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Encyclopedia > Battle of Narva (1944)
[[Image:20SSAA-EL.jpg caption= place=Narva / Dünaburg, Estonia date=February 2, 1944July 24, 1944 result=Soviet victory; German tactical victory combatant1=Germany (Large numbers of Foreign Volunteers) combatant2=Soviet Union commander1= Georg von Küchler (Army Group North)
Georg Lindemann (Army Abteilung Narwa)
, Felix Steiner (III SS (Germanic) Panzer Corps),
commander2= L.A. Govorov (Leningrad Front),
Kiril A. Meretskov (Volkhov Front),
strength1=80,000
100 tanks
strength2=250,000
600 tanks
casualties1=35,000
? tanks
casualties2=150,000
400 tanks
{{{caption}}}
Battle of Narva
Conflict {{{conflict}}}
Date {{{date}}}
Place {{{place}}}
Result {{{result}}}
Combatants
{{{combatant1}}} {{{combatant2}}}
Commanders
{{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}}
Strength
{{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}}
Casualties
{{{casualties1}}} {{{casualties2}}}
Soviet-German War
BarbarossaSmolenskUman1st KievTyphoon1st RostovLeningradMoscowSevastopol1st Rzhev-Vyazma2nd Kharkov1st VoronezhStalingradVelikiye LukiUranus2nd Rzhev-SychevkaSaturn3rd KharkovKursk – Belgorod – 4th Kharkov – KorsunNarva – Hube's Pocket – Bagration – 2nd Kiev – Vistula-Oder – BalatonBerlinHalbePrague

