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Encyclopedia > Battle of Lesnaya
Battle of Lesnaya
Part of the Great Northern War
Battle of Lesnaya by Jean-Marc Nattier, 1717
Battle of Lesnaya by Jean-Marc Nattier, painted 1717
Date September 28, 1708
Location Lesnaya, border between Poland and Russia
Result Russian victory [1]
Combatants
Sweden Russia
Commanders
General Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt Tsar Peter the Great
Strength
12,500 5000 infantry, 7000 cavalry. 5000 cavalry arrived at the end of the battle
Casualties
1,000 killed and 5000 wounded[2]
700 and supply wagons captured
1,111 killed; 2,856 wounded

The Battle of Lesnaya was one of the decisive battles of the Great Northern War. It took place on September 28, 1708 between a Russian army of 17,000 (14,500 by Swedish sources) men commanded by Princes Repnin and Menshikov and a Swedish force of 12,500 (12,000 by Swedish sources) men, under the command of General Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt, at the village of Lesnaya, located on the border between Poland and Russia (now the village of Lisna, Belarus). Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Saxony after 1718 Prussia Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Frederick IV of Denmark Augustus II the Strong Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (950 × 734 pixel, file size: 168 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Battle of Lesnaya, Jean-Marc Nattier, 1717 The Battle of Lesnaya was one of the decisive battles of the Great Northern War. ... Battle of Lesnaya by Jean-Marc Nattier, 1717 Thalia Jean-Marc Nattier (1685 - 1766), French painter, was born in Paris, the son of Marc Nattier, a portrait painter, and of Marie Courtois, a miniaturist. ... // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt (April 1659 - February 12, 1719) was a Swedish general. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his... Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Saxony after 1718 Prussia Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Frederick IV of Denmark Augustus II the Strong Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ... Combatants Sweden Russia Commanders Charles XII Charles Eugène de Croÿ Strength 10,640 about 37,000 Casualties 667 killed 15,000 killed or drowned 12,000 captured For other Battles of Narva, see Battle of Narva (disambiguation). ... Combatants Sweden Saxony/Russia Commanders Charles XII August II Adam Heinrich von Steinau Strength 7,000 in the first wave of attack Russians 10,000 Saxons 9,000 Casualties 100 wounded - 400 KIA 2,000 KIA The Crossing of the Daugava on July 9, 1701 was the Swedish push into... Combatants Sweden  Russia Commanders von Schlippenbach Boris Sheremetev Strength 2,200 12,000 Casualties 700 KIA - 350 captured 3,000 KIA The battle of Erastfer (also Battle of Erastvere) took place on December 30, 1701 near Erastvere in eastern Livonia (present-day Estonia) between a Russian force of 12,000... Combatants Sweden Poland,Saxony Commanders Charles XII August II the Strong Strength 20 000, 20 000, Casualties 1000 2000 {{{notes}}} Battle of Kliszów took place on July 19 1702 in MaÅ‚opolska during Great Northern War. ... Combatants Sweden Saxony Commanders Charles XII Adam Heinrich von Steinau Strength 3000 3500 Casualties 18 dead 200 dead 800 captured The Battle of PuÅ‚tusk took place on April 21, 1703 in PuÅ‚tusk during Great Northern War. ... Combatants Sweden Russia Commanders Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt unknown Strength 6,000 15,000 Casualties 52 killed, 187 wounded unknown Battle of Jakobstadt was a battle in the Great Nordic War. ... Combatants Sweden Saxony Commanders Charles XII Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg Strength 3,000 men 4,000 men Casualties 300 killed, wounded or captured 500 killed, wounded or captured 1 gun The Battle of Punitz took place on October 28, 1704 in Punitz (present day Poland) during the Great Northern... Combatants Sweden Russia Commanders Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt Boris Sheremetyev Strength about 5,500-7 000 at least 10,000 Casualties 800 killed, 1000 wounded 2000-6000 killed The Battle of