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Encyclopedia > Battle of Sevastopol
Battle of Sevastopol
Part of World War II

The Eastern Front at the time of the siege of Sevastopol. (click to enlarge)
Date October 30, 1941 – July 4, 1942
Location Crimean Peninsula
Result Axis victory
Combatants
Germany

Romania Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Download high resolution version (1201x921, 197 KB)Eastern Front (WWII), 1941-12-05 to 1942-05-07 Drawn by User:Gdr File links The following pages link to this file: Eastern Front (World War II) Talk:Eastern Front (World War II) Battle of Moscow Second Battle of Kharkov User:Gdr... The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Axis Powers Flag of Romania Categories: Flag images ...

Soviet Union
Commanders
Erich von Manstein Ivan Petrov
Filipp Oktyabrskiy
Strength
350,000+ 106,000
Casualties
at least 100,000 killed, wounded or captured (Including Romanians) 95,000 captured, 11,000 killed
For the siege during the Crimean War, see Siege of Sevastopol (1854-1855).

The Battle of Sevastopol was fought from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 between German forces and the USSR over the main Soviet naval base on the Black Sea during World War II. It is notable in the way that the Germans used many of their heavy (200-800mm range) mortars in the battle. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... now. ... Ivan Petrov, a Soviet Army General Ivan Yefimovich Petrov (Russian: Иван Ефимович Петров; September 30, 1896, Trubchevsk — April 7, 1958, Moscow) was a Russian and Soviet commander, Army General from 1944. ... Filipp Sergeyevich Oktyabrskiy (Russian: Филипп Сергеевич Октябрьский, real surname: Ivanov - Иванов; October 23, 1899 — July 8, 1969, Sevastopol) was a Soviet naval commander and admiral (since 1944). ... Combatants United Kingdom France Russia Commanders General François Canrobert (later replaced by General Pélissier) Lord Raglen Admiral Kornilov (later replaced by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov) Lt. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...

Contents

Forces

The German 11th Army was besieging Sevastopol; commanded by Erich von Manstein, it consisted of 9 German infantry divisions (including 2 received during the battle) in two corps, and two Romanian rifle corps, plus various supporting elements including 150 tanks, several hundred aircraft, and one of the heaviest concentrations of artillery fielded by the Wehrmacht. now. ... now. ...

  • German 54th Corps
    • 22nd Infantry Division - commanded by General der Infanterie Ludwig Wolff
    • 24th Infantry Division
    • 50th Infantry Division
    • 132nd Infantry Division
  • German 30th Corps - commanded by General der Infanterie Hans von Salmuth
    • 28th Light Division
    • 72nd Infantry Division
    • 170th Infantry Division
  • Romanian Mountain Corps
    • 1st Mountain Division
    • 4th Mountain Division
    • 18th Infantry Division

The defence of Sevastopol was provided mainly by the Black Sea Fleet and the Maritime Army. The city garrison numbered one brigade, three regiments and 19 battalions of marine corps (ca. 23,000 men, ~150 field and coast guns and 82 aircraft), commanded by B. A. Borisov. 82 pillboxes with naval guns, 220 machine-gun earth-and-timber emplacements and pillboxes, 33 km of tank ditches, 56 km of wire entanglements and 9,600 mines were laid to improve the defence. 22nd Infantry Division 22nd Air Landing Division 22nd Volksgrenadier Division Created as 22nd Infantry Division in 1935. ... Hans Eberhard Kurt von Salmuth (November 11, 1888–January 1, 1962) was a German general during World War II. A lifelong professional soldier, he served his country as a junior officer in WWI, a staff officer in the inter-war period and early WWII, and an army level commander in... now. ... Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... A bunker is a defensive warfare fortification to protect oneself. ... A . ...

Eastern Front
BarbarossaFinlandLeningrad and BalticsCrimea and CaucasusMoscow1st Rzhev-Vyazma2nd KharkovStalingradVelikiye Luki – 2nd Rzhev-Sychevka – Kursk2nd SmolenskDnieper – 2nd Kiev – Korsun – Hube's Pocket – Belorussia – Lvov-Sandomierz – BalkansHungary – Vistula-Oder – Königsberg – BerlinPrague
Crimea and Caucasus
1st CrimeaKerch PeninsulaAdzhimushkaySevastopolEdelweiss – Kuban Bridgehead – 2nd Crimea

