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Encyclopedia > Battle of Szack
Battle of Szack
Part of Polish Defensive War of 1939
Dummy map
Date September 28, 1939
Location Szack, Poland
Result Polish victory
Combatants
Soviet Union Poland
Commanders
Wilhelm Orlik-Rueckemann
Strength
52 Rifle Division 4000 strong KOP group including artillery
Casualties
about 500 KIA
1600 WIA
several guns
a few AFVs
7 tanks (Soviet counts)
up to 40 tanks (Polish counts)
about 350 KIA
more than 900 WIA
a few trucks
Invasion of Poland
WesterplatteDanzigKrojanty – Lasy Królewskie – Mokra – Gdańsk Bay – Pszczyna – Mława – Tuchola Forest – Jordanów – Borowa Góra – Mikołów – Węgierska Górka – Tomaszów Mazowiecki – Wizna – Łódź – Przemyśl– Piotrków – Różan – Radom – Łomża – Wola CyrusowaWarsawGdyniaHelBzura – Jarosław – Kałuszyn – Węgrów – Wilno – LwówModlin – Kobryń – Brześć – Kępa Oksywska – Tomaszów Lubelski – Wólka Węglowa – Kampinos Forest – Janów, Wereszyca, and Hołosko – Krasnystaw – Grodno – Cześniki – Krasnobród – Władypol – SzackWytyczno – Parczew – Kock

