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Encyclopedia > Battle of Ourique
Battle of Ourique

"The Miracle of Ourique" by Domingos Sequeira (1793)
Conflict: Reconquista
Date: July 26, 1139
Place: Ourique in Alentejo (southern Portugal)
Outcome: Portuguese victory
Combatants
Portuguese Christian Army Andalusian Muslims of the Almoravides
Commanders
Prince Afonso Henriques Emir Ali ibn Yusuf
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Ourique took place in July 26, 1139, in the countryside outside the town of Ourique, present-day Alentejo (southern Portugal). In this battle, the forces of Portuguese Prince Afonso Henriques (of the House of Burgundy) clashed against the Almoravid Moors lead by Emir Ali ibn Yusuf. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (Disambiguation). ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... Events Alphonso I (Afonso Henriques) becomes first king of Portugal Second Council of the Lateran Births Emperor Konoe of Japan Deaths Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony Categories: 1139 ... Coat of Arms Ourique is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 660. ... Alentejo is a south-central region of Portugal. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... Almoravides (In Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Alfonso I Henriques of Portugal (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25, – 1185), also known as the Conqueror, was the first king of Portugal, declaring his independence from Leon_Castile, a deed often identifying the Condado Portucalense as the first nation_based state of Europe. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... Events Alphonso I (Afonso Henriques) becomes first king of Portugal Second Council of the Lateran Births Emperor Konoe of Japan Deaths Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony Categories: 1139 ... Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. ... Coat of Arms Ourique is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 660. ... Alentejo is a south-central region of Portugal. ... Alfonso I Henriques of Portugal (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25, – 1185), also known as the Conqueror, was the first king of Portugal, declaring his independence from Leon_Castile, a deed often identifying the Condado Portucalense as the first nation_based state of Europe. ... The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... Almoravides (In Arabic المرابطون sing. ... For the terrain type, see: Heath (habitat). ...


Despite the fact that the Christian Portuguese forces were strongly outnumbered, the Muslim armies were weakened by internal leadership problems, and the victory for Afonso Henriques was such that he proclaimed himself King of Portugal as Afonso I with the overwhelming support of his troops, having vanquished and slain, so legend says, five Moorish kings. A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Afonso I of Portugal (English Alphonzo), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques, or also Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25 – Coimbra, 1185 December 6), also known as the Conqueror ( Port. ...


Immediately after the battle, King Afonso I of Portugal called for the first assembly of the estates-general of Portugal at Lamego, where he was given the Crown from the Bishop of Bragança, to confirm the independence from the Kingdom of León and Castile. Lamego is a city in the north of Portugal. ... Crown (headgear) - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Bragança is both a city and a district in north-east Portugal. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ...


Some years later, the idea of a miraculous intervention in the battle by Saint James the Great in favour of the Portuguese sprung up. St. James was widely venerated in Iberia (with a main center of veneration in Santiago de Compostela, in Galicia, where his tomb is supposed to be located), being generally seen as the Matamouros ("Moor-slayer"). In the process of Portuguese independence this legend changed with time, due to the need to make distance with Spanish devotional practices and beliefs. In a first stage St. James was replaced by Saint George, and, in a second stage, by Christ himself. The legend of the miracle of the Battle of Ourique served thus as a political instrument to defend Portuguese independence as divine will. According to many religions, a miracle, derived from the old Latin word miraculum meaning something wonderful, is a striking interposition of divine intervention by God in the universe by which the operations of the ordinary course of Nature are overruled, suspended, or modified. ... For people and places called Saint James, see the diambiguation page. ... topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Santiago de Compostela (2003 pop. ... Motto: Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Galician  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Portuguese  Galician  galego  gallego  galego Statute of Autonomy April... For the terrain type, see: Heath (habitat). ... History of Portugal Series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383-1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Saint George (c. ... Christ is the English representation of the Greek word Χριστός (transliterated as Khristós), which means anointed. ...

Primitive Portuguese Coat-of-Arms
Primitive Portuguese Coat-of-Arms

In commemoration of the Battle of Ourique, it is said that the Portuguese coat-of-arms bears five small shields (representing the five defeated Moorish kings), though this interpretation his chalenged by many authors. Image File history File links Authorization granted by FOTW. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Authorization granted by FOTW. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


See Also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Ourique - definition of Battle of Ourique in Encyclopedia (130 words)
The Battle of Ourique took place in the Ouriquen countryside, present-day Alentejo (southern Portugal) in 1139.
In this battle, the forces of Alphonse-Henriques de Portugal and those of the Moor fought.
The Moors were weakened by internal problems, and the victory for the Christian Alphonse I was such that he proclaimed himself King of Portugal with the overwhelming support of his troops, having vanquished and slain five Moorish kings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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