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Encyclopedia > Battle of Radzymin (1944)

The Battle of Radzymin was a clash between the Red Army and the Wehrmacht that happened between August 1 and August 10 near the town of Radzymin in the vicinity of Warsaw. The Russian forces entered the area, which sparked the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising by the Home Army. The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Campaign of 1939 Wehrmacht (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Coat of Arms of Radzymin Radzymin (pronounce ) is a town in Poland and one of the distant suburbs of the city of Warsaw. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, Antoni Chruściel, Tadeusz Pełczyński Erich von dem Bach, Rainer Stahel, Heinz Reinefarth, Bronislav Kaminski Strength 50,000 troops 25,000 troops Casualties 18,000 killed, 12,000 wounded, 15,000 taken prisoner 250,000 civilians killed 10,000 killed... For other meanings of Home Army see: Home Army (disambiguation) The Armia Krajowa or AK (Home Army) functioned as the pre-eminent underground military organization in German-occupied Poland, which functioned in all areas of the country from September 1939 until its disbanding in January 1945. ...

Contents


Before the battle

After crossing into Poland, the Red Army's 1st Byelorussian Front of Konstantin Rokossovsky continued its advance towards Warsaw. The 65th Army (12 divisions) together with the attached 1st Guards Armoured Corps, was to advance towards the town of Serock and then outflank Warsaw from the north. The 28th Army (9 divisions) together with 1st Mechanized and 9th Armoured Corps was advancing directly towards Warsaw and was separated from the 47th Army by the Siedlce-Mińsk Mazowiecki line, and from the 65th Army by the Sokołów Podlaski-Węgrów-Radzymin line. Both armies, supported by additional 2nd and 4th Cavalry Corps, were to take part in repelling a German tactical counter-assault at Radzymin and Wołomin near Warsaw. At the same time, the 47th Army (10 divisions) was to seize the southern approaches to Praga, seize right-bank Warsaw and cross the river through the bridges in Warsaw or through a temporary bridge in Góra Kalwaria. The 70th Army (4 divisions) was to follow the 47th and serve as a tactical reserve. The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... (Redirected from 1st Byelorussian Front) The 1st Belorussian Front (alternative spellings are 1st Belarusian Front) was one of the Soviet Army fronts during the World War II. The term front was used by the Red army in World War II to describe a grouping of two or more armies in... Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky (Russian: Константин Константинович Рокоссовский, Polish name Konstanty Rokossowski) (December 21, 1896 – August 3, 1968), Soviet military commander and Polish Defence Minister. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Coat of arms of Serock Serock is a town at the north bank of the Zegrze lake in the Legionowo County, Masovian Voivodship, Poland. ... Coat of arms Siedlce Siedlce (pronounce: [É•È‹edlʦε]) is a town in eastern Poland with 77 092 inhabitants (2005). ... CoA of MiÅ„sk Mazowiecki MiÅ„sk Mazowiecki (help· info) is a town in central Poland with 36,791 inhabitants (31. ... Sokołów Podlaski is a town in Poland, in Mazowsze Voivodship, about 80 km east of Warsaw. ... Coat of arms of WÄ™grów WÄ™grów is a town in eastern Poland with 12 561 inhabitants (31. ... Coat of Arms of Radzymin Radzymin (pronounce ) is a town in Poland and one of the distant suburbs of the city of Warsaw. ... Coat of arms of WoÅ‚omin WoÅ‚omin is the main town of the Wolomin county situated in Masovian Voivodship. ... Praga Północ and Praga PoÅ‚udnie Pragas market, Jan Piotr Norblin, 1791. ... Góra Kalwaria is a town on the Vistula River in the Mazovian Voivodship, Poland, about 25 km southeast of Warsaw. ...


At the same time the remaining forces of the front were to support the assault of Warsaw by crossing the Vistula south of it, near Magnuszew and outflanking the city from the South and West. The 8th Guards Army (9 divisions) together with the 1st Polish army (3 divisions) and 69th Army (9 divisions aided by the 11th Armoured Corps) were to cross the river at Magnuszew. The Vistula (Polish: Wisła) is the longest river in Poland. ...