Battle of Szack was one of the major battles between the Polish Army and the Red Army fought during the Polish Defensive War of 1939. Combatants Poland Nazi Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front) Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front) Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total... Download high resolution version (980x1102, 509 KB)Map of Polish September Campaign entitled Poland Collapse from The Time newspaper 1939 September 25. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Szack is a small town in Ukraine, in the region of Volhynia, to the north-west of Kowel. ... Wilhelm Orlik-Rueckemann (sometimes referred to as Wilhelm Rückemann; 1894-1986) was a Polish general, military commander and one of the pioneers of armoured warfare in Poland. ... Kop or Spion Kop is the name for a number of stands at football stadiums in England and abroad, named after the South African mountain Spion Kop, scene of a battle in the Second Boer War where a majority of the Liverpool Regiment had died, hence Liverpool FC calling the... Combatants Poland Nazi Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front) Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front) Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total... Westerplatte Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 1 to September 7, 1939 Place Westerplatte peninsula in Gdańsk Result ? Westerplatte is a peninsula in Gdańsk, at an estuary of the Dead Vistula (one of the Vistula delta estuaries), in the Gdańsk harbour channel. ... The Defense of the Polish Post Office in Danzig (today GdaÅ„sk) was one of the first battles of the Polish September Campaign, and of the World War II in Europe. ... The Battle of Krojanty was part of the Polish September Campaign of the Second World War. ... Battle of Lasy Królewskie (Polish: Bitwa w Lasach Królewskich, Battle of Royal Forests) refers to the battle on 1 September 1939 near Janowo and KrzynowoÅ‚ga MaÅ‚a during the battle of the border of the Polish September Campaign. ... Combatants Germany Poland Commanders Georg-Hans Reinhardt, Friedrich Kirchner Julian Filipowicz Strength 2 panzer divisions, infantry division cavalry brigade, elements of one infantry division Casualties ca. ... Battle of the GdaÅ„sk Bay took place on September 1, 1939, shortly after the outbreak of the Polish Defensive War. ... Battle of Pszczyna (Polish: Bitwa PszczyÅ„ska) refers to the series of battles on 1 and 2 September 1939 near the town of Pszczyna during the Polish September Campaign. ... The Battle of MÅ‚awa, otherwise known as the Defence of the MÅ‚awa position, took place to the north of the town of MÅ‚awa in northern Poland between September 1 and September 3, 1939. ... The Battle of Bory Tucholskie refers to one of the first battles of the Polish September Campaign, 1939. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders StanisÅ‚aw Maczek Ewald von Kleist Strength 1 motorized brigade reinforced with infantry 2 Panzer divisions, 1 infantry division Casualties {{{notes}}} The Battle of Jordanów took place on September 2, 1939, during the Polish Defensive War and the opening stages of World War II. It... Battle of Borowa Góra (Polish: ) refers to the series of battles from 2nd to 5th of September of 1939 that took place near the hills of Góry Borowskie, south west from Piotrków Trybunalski and east of BeÅ‚chatów. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Semik Eugen Ott Strength 1,200 17,000 Casualties between 7 and 20 killed 7 murdered after their capitulation between 50 and 200 killed between 100 and 300 wounded The Battle of WÄ™gierska Górka was a lengthy, two-day-long defence of a... Battle of Tomaszów Mazowiecki (Polish: Bitwa pod Tomaszowem Mazowieckim) refers to the battle on 6 September 1939 near the town of Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Second Polish Republic, during the Polish September Campaign. ... Battle of Wizna Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 7-September 10, 1939 Place Wizna near Poland Result unconcluded Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 6 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial... The Battle of Łódź was fought on September 8, 1939, between Poland and Germany. ... Combatants Western Ukrainian National Republic Poland The Battle of PrzemyÅ›l was fought on November 11 and 12 of 1918 between Polish and Ukrainian forces. ... The Battle of Różan, otherwise known as defence of Różan bridgehead, took place between September 4 and September 6, 1939, in the fields before the town of Różan on the Narew River. ... Battle of Radom. ... Combatants Germany Poland The Battle of Wola Cyrusowa took place on September 8, 1939 near the village of Wola Cyrusowa near Stryków in Poland. ... Battle of Warsaw Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date 8 to September 28, 1939 Place Warsaw, Poland Result Polish defeat The 1939 Battle of Warsaw was fought between the Polish Warsaw Army (Armia Warszawa) garrisoned and entrenched in the capital of Poland (Warsaw) and the German Army. ... German battleship Schleswig-Holstein stationed at Danzig harbor is shelling nearby Polish positions at Gdynia. ... Hel Peninsula as seen from Landsat satellite in 2000 Battle of Hel was one of the longest battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939 in 1939. ... Battle of Bzura (also known as Battle of Kutno) took place during the Second World War, Polish September Campaign between 9 September 1939 and 19 September1, 1939 and was fought between Polish and German Nazi forces. ... The Battle of KaÅ‚uszyn, took place between September 11 and September 12, 1939, in the fields before the town of KaÅ‚uszyn near MiÅ„sk Mazowiecki. ... Combatants Germany, Soviet Union Poland Commanders Ferdinand Schörner, Filip Golikov WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Langner, StanisÅ‚aw Sikorski Casualties unknown unknown The Battle of Lwów (sometimes called the Siege of Lwów) was a battle for the control over the Polish city of Lwów between the Polish Army... Battle of Modlin Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 13 to September 29, 1939 Place Modlin village, Modlin Fortress Result Polish capitulation During the Polish September Campaign at the beginning of the Second World War, Modlin Fortress was a headquarters of the Modlin Army until it retreated eastwards. ... Battle of KobryÅ„ was one of the battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... Battle of Brześć Litewski (otherwise known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle that took place between September 14 and September 17, 1939, near the town of Brześć Litewski (now Brest, Belarus). ... The battle of KÄ™pa Oksywska took place in the Oksywie Heights outside of the city of Gdynia between September 10 and September 19, 1939. ... Battle of Tomaszów Lubelski took place from 17th September to 26th September 1939 near the town of Tomaszów Lubelski. ... Battle of Wólka WÄ™glowa (Polish: ) refers to the battle on September 19, 1939, that took place near Wólka WÄ™glowa, during the last stages of the Polish counteroffensive (battle of the Bzura) of the Polish September Campaign. ... The Battle of Kampinos was in fact a series of skirmishes and battles fought in the forests around Kampinos during the Polish Defensive War of 1939, between the Polish Army and the German Wehrmacht. ... The Battle of Grodno took place between September 21 and September 24, 1939, during the Polish Defensive War. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Bohdan Stachlewski† Tadeusz Gerlecki† Rudolf Koch-Erpach Strength Navahrudak Cavarly Brigade 2nd Horse Artillery Division 2nd Horse Rifles Regiment 1st KOP Cavarly Regiment 8th Infrantry Division heavy east-prussian cavarly Casualties heavy heavy The Battle of Krasnobród took place on 23 September 1939 near the... The battle of Wytyczno took place on October 1, 1939 near the village of Wytyczno near WÅ‚odawa in Poland. ... The Battle of Kock was the final battle of the Polish September Campaign at the beginning of World War II. It took place from October 2nd through October 5th, 1939, near the town of Kock, Poland. ... Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Combatants Poland Nazi Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front) Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front) Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Contents

Eve of the Battle

After the outbreak of the Polish Defensive War of 1939 the Border Defence Corps (KOP) was severely stripped of all the reserves and heavy armament. All the available forces were sent to the west to reinforce the Polish units resisting the German onslaught. When the Red Army invaded Poland on September 17, there were barely any Polish forces to oppose them. The garrisons of the KOP were overstretched and after initial clashes and skirmishes for the border forts, the Polish units had to fall back. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Border Defence Corps (Polish Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza, KOP) was a Polish military unit created in 1924 for defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ...


