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Encyclopedia > Battle of Sutjeska
Battle of Sutjeska
Part of the Yugoslavian Front of World War II
Date May 15June 16, 1943
Location Near Sutjeska river, southeastern Bosnia
Result Offensive failed (partisan HQ not eliminated), heavy partisan casualties
(in ex-Yugoslav sources: the top success of counterrevolution)
Belligerents
Yugoslav Partisans (YNLA) Nazi Germany

Kingdom of Italy
Independent State of Croatia
Bulgaria[1][2][3] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about a geographic region of Bosnia. ... Image File history File links Yugoslav_Partisans_flag_1945. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska i partizanski... The Yugoslav partisans were the main anti-fascist resistance movement which fought against the occupation of Yugoslavia by Axis forces during World War II. The uniting force of the anti-fascist partisans on the territory were the Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan detachments of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian NOV i... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946)_crowned. ... Anthem Marcia Reale dOrdinanza (Royal March of Ordinance)¹ The Kingdom of Italy at the height of its power in 1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia_Ustasa. ... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ...

Commanders
Josip Broz Tito Alexander Löhr
Rudolf Lüters
Strength
18,000 men 127,000 men
300+ airplanes
Casualties and losses
Unknown 6,391

The Battle of Sutjeska (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Bitka na Sutjesci) from 15 May to 16 June 1943 was a joint attack by the Axis which aimed to destroy the main Yugoslav Partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in southeastern Bosnia. The failure of the offensive marked a turning point for Yugoslavia during World War II.
The Germans code-named the plan Fall Schwarz (German: Case Black), while it is generally known as the Fifth anti-Partisan offensive. In ex-Yugoslav terminology the operation is also known as the Fifth enemy offensive (Peta neprijateljska ofenziva/ofanziva). It immediately followed Fall Weiss (Case White) which had failed in accomplishing the same objectives: to crush the Partisan army and capture their leader, Josip Broz Tito, also known by his Comintern codename as "Walter". Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Black: Zenith of the Axis Powers Capital Not applicable Political structure Military alliance Historical era World War II  - Tripartite Pact September 27, 1940  - Anti-Comintern Pact November 25, 1936  - Pact of Steel May 22, 1939  - Dissolved 1945 This article is about the independent countries (states) that comprised the Axis powers. ... Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II, the Yugoslav Peoples Liberation War. ... River Sutjeska in Sutjeska National Park Sutjeska is Bosnia and Herzegovinas oldest National park. ... This article is about the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Fall Weiss (Plan White) was a German strategic plan for a combined Axis attack launched in early 1943 against the Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia, in the Independent State of Croatia. ... Tito redirects here. ... The Comintern (Russian: Коммунистический Интернационал, Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional – Communist International, also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organization founded in March 1919, in the midst of the war communism period (1918-1921), by Vladimir Lenin and the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including...

Contents

The battle

The Axis rallied 127,000 land troops for the offensive, including German, Italian, NDH, Bulgarian and Cossack (in ex-Yugoslav sources also called: "Čerkezi") units, and over 300 airplanes, under German operative command, against 18,000 soldiers of Yugoslav National Liberation Army operational group in 16 brigades. After a period of troop concentration, the offensive started on 15 May 1943. The Axis troops used the advantage of better starting positions to encircle and isolate the partisans on the Durmitor mountain area, located between the Tara and Piva rivers in the mountainous areas of northern Montenegro and forced them to engage in a fierce month-long battle on waste territory. Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... For other uses, see Cossack (disambiguation). ... The Yugoslav partisans were the main anti-fascist resistance movement which fought against the occupation of Yugoslavia by Axis forces during World War II. The uniting force of the anti-fascist partisans on the territory was Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan detachments of Yugoslavia (NOV i POJ; Narodnooslobodilačka vojska... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Durmitor is a mountain and the name of a national park in Montenegro. ... Tara is a river in Montenegro. ... The Piva (Serbian Cyrillic: Пива) is the river in Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro, shorther headwater of the Drina river, which it forms with the Tara river on the border with Bosnia and Hercegovina. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ...


On June 9th, Tito was nearly killed, as a bomb fell near the leading group and wounded him in the arm. The popular post-war report of the event credited Tito's German shepherd dog Luks, for sacrificing his life to save Tito's. For other uses, see Bomb (disambiguation). ... Country of origin Germany Classification Breed standards (external links) FCI, AKC, ANKC, CKC KC(UK), NZKC, UKC The German Shepherd Dog (known also as the Alsatian or Schäfer(hund)) is an intelligent breed of dog. ...


Facing almost exclusively German troops, the Yugoslav National Liberation Army (YNLA) finally succeeded in breaking out across the Sutjeska river through the lines of the German 118th and 104th Jäger and 369th (Croatian) Infantry divisions in the northwestern direction, towards Eastern Bosnia. Three brigades and the central hospital with over 2000 wounded were surrounded. Following Hitler's instructions, German commander in chief General Alexander Löhr ordered and carried out their annihilation, including the wounded and the unarmed medical personnel. In addition, YNLA troops suffered from severe lack of food and medical supplies, and many were struck down by typhoid. Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II, the Yugoslav Peoples Liberation War. ... Alexander Löhr (May 20, 1885–February 26, 1947) was an Austrian Air Force commander during the 1930s before the Anschluss and, later on, a Luftwaffe Commander during the Second World War. ... This is about the disease typhoid fever. ...


In total there were 6,391 partisan casualties, more than a third of the initial force. The German commander in field, general Rudolf Lüters in his final report described the so-called "communist rebels" as "well organized, skillfuly lead and with combat morale unbelievably high".


