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Encyclopedia > Battle of Murfreesboro III
Battle of Murfreesboro
Conflict American Civil War
Date December 5-7, 1864
Place Murfreesboro, Tennessee
Result Union victory
Combatants
United States of America Confederate States of America
Commanders
Lovell H. Rousseau
Robert Milroy
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Strength
Murfreesboro Garrison (8,000) Forrest's Cavalry Corps (7,000)
Casualties
225 197
Franklin-Nashville Campaign
AllatoonaDecaturJohnsonvilleColumbiaSpring HillFranklin IIMurfreesboro IIINashville

The Battle of Murfreesboro III was a battle of the American Civil War, occurring on December 5-7, 1864 in Rutherford County, Tennessee. The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Murfreesboro is a city located in Rutherford County, Tennessee. ... The Union was a name used by many to refer to the Northern states during the American Civil War. ... The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America, the States, or (archaically) Columbia—is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ... National Motto Deo Vindice ( Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionallyweeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861– May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861– April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3– April 10, 1865fo realllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Largest city New... Nathan Bedford Forrest (July 13, 1821 - October 29, 1877), perhaps the American Civil Wars most highly regarded cavalry officer, and one of the wars most innovative and successful generals, developed tactics that soldiers still study even today. ... Battle of Allatoona Conflict American Civil War Date October 5, 1864 Place Bartow County, Georgia Result Union victory The Battle of Allatoona, also known as Allatoona Pass, was a battle during the American Civil War on October 5, 1864. ... Battle of Decatur Conflict American Civil War Date October 26-29, 1864 Place Decatur, Alabama Morgan County and Limestone County Result Union victory (Confederate forces could not cross the river. ... Battle of Johnsonville Conflict American Civil War Date Novemebr 4-5, 1864 Place Johnsonville, Tennessee Result Confederate victory The Battle of Johnsonville was a battle of the American Civil War, occurring on November 4-5, 1864 in Benton County, Tennessee. ... Battle of Columbia Conflict American Civil War Date November 24-29, 1864 Place Maury County, Tennessee Result Confederate victory The Battle of Columbia was a battle of the American Civil War, occurring on November 24 (24-29), 1864 in Maury County, Tennessee. ... Battle of Franklin II Conflict American Civil War Date November 30, 1864 Place Williamson County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Franklin was a major engagement of the American Civil War fought at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. ... Battle of Nashville Conflict American Civil War Date December 15-16, 1864 Place Davidson County, Tennessee Result Decisive Union victory The Battle of Nashville was a two day battle culminating in large scale fighting in the West of the American Civil War. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Rutherford County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ...


In a last, desperate attempt to force Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s army out of Georgia, Gen. John Bell Hood led the Army of Tennessee north toward Nashville in November 1864. Although he suffered a terrible loss at Franklin, he continued toward Nashville. In operating against Nashville, he decided that destruction of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad and disruption of the Union army supply depot at Murfreesboro would help his cause. He sent Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, on December 4, with an expedition, composed of two cavalry divisions and Maj. Gen. William B. Bate’s infantry division, to Murfreesboro. On December 2, Hood had ordered Bate to destroy the railroad and blockhouses between Murfreesboro and Nashville and join Forrest for further operations; on December 4, Bate’s division attacked Blockhouse No. 7 protecting the railroad crossing at Overall Creek, but Union forces fought it off. On the morning of the 5th, Forrest headed out toward Murfreesboro, splitting his force, one column to attack the fort on the hill and the other to take Blockhouse No. 4, both at La Vergne. Upon his demand for surrender at both locations, the Union garrisons did so. Outside La Vergne, Forrest hooked up with Bate’s division and the command advanced on to Murfreesboro along two roads, driving the Yankees into their Fortress Rosencrans fortifications, and encamped in the city outskirts for the night. The next morning, on the 6th, Forrest ordered Bate’s division to “move upon the enemy’s works.” Fighting flared for a couple of hours, but the Yankees ceased firing and both sides glared at each other for the rest of the day. Brig. Gen. Claudius Sears’s and Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Palmer’s infantry brigades joined Forrest’s command in the evening, further swelling his numbers. On the morning of the 7th, Maj. Gen. Lovell Rousseau, commanding all of the forces at Murfreesboro, sent two brigades out under Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy on the Salem Pike to feel out the enemy. These troops engaged the Confederates and fighting continued. At one point some of Forrest’s troops broke and ran causing disorder in the Rebel ranks; even entreaties from Forrest and Bate did not stem the rout of these units. The rest of Forrest’s command conducted an orderly retreat from the field and encamped for the night outside Murfreesboro. Forrest had destroyed railroad track, blockhouses, and some homes and generally disrupted Union operations in the area, but he did not accomplish much else. The raid on Murfreesboro was a minor irritation.


Sources

  • U.S. National Park Service CWSAC Battle Summaries (http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/bycampgn.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877) (2218 words)
Forrest first distinguished himself in battle at the Battle of Fort Donelson in February 1862, where he led a cavalry charge against a Union artillery battery and captured it, and then led a breakout from a siege by the Union army under Ulysses S. Grant.
Murfreesboro proved to be just the first of many victories Forrest would win; he remained undefeated in battle until the final days of the war, when he faced overwhelming numbers.
After the battle, reports surfaced of captured solders being subjected to brutality, including allegations that they were crucified on tent frames and burnt alive.
97th Ohio Infantry (683 words)
At the battle of Peach Tree Creek it received special compliments for its gallantry from Generals Howard and Newton.
After the fall of Atlanta it followed Hood into Tennessee and participated in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, and joined in the pursuit to the Tennessee river.
Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863.
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