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Encyclopedia > Battle of Mollwitz

The Battle of Mollwitz was a Prussian victory over Austria on April 10, 1741. It was the first battle of the new Prussian king Frederich II. The national name Prussia (in Prussian: Prusa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian Prusai, Latin: Prussia or Borussia) was used by a wide variety of political factions during the 2nd millennium. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... // Events April 10 – Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz December 19 – Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 – Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius William Browning invents mineral water Elizabeth of Russia became czarina. ... Frederick II of Prussia (January 24, 1712–August 17, 1786) was a king of Prussia from the Hohenzollern dynasty, reigning from 1740–86. ...

The Prussian forces advanced on the Austrian line in two sections. The cavalry of the Prussians were attacked first and due to being outnumbered and outclassed, were defeated. This left the Prussian flank open to attack.

Schwerin, the Prussian military commander, now advised Frederick II to leave the battlefield, and the King heeded this warning. Despite this, the infantry stayed at the site of the battle and ended up defeating the Austrians.

The victory was actually the responsibility of Field Marshal Schwerin. The Prussian king had fled from the battlefield when the Austrians seemed to be winning. Kurt Christoph, Graf von Schwerin (26 October 1684 - 6 May 1757) was a Prussian generalfeldmarschall, one of the leading commanders under Frederick the Great. ...

This battle resulted in the claiming of Silesia, from Maria Theresa, for Prussia.

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  Results from FactBites:
Battle of Mollwitz Information (1008 words)
The Battle of Mollwitz was a Prussian battle with Austria on April 10, 1741.
It was the first battle of the new Prussian King Frederick II, in which both sides made numerous military blunders but Frederick the Great still managed to attain victory.
The Prussian infantry soon engaged the Austrian battle line and since they were some of the most well-drilled infantry of the period, were able to fire 4-5 shots a minute with their flintlock muskets, seriously outgunning their opponents.
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