Gemäuerthof was a battle in the Great Nordic War. ... The battle of Fraustadt was fought on February 3, 1706 between Swedish and Russians. ... Combatants Sweden  Saxony  Russia Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Commanders Arvid Axel Mardefelt Augustus II the Strong Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov Strength 4,300 35,000 - 40,000 Casualties 700 killed 1,800 captured  ? The Battle of Kalisz took place on October 29, 1706 in Kalisz, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Great Northern... The Battle of Holowczyn was fought between the Russian army, led by Field Marshal Sheremetyev, and the Swedish army, led by Charles XII of Sweden. ... Combatants Sweden Russia Commanders Carl Gustaf Roos Michail Golitsyn Strength about 4,800 5 batalions Casualties 260 killed 750 wounded 1,500 killed 2000 wounded The Battle of Malatitze took place on August 31, 1708 in Malatitze (present day Belarus near the Russian border) during the Great Northern War. ... Combatants Swedish Empire Russian Empire Commanders Carl Gustaf Rehnskiöld # Peter the Great Strength 17,000 troops attacking, 7,000 besieging Poltava, 45,000 troops, 130 cannons (about 100 participated in the battle) 3,000 Kalmyks arrived at the end of battle Casualties 6,900 killed, wounded or missing 2760... Combatants Sweden Denmark Commanders Magnus Stenbock Jørgen Rantzau Strength 14,000 14,000 Casualties 800 dead, 2,000 wounded 5,000 dead 2,500 captured In the Battle of Helsingborg (February 28, 1710) 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau was decisively defeated by an equally large Swedish... The Battle of Gadebusch was Swedens final great victory in the Great Northern War. ... Combatants Sweden Russia Commanders Carl Gustaf Armfeldt Mikhail Golitsyn Strength 4,500 9,000 Casualties 1,600 dead 900 wounded 1,800-2,000 dead or wounded The battle of Storkyro was fought on February 19, 1714 near the village Napue, Finland between a Swedish and a Russian army, as... The naval Battle of Gangut took place on July 27, 1714 during the Great Northern War, in the waters north of the Hanko Peninsula, near the site of the modern-day city of Hanko, Finland, between the Swedish Navy and Imperial Russian Navy. ... Combatants Denmark Prussia Sweden Commanders Frederick IV Frederick William III Charles XII Strength 36,000 soldiers Unknown Casualties Unknown Charles XII was wounded. ... The naval Battle of Dynekilen took place on 8 July 1716 during the Great Northern War, when a light Danish-Norwegian force under Tordenskjold trapped and defeated a similar Swedish force in Dynekilen fjord (just north of Strömstad), on the west coast of Sweden. ... This battle took place 4 June 1719, during the Great Northern War. ... Combatants Sweden Russia Commanders Frederick of Hessen-Kassel Carl Gustaf Dücker Rutger Fuchs Count Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin Strength about 1,200 3,000 Casualties 100 killed or wounded about 500 killed or wounded The Battle of Stäket was a minor battle during the Great Northern War. ... The Battle of Grengam of 1720 was a major battle in the Great Northern War that marked the end of Swedish supremacy in the Baltic waters. ... Combatants Sweden Ottoman Empire (1710–1714) Ukrainian Cossacks Russia Denmark-Norway Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Saxony after 1718 Prussia Hanover Commanders Charles XII of Sweden Ahmed III Ivan Mazepa Peter the Great Frederick IV of Denmark Augustus II the Strong Strength 77,000 in the beginning of the war. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Field-Marshal Anikita I. Repnin Prince Anikita Ivanovich Repnin (1668 — 3 July 1726, Riga) was a prominent Russian general during the Great Northern War who superintended the taking of Riga in 1710 and served as the Governor of Livland from 1719 until his death. ... Menshikov in Exile Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov (Александр Данилович Меншиков) (1673 – 1729) was a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimo, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Izhora. ... Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt (April 1659 - February 12, 1719) was a Swedish general. ...

