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Encyclopedia > Battle of Stångebro

The Battle of Stångebro took place at Linköping, The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on... Sweden on September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). There are 97 days remaining. Events 275 - M. Claudius Tacitus appointed Roman emperor by the senate. 303 - On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona was beheaded in Amiens, France. 1066 - Battle of Stamford Bridge... September 25, Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. Considered the end of the French Wars of Religion. May 2 - Peace of... 1598, and effectively ended the A personal union consists of two or more entities that are internationally considered separate states, only sharing the same Head of State (and thence also sharing whatever political actions are vested in the Head of State, but no, or at least extremely few, others). It is not to be confused... personal union between Sweden and the The Commonwealth around 1619 Official languages Polish and Latin Established church Roman Catholic Capitals Cracow (until 1596) Warsaw (from 1596) Largest City Gdańsk, later Warsaw Head of state King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania Area about 1 million km² Population about 11 million Existed 1569 - 1795... Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, that had only existed since Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. Ippolito Aldobrandini is elected Pope Clement VIII. Founding of Trinity College, Dublin, Irelands oldest university Thomas Kyd publishes The Spanish Tragedy Japan invades Korea Births January 22 - Pierre Gassendi, French... 1592. In the battle, an army of 12,000 commanded by Charles IX, or Karl IX ( 1550 – 1611), king of Sweden, was the youngest son of Gustav I of Sweden and Margareta Lejonhufvud. By his fathers will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Sudermannia, which included the provinces of Nericia and Wermelandia; but he did not... Duke Charles defeated an army of 8,000 commanded by King Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland... Sigismund.


Background

Main articles: Gustav Vasa Main article: Gustav I of Sweden Gusav Vasa The extraordinary difficulties of Gustav I of Sweden were directly responsible for the eccentric development, both political and religious, of the new kingdom which his genius created. So precarious was the position of the young king, that he was glad... Foundation of Modern Sweden and Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland... Sigismund of Sweden


When King John III of Sweden or Johan III of the Royal House of Vasa, was the king of Sweden (1568-1592). He was also the ruler of Finland as Duke John or Hertig Johan (1556-1563). In 1581 he made himself the Archduke of Finland. He is sometimes known under the... John III of Sweden died in Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. Ippolito Aldobrandini is elected Pope Clement VIII. Founding of Trinity College, Dublin, Irelands oldest university Thomas Kyd publishes The Spanish Tragedy Japan invades Korea Births January 22 - Pierre Gassendi, French... 1592, his son Sigismund inherited the throne, despite his This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. See Catholicism (disambiguation) for alternative meanings Catholicism has two main ecclesiastical meanings, described in Websters Dictionary as: a) the whole orthodox christian church, or adherence thereto; and b) the doctrines or faith of the Roman Catholic church, or adherence thereto... Catholic upbringing and despite already being King of Poland-Lithuania. However, he was refused coronation unless he agreed to the conditions of a clerical convention in This article is about the modern city of Uppsala. If youre searching for the Uppsala of Norse mythology, see Gamla Uppsala. Uppsala [˘ɵpsɑːla] is a City and a Municipality of Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. It is the fourth largest city... Uppsala, making Sweden decisively Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. It generally refers to those that separated from the Roman Catholic Church in the Reformation of the 16th century, their offshoots, and those that share similar doctrines or ideologies. It is commonly considered one of the three major branches of Christianity... protestant. The debate was resolved in Events February 27 - France at Rheims. March 21 - Henry IV enters his capital of Paris for the first time. Births February 19 - Henry, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King James VI of Scotland/James I of England and Anne of Denmark. May 29 - Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim... 1594, and freedom of religion was proclaimed, although only protestants could hold high offices. The The Swedish nobility (Adeln) was historically a privileged class in Sweden. Noble families and their decendants are still a part of Swedish society today, but do no longer retain any specific or granted privileges to speak of. The Swedish nobility is organized in to three classes according to a scheme... nobility also sought greater freedom and privileges. They were not granted this, but in the absence of the King, who spent most of his time in The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Poland, Sweden was to be ruled jointly by the The Swedish Senate: Riksrådet, from 1809 Statsrådet, from 1975 Regeringen was and is the principal government institution of Sweden The Swedish Senate, Senatus Regni Sueciae, originated as a council of Regional Magnates acting as advisers to the Monarch of the combined Realms of the Swedes (from 996, approximately... Privy Council and Sigismund's uncle Duke Charles. At the The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. Until its dissolution in 1866 the institution was the highest authority in Sweden next to the Swedish monarch. It was a Diet made... Riksdag in Söderköping, summoned against the will of the King, Duke Charles was elected For the insecticide Regent, see Regent (insecticide) A regent is an acting governor. In a monarchy, a regent usually rules due to the actual monarchs absence, incapacity, or minority. In the case of Finland and Hungary, military officers served as regents in the absence of a monarch, while in... regent in the King's absence. This was protested by Sigismund and those nobles loyal to him (mostly found in Österland, or Österlanden, is a historical land of Sweden. Österland, which literally means eastern lands, is the old name for what today geographically is the southern part of the Republic of Finland. It is bounded to the north by the sparsely populated Norrland. Provinces The following seven... Finland after the King's Governor, Klas Fleming, had put down a peasant uprising there).


Duke Charles sought to end the conflict by military means, but gained little support within the Privy Council. The new Riksdag he summoned at Arboga is a Municipality in Västmanland County, in central Sweden. The municipality covers an area of 324.2 km². Of the total population of 13,870, 6,912 are male, and 6,958 are female. The population density of the community is 43 inhabitants per km². The city of... Arboga in Events January 24 - Battle of Turnhout. Maurice of Nassau defeats a Spanish force under Jean de Rie of Varas in the Netherlands The first opera is considered to have been written. Bali discovered by the Dutch explorer Cornelis Houtman Abbas I ends the Uzbek raids on his lands. Births Pieter... 1597 – again despite the King's orders – saw few participants, and only one from the Privy Council. Even so, Duke Charles did not achieve support for his military action, but initiated it nonetheless. Parts of southern Sweden were successfully taken. Several of the Privy Council members fled to Poland to convince Sigismund to take counteractions.