The Battle of Narva took place in the first half of 1944. The battle is also known as The Battle of the European SS for the large number of Waffen SS Foreign Volunteers engaged on the German side. The battle was fought on the Eastern Front between the forces of the German Heeresgruppe Nord and the Soviet Volhkov and Leningrad Fronts. Although it was an overall Soviet victory, the small German force managed to hold off a Soviet advance for over several months. Narva (Russian Нарва) is an Estonian city located on the Russian border. ... Daugavpils (Belarusian Дзьвінск Dźvinsk, Russian Двинcк Dvinsk, Lithuanian Daugpilis, German Dünaburg, Polish Dzwinow or Dźwińsk, Yiddish דענענבורג Denenburg), population 115,265 in 2000 census) is the second largest city in Latvia. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Field Marshal Georg von Küchler Georg Karl Friedrich Wilhelm von Küchler (May 30, 1881 _ May 25, 1968) was a German field marshal during World War II. Born in Philippsruhe castle near Hanau, Küchler led the German 18th Army in 1940 in the invasion of neutral Holland... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Felix Martin Julius Steiner (1896 – 1966) General in the SS Promotions Started World War II as SS Oberführer November 9, 1940 promoted SS Brigadeführer and Major-General of the Waffen-SS January 1, 1942 promoted SS Gruppenführer and Leutnant-General of the Waffen-SS July 1, 1943 promoted SS Obergruppenführer... The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Original German plan Operation Barbarossa (Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the German codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II, which commenced on June 22, 1941. ... The Battle of Smolensk (July 10-September 10, 1941) refers to the fierce engagement of the Army Group Centre with the Soviet Army at Smolensk during the Great Patriotic War. ... The Battle of Kiev was a huge encirclement battle in the Ukraine during World War 2. ... Operation Typhoon was the German plan for the drive towards and invasion of Moscow, which was being discussed in late August 1941 by Army Group Center. ... The Battle of Rostov ( 1941) was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought around Rostov-on-Don between the German Army Group South, commanded by General Gerd von Rundstedt and the Soviet South Front commanded by General Yakov Timofeyevich Cherevichenko. ... Siege of Leningrad Conflict World War II Date September 8, 1941 - January 18, 1944 Place Leningrad, USSR Result Soviet victory The Siege of Leningrad (today Saint Petersburg), during World War II, lasted from September 8, 1941, to January 18, 1944. ... The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January 1942, during the Great Patriotic War. ... Battle of Sevastopol Conflict World War II Date 16 November 1941-4 July 1942 Place Crimean Peninsula Result Soviet defeat The siege of Sevastopol was a tactical victory for Germany, and a strategic victory for the Russians. ... Rzhev Battles (Ржевская битва) is a general term for a series of World War II offensives launched during January 8, 1942— March 22, 1943 by Soviet forces in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka and Vyazma against a German salient in the vicinity of Moscow, known as Rzhev meat grinder... The Eastern Front at the time of the Second Battle of Kharkov. ... Battle of Voronezh (1942) Conflict World War II Date June–July 1942 Place Voronezh, Soviet Union Result German victory The Battle of Voronezh was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought in and around the city of Voronezh on the Don in June and July 1942. ... Battle of Stalingrad Conflict World War II Date June 28, 1942 - February 2, 1943 Place Stalingrad, USSR Result Soviet victory The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in World War II, and is considered the bloodiest battle in human history and arguably one of the greatest come-backs... Battle of Velikiye Luki Conflict World War II Date November 1942 – February 1943 Place Velikiye Luki, Pskov Oblast, Russia Result Qualified Soviet victory The Battle of Velikiye Luki between Germany and the Soviet Union occurred in and around the Russian city Velikiye Luki during the winter of 1942-1943. ... During World War II, Operation Uranus was the Soviet counterattack against German forces during the Battle of Stalingrad. ... Operation Mars, or 2nd Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive was a World War II strategic offensive launched in November-December of 1942 by Soviet forces against a German salient in the vicinity of Moscow. ... Soviet advances during Operations Uranus, Mars and Saturn Operation Saturn was a Red Army operation on the Eastern Front of World War II that led to battles in the northern Caucasus and Donets Basin regions of the Soviet Union from December 1942 to February 1943. ... Third Battle of Kharkov Conflict World War II Date February 16–March 15, 1943 Place Kharkov in USSR Result Axis victory The Third Battle of Kharkov was the last major German victory of World War II. Led by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, the Germans retook the city of Kharkov... Battle of Kursk Conflict World War II Date July 4, 1943 – July 22, 1943 Place Kursk, USSR Result Generally considered a strategic German loss The Battle of Kursk was a significant battle on the Eastern Front of World War II. It remains the largest armored engagement of all time, and... Korsun Pocket, also known as the Cherkassy Pocket, was the name of the large pocket of German troops between the towns of Korsun and Cherkassy on the lower Dnepr River in the Southern Ukraine, during World War II. In January of 1944, the encroaching Soviet Red Army executed a pincer... Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket Conflict World War II Date March 25, 1944 – April 15, 1944 Place Kamenets-Podolsky / Tarnopol, USSR Result Soviet Defeat; German Evacuation The Battle of the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hubes Pocket, was a battle on the Eastern Front of World War... Operation Bagration Conflict World War II Date June 22, 1944 - August 19, 1944 Place Belorussia, USSR Result Soviet victory During World War II, Operation Bagration was the general attack by Soviet forces to clear the Nazis from Belarus which resulted in the destruction of the German Army Group Centre, possibly... The Vistula-Oder Offensive was a Red Army operation on the Eastern Front of World War II, that carried the Soviet troops from the Vistula river in Poland to the Oder river deep in Germany, about sixty kilometers from the capital Berlin. ... The Lake Balaton Offensive (codenamed Operation Frühlingserwachen, Spring Awakening), was the last major offensive action by the Germans during World War II. Launched in great secrecy on March 6, 1945, the attack took place in Hungary around the Lake Balaton area, and involved mostly units leftover from the failed Ardennes... Battle of Berlin Conflict World War II Date April 16, 1945 - May 8, 1945 Place Berlin, Germany Result Soviet victory The Battle of Berlin was one of the final battles(1) of the European Theatre of World War II. A massive Soviet army attacked Berlin from the east. ... Battle of Halbe Conflict World War II Date April, 1945 Place Halbe, Germany Result Soviet victory The Battle of Halbe occurred during the last days of April 1945 in the Spree Forest near the village of Halbe, south-east of Berlin. ... The Prague Offensive May 6— May 11, 1945 ( Russian:Пражская наступательная операция, Prazhskaya nastupatelnaya operacia, Prague offensive operation) was the last major battle of the Eastern Front of the World War II. During the battle Prague was liberated, and the troops of Army Group Center that did not surrender after... Waffen-SS recruitment poster; Volunteer to the Waffen-SS The Waffen-SS was the armed wing of the Schutzstaffel. ... Eastern Front usually refers to either Eastern Front (WWI) Eastern Front (WWII) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Soviet redirects here. ...