Battle

After the Russian reconnaissance units reached Warsaw in late July, on August 1, 1944 the Warsaw Uprising started. At the same time the Germans started a tactical counter-assault near Radzymin. The offensive, carried out by 5 understrength Panzer divisions, was to secure the eastern approaches to Warsaw and Vistula crossings. However, due to poor planning, the German attack was aimed directly in front of both 28th and 65th Armies and was stopped by the 2nd Tank Army. However, for unknown reasons, on August 2, 1944 all armies that were to assault Warsaw had their orders changed. Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, Antoni Chruściel, Tadeusz Pełczyński Erich von dem Bach, Rainer Stahel, Heinz Reinefarth, Bronislav Kaminski Strength 50,000 troops 25,000 troops Casualties 18,000 killed, 12,000 wounded, 15,000 taken prisoner 250,000 civilians killed 10,000 killed... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


The 28th, 47th and 65th Armies were ordered to turn northwards and seize the undefended town of Wyszków and the Liwiec river line. The 2nd Tank Army was left in place and had to fight the Germans alone, without support of the infantry. Also, 69th Army was ordered to stop while the 8th Guards Army under Vasily Chuikov was ordered to halt the assault and await German attack from the direction of Garwolin. Wyszków is a town in northeastern Poland with 26,500 inhabitants (2003). ... Liwiec is a river in Poland, in the plains of Southern Podlachia and central Masovia. ... Vasily Chuikov during World War II Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (Васи́лий Ива́нович Чуйко́в) (February 12, 1900 - March 18, 1982) was a lieutenant general in the Soviet Red Army during World War II, two times Hero of the Soviet Union (1944, 1945), who after the war became a Marshal of the Soviet Union. ... Coat of arms of Garwolina Garwolin is a town in Poland, 62 km southeast of Warsaw, 100 km northwest of Lublin with 16,500 inhabitants (2002). ...


Altogether, the unsupported 2nd Tank Army engaged in a heavy tank battle near the town of Radzymin alone [1]. The fights lasted until August 10, when the Germans finally withdrew. However, due to German lack of tanks and reinforcements, the losses on Soviet side were small. August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Aftermath

Altogether, between 1st and 10th of August the 2nd Tank Army lost 409 killed in action, 1271 wounded and 589 missing. In addition, it lost 284 tanks and self-propelled guns (40% of these losses were non-recoverable, amounting to 113 armored vehicles lost permanently [2]) out of 679 available to the army on July 30. After the World War II, the communist propaganda used the example of the Battle of Radzymin of 1944 as a proof that the German counter-attack prevented the Red Army from helping the Warsaw Uprising. However, it remains unknown why the Soviet assault was halted as the Russian archives are still closed to historians. July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, Antoni Chruściel, Tadeusz Pełczyński Erich von dem Bach, Rainer Stahel, Heinz Reinefarth, Bronislav Kaminski Strength 50,000 troops 25,000 troops Casualties 18,000 killed, 12,000 wounded, 15,000 taken prisoner 250,000 civilians killed 10,000 killed...


Notes

  1.   Танковый удар: танковая армия в наступательной операции фронта по опыту Великой Отечественной войны by Радзиевский Алексей Иванович link
  2.   ibid, Map of 2nd Tank Army operations map

References

  • Jerzy Kirchmayer (1974). Powstanie Warszawskie. Książka i Wiedza, Warsaw. ISBN 830511080X.
  • Zachowaj ich w pamięci Warszawo. Historia krótkofalarstwa polskiego. Retrieved on October 17, 2005.
  • Jan Sidorowicz. Co działo się na wschód od Wisły w czasie Powstania Warszawskiego?. Gazeta - dziennik Polonii w Kanadzie. Retrieved on October 17, 2005.

Jerzy Kirchmayer (1895-1959) was a Polish historian and military commander, a brigadier general of the Polish Army and one of the first historians of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Legionowo, Poland (733 words)
During Battle for Warsaw (Polish: Bitwa o Warszawę) in August 1920, from barracks in Legionowo, General Żeligowski led the 10th Infantry Division (Polish: 10.
After 1925, Legionowo became a summer resort for citizens of Warsaw, as by that time, whole area was covered by woods and free of pollution.
During first week of August 1944, Legionowo was a place of regular fights between German troops and Polish rebels.
Battle of Radzymin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
In the 19th century there was one major battle fought in the vicinity of the town of Radzymin, a suburb of Warsaw:
Battle of Radzymin (1920), a major clash and a part of the Battle of Warsaw during the Polish-Bolshevik War
Battle of Radzymin (1944), a tank battle between Nazi Germany and Soviet Union during the opening stages of the Warsaw Uprising
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