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Encyclopedia > Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC)
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The Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) was fought between Egyptian forces under the command of the pharaoh Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh. It is the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as reliable detail. (16th century BC - 15th century BC - 14th century BC - other centuries) (1500s BC - 1490s BC - 1480s BC - 1470s BC - 1460s BC - 1450s BC - 1440s BC - 1430s BC - 1420s BC - 1410s BC - 1400s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 1504 BC - 1492 BC -- Egypt... Jump to: navigation, search Pharaoh (Hebrew פַּרְעֹה (without niqqud: פרעה), Standard Hebrew Parʿo, Tiberian Hebrew Parʿōh, Arabic فرعون) is a title used to refer to the kings (of godly status) in ancient Egypt. ... Jump to: navigation, search nomen or birth name Granite statue of Pharaoh Thutmose III Menkheperre Thutmose III (also written as Tuthmosis III; called Manahpi(r)ya in the Amarna letters) (d. ... Canaan or Knáan (Arabic کنعان, Kanʻān, Hebrew כְּנַעַן / כְּנָעַן, Kənáʻan / Kənāʻan; Septuagint Greek Χανααν, Khanaan) is an ancient term for a region roughly corresponding to present-day Israel, the West Bank, western Jordan, southern and coastal Syria and Lebanon continuing up until the border of modern Turkey. ... Kadesh (the most popular spelling; more accurately Qadesh) is a Canaanite city located on the Orontes River, about 24 km southwest of Hims (ca. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Battle of Waterloo by William Sadler. ...


Various precise dates have been suggested for the battle. The date most favored by Egyptologists is 1457 BC (according to the accepted Middle Chronology), although many other publications place the battle in 1482 BC, 1479 BC, or 1469 BC. Centuries: 16th century BC - 15th century BC - 14th century BC Decades: 1500s BC 1490s BC 1480s BC 1470s BC 1460s BC - 1450s BC - 1440s BC 1430s BC 1420s BC 1410s BC 1400s BC Events and Trends According to some, 1456 BC was the year that Moses lead the Exodus of... The Chronology of the Ancient Orient deals with the notoriously difficult task of assigning years of the Common Era to various events, rulers and dynasties of the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. The chronology of this region is based on five sets of primary materials. ... Centuries: 16th century BC - 15th century BC - 14th century BC Decades: 1530s BC 1520s BC 1510s BC 1500s BC 1490s BC - 1480s BC - 1470s BC 1460s BC 1450s BC 1440s BC 1430s BC Events and Trends 1487 BC - Amphictyon, son of Deucalion and Pyrrha and legendary King of Athens dies... Centuries: 16th century BC - 15th century BC - 14th century BC Decades: 1520s BC 1510s BC 1500s BC 1490s BC 1480s BC - 1470s BC - 1460s BC 1450s BC 1440s BC 1430s BC 1420s BC Events and Trends Significant People Hatshepsut of Egypt starts her rule Categories: 1470s BC ... Centuries: 16th century BC - 15th century BC - 14th century BC Decades: 1510s BC 1500s BC 1490s BC 1480s BC 1470s BC - 1460s BC - 1450s BC 1440s BC 1430s BC 1420s BC 1410s BC Events and Trends In the Battle of Megiddo, Egypt defeats Canaan (1469 BC) The Kassites overran Babylonia...


The Battle of Megiddo was an Egyptian victory and resulted in a rout of the Canaanite forces, which fled to safety in the city of Megiddo. Their action resulted in the subsequent lengthy Siege of Megiddo. The site of ancient Megiddo Megiddo מגידו is a hill in Israel near the modern settlement of Megiddo, known for theological, historical and geographical reasons. ...


All details of the battle come from Egyptian sources -- primarily the hieroglyphic writings on the Hall of Annals in the Temple of Amun at Karnak, Thebes (now Luxor), by the military scribe Tjaneni. Jump to: navigation, search Hieroglyphs on an Egyptian funerary stela Hieroglyphs at the Memphis museum with Ramses II statue on the back. ... Jump to: navigation, search Obelisk at Karnak temple El-Karnak is a small village in Egypt, located on the banks of the River Nile some 2. ... Jump to: navigation, search Thebes [Θηβαι Thēbai] is the Greek designation of ancient Egyptian niwt (The) City and niwt-rst (The) Southern City. It is located about 800 km south of the Mediterranean, on the east bank of the Nile. ... The River Nile at Luxor Street market in Luxor See also the Luxor Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA Luxor is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt. ...

Contents


Canaanite revolt

At the end of the reign of the Egyptian queen-regent Hatshepsut, local rulers in the vicinity of modern-day Syria chose that time to try and throw off Egyptian influence. strategic location dominated by its hill fortress, Megiddo was the site of many battles in history, and so it was at this time. Jump to: navigation, search A statue of Hatshepsut commissioned without the false beard. ... Battle of Megiddo refers to one of three major battles fought near the ancient site of Megiddo in the Jezreel Valley of northern Israel. ...