Oranienbaum Offensive - Retreat to Narva

On February 14, 1944, the Soviet Volkhov and Leningrad Fronts launched operations aimed at forcing the German Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model's Army Group North back from it's positions near Oranienbaum and out of Estonia. The huge force fell on the sector of SS-Obergruppenfüher Felix Steiner's III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps, hitting the area of the 9th and 10th Luftwaffe-Feld-Divisions. The Luftwaffe units crumbled quickly, and soon AG North was falling back to new positions around the Narwa river in Estonia. Steiner's SS Corps brought up the rear, fighting many bloody rearguard actions intil it finall reached the positions on the eastern bank of the Narva. The Narva river provided a natural chokepoint between the Northern end of Lake Peipus and the Baltic. This area was chosen to halt the soviet advance, and the German troops of Armee-Abteilung Narwa began digging in. Walther Model (pronounced modal) (January 24, 1891–April 21, 1945) was a German general, and later a Field Marshal, during World War II. He was noted for his defensive skills, and was nicknamed Hitlers fireman. Model served as an infantry officer in World War I. During the Polish and... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Oranienbaum can refer to: The Russian royal residence of Oranienbaum The former name of the adjacent town of Lomonosov Oranienbaum, a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Felix Martin Julius Steiner (1896 – 1966) General in the SS Promotions Started World War II as SS Oberführer November 9, 1940 promoted SS Brigadeführer and Major-General of the Waffen-SS January 1, 1942 promoted SS Gruppenführer and Leutnant-General of the Waffen-SS July 1, 1943 promoted SS Obergruppenführer... The Luftwaffe (literally, air weapon, pronounced looft-vaaf-feh) is the air force of Germany. ... Lake Peipsi (Estonian: Peipsi järv, Russian: Чудское озеро(Chud Lake), German: Peipus-See) is a large lake, on the border between Estonia and Russia in Eastern Europe. ... Baltic can refer to: The Baltic Sea Council of the Baltic Sea States - an intergovernmental organization Baltic sea countries - countries with access to the Baltic Sea The term Baltic countries is sometimes used more or less synonymously for Northern Europe (Russia not included) The Baltic region (Balticum) Baltic States - the...


Battle of the European SS - Crisis and Recovery

The main brunt of the soviet attack was to fall on Steiner's SS Corps, positioned east of the strategically important town of Narva. Steiner's corps was mostly made up of SS Freiwilligen or volunteer formations. SS men from Scandinavia, Belgium, France, The Netherlands, Hungary, Romania, Italy, Spain and the Baltic States joined German formations in the defense of the river line. Narva (Russian Нарва) is an Estonian city located on the Russian border. ... Scandinavia is the cultural and historic region of the Scandinavian Peninsula. ... Baltic states and the Baltic Sea The Baltic states or the Baltic countries is a term which nowadays refers to three countries in Northern Europe: Estonia Latvia Lithuania Prior to World War II, Finland was sometimes considered, particularly by the Soviet Union, a fourth Baltic state. ...


The Dutchmen of the 4.SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Brigade Nederland and the various nationalities of the 11.SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division Nordland began frantically digging in along the riverbank. On 3 February, a Soviet armoured group penetrated the German line and established a bridgehead on the western bank of the Narva. Kampfverband Waräger Germanische-Freiwilligen-Division SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 11 (Germanische) 11. ...


The Nordland's Panzer Abteilung, named Hermann von Salza assistied by Tiger ace Leutnant Otto Carius and a platoon of four tigers sprung into action. Quickly eliminating the Soviet armour, the Panzers and Tigers then began supporting the SS-Grenadiers as they cleaned out the Soviet infantry. Crisis was averted in the centre, but further north the Soviets successfully established a bridgehead near the town of Ssivertsi. Tiger II, perhaps the most advanced Panzer Panzer is an abbreviation of Panzerkampfwagen, a German compound noun which translates as Armoured Combat Vehicle. It became synonymous with German tanks during the 1930s, and is usually shortened to become PzKpfw. ... First Tiger I tank captured near Tunis The Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. ...


To the South of the city of Narva, in the zone defended by Army Abteilung Narwa, Soviet troops crossed the river and threatened to cut off Steiner's SS Corps and two Heer division sized Kampfgruppes. The German commander ordered Major Willy Jähde's Tiger armed 502.Schwere Panzer Abteilung into action, stabilising the German line for the time being. To strengthen the German defense, the newly formed Estonian 20.Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (Estinsche Nr.1) division was rushed into the line and attached to Steiner's corps. Steiner threw the division into battle on the 20th against the Ssivertsi bridgehead. The Estonians proved themselves capable, and within 9 days the Soviets had been pushed back across the river. The first of many crises for the Germans at Narva had passed. Heer is the German word for army. ...


To the south, however, the ragged remnants of several Infantry divisions quickly collapsed under a fresh Soviet assault. By the 24th the Soviet spearheads had reached the main rail line supplying the Narva area and threatened to encircle Steiner's corps to the North. Despite heavy resistance from the 61.Infanterie-Division, the Soviets pushed onwards. Armee-Abteilung Narwa rushed forces south to halt the soviet advance. The 61st Infanterie and Panzergrenadier Division Feldherrnhalle, supported by Jähde's Tiger Abt counterattacked and in heavy fighting managed to drive the Soviets back to the river. A battalion from the Nordland's 26th SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment Norge was brought south to help shore up the line.


 
 

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