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Encyclopedia > Battle of Rich Mountain

Sketch of the site of the operations of the 10th, 11th, and 12th, July 1861, at Rich Mountain.
Battle of Rich Mountain
Conflict American Civil War
Date July 11, 1861
Place Randolph County, West Virginia
Result Union victory
United States of America Confederate States of America
George B. McClellan
William S. Rosecrans
John Pegram
Robert S. Garnett †
Brigades Brigades
46 300
Operations in Western Virginia
PhilippiRich MountainKessler's Cross LanesCarnifex FerryCheat MountainGreenbrier RiverCamp Alleghany

The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861 in Randolph County, West Virginia as part of the operations in West Virginia during the American Civil War.

Gen. George B. McClellan assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia in June 1861. On June 27, he moved his divisions from Clarksburg south against Lt. Col. John Pegram's Confederates, reaching the vicinity of Rich Mountain on July 9. Meanwhile, Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Morris's Union brigade marched from Philippi to confront Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett's command at Laurel Hill. On July 11, Brig. Gen. William S. Rosecrans led a reinforced brigade by a mountain path to seize the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike in Pegram’s rear. A sharp two-hour fight ensued in which the Confederates were split in two. Half escaped to Beverly, but Pegram and the others surrendered on July 13. Hearing of Pegram’s defeat, Garnett abandoned Laurel Hill. The Federals pursued, and, during fighting at Corrick's Ford on July 13, Garnett was killed. On July 22, McClellan was ordered to Washington, and Rosecrans assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia. Union victory at Rich Mountain was instrumental in propelling McClellan to command of the Army of the Potomac.


  • CWSAC Battle Summaries, National Park Service (http://www2.cr.nps.gov/abpp/battles/bycampgn.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
Battles of the American Civil War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4985 words)
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August Willich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (715 words)
He served in western Virginia, seeing action at the Battle of Rich Mountain, as well as at Carnifax Ferry.
Governor Oliver P. Morton commissioned Willich as colonel of the 32nd Indiana (an all-German regiment), and he led it at the Battle of Shiloh in the spring of 1862.
Returning to the Federal army later that year, he was assigned to command of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XX Corps and served with distinction during the Tullahoma Campaign.
  More results at FactBites »



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