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Encyclopedia > Battle of Krojanty
Battle of Krojanty
18th Pomeranian Uhlans Regiment
18th Pomeranian Uhlans Regiment
Conflict: Polish Defence War of 1939
Date: September 1, 1939
Place: near the village of Krojanty, Pomerania
Result: Polish victory
Combatants
Poland Germany
Commanders
Kazimierz Mastalerz† Mauritz von Wiktorin
Strength
~250 ~800
Casualties
29 KIA, ~50 WIA  ?
World War II: Polish Defensive War of 1939
Westerplatte - Krojanty - Mława - Mokra - Gdańsk Bay - Mikołów - Pszczyna - Węgierska Górka - Jordanów - Tuchola Forest - Łódź - Borowa Góra - Piotrków - Tomaszów - Różan - Radom - Łomża - Wola Cyrusowa - Hel - Wizna - Gdynia - Iłża - Warsaw - Bzura - Jarosław - Modlin - Kałuszyn - Węgrów - Lwów - Kobryń - Brześć - Kępa Oksywska - Tomaszów Lubelski - Kampinos Forest - Janów Lubelski, Wereszyca and Hołosko - Krasnystaw - Grodno - Cześniki - Krasnobród - Władypol - Szack - Wytyczno - Parczew - Kock

The Battle of Krojanty was part of the Polish September Campaign of the Second World War. The battle took place near the village of Krojanty in Pomerania (7 kilometres from the town of Chojnice) on September 1, 1939. It was one of the first battles of the war. Elements of Polish 18th Uhlans Regiment successfully attacked a German infantry battalion and delayed the German attack thus completing their mission. After the attack the cavalry got under machine gun fire of German Armoured personnel carriers stationed nearby and was forced to retreat. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Polish Defence War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign (alternatively refered to as the German plan Fall Weiss) refers to the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany and the... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers... KIA is a three-letter abbreviation for killed in action, a term often used in military histories and narratives to count the number of casualties in a conflict, or the status of an individual. ... WIA is a three letter abbreviation meaning wounded in action. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... Schleswig-Holstein shelling Polish Westerplatte Westerplatte is a peninsula in GdaÅ„sk (German:Danzig), at an estuary of the Dead Vistula (one of the Vistula delta estuaries), in the GdaÅ„sk harbour channel. ... The Battle of Mława, otherwise known as the Defence of the Mława position, took place to the north of the town of Mława in northern Poland between September 1 and September 3, 1939. ... The Battle of Mokra took place on September 1, 1939 near the village of Mokra in Silesia, Poland. ... Battle of the GdaÅ„sk Bay took place on September 1, 1939, shortly after the outbreak of the Polish Defensive War. ... In the history of warfare there were several battles fought in the vicinity of the city of Łódź: Battle of Łódź (1914) during World War I Battle of Łódź (1939) during Polish Defence War of 1939 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise... Battle of Wizna Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 7-September 10, 1939 Place Wizna near Poland Result unconcluded Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 6 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial... Battle of Warsaw Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date 8 to September 28, 1939 Place Warsaw, Poland Result Polish defeat The 1939 Battle of Warsaw was fought between the Polish Warsaw Army (Armia Warszawa) garrisoned and entrenched in the capital of Poland (Warsaw) and the German Army. ... Battle of Bzura (also known as Battle of Kutno) took place during the Second World War, Polish September Campaign between 9 September 1939 and 19 September1, 1939 and was fought between Polish and German Nazi forces. ... Battle of Modlin Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 13 to September 29, 1939 Place Modlin village, Modlin Fortress Result Polish capitulation During the Polish September Campaign at the beginning of the Second World War, Modlin Fortress was a headquarters of the Modlin Army until it retreated eastwards. ... The Battle of Lwów (sometimes called the Siege of Lwów) was a battle for the control over the Polish city of Lwów between the Polish Army and the invading Wehrmacht and the Red Army. ... Battle of Kobryń Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Kobryń Result unconcluded Battle of Kobryń was one of the battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... Battle of Brześć Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Fortress of Brześć Result unconcluded Battle of Brześć Litewski (otherwise known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle that took place... Battle of Tomaszów Lubelski took place from 17th September to 26th September 1939 near the town of Tomaszów Lubelski. ... The term Battle of Grodno might refer to two battles fought in the vicinity of the city of Grodno (now Hrodna, Belarus): Battle of Grodno (1920) (September 20-September 23), part of the Battle of the Niemen River, between Poland and Bolshevist Russia, during the Polish-Bolshevik War Battle of... Battle of Szack Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 28, 1939 Place Szack, Poland Result Polish victory Battle of Szack was one of the major battles between the Polish Army and the Red Army fought during the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... The Battle of Kock was the final battle of the Polish September Campaign at the beginning of World War II. It took place from October 2nd through October 5th, 1939, near the town of Kock, Poland. ... The Polish September Campaign — also known as Polish-German War of 1939, in Poland often as Wojna obronna 1939 roku (Defensive War of 1939), in Germany as Polish Campaign (Polenfeldzug), codenamed Fall Weiss (Case White) in the German General Staff — was the invasion of Poland by the armies of Nazi... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Battle of Waterloo by William Sadler. ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers... Chojnice is a town in northern Poland with 40,600 inhabitants (2000), near famous Tuchola Forests, Lake Charzykowskie and many other water reservoirs. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Uhlan dressed in the characteristic czapka. ... In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... The M113, one of the most common APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ...