During the summer of Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. Considered the end of the French Wars of Religion. May 2 - Peace of... 1598, Sigismund's fleet took back Kalmar (population 59,308) is a Municipality in southeastern Sweden, on the mainlands coast of the Baltic Sea, strategically watching over the narrow sound to the large island Öland, since 1972 connected by the Öland bridge. Kalmar is situated in the province Smalandia and is the capital of Kalmar... Kalmar and continued northward. The force won a battle against the troops of Duke Charles at Stegeborg but soon found itself encircled and retired to Linköping. The support Sigismund had counted on from the Swedish people did arrive to some extent, splitting the Swedish armed forces in two hostile fractions.


The battle

Stångebro is an area around two old bridges over the river Stångån, Stora Stångebro and Lilla Stångebro. Today it is a central part of Linköping, but in the 16th century the city did not extend east of the river. When the forces of Duke Charles approached from the east on the morning of September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). There are 97 days remaining. Events 275 - M. Claudius Tacitus appointed Roman emperor by the senate. 303 - On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona was beheaded in Amiens, France. 1066 - Battle of Stamford Bridge... September 25, Sigismund's army charged out of the city and met them at these bridges. A thick FOG can be a abbreviation for... the tool Flexible Object Generator the tool Fragmented-Object Generator See also cloudy fog This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want... fog was instrumental at hiding the troop movements from their respective enemies. Both armies included small sections of An army unit consisting of mounted soldiers are commonly known as cavalry. Cavalry fight from the backs of their mounts, which most often are horses or camels. Infantry travelling by horse and fighting on foot are instead known as dragoons. Modern cavalry units are generally not mounted on horseback (save... cavalry.


The Duke was the first to attack. He won a quick victory at Stora Stångebro and moved over his troops to Lilla Stångebro, where Sigismund's forces had reached the eastern shore and defended a good position. The Duke's forces retired up a hill, where severe fighting followed. Sigismund's cavalry did not engage in this fight, which led to a certain victory for Duke Charles.


At this point, Sigismund asked for a An armistice is the effective end of a war, when the warring parties agree to stop fighting. The most famous armistice, the one still meant when people say simply The Armistice, is the one at the end of World War I, on November 11, 1918. Armistice Day is still celebrated... truce, which was accepted. Duke Charles had suffered minor losses, while 2,000 of the King's men were dead, many of them drowned in the river.


Aftermath

After the battle, the Duke and the King took up negotiations. Charles demanded that Sigismund send home his troops and surrender the Privy Council members loyal to him, and that the King himself stay to attend the Riksdag. Sigismund chose to leave the country instead, sailing back to Poland, but still surrendering the Privy Council members in question.


Soon only Kalmar was held by the King's people. When it fell on May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). There are 233 days remaining. Events 1191 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. 1264 - The Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th... May 12, Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. First reported performance of Shakespeares Julius Caesar in London. Births February 13 - Pope Alexander VII (+ 1667) March 22 - Anthony van Dyck, painter (+ 1641) April 25 - Oliver Cromwell, later Lord Protector of England, Scotland and... 1599, Duke Charles had control over the entire country. When he asked the Riksdag at Linköping in Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned in a stake for heresy July July 2 - Battle of Nieuwpoort: Dutch forces under Maurice of Nassau defeat Spanish forces under Archduke Albert in a battle on the coastal dunes... 1600 for support as regent, it answered by proclaiming him King. He did not begin to use the title himself however, under the name Charles IX, or Karl IX ( 1550 – 1611), king of Sweden, was the youngest son of Gustav I of Sweden and Margareta Lejonhufvud. By his fathers will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Sudermannia, which included the provinces of Nericia and Wermelandia; but he did not... Charles IX, until Events March 24 - Elizabeth I of England dies and is succeeded by her cousin King James VI of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England April 28 – Funeral of Elizabeth I of England in Westminster Abbey July 17 or July 19 - Sir Walter Raleigh arrested for treason. July... 1603. This Riksdag also appointed a court to judge those aristocrats who had fought with Sigismund in the battle. Eight were sentenced to death; five of the executions were carried out. This event, at the main square of Linköping on March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). There are 287 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 1279 - Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China. 1687 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La... March 19, Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned in a stake for heresy July July 2 - Battle of Nieuwpoort: Dutch forces under Maurice of Nassau defeat Spanish forces under Archduke Albert in a battle on the coastal dunes... 1600, is known as the Linköping Bloodbath.


With Sigismund's loss of the Swedish crown, the Swedish-Polish personal union was dissolved. A deep conflict between Sweden and Poland emerged, not to be resolved until the Not to be confused with the Northern Wars (1655–1661) The Swedish Victory at Narva, 1700 by Gustaf Cederström, painted 1910 Battle of Poltava fragment of mosaic, by Mikhail Lomonosov, 1717 The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony... Great Northern War. Also, most remaining Catholic elements of Swedish society were wiped out, and Sweden became one of the foremost advocates of protestantism, not least important during the The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally in the Central European territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but also involving most of the major continental powers. It occurred for a number... Thirty Years' War.


A nine-metre monument was erected in 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). Events January January 1 - New York City annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The city is geographically divided into five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island. January 13 - Emile... 1898 at the battlegrounds, immediately east of the river and close to the Stångebro sports field.


 
 

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