Deputy commander of KOP, general Wilhelm Orlik-Rueckemann decided to unite as many troops under his command as possible and join with the rest of Polish forces in the west. He ordered all the KOP forces in Polesie area to withdraw. In several days he managed to gather approximately 9 000 men under his command, coming from various units spread on 300 kilometres long strip of the Polish-Soviet border. On September 19 he ordered all his units to march towards Kowel, where his forces were to be joined by the Independent Operational Group Polesie under general Franciszek Kleeberg. However, the difficult situation and the outcome of the Battles of Brześć and Kobryń forced Rueckemann's group to change the plans. The Polish units changed the direction and started to march through the forests towards Włodawa and Kamień Koszyrski. Wilhelm Orlik-Rueckemann (sometimes referred to as Wilhelm Rückemann; 1894-1986) was a Polish general, military commander and one of the pioneers of armoured warfare in Poland. ... Polesie is one of the largest European swampy areas, located in the South-Western part of the Eastern-European Lowland, mainly within the territories of Belarus, Ukraine and partly also within Poland and Russia. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Categories: Cities in Ukraine | Stub ... Independent Operational Group Polesie (Samodzielna Grupa Operacyjna Polesie, SGO Polesie) was one of the Polish Army Corps that took part in the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... Franciszek Kleeberg (1888-1941) was a Polish general. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Konstanty Plisowski Heinz Guderian Casualties 1000 killed, wounded and taken POW unknown Battle of Brześć Litewski (otherwise known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle that took place between 14 and 17 September... Battle of KobryÅ„ was one of the battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... External link http://www. ...


The group found itself in a no-man's-land between the Soviet forces and the Wehrmacht and could operate freely. However, the morale of the troops was low and on September 27 general Orlik-Rueckemann decided to engage the Soviet forces in order to achieve some victory and raise the morale. Wehrmacht troops of the Heer (military land forces) marching at a military parade in honour of the 50th birthday of Adolf Hitler, on April 20th, 1939. ... Morale is a term for the capacity of people to maintain belief in an institution or a goal. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Battle

The Polish forces were marching in two columns. In the early morning of September 28 the northern column reached the forests near the village of Mielniki while the southern column reached the forests east of Szack. Polish reconnaissance reported that the town of Szack was occupied by Soviet infantry and tanks. Orlik-Rueckemann ordered both columns to form a defensive line along the border of the forest and provoked the Red Army to attack. September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Szack is a small town in Ukraine, in the region of Volhynia, to the north-west of Kowel. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ...


At 8 o'clock in the morning the Soviet tank unit (composed mostly of the T-26 tanks) started a direct assault on Polish positions. The Polish forces did not open fire until the tanks came close. When the tanks were only some 500 metres from the Polish lines the Polish Bofors wz. 36 anti-tank guns opened fire. Soon they were joined by the infantry and the 75 mm artillery. All Soviet tanks were destroyed and the battalion of major Balcerzak was ordered to attack the town of Szack. The Soviet units were taken by surprise and after a short hand to hand fight the Soviet forces were routed. Only a small part of the motorised infantry managed to retreat, but had to leave behind all their lorries, artillery and 9 T-26 tanks. The Poles also captured the staff headquarters. General characteristics Length: 4. ... Bofors is an iron works, cannon maker, and defence industry located in Karlskoga, Sweden. ... The Bofors 37 mm was a very common anti-tank gun used by all Allied forces during WW2. ... General characteristics Length: 4. ...


According to the orders of the Soviet 52nd Rifle Division found in the headquarters, the Soviet units operating from the Kobryń area and were to "clean up the area east of Bug River from the bands of Polish officers". At 2 o'clock in the evening the Soviet reserve units appeared in the area and Orlik-Rueckemann decided to withdraw his troops to the forests. Kobryn (Belarusian: Ко́брынь, Ко́брын; Polish: KobryÅ„; Russian: Ко́брин) is a city in the Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080...


After the battle

The Polish forces withdrew unopposed and started their march towards the Bug. The only Polish unit destroyed by the Red Army was the tabor of KOP "Polesie" Brigade, caught by surprise near the village of Mielnik by the armoured troops of the Soviet 4th Army under general Vassili Chuikov. After a short fight the Polish unit surrendered. All Polish officers and NCOs were shot on the spot. Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... This is an article on the military formation called tabor. ... Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (Васи́лий Ива́нович Чуйко́в) (February 12, 1900 - March 18, 1982) was a lieutenant general in the Soviet Red Army during World War II, two times Hero of... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ...


However, the rest of the Polish forces evaded being captured and crossed the Bug River, where they took part in the Battle of Wytyczno. Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... The battle of Wytyczno took place on October 1, 1939 near the village of Wytyczno near WÅ‚odawa in Poland. ...


Reference

  • Czesław Grzelak (1993). Szack - Wytyczno 1939. Warsaw, Bellona. ISBN 8311093245.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Szack - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (687 words)
Battle of Szack was one of the major battles between the Polish Army and the Red Army fought during the Polish Defensive War of 1939.
However, the difficult situation and the outcome of the Battles of Brześć and Kobryń forced Rueckemann's group to change the plans.
Polish reconnaissance reported that the town of Szack was occupied by Soviet infantry and tanks.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Battle of Szack (674 words)
Battle of Szack was one of the major battles between the Polish Army and the Red Army fought during the Polish Defence War of 1939.
However, the difficult situation and the outcome of the Battles of Brześć and Kobryń forced Rueckemann's group to change the plans.
In the early morning of September 28 the northern column reached the forests near the village of Mielniki while the southern column reached the forests east of Szack.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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