Immediately after the breakout, YNLA regrouped and mounted a counteroffensive in Eastern Bosnia, clearing Axis garrisons of Vlasenica, Srebrenica, Olovo, Kladanj and Zvornik in the following 20 days. Location of Vlasenica within Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Government  - Mayor Dragomir Stupar (SNSD) [1] Population (1991)  - Total 33,817  - Municipality ? Time zone CET (UTC+1)  - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Area code(s) 56 Serbian Orthodox church Vlasenica (Cyrillic: Власеница) is a municipality and town in the northeastern part of Republika... Location of Srebrenica within the Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Settlements 81 Government  - Mayor Abdurahman Malkić (SDA) [1] Area  - Total 527 km² (203. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population 7,000 Population density Area code +387 32 Mayor Alija Abazović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Kladanj is a town and municipality in Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Zvornik Monument in Zvornik dedicated to the Serbian soldiers and civilians of the 1992-95 war Zvornik (Cyrillic: Зворник) is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located south of Bijeljina. ...

The Monument commemorating the Battle of Sutjeska in Tjentište, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Monument commemorating the Battle of Sutjeska in Tjentište, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The battle marked a turning point toward Allied control of Yugoslavia, and became an integral part of the Yugoslav post-war mythology, celebrating the self-sacrifice, extreme suffering and moral firmness of the partisans. Image File history File links Note: This image is freely available on the internet from various sources in the public domain. ... Image File history File links Note: This image is freely available on the internet from various sources in the public domain. ...


Allied[citation needed] order of Battle[4]

Yugoslav Partisans (YNLA Main Operational Group) Image File history File links Yugoslav_Partisans_flag_1945. ... The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska i partizanski... The Yugoslav partisans were the main anti-fascist resistance movement which fought against the occupation of Yugoslavia by Axis forces during World War II. The uniting force of the anti-fascist partisans on the territory were the Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan detachments of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian NOV i...

  • 1st Proletarian Division
  • 2nd Proletarian Division
  • 3rd Assault Division
  • 7th Banija Division
  • 3rd Dalmatian Brigade
  • 3rd Battalion, 4th Proletarian Brigade
  • 2nd and 4th Battalions, 5th Montenegrin Brigade

Axis order of battle[5]

Germany
Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ...

Flag of Italy Italy Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division SS-Freiwilligen-Division Prinz Eugen SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen 7. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Brandenburger Regiment. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946)_crowned. ...

  • 1st Mountain Division 'Taurinense'
  • 19th Infantry (Mountain) Division 'Venezia'
  • 23rd Infantry Division 'Ferrara'
  • 32nd Infantry Division 'Marche'
  • 151st Infantry Division 'Perugia'
  • 154th Infantry Division 'Murge'
  • forces of Sector Podgorica

Independent State of Croatia Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia_Ustasa. ... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ...

  • 4th Home Guard Jäger Brigade

Bulgaria Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ...

  • 63rd Infantry Regiment
  • 61st Infantry Regiment also in the area (both units under the command of the 369th Division)

See also

The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska i partizanski... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The seven anti-partisan offensives is the name given to major Axis military operations on the territory of former Yugoslavia during World War II, undertaken against the Yugoslav partisan resistance movement. ... This is a detailed list of axis-perpetrated anti-Partisan operations on the territory of Yugoslavia during World War II. 1941-09-30 - Operation Višegrad 1941-12-02 - Operation Ozren 1942-01-15 - Operation Süd-Kroatien I 1942-01-28 - Operation Süd-Kroatien II 1942-02-18... Sava Kovačević (Serbian: Сава Ковачевић) (1905 – June 13, 1943) was a Montenegrin Serb partisan commander during World War II. Kovačević was born in Nudo, close to Nikšić, (today in Montenegro) to a family of Montenegrin peasants. ... Members of the Dutch Eindhoven Resistance with troops of the US 101st Airborne Division in front of the Eindhoven cathedral during Operation Market Garden in September 1944. ...

References

  1. ^ J. B. Tito, The Yugoslav Road, 99
  2. ^ Slobodan Nešović, Yugoslav-Bulgarian Relations, 1941-1945, 95
  3. ^ Jozo Tomašević, The Chetniks, 199
  4. ^ http://www.vojska.net/eng/world-war-2/operation/schwarz-1943/order-of-battle/partisans/
  5. ^ http://www.vojska.net/eng/world-war-2/operation/schwarz-1943/order-of-battle/axis/

External links

  • Operation SCHWARZ - Sutjeska offensive
  • A History of Yugoslavian Reistance in WWII

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sutjeska offensive - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (485 words)
The Sutjeska offensive from 15 May to 16 June 1943 was a joint attack of the Axis forces that aimed to destroy the Yugoslav partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in southeastern Bosnia.
Facing almost exclusively German troops in the final encirclement, YNLA finally succeeded to break out across the Sutjeska river through the lines of the German 118th and 104th Jäger and 369th (Croatian) Infantry divisions in the northwestern direction, towards Eastern Bosnia.
The battle marked a turning point toward Allied control of Yugoslavia, and became an integral part of the Yugoslav post-war mythology, celebrating the self-sacrifice and extreme suffering and moral firmness of the partisans.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Sutjeska offensive (304 words)
The Sutjeska offensive (May-June 1943) was a failed attempt by the Axis forces to destroy the anti-occupation Yugoslav partisan force, marking a turning point for Yugoslavia during World War II.
Begun in May 1943, this offensive was the fifth attempt by the fascists to crush the resistance movement called the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia (Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije), and capture their leader, Josip Broz Tito (also known as "Walter").
The partisans began to pull out over the Sutjeska River on May 26th or 27th, with the help of two British officers who had parachuted in to assist them: a mayor named Stuart and a Professor Deakin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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