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Encyclopedia > Battle of Sadras

The Battle of Sadras was the first of five indecisive naval battles fought between a British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hughes and French fleet under the Bailli de Suffren off the coast of India during the American War of Independence. Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez (July 17, 1729 - December 8, 1788), French admiral, was the third son of the marquis de Saint Tropez, head of a family of nobles of Provence which claimed to have emigrated from Lucca in the 14th century. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


Five tough but inconclusive naval battles were fought between various British ships, under Hughes, and a French fleet, under Suffren, off SE India in 1782-83. Both fleets were trying to support their land armies along the coast, and were occasionally reinforced by ships sent out from Europe. The final battle, Cuddalore, was fought after Peace had been declared in Europe because news hadn't been received in India. Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez (July 17, 1729 - December 8, 1788), French admiral, was the third son of the marquis de Saint Tropez, head of a family of nobles of Provence which claimed to have emigrated from Lucca in the 14th century. ... Two naval battles have taken place near Cuddalore on the Carnatic coast of India: The Battle of Cuddalore (April 29, 1758) was an indecsive clash between a British squadron under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and a French squadron under the Comte DAché during the Seven Years War. ...


The ships involved were:

British (Hughes) Sadras
17 Feb 1782
Providien
12 Apr 1782
Negapatam
6 Jul 1782
Trincomalee
3 Sep 1782
Cuddalore
20 Jun 1783
Superb 74 X (flag) X (flag) X (flag) X X (flag)
Hero 74 X X X X X
Monarca 68 X X X X X
Burford 64 X X X X X
Eagle 64 X X X X X
Exeter 64 X X X X X
Monmouth 64 X X X X X
Worcester 64 X X X X X
Isis 50 X X X X X
Seahorse 24
Sultan 74 X X X
Magnanime 64 X? X X X
Sceptre 64 X X
Gibraltar 80 X
Cumberland 74 X
Defence 74 X
Africa 64 X
Inflexible 64 X
Bristol 50 X
Vernon 22
French (Suffren) Sadras
17 Feb 1782
Providien
12 Apr 1782
Negapatam
6 Jul 1782
Trincomalee
3 Sept 1782
Cuddalore
20 Jun 1783
Heros 74 X X X (flag) X (flag) X
Annibal 74 X X X X X
Orient 74 X X X X
Ajax 64 X X X X
Artisien 64 X X X X X
Brillant 64 X X X X
Severe 64 X? X X X X
Sphinx 64 X X X X X
Vengeur 64 X? X X X X
Flamand 50 X X X X X
Hannibal 50 X? X X X X
Fendant 74 X
Pourvoyante 40 X
Fine (Fier) 40 X X
Bellone 40 X
Subtile 24 X
Cleopatre 36 X
 ? (fireship) X

Casualties for the battles were as follows: Two naval battles have taken place near Cuddalore on the Carnatic coast of India: The Battle of Cuddalore (April 29, 1758) was an indecsive clash between a British squadron under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and a French squadron under the Comte DAché during the Seven Years War. ... Cuddalore is a large and developing town in Tamil Nadu state of south India. ...

Sadras Providien Negapatam Trincomalee Cuddalore Total
Britain 32k, 83w 137k 430w 77k, 233w 51k, 283w 102k, 376w 499k, 1405w
France  ? 139k?, 264w? 412k, 676w 82k, 255w c.103k, 429w  ?

 
 

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