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Encyclopedia > Battle of Tanagra (457 BC)
Battle of Tanagra
Conflict Pre-Peloponnesian War conflicts
Date 457 BC
Place Tanagra
Result Spartan victory
Combatants
Athens Sparta
Commanders
Myronides Nicodemes
Strength
14,000 11,500
Casualties
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Tanagra took place in 457 BC between Athens and Sparta. Map of the Greek world at the start of the Peloponnesian War Temple of Apollo at Corinth The Peloponnesian War began in 431 BC between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League which included Sparta and Corinth. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 5th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 500s BC 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC - 450s BC - 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC Years: 462 BC 461 BC 460 BC 459 BC 458 BC - 457 BC - 456 BC 455 BC... Tanagra (Greek: Τανάγρα) is a community north of Athens in Boeotia, not far from Thebes, that was noted in antiquity for its mass-produced mold-cast and fired terracotta figurines. ... Sparta (Grk. ... The Acropolis in central Athens, one of the most important landmarks in world history. ... Sparta (Grk. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 5th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 500s BC 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC - 450s BC - 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC Years: 462 BC 461 BC 460 BC 459 BC 458 BC - 457 BC - 456 BC 455 BC... The Acropolis in central Athens, one of the most important landmarks in world history. ... Sparta (Grk. ...


After the end of the Persian Wars, the Athenian-led Delian League and the Spartan-led Peloponnesian League often came into conflict, without declaring war outright. Sparta had been opposed to Athens rebuilding its walls, which had been destroyed by the Persians, and were opposed to Athens' plans to built the "Long Walls" to its port of Piraeus. Athens also suspected Sparta of secretly negotiating with factions in the city to undermine the democratic government. In 460 BC, another dispute arose with Corinth, an ally of Sparta. Corinth did not want Megara to built long walls to its port either, and Athens intervened in a separate border dispute. The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and lasted until 448 BC. The term can also refer to the continual warfare of the Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire against the Parthians and... The Delian League was an association of Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. As it was led by Athens, it is sometimes pejoratively referred to as the Athenian Empire. ... The Peloponnesian League was an alliance of states in the Peloponnese in the 6th and 5th centuries BC. By the end of the 6th century, Sparta had become the most powerful state in the Peloponnese, and was the political and military hegemon over Argos, the next most powerful state. ... Piraeus, or Peiraeus (Modern Greek: Πειραιά(ς) Pireá(s), Ancient Greek / Katharevousa: Πειραιεύς Pireéfs) is a city in the prefecture of Attica, Greece, located south of Athens. ... The Athenian democracy was a democratic government in the city-state Athens and its surrounding lands in Attica, Greece; usually considered to have lasted from the early-6th to the mid-4th century BC. During the 5th century BC, the population of Athens comprised some 300,000 people. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 5th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 500s BC 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC - 450s BC - 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC Years: 465 BC 464 BC 463 BC 462 BC 461 BC - 460 BC - 459 BC 458 BC... Temple of Apollo at Corinth Corinth, or Korinth (Κόρινθος) is a Greek city, on the Isthmus of Corinth, the original isthmus, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnesus to the mainland of Greece. ...


In 457, Nicodemes of Sparta, regent for the underaged king Pleistoanax, marched an army of 11 500 hoplites into Boeotia to help Thebes put down a rebellion by Phocis. Athens took advantage of this to block the routes back to the Peloponnese, and Sparta decided to remain in Boeotia and await the Athenian attack. The Athenians and their allies, under the command of Myronides, had 14 000 men, and met the Spartans at Tanagra. Although the Spartans won the battle, they lost many men and were unable to follow up on their victory; their route home, however, was now open. Pleistoanax (reigned 459 BC – 409 BC) was an Agiad King of Sparta. ... Warfare in Hellenic Greece centered mainly around heavy infantrymen called hoplites. ... Boeotia (Greek Βοιωτια) was a central area of ancient Greece. ... For the ancient capital of Upper Egypt, see Thebes, Egypt. ... Phocis (Greek, Modern: Φωκίδα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -s, also Phokida, Phokis) is an ancient district of central Greece. ... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... Tanagra (Greek: Τανάγρα) is a community north of Athens in Boeotia, not far from Thebes, that was noted in antiquity for its mass-produced mold-cast and fired terracotta figurines. ...


Two months later, the Athenians regrouped and defeated Thebes at the Battle of Oenophyta and took control of Boeotia. The Battle of Oenophyta took place between Athens and the Boeotian city-states in 457 BC. In this period between the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War, alliances and leagues sprang up and collapsed, although there was very little prolonged warfare. ...


There was a later battle at Tanagra during the Peloponnesian War; see Battle of Tanagra (426 BC). Map of the Greek world at the start of the Peloponnesian War Temple of Apollo at Corinth The Peloponnesian War began in 431 BC between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League which included Sparta and Corinth. ... Battle of Tanagra Conflict Peloponnesian War Date 426 BC Place Tanagra Result Athenian victory The Battle of Tanagra was a battle in the Peloponnesian War in 426 BC between Athens and Tanagra. ...


 
 

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