Combatants Soviet Union1 Poland Germany1, Italy (from June, 22, 1941 to 1943) Romania (from June, 22) Finland (from June, 26 to 1944), Hungary (from June, 27) Commanders Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky, Pavel Rotmistrov, Semyon Timoshenko, Fyodor Tolbukhin, Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Nikolai... Combatants Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler General (later MareÅŸal) Ion Antonescu Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Joseph Stalin Strength ~ 3. ... Combatants Germany Spanish Blue Division Soviet Union Commanders Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Küchler Kliment Voroshilov Georgy Zhukov Strength 725,000 930,000 Casualties Unknown 300,000 military, 16,470 civilians from bombings and an estimated 1 million civilians from starvation The Siege of Leningrad (Russian: блокада Ленинграда (transliteration: blokada... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Georgi Zhukov Strength ~ 1,500,000 ~ 1,500,000 Casualties 250,000 700,000 The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January... The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock, Friedrich Paulus Semyon Timoshenko Strength 300,000 men, 1000 tanks, 1500 aircraft 640,000 men, 1200 tanks, 1000 aircraft Casualties 20,000 killed, wounded or captured 207,057 killed, wounded or captured, 652 tanks, 1,646 guns, 3,278 mortars, 57,626... Combatants Germany Italy Romania Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Friedrich Paulus Erich von Manstein Hermann Hoth Vasiliy Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Strength German Sixth Army German Fourth Panzer Army German SS 9th Anti-Aircraft Division Romanian Third Army Romanian Fourth Army Hungarian Second Army Italian Eighth Army Unknown number of Germans Unknown... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Kurt von der Chevallerie M. A. Purkayev Strength ~20,000 (on 19 Nov) 100,000 (on 19 Nov) Casualties 17,000 killed or wounded, 3,000 captured 30,000 killed or wounded Situation after the initial Soviet advance. ... The eastern front at the time of the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein, Hans von Kluge, Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov, Konstantin Rokossovskiy, Nikolay Vatutin Strength 800,000 infantry, 2,700 tanks, 2,000 aircraft 1,300,000 infantry, 3,600 tanks, 2,400 aircraft Casualties 500,000 dead, wounded, or captured 500... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Günther von Kluge Andrei Yeremenko, Vasily Sokolovsky Strength 850,000 men, 8,800 guns, 500 tanks, 700 planes[1] 1,253,000 men, 20,640 guns, 1,430 tanks, 1,100 planes[1] Casualties (Soviet est. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Rokossovsky, Konev Strength 1,250,000 men 12,600 guns 2,100 tanks 2,000 planes 2,650,000 men 51,000 guns 2,400 tanks 2,850 planes Casualties Low est. ... The 1943 Battle of Kiev resulted in a Soviet victory, forcing the German invaders of the Soviet Union to retreat further. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein, Wilhelm Stemmerman (Gruppe Stemmerman), Hermann Breith, III Panzerkorps Georgi Zhukov, Nikolai Vatutin (1st Ukrainian Front), Ivan Konev (2nd Ukrainian Front), Strength 56,000 70 tanks and assault guns In packet only but much large with relief troops 200,000 500 tanks Casualties... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein (Army Group South) Hans-Valentin Hube (First Panzer Army) Georgi Zhukov Nikolai Vatutin (1st Ukrainian Front) Ivan Koniev (2nd Ukrainian Front) Strength 200,000 500,000 Casualties  ?  ? 357 tanks The Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hubes Pocket... During World War II, Operation Bagration was the general attack by Soviet forces to clear the Nazis from Belarus which resulted in the destruction of the German Army Group Centre, possibly the greatest defeat for the Wehrmacht during the war. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Josef Harpe (Heeresgruppe Nordukraine) Ivan Koniev (1st Ukrainian Front) Strength 370,000 men 340 AFVs 4,800 guns 1,200,000 men 1,979 AFVs 11,265 guns Casualties 350,000 men 520 AFVs 198,000 men 1,285 AFVs The Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive[1... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht Heeresgruppe Südukraine, Romanian Army Commanders Marshal Semyon Timoshenko Generaloberst Friessner Strength 1,341,200, 1,874 tanks and assault guns ca. ... Combatants Wehrmacht i. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders General Otto von Lasch Marshal Vasilevsky Marshal Rokossovsky Strength 130,000 250,000 Casualties 50,000 60,000 The Battle of Königsberg was the last battle of the East Prussian Operation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Eastern Front at the time of the Prague Offensive. ... Crimea was the scene of some of the most bloody battles in World War II. The Germans suffered heavy casualties as they tried to advance through the isthmus linking Crimea to the Ukrainian mainland at Perekop in the summer of 1941. ... Battle of the Kerch Peninsula (German: ) was a World War II offensive by German and Romanian armies against Soviet forces defending the Kerch Peninsula, in the eastern part of the Crimea. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders P.M. Yagunov, M.G. Povazhniy Strength Several regiments 10000 - 15000 Casualties Unknown 10000+ The Defense of the Adzhimushkay quarry (Russian: Оборона Аджимушкайских каменоломен, Oborona Adzhimushkajskih kamenolomen) was an episode of the Eastern Front of World War II that occurred between May and October 1942. ... The Battle of Caucasus is a generic name for a series of operations during the Great Patriotic War. ... Combatants Red Army Wehrmacht 17. ...

