Battle of Pszczyna (Polish: Bitwa Pszczyńska) refers to the series of battles on 1 and 2 September 1939 near the town of Pszczyna during the Polish September Campaign. Battle of Pszczyna formed part of the battle of the border. Poland Silesian Voivodship Old Katowice Voivodship Pszczyna (German: PleÃ) is a town in southern Poland with 26,827 inhabitants (2003) within the immediate gmina rising to 50,121 inhabitants in the powiat , which includes the town of Pszczyna, itself, BrzeÅºce (1041), CzarkÃ³w (1852), Äwiklice (2569), Jankowice (2591), ÅÄ
Combatants Poland Germany, Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅmigÅy Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total: 1,000,000 56 German divisions, 4 brigades, 33+ Soviet divisions, 11+ brigades, 2...
The battle can be divided into three phases:
- 1 September: Polish defense of the outer positions near the Brzeźce village
- 2 September, morning: Polish defense of the main positions near Pszczyna
- 2 September, afternoon: battles near Ćwiklice
During those two days Polish forces suffered a defeat and were forced to retreat. This defeat forced the Polish High Command to pull back the entire frontline, and cede the territory of Upper Silesia to the Germans. Upper Silesia (Polish: GÃ³rny ÅlÄ
sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: HornÃ Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...
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