Egyptian campaign

Thutmose III gathered an army chariots and infantry that numbered as much as 10,000 men. This high number is consistent with the length of the line-of-march described, which was apparently several kilometers long. Jump to: navigation, search nomen or birth name Granite statue of Pharaoh Thutmose III Menkheperre Thutmose III (also written as Tuthmosis III; called Manahpi(r)ya in the Amarna letters) (d. ... Jump to: navigation, search Chariot was the name of a WW2 naval weapon, the British manned torpedo. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The army assembled at its border fortress Tjaru (called Sile in Greek) and arrived 10 days later into the Egyptian-loyal city of Gaza. After one day's rest it left for the far city of Yehem, which was reached after 11 days. Here the Pharaoh sent scouts to investigate the area. To continue north, they must pass the Mount Carmel ridge. Behind it the city and fortress of Megiddo lay, where the revolting forces had assembled. Sile is a small town just outside the city of Istanbul, Turkey. ... The city of Gaza is the principal city in the Gaza Strip. ... Mount Carmel is the name of several places in the world: Mount Carmel, Israel Mount Carmel, Newfoundland, Canada Mount Carmel, Illinois, United States of America Mount Carmel, Tennessee, United States of America (See also Carmel. ...


There were three possible routes from Yehem to Megiddo. Both the northern route, via Zefti, and southern route, via Taanach, gave safe access to the Jezreel Valley. The middle route, via Aruna, was risky; it followed a narrow ravine, and the troops could only travel single-file. If the enemy waited at the end of the ravine, the Pharaoh's soldiers would be cut-down piecemeal. The army leaders pleaded therefore to take either of the two easier roads around the steeper area. Instead, with information from the scouts, Thutmose III decided to take the direct path to Megiddo. Jump to: navigation, search The Jezreel Valley (Hebrew: עמק יזרעאל; Emek Yizrael, also known as the Plain of Esdraelon) is a large plain and inland valley in the north of Israel. ... In Hittite mythology, the son of Kamrusepa and the god of the sea. ...


Thutmose himself led his men on a forced-march to Aruna. The city was lightly guarded by the enemy; the Pharaoh led a quick assault that scattered the rebels. His army then continued and entered the valley unopposed. The rebels had left large infantry detachments guarding the two more likely paths, and all but ignored the middle path. Now the Egyptian army had a clear path to Megiddo, and large parts of rebel army were far away to the north and south.


Battle and siege

The Pharaoh recognized the opportunity. He set up camp and, during the night, arrayed his forces close to the enemy. The next morning they attacked. The rebels were on high ground adjacent to the fortress. The Egyptian line was arranged in a concave formation that threatened both rebel flanks. The Pharaoh led the attack from the center. The combination of position and numbers, along with an early, bold attack, broke the enemy's will; their line immediately collapsed. Those near the city fled into it, closing the gates behind them.


The Egyptian soldiers fell to plundering the enemy's camp. Unfortunately, during this confusion, the scattered rebel forces, including the kings of Kadesh and Megiddo, were able to rejoin the defenders inside the city. Those inside lowered clothing to the men and chariots and actually pulled them up over the walls. Thus the opportunity of a quick capture of the city following the battle was lost.


The Egyptians besieged the city. They sent forces throughout the rebel lands; these all readily recognized the sovereignty of Egypt. Still, the city held out for some time -- as much as seven months by some estimates.


The victorious army took home 340 prisoners, 2041 mares, 191 foals, 6 stallions, 924 chariots, 200 suits of armor, 502 bows, 1929 cattle, 22,500 sheep, and the royal armor, chariot and tent-poles of the King of Megiddo. The city and citizens of Megiddo were spared.


Results

Egypt's realm was expanded by this campaign. Thutmose III required from the defeated kings that they each delegate a son to the Egyptian court. There, they received an Egyptian education. Later, when they returned to their homelands, hopefully they would govern with Egyptian sympathies. This idea was successful.


However, the victory at Megiddo was only the beginning of the pacification of Palestine and Syria. Only after several further campaigns, conducted almost annually, was the unrest cooled.


References

  • Schlacht bei Megiddo from the German-language Wikipedia. Retrieved February 21, 2005.
  • Donald B Redford, Wars in Syria and Palestine of Thutmose III, 2003, Publisher: E J Brill. ISBN 9004129898
  • Richard Ernest Dupuy, Trevor N. Dupuy, The encyclopedia of military history from 3500 B.C. to the present, 1993, Publisher: Harper & Row. ISBN 0060111399

External links

  • An Egyptian account of the Battle of Megiddo
  • A modern description of the Battle of Megiddo
  • Thutmosis III - The Napoleon of Ancient Egypt (in German)
  • The Battle of Megiddo by Troy Fox

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) (994 words)
The Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) was fought between Egyptian forces under the command of pharaoh Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh.
The Battle of Megiddo was an Egyptian victory and resulted in a rout of the Canaanite forces, which fled to safety in the city of Megiddo.
Megiddo is the first battle of which there is a detailed historical account.
Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC: Encyclopedia - Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC (1227 words)
Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC: Encyclopedia - Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC The Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) was fought between Egyptian forces under the command of the pharaoh Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh.
Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC - Canaanite revolt
Battle of Megiddo 15th century BC - Battle and siege
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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