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Encyclopedia > Battle of Malplaquet
Battle of Malplaquet

Conflict: War of the Spanish Succession
Date: September 11, 1709
Location: Malplaquet, present day France
Outcome: Indecisive
Combatants
Britain
Austria
France
Commanders
Duke of Marlborough
Eugene of Savoy
Claude de Villars
Louis Boufflers
Strength
90,000 90,000
Casualties
20,000 dead or wounded 10,000 dead or wounded
War of the Spanish Succession
Cremona – Luzzara – Friedlingen – Vigo BayBlenheimRamilliesTurinAlmansa – Villaviciosa – OudenardeMalplaquetDenain

The Battle of Malplaquet was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on September 11, 1709 between France and a BritishAustrian alliance (known as the Allies). Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in his Garter robes The Most Noble John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (May 26, 1650 – June 16, 1722), in full The Most Noble Captain-General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Marlborough, Baron Churchill of Sandridge, Lord Churchill of Eyemouth, KG... Prince Eugen von Savoyen in a contemporary painting François-Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan, known as Prinz Eugen von Savoyen in German (October 16, 1663 – April 24, 1736) was a noted general. ... Marshal Villars of France. ... Louis François, duc de Boufflers, comte de Cagny (January 10, 1644 - August 22, 1711) was a Marshal of France. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... The Battle of Cremona was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on February 1, 1702 between France and Austria. ... The Battle of Vigo Bay, 23 October 1702 by Ludolf Bakhuizen, painted c. ... The Battle of Blenheim was a major battle in the War of the Spanish Succession, August 13, 1704. ... The Battle of Ramillies was a major battle in the War of Spanish Succession, May 23, 1706. ... The Battle of Turin took place on 7 September 1706 west of the city of Turin during the War of the Spanish Succession. ... The Battle of Almansa, part of the War of the Spanish Succession, took place in 1707. ... The Battle of Oudenarde (or Audenaarde) was a key battle in the War of the Spanish Succession. ... The Battle of Denain was fought on July 24, French victory under General Villars against Austrian and Dutch forces under Prince Eugene. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ...


The Dutch-British army (the Dutch forming the vast majority of the troops) and Austrians were led by the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugène of Savoy, while the French were commanded by Marshal Villars and Marshal Boufflers. Each side had about 90,000 troops, and were encamped within cannon range of each other near the Belgian border. The Austrians attacked at 9am, pushing the French back into the forest behind them. The Dutch broke off to attack the French right flank and succeeded with heavy casualties to distract Boufflers enough so that he could not come to Villars' aid. John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in his Garter robes The Most Noble John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (May 26, 1650 – June 16, 1722), in full The Most Noble Captain-General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Marlborough, Baron Churchill of Sandridge, Lord Churchill of Eyemouth, KG... Prince Eugen von Savoyen in a contemporary painting François-Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan, known as Prinz Eugen von Savoyen in German (October 16, 1663 – April 24, 1736) was a noted general. ... Marshal Villars of France. ... Louis François, duc de Boufflers, comte de Cagny (January 10, 1644 - August 22, 1711) was a Marshal of France. ...


Villars was able to regroup his forces, but Marlborough and Eugène attacked again and forced Villars to retreat by 3pm. The Allies had suffered so many casualties in their attack that they could not pursue him. By this time they had lost 20,000 men, twice as many as the French. It was the bloodiest battle of the war, and prevented the Allies from moving on towards Paris. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Malplaquet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (262 words)
The Battle of Malplaquet was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place on September 11, 1709 between France and a British–Austrian alliance (known as the Allies).
The British and Austrians were led by the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugène of Savoy, with a contingent of Dutch troops, while the French were commanded by Marshal Villars and Marshal Boufflers.
It was the bloodiest battle of the war, and prevented the Allies from moving on towards Paris.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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