Battle

Alexander Deyneka. Battle of Sevastopol
Alexander Deyneka. Battle of Sevastopol

At the first attempt of the German assault, consisting of two infantry divisions and one motorized brigade, tried to burst into the city from the north, north-east and east. On November 7 four soldiers of the marine corps were cited for disabling ten German tanks. Image File history File links The_defence_of_Sevastopol. ... Image File history File links The_defence_of_Sevastopol. ... Alexander Deyneka Battle of Sevastopol Alexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (Russian: Александр Александрович Дейнека; May 20, 1899, Kursk - June 12, 1969, Moscow) was a Soviet painter, graphic artist and sculptor. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ...


On November 11 60,000 Axis soldiers launched another attack, but after ten days were forced to stop. The Germans moved in their largest artillery piece, the 31-and-a-half inch gun Schwerer Gustav. The Wehrmacht began a five-day artillery barrage of the city, which some claim included toxic gas, to get the Russians out of their caves and bunkers. There are surprisingly few sources which support such a claim, which would have been one of the few uses of chemical weapons during the war. On December 17 six German infantry divisions and two Romanian brigades with 1,275 guns and mortars, over 150 tanks and 300 aircraft launched the second attack. However by January 4, 1942 almost every Axis unit was stopped again by Soviet counter-attacks. November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Preparing to fire the gun Schwerer Gustav and Dora were the names under which the German 80 cm K (E) railway guns were known. ... Wehrmacht troops of the Heer (military land forces) marching at a military parade in honour of the 50th birthday of Adolf Hitler, on April 20, 1939. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On May 21 the Germans launched a bombing and bombardment of the city. On June 7, 1942, XXX Panzer Corps and the Romanian Third Army successfully assaulted the secondary defensive line. May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ...


Final days

As the German 11th Army closed in, the Soviet Staff ordered important generals and admirals onto submarines to escape the city. The city fell after the defeat of the Inkerman Heights line on June 29. The light cruiser Chervona Ukraina ("Red Ukraine"), four destroyers, four cargo ships and the submarines С 32 and Щ-214 were lost. The soldiers fought on even after their installations had been ripped apart by artillery fire. Smoke, which some claim was toxic, forced the troops out into the open, where fire from tanks and the artillery cut them down. Even with this impressive support, the Germans still took twenty-seven days to finish seizing the city proper. On 4 July, Sevastopol was secured, but Soviet troops still held out in the caves around the peninsula until the ninth of July. However, this had been a great waste of time for the Germans: the assault on Stalingrad, Operation "Blau", was just beginning, and the Sixth Army (under Friedrich Paulus) would not have the German 11th Army to support them. June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... Chervona Ukraina cruiser Chervona Ukraina (from Ukrainian: Червона Україна — Red Ukraine) was a Soviet Svetlana class light cruiser attached to the Black Sea Fleet. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... Combatants Germany Italy Romania Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Friedrich Paulus Erich von Manstein Hermann Hoth Vasiliy Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Strength German Sixth Army German Fourth Panzer Army German SS 9th Anti-Aircraft Division Romanian Third Army Romanian Fourth Army Hungarian Second Army Italian Eighth Army Unknown number of Germans Unknown... Friedrich Paulus. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Sevastopol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (609 words)
The Battle of Sevastopol was fought from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 between German forces and the USSR over the main Soviet naval base on the Black Sea during World War II.
The German 11th Army was besieging Sevastopol; commanded by Erich von Manstein, it consisted of seven German infantry divisions in two corps, and one Romanian rifle corps, plus various supporting elements including 150 tanks, several hundred aircraft, and one of the heaviest concentrations of artillery fielded by the Wehrmacht.
The defence of Sevastopol was provided mainly by the Black Sea Fleet and the Maritime Army.
NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Battle of Sevastopol (5150 words)
Sevastopol (Севастополь, Sevastopol’ in Russian and Ukrainian; Aqyar in Crimean Tatar), formerly known as Sebastopol (from a mistransliteration of the Russian v), is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimean peninsula at,.
Rzhev Battles (Ржевская битва) is a general term for a series of World War II offensives launched during January 8, 1942— March 22, 1943 by Soviet forces in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka and Vyazma against a German salient in the vicinity of Moscow, known as Rzhev meat grinder...
Battle of Voronezh (1942) Conflict World War II Date June–July 1942 Place Voronezh, Soviet Union Result German victory The Battle of Voronezh was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought in and around the city of Voronezh on the Don in June and July 1942.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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