Contents

Background

Early Swedish victories at Copenhagen and at the Battle of Narva in 1702 knocked both Denmark and Russia temporarily out of the war. However, Charles was unable to bring the war to a conclusion, and it would be eight years before he dealt with the remaining combatant Charles Augustus of Saxony-Poland. During this time Peter rebuilt his army into modern form, basing it primarily on infantry trained to properly use linear tactics and modern firearms. He then achieved a stunning propaganda victory in Livonia, where he established the city of Saint Petersburg. Incensed, Charles ordered a fatal attack on the Russian heartland with an assault on Moscow from his campaign base in Poland. Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... Baltic Tribes, ca 1200 CE This article is about the region in Europe. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...


Lewenhaupt, one of Sweden's foremost generals, was the commander of one of Sweden's best armies, based at the Baltic Sea port of Riga. In the summer of 1708, King Charles XII of Sweden ordered him to march southward with most of his force and link up with Charles main army of 25,000 men, based in Poland. Lewenhaupt was to bring a fresh supply of ammunition and food to support the Swedish army in a proposed march on the Russian capital of Moscow. For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... Charles XII redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...


However, Lewenhaupt found that gathering the needed supplies and preparing the army for an overland march took longer than expected, and on September 15, after waiting for Lewenhaupt for weeks, Charles XII abandoned his camps and decided to invade the Ukraine, hoping to reach that rich granary before winter. At the time, Lewenhaupt was only about 80 miles from Charles' position. is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Russians observed these movements and Peter decided the time was ripe to attack Lewenhaupt's smaller force before it could be supported by Charles. He and Menshikov moved quickly to intercept the Swedish force and prevented it from crossing the Sozh River to safety. Lewenhaupt was not fazed; no Swedish army had yet been defeated by the Russians in eight years of war. He moved to fight Peter's army. River that stretches across the territories of Russia and Belarus. ...


Battle

The battle itself was closely contested and both forces suffered heavy casualties. Late in the day, a snowstorm, something rare for September even in Russia, kicked up. The Swedes, unaccustomed to fighting in the snow, became disorganized and Lewenhaupt ordered his men to retreat, while burning the much-needed supply wagons behind them. Menshikov now ordered his cavalry to attack one more time, and routed the Swedes. Kalmyks and Cossacks then completed the Russian victory by taking hundreds of prisoners. The Republic of Kalmykia (Russian: Респу́блика Калмы́кия; Kalmyk: Хальм Тангч) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... For other uses, see Cossack (disambiguation). ...


Results

The Swedes lost 6,307 men in the battle, more than half of them prisoners. Russian casualties totaled 1,111 killed and 2,856 wounded, about one-third of those engaged.


Lewenhaupt decided to rejoin Charles with all speed, so he abandoned the cannon, the cattle and most of the food, driving the soldiers to mutiny. Stealing all of the alcohol, the soldiers became drunk, and Lewenhaupt was forced to leave about 1,000 men drunk in the woods. By the time they finally reached Charles and the main force on October 8, no supplies and only 6,000 men remained, only increasing his problem of feeding the army. Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) are legally obliged to obey. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The greatest significance of the Russian victory at Lesnaya was that it convinced the Russian soldiers that they could defeat even Sweden's best soldiers. This newfound confidence served them well in the 1709 campaign in which Peter destroyed Charles' main Swedish army. Peter referred to Lesnaya as "the mother of the Battle of Poltava." // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Combatants Swedish Empire Russian Empire Commanders Carl Gustaf Rehnskiöld # Peter the Great Strength 17,000 troops attacking, 7,000 besieging Poltava, 45,000 troops, 130 cannons (about 100 participated in the battle) 3,000 Kalmyks arrived at the end of battle Casualties 6,900 killed, wounded or missing 2760...


Note

Sweden had its own calendar between 1700 and 1712, so in the Swedish calendar the battle of Lesnaya took place on September 29, 1708. is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J...


References

  1. ^ Swedish historians and sources claims it was a draw or a Swedish victory.
  2. ^ "Сто великий битв", М. "Вече", 2002

Literature

Links

  • Description of the battle at www.historyofwar.org (English)
  • Battle of Lesnaya at Hronos.km.ru (Russian)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Lesnaya (456 words)
The Battle of Lesnaya was one of the decisive battles of the Great Northern War.
Lewenhaupt, one of Sweden's foremost generals, was the commander of one of Sweden's best armies, based at the Baltic Sea port of Riga.
The battle itself was closely contested and both forces suffered heavy casualties.
Event Tourism | Могилёвский областной исполнительный комитет (632 words)
The battle near the Village of Lesnaya (September 28 1708) was called the mother of the Battle of Poltava, where the Russians beat Swedes.
Two centuries after the battle in 1908 they erected a memorial at the former battlefield: Apostle Peter’s Chapel and the statue of a Russian eagle with the Swedish banner in his claws.
The field on the outskirts of the village of Buinichi near Mogilev was the place where a group of peasant rebels and Cossacks joined in a battle with the 18,000-strong cavalry army of the Great Duchy of Lithuania.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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