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Encyclopedia > Battle of Ringgold Gap
American Civil War
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Date: November 27, 1863
Location: Catoosa County, Georgia
Result: Confederate Victory
Casus belli: {{{casus}}}
Territory changes: {{{territory}}}
Combatants
United States of America Confederate States of America
Commanders
Joseph Hooker Patrick Cleburne
Strength
Three Divisions One Division
Casualties
507 221

The battle of Ringgold Gap was a battle in the American Civil War, fought in Northwest Georgia. It resulted in a Confederate victory, because it gave the artillery and wagon trains safe passage through the mountain pass and caused high Federal casualties. November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Catoosa County is a county located in the Georgia. ... Casus belli is a Latin expression from the international law theory of Jus ad bellum. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861 until captured... This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ... Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (March 16 or 17, 1828 – November 30, 1864) was a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a resident of the State of Arkansas. ... The word federal in a general sense refers to the nature of an agreement between or among two or more states, nations, or other groups to merge into a union in which control of common affairs is held by a central authority created by and with the consent of the...


Background

The disastrous Confederate defeat at Missionary Ridge on November 25 dealt a staggering blow to the Confederate Army of Tennessee and forced the haggard army into a retreat into Northwest Georgia. The army soon came upon the mountain pass known as the Ringgold Gap. To give time for his artillery and wagontrains to get through the gap, Confederate General Braxton Bragg decided to send orders to his rear, supervised by General Patrick Cleburne, to defend the pass "at all hazards" from the Union army. Missionary Ridge is a geographic feature in Chattanooga, Tennessee, site of the Battle of Missionary Ridge, a battle in the American Civil War, fought on November 25, 1863. ... The Army of Tennessee was formed in November 1862. ... Braxton Bragg Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a career U.S. Army officer and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ...


The Battle

At three a.m. Cleburne readied his men and waited until the Union force was almost upon them. Then the dawn darkness was shattered by the thunder of artillery and rifle. Hooker's force was taken utterly by surprise, but tried to use his numbers to gain the advantage. He tried to outflank the Confederates on the right and on the left, but the Confederates held their positions. For five hours the slaughter commenced, Hooker gaining little ground on the Confederates. Cleburne's men stayed to about noon, then retreated, successfully allowing the wagons and artillery to pass through the gap unharmed.


Sources

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Ringgold Gap - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (298 words)
The Battle of Ringgold Gap was fought November 27, 1863, in Northwest Georgia during the American Civil War.
It was a Confederate victory, because it gave their artillery and wagon trains safe passage to retreat through the "Ringgold Gap" mountain pass and caused high Federal casualties.
The disastrous Confederate rout at Missionary Ridge on November 25 dealt a staggering blow to the Army of Tennessee, in terms of manpower and morale, and forced the haggard army into a retreat into northwest Georgia.
Patrick Cleburne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (713 words)
Cleburne served at the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of Richmond (Kentucky), where he was wounded in the face, and the Battle of Perryville.
After the Army of Tennessee retreated to its namesake state in late 1862, Cleburne was promoted to division command and served at the Battle of Stones River, where his division advanced three miles as it routed the Union right wing and drove it back to the Nashville Pike and its final line of defense.
Their marriage was never to be as Cleburne was killed during an ill conceived assault, which Cleburne opposed, on Union fortifications at the Battle of Franklin, just south of Nashville, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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