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Encyclopedia > Battle of Ridgeway
Battle of Ridgeway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battle of Ridgeway

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A 1869 stylized illustration of the battle (in fact, most of the Canadians wore green uniforms; the Fenians were actually positioned behind a fence).
Battle of Ridgeway
Conflict: Fenian Raids
Date: June 2, 1866
Place: Ridgeway, Ontario
Result: Fenian victory
Combatants
Fenian Brotherhood Province of Canada
Commanders
John O'Neill Alfred Booker
Strength
850 militia 900 militia
Casualties
10 dead
3 – 10 wounded
9 dead
37 wounded
Fenian Raids
Campobello Island – RidgewayFort Erie – Pigeon Hill – Eccles Hill – Trout River

The Battle of Ridgeway was contested near Ridgeway, Canada West, on June 2, 1866, between British and Canadian troops and an irregular army of Irish-American invaders, the Fenians, whose ultimate goal was the establishment of a free Irish Republic. Image:Battle of Ridgeway. ... Fenian is a term used since the 1860s for an Irish nationalist who espouses violence, usually by people opposed to their aims. ... 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Ridgeway is a small unincorporated village in Ontario, Canada near Fort Erie. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Founding of The Irish Republican Brotherhood The Irish Republican Brotherhood, commonly known as Fenians, was an Irish revolutionary secret society, founded in the United States by John OMahony in 1858. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces of Canada. ... Many noteworthy people have had the name John ONeill In 1866, one John ONeill led 800 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English as part of the Fenian Invasion of Canada. ... Battle of Fort Erie (1866) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Battle of Eccles Hill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Ridgeway is a small unincorporated village in Ontario, Canada near Fort Erie. ... 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century Irregular military refers to any non-standard military. ... Irish Americans are residents or citizens of the United States who claim Irish ancestry. ... Fenian is a term used since the 1860s for an Irish nationalist who espouses violence, usually by people opposed to their aims. ...


The Fenians were an Irish-American brotherhood founded in New York in 1858 who aimed to work with related groups in Ireland to force the United Kingdom into negotiating toward the formation of an independent Irish Republic. In 1866, they had split into two factions, with the original faction, led by Fenian founder John O'Mahony focussed more on fundraising for rebels in Ireland. The leaders of the more militant "senate faction" believed that even a marginally successful invasion of the Province of Canada or other parts of British North America would provide them with leverage in their efforts. After an attempt to raid New Brunswick that had been blessed by O'Mahony failed in April, the senate faction Fenians hatched a new plan for an invasion into Canada West (now southern Ontario) from Buffalo, New York. State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki (R) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... John OMahony was one of the founders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces of Canada. ... British North America originally comprised all British colonies and territories on the North American continent, from Georgia to Labrador and Ruperts Land. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope was restored) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Area 72,908 km² (8th)  - Land 71,450 km²  - Water 1,458 km² (2. ... Canada West was the western portion of the Province of Canada. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Aerial view of downtown Buffalo, New York Buffalo, also known as The Queen City, and the City of Good Neighbors, is an American city in western New York. ...


The Fenians took advantage of the ready supply of arms in the United States after the recently concluded Civil War, and of the ample number of unemployed young men who had emerged from that conflict with some degree of military training. It was still however a ragtag army that assembled on the American shore of the Niagara River during the last weeks of May 1866. They made little attempt at secrecy, and both American and British authorities were aware of an imminent military operation. Despite half-hearted American attempts to prevent the river crossing — the United States was loath to go out of its way to help the British after the latter's support of the Confederacy in the Civil War — the Fenian troops, led by General John O'Neill, a former Union cavalry commander, secured boats and transferred over 500 men (O'Neill's figures) across the Niagara, landing just above Fort Erie, Canada West, on June 1, 1866. O'Neill spent the first day trying to rally the local citizenry to their cause and to commandeer supplies for his mission. The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... The Niagara River flows to the north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. ... Many noteworthy people have had the name John ONeill In 1866, one John ONeill led 800 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English as part of the Fenian Invasion of Canada. ... Location of Fort Erie in the Niagara Region Fort Erie (2001 population 28,143) is a town on the Niagara River in Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ...


Meanwhile, the British were mobilizing both local militias and regular troops to defend against the impending invasion. The Fenians night-marched north across Frenchman's Creek, then turned and marched inland on the morning of June 2, taking up a defensive position near the present town of Ridgeway. There they clashed with 850 advancing Canadian militia commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Booker. Both armies were inexperienced, and the skirmish that ensued was marked by confusion and ill-timed retreats by each side. In the end, after a battle described by various observers and participants as lasting between one and three hours, the Canadians fled the field. The Fenians then fell back themselves toward Fort Erie. Canadian casualties included 9 dead and 37 wounded. O'Neill said he had four or five men killed, but Canadians found six Fenian bodies on the field, and at least one other mortally wounded man made it to Buffalo before he died. His victory was complemented by a second successful engagement later that day at Fort Erie. However, a massive convergence of British reinforcements then sent the Fenians returning in haste to the United States — on logs, on rafts, or by swimming — without truly having furthered their goals. O'Neill and 317 men surrendered their arms to waiting U.S. authorities. 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... Battle of Fort Erie (1866) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Ironically, though not having advanced their own cause of independence, the Fenian raid and the successful efforts of largely local troops to repulse it, helped to galvanize support for the Canadian Confederation which would soon emerge. Canadian Confederation, or the Confederation of Canada, was the process that ultimately brought together a union among the provinces, colonies and territories of British North America to form the Dominion of Canada, a Dominion of the British Empire, which today is the federal nation state called Canada. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Ridgeway Information (526 words)
A 1869 stylized illustration of the battle (in fact, most of the Canadians wore green uniforms; the Fenians were actually positioned behind a fence).
The Battle of Ridgeway (sometimes referred to as the Battle of Lime Ridge) was contested near Ridgeway, Canada West, on June 2, 1866, between Canadian troops and an irregular army of Irish-American invaders, the Fenians.
The Ridgeway victory was complemented by a second successful engagement later that day at Fort Erie.
Ridgeway, Battle of (191 words)
The charge of the Fenians under Colonel O'Neill at the Battle of Ridgeway, near Niagara, Ontario, on 2 June 1866 (courtesy Library and Archives Canada/C-18737).
This engagement was fought between Canadian volunteers, led by militia officer Lt-Col Alfred Booker, and FENIAN Civil War veterans, commanded by Lt-Col John O'Neill, who crossed the river from Buffalo on the night of May 31 with about 800 men.
On hearing that 2 columns were sent against him, one from Hamilton and one from Toronto, O'Neill marched to meet the Hamilton column, about 900 men under Booker.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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