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Encyclopedia > Battle of Ruvo
Battle of Ruvo
Part of the Second Italian War
Date February 23, 1503
Location Ruvo, Italy
Result Spanish victory
Combatants
France
Spain
Commanders
Jacques de la Palice Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba
Diego de Mendoza
Strength
300 lances
300 foot-soldiers[1]
400 foot-soldiers
600 horsemen
1,300 soldiers[2]
Casualties
600 captured
1,000 horses captured
Italian War of 1499–1504
Novara – CerignolaGariglianoRuvo
Italian Wars
1494–98 – 1499–1504 – League of Cambrai – Urbino – 1521–26 – League of Cognac – 1535–38 – 1542–46 – 1551–59

The Battle of Ruvo was fought on February 23, 1503 between a Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba (known as the Gran Capitan, meaning the Great Captain) and Diego de Mendoza and a French army commanded by Jacques de la Palice. The battle was part of the Second Italian War and was fought at the town of Ruvo in the Province of Bari, modern-day Italy. The result was a Spanish victory. The Second Italian War (1499 – 1503) occured when Louis XII of France invaded Italy, capturing Milan and Naples. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Jacques de la Palice or la Palisse (1470–1525) was a French nobleman and military officer. ... Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. ... Combatants Aragonese Empire France Commanders Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba Louis dArmagnac † The Battle of Cerignola was fought on April 21, 1503, between Aragonese and French armies, in Cerignola, next Bari, Southern Italy. ... Combatants France Aragon Commanders Marquis of Saluzzo Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Bartolomeo dAlviano The Battle of Garigliano was fought on December 29, 1503 between an Aragonese army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba and a French army commanded by the Marquis of Saluzzo. ... The Italian Wars, often referred to as the great Italian Wars or the great wars of Italy in historical works, were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, all the major states of western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the... The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names,[1] was a major conflict in the Italian Wars. ... The War of Urbino (1517) was a secondary episode of the Italian Wars. ... Combatants Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Genoa France, Papal States, Republic of Venice, Florence, England, Duchy of Milan Commanders Charles de Bourbon â€ , Georg Frundsberg, Philibert of Châlon â€  Vicomte de Lautrec *, Francesco Ferruccio â€ , Giovanni de Medici â€ , Comte de St. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. ... Jacques de la Palice or la Palisse (1470–1525) was a French nobleman and military officer. ... The Second Italian War (1499 – 1503) occured when Louis XII of France invaded Italy, capturing Milan and Naples. ... The stemma of Provincia di Bari Bari (It. ...

Contents

Overview

Following the Treaty of Granada signed on November 11, 1500, Spanish monarch Ferdinand the Catholic and Louis XII of France agreed that each power takes a partition of the Kingdom of Naples. The deal soon fell through, however, and Spain and France resumed their war over the kingdom. This resulted in the Second Italian War. November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 – January 1, 1515) was King of France 1498 – January 1, 1515. ... The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ... The Second Italian War (1499 – 1503) occured when Louis XII of France invaded Italy, capturing Milan and Naples. ...


The battle

During the end of 1502 and the early part of 1503 the Spanish stood at bay in the entrenched camp at Barletta near the Ofanto river on the shores of the Adriatic sea. The Gran Capitan once hearing about the retreat and departure of Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, decided to launch an offensive in a Moorish guerrilla style on the town of Ruvo which was defended by Jacques de la Palice.[1] [3] 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Barletta is a city in Apulia, in south Italy. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... Louis dArmagnac, Duke of Nemours (1472 – April 28, 1503), known for most of his life as the Count of Guise, was the third son of Jacques dArmagnac, Duke of Nemours and Louise of Anjou. ... Moorish Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I of England The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal) as well as the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... Guerilla may refer to Guerrilla warfare. ... Jacques de la Palice or la Palisse (1470–1525) was a French nobleman and military officer. ...


Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba stormed the town at early morning launching a cannonade offensive. Soon after, he faced a resolute resistance by the French. However, within four hours the Gran Capitan could open a breach from where the Spanish soldiers could enter and launch the assault. Fighting with swords lasted for seven hours and reached houses and streets until Jacques de la Palice was wounded and held prisoner.[4] Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. ... A small cannon on a carriage, Bucharest. ... It has been suggested that War-sword be merged into this article or section. ... Jacques de la Palice or la Palisse (1470–1525) was a French nobleman and military officer. ...


The Spanish army soon decided to get back to Barletta while Louis d'Armagnac tried to return to Ruvo to help the French army. Once there he found the Spanish flag already waving in the walls of the city and understood that he arrived behind schedule and stopped to follow ahead.[4] Barletta is a city in Apulia, in south Italy. ... Louis dArmagnac, Duke of Nemours (1472 – April 28, 1503), known for most of his life as the Count of Guise, was the third son of Jacques dArmagnac, Duke of Nemours and Louise of Anjou. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 Flag of Spain The government flag of Spain in its current form was adopted on December 19, 1981, when the coat of arms was last changed. ...


References

  • Phillips, Charles and Alan Axelrod. Encyclopedia of Wars. New York: Facts on File, 2005. ISBN 0-8160-2851-6.

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Prescott, William Hickling (2004). History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella (Vol. III) (1841) (in Spanish). Digital Antiquaria, 34. ISBN 1-5805-7289-8. 
  2. ^ Suárez Fernández, Luis (1990). El Camino Hacia Europa (in Spanish). Ediciones Rialp, 274-275. ISBN 8-4321-2589-X. 
  3. ^ Rubin, Nancy (2004). Isabella of Castile: The First Renaissance Queen. iUniverse, 407. ISBN 0-5953-2076-7. 
  4. ^ a b Historia militar de España - Asalto a Ruvo (Primavera de 1503) (Spanish)

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