Contents


Before the battle

Polish units were engaged in battle from 0500 against elements of German 76th Infantry Regiment of 20th Motorised Division under Lt.Gen. Mauritz von Wiktorin, which operated on the left (northern) flank of XIX Panzer Corps under Gen. Heinz Guderian. Early in the battle Polish cavalry had intercepted German infantry moving towards Gdansk and successfully stopped their progress. PzKpfw V-D, a Panther tank   Panzer? is German for armour. ... General Heinz Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 - 14 May 1954) was a military theorist and General of the German Army during the Second World War. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1 035 000 1761/km² Founded...


At 0800 the Germans broke through Polish Border Guard units south of the Polish cavalry, which forced the Polish units in the area to start a retreat towards a secondary defence line at the Brda river. 18th Pomeranian Uhlans Regiment (18. Pułk Ułanów Pomorskich) was ordered to cover the retreat. Border Guard (Polish Straż Graniczna, SG) is a Polish military unit tasked with patrol of the Polish border. ... Brda (German: Brahe) is a river in north-western Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river (near Bydgoszcz), with a length of 238 kilometres (15th longest) and the basin area of 4,627 sq. ...


The battle of Krojanty

During the action the Polish cavalry units met a large group of German infantry resting in a woods near the village of Krojanty. Colonel Mastalerz decided to take the enemy by surprise and immediately ordered a cavalry charge, a tactic the Polish cavalry did not use as their main weapon. Volunteer Representative Squadron of City of Poznań in uniforms of 15th Poznań Uhlans Regiment Polish Cavalry (Polish kawaleria) can trace its origins back to the days of Mediæval mounted knights. ... Volunteer Representative Squadron of City of Poznań in uniforms of 15th Poznań Uhlans Regiment Polish Cavalry (Polish kawaleria) can trace its origins back to the days of Mediæval mounted knights. ...


The charge was successful: the German infantry unit was dispersed, and the Poles occupied the woods. Moreover, the German advance was stopped for enough time to allow the withdrawal of Polish 1st Rifle battalion and National Defence battalion Czersk from the area of Chojnice. However, the sounds of the battle notified the crews of the APCs stationed nearby, and soon the Polish unit came under heavy machine gun fire. In military science, defense (or defence) is the art of preventing an enemy from conquering territory; usually via fortifications. ... Chojnice is a town in northern Poland with 40,600 inhabitants (2000), near famous Tuchola Forests, Lake Charzykowskie and many other water reservoirs. ... The M113, one of the most common APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


According to Heinz Guderian's memoirs, the Polish cavalry charge impressed the Germans and caused a widespread panic among the soldiers and the staff of German 20th Motorised Infantry Division, which delayed their offensive and forced them to consider a tactical retreat. This was however prevented by personal intervention of Gen. Guderian. General Heinz Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 - 14 May 1954) was a military theorist and General of the German Army during the Second World War. ...


Aftermath and the myth

The Polish cavalry charge stopped the German pursuit and the units of Czersk Operational Group were able to withdraw southwards unopposed. Also, it took the enemy several hours to reorganise and continue the advance. On September 2, 1939, the 18th Pomeranian Uhlans Regiment was decorated by Gen. Grzmot-Skotnicki, the commander of the Operational Group, with his own Virtuti Militari medal for valour shown in this combat. Operational Group (Polish Grupa Operacyjna, abbreviated GO) was the highest level of tactical division of the Polish Army before and during World War II and the Polish Defence War. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years). ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Order Virtuti Militari The Order Virtuti Militari (Latin: For Military Bravery) is Polands highest military decoration for valor in the face of the enemy. ...


The same day the German war correspondents were brought to the battlefield together with two journalists from Italy. They were shown the battlefield, the corpses of Polish cavalrymen and their horses, as well as German tanks that arrived to the place after the battle. One of the Italian correspondents sent home an article, in which he described the bravery and heroism of Polish soldiers, who charged German tanks with sabres and lances. Although such a charge did not happen and there were no tanks used during the combat, the myth was used by German propaganda during the war. After the end of World War II it was still used by Soviet propaganda as an example of stupidity of Polish commanders, who allegedly did not prepare their country for the war and instead wasted the blood of their soldiers. North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ...


"Contrary to German propaganda, Polish cavalry brigades never charged tanks with their sabres or lances as they were equipped with anti-tank weapons such as 37mm Bofors wz.36 (exported to UK as Ordnance Q.F. 37mm Mk I) antitank guns, that could penetrate 26mm of armour at 600m at 30 degrees. The cavalry brigades were in the process of being reorganized into motorized brigades". Another weapon was anti-tank rifle model 1935 (karabin przeciwpancerny wz. 35). Its calibre was 7.92 mm and it could penetrate 15mm of armour at 300m at 30 degrees. Brigade is a term from military science which refers to a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ... SABRE (Synergic Air BReathing Engine) is a proposal for a hydrogen-fuelled airbreathing rocket engine/jet engine for propelling launch vehicles into low earth orbit. ... The term lance has become a catchall for a variety of different pole weapons based on the spear. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ... The Bofors 37 mm was a very common anti-tank gun used by all Allied forces during WW2. ... The Bofors 37 mm was a very common anti-tank gun used by all Allied forces during WW2. ... A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ... An anti-tank rifle is a rifle designed for shooting at tanks. ... Karabin przeciwpancerny wz. ... The word caliber (American English) or calibre (British English) comes from the Italian calibro, itself from the Arabic quâlib, meaning mould. ...


Opposing forces

Kazimierz Mastalerz
Kazimierