russians had the upper hand. As they were currently deployed, the Eighth Army could not even cover the entire front along Samsonov's line of march, leaving his left wing in the southwest open to advance with no opposition. Unless troops from the Königsberg area, currently the I and XVII Corps, could be moved to check this advance, the Germans were in serious danger of being cut off.


The Plan

Colonel Max Hoffmann, von Prittwitz's deputy chief of operations, was well aware of the bad blood between the two Russian generals, and what it was likely to mean for the two armies' plan of action. Guessing that they would remain separated, as they were at the time, he proposed moving everyone not already in Königsberg's eastern defense line to the southwest, moving the I Corps by train to the left of Samsonov's line, a distance of over 100 miles. The XVII Corps, south of the I, would be readied for a move directly south to face Samsonov's right flank, the VI Corps. Additionally the small cavalry forces nearby would move to the Vistula River area to the west. It appears he hoped the cavalry would draw Samsonov westward, further separating the armies. This left only a small portion of the Königsberg area directly in front of the First Army defended, while the approaches from the south were entirely open. Max Hoffmann Max Hoffman (one n) is the name of an Austrian-born car importer in 1950s New York - see Hoffmann for others. ...


In theory, the plan was extremely risky. If the First Army turned to the southwest instead of advancing directly westward towards Königsberg, they would appear on the Eight Army's extreme left flank, allowing for either a counterattack against the Eighth, or alternately turn north towards Königsberg from the south, which was now undefended. However, Hoffmann remained convinced of the plan, both because he was aware of the animosity between the generals, as well as the fact that the Russians continually sent out their next day's marching orders over unencrypted radio communications. It appears they believed that the Germans would not have access to Russian translators (see note below), but the Germans easily intercepted and translated the transmissions.


When von Hindenburg and Ludendorff arrived on 23 August they immediately stopped the retreat and put Hoffmann's plan into action. They did, however, leave the cavalry where they were, forming a screening force in front of the Russian First's left flank. François's I Corps were transported over 100 miles by rail to the far southwest to meet the left wing of Second. Hindenburg's remaining two corps, under Mackensen and Below, were to await orders to move south by foot so as to confront Samsonov's right wing. Finally, a fourth garrison corps was ordered to remain near the Vistula to meet Samsonov as his army moved north. The trap was being set. is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ludendorff also learned at this point that von Moltke had also decided to take three Corps and a cavalry division from the western front and redeploy them to the East. Ludendorff protested that they would arrive too late to have any effect, while at the same time weakening the battle and engaging against France. von Moltke considered Prussia too politically important to possibly lose, and ignored Ludendorff's protests.


Opening moves

Movements of 23 August-26 August 1914
Movements of 23 August-26 August 1914

Starting on 22 August, Samsonov's forces had met the Germans all along his front, and had successfully pushed them back in several places. On the 24th they met the Germans at the minor Battle of Orlau-Frankenau, where the heavily-entrenched German XX Corps had stopped the Russian advance. Undeterred, Samsonov saw this as a wonderful opportunity to cut this unit off completely, because, as far as he was aware, both of his flanks were unopposed. He ordered most of his units to the northwest, towards the Vistula, leaving only the VI Corps to continue towards their original objective, Seeburg. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1242x961, 204 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Battle of Tannenberg (1914) ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1242x961, 204 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Battle of Tannenberg (1914) ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Coat of Arms Jeziorany (German: ) is a town in Olsztyn County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,411 inhabitants (2004). ...


Ludendorff issued an order to François' now-deployed I Corps to initiate the attack on Samsonov's left wing at Usdau on 25 August. François rejected this direct order, choosing to wait until his artillery support was ready on the 27th. Ludendorff and Hoffmann would have none of this, and traveled to meet François to repeat the order to his face. François agreed to commence the attack, but complained of a lack of shells. is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On the way back from the meeting, Hoffmann received new intercepts from the Russian radio. Rennenkampf was going to continue the next day's march due west, ignoring Samsonov, just as Hoffmann had hoped. No matter the outcome of the next few day's battle, the Russian First Army would not be a serious concern. A second intercept of Samsonov's own plans made it clear that he would continue his march northwest, having concluded that the Germans would continue to retreat in front of Tannenberg.


Ludendorff and Hindenburg were skeptical that the intercepts were real — after all, what commander would be stupid enough to transmit orders in the clear, let alone two commanders?[1] Nevertheless they were eventually convinced they were indeed real, and the plans were put into action. I Corps would open its attack on the Russian left flank on the 25th, while orders were sent to XVII Corps to move south and meet the Russian right flank as soon as possible.


Given the need for immediate action was no longer pressing, François once again demanded he be allowed to wait for his artillery supplies. Ludendorff and François began arguing, and eventually François delayed enough to allow the battle to open on the 27th, as he had wished.


The Battle

The morning of the 26th opened with the Russian First Army advancing westward, meeting little resistance. The troops that were formerly directly in front of them had moved to the south, facing the Second Army's right flank. There was still time to close the gap between the armies and thereby threaten the German movements, which by this point were being reported back to Russian headquarters. Nevertheless, on the night of the 25th, the Russian field commander sent orders for the First to continue directly to Königsberg, orders that were once again intercepted.


Due to François' delays, it was the German XVII Corps that opened the battle proper. They met the two separated divisions of the Russian VI Corps near Seeburg and Bischofstein, turning them both back toward the border in disarray. The right flank of the Russian Second Army was now open. In the meantime, the Russian advance toward Tannenberg continued to be blocked by the XX Corps in front of them. Their only successes were in the middle, where their XIII Corps advanced towards Allenstein unopposed.


François opened his own attack on the Russian left on the 27th, held by the Russian's own I Corps. His artillery proved to be decisive, and by the night the Russians were falling back. In order to help stabilize the line, Samsonov ordered the seemingly successful XIII Corps to abandon Allenstein and turn southwest to help break through at Tannenberg. By the time this maneuver was complete, the bulk of the Russian Second Army were all in the Tannenberg area, consisting of the newly-arrived XIII, the XV and parts of the XXIII.

Movements of 27 August-30 August 1914
Movements of 27 August-30 August 1914

By the evening of 28 August the full extent of the potential danger to the Russians was evident. The I Corps on the left and the VI Corps on the right were both retreating. Meanwhile the center was having serious supply problems and could no longer hope to maintain an offensive. Samsonov had no option but to order a retreat to re-form the lines to their southeast near the border. Meanwhile he asked Rennenkampf to ignore Königsberg and turn southwest to help. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1242x961, 207 KB) Taken from the campaign series, made public by the US-Army under www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1242x961, 207 KB) Taken from the campaign series, made public by the US-Army under www. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


But it was too late. François by this time had advanced due east to form a line to the south of the Russians between Niedenburg and Willenburg, directly in front of their retreat. At the same time, the XVII Corps in the north had moved southwest to meet him. The next day the Russian center met these troops on their way to regroup, and realized they were surrounded. A pocket formed east of Tannenberg, near Frogenau, and was pounded throughout 29 August. Frygnowo (German Frogenau) is a village in northern Poland, in Warmian-Masurian Voivodship. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Attempts by the Russian First Army to come to their aid were also far too late to help. The cavalry screen proved effective at delaying them, and by the time the battle was already over their closest unit was still to the northwest of where the initial contact between the German XVII Corps and Russian VI Corps, perhaps as much as 45 miles (72 km) from the now developed pocket. Other units were scattered back along the line to Königsberg, and now the First was itself in a dangerously spread-out position.


By the time the battle ended on 30 August, 95,000 Russians troops were captured, another 30,000 killed or wounded, and only 10,000, mostly from the retreating flanks, managed to escape. The Second Army no longer existed. The Germans suffered fewer than 20,000 casualties and captured over 500 guns. Sixty trains were required to transport captured equipment to Germany. is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rather than report the loss of his army to the Tzar, Samsonov committed suicide by shooting himself in the head on 29 August 1914. is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


After the battle

The German Eighth Army now faced only the Russian First. In a series of follow-up battles, notably the First Battle of the Masurian Lakes, the First was almost completely destroyed, and turned back over their borders. A Russian Army would not march on German soil again until the end of World War II. Combatants German Empire Russian Empire Commanders Paul von Hindenburg Paul von Rennenkampf Strength German Eighth Army Russian First Army Casualties Less Than 40,000 125,000 The First Battle of the Masurian Lakes was a German offensive in the Eastern Front during the early stages of World War I. It... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Hindenburg and Ludendorff were both hailed as heroes, although Hoffmann was generally ignored in the press. Apparently not amused by Hindenburg's role, Hoffmann later gave tours of the area noting "this is where the Field Marshal slept before the battle, this is where he slept after the battle, and this is where he slept during the battle."


Ludendorff sent the official dispatch from Tannenberg, and the battle was named Battle of Tannenberg at the direct request of Hindenburg. Hindenburg chose Tannenberg because of its historical significance; it is the location where the Teutonic Knights were defeated by the Slavic forces at the Battle of Grunwald. Interestingly, an ancestor of Hindenburg's had fallen at the battle in 1410. For the state, see Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Combatants Kingdom of Poland Grand Duchy of Lithuania Teutonic Order and Mercenaries and Various Knights from the rest of Europe Commanders Władysław II Jagiełło, Vytautas the Great Ulrich von Jungingen† Strength 39,000 27,000 Casualties Unknown 8,000 dead 14,000 captured The Battle of Grunwald... March 29 - The Aragonese capture Oristano, capital of the giudicato di Arborea in Sardinia July 15 – Battle of Grunwald (also known as Tannenberg or Zalgiris). ...


One interesting side-effect of the battle has since become an arguing point among historians. The three corps, one complete army, that von Moltke had sent to bolster the east never arrived in time to have any effect. However, over a week was lost due to this confusion. Some have suggested that the removal of an army in the west in the midst of battle was a reason the Schlieffen Plan failed. If this is true, it means that Tannenberg was possibly the battle won that lost the war for Germany.


The battle is at the center of Alexander Solzhenitsyn's novel August 1914. Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the Soviet Union for his book The Gulag Archipelago. ... August 1914 is a novel by Russian novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn about Imperial Russias defeat in 1914s Battle of Tannenberg. ...


A German monument was completed in 1927. However, it was destroyed by the Russians after World War II.



all the information presented here is not nesacerily proved or backed up by evidence.


Footnotes

  1. ^ In her book The Guns of August, Barbara Tuchman suggests the Russians sent their marching orders in clear not because they felt the Germans could not decipher them, but because they felt the Russians could not, and commanders were afraid orders would go unheeded if that happened.
  2. ^ Detail from a copy of Tannenberg 1914 first published by Cassell London in 2002 with an ISBN 0 304 35635 2

The Guns of August (1962) (also published as August 1914) is an enormously popular military history book written by Barbara Tuchman. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Bibliographic References

  • Showalter, Dennis (1991), Tannenberg: Clash of Empires, Hamden, CT: Archon Books, ISBN 978-0208022523.
  • Tuchman, Barbara (1962), The Guns of August (First Ballantine Books edition ed.), New York, NY: Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-38623-X.
  • Tannenberg 1914 by John Sweetman. Includes battle plans in colour and archived black and white photographic plates of the battle. [2]

Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (January 30, 1912 – February 6, 1989) was an American historian and author. ... The Guns of August (1962) (also published as August 1914) is an enormously popular military history book written by Barbara Tuchman. ... Archive of the AMVC An archive refers to a collection of historical records, and also refers to the location in which these records are kept. ...

See also

This is the order of battle for both the Russian and German armies at the Battle of Tannenberg, August 17 to September 2, 1914. ...

External links

World War I Portal
  • Battle of Tannenberg

Coordinates: 53°29′45″N 20°08′4″E / 53.49583, 20.13444 (Battle of Tannenberg) Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
World War One Battles (0 words)
The Battle of Tannenberg of 1914 was a decisive conflict between Russia and Germany in the first days of World War I. The Russian 1st and 2nd armies and the German 8th Army fought from August 17 to September 2, 1914.
The Battle of Charleroi, one of the Battles of the Frontiers, was one of the key battles on the Western Front in 1914, and one of the early major German victories.
The Battle of Le Cateau was essentially a rearguard action fought by the British in late August 1914, during the general Allied retreat along the Western Front in the face of sustained German successes at the four Battles of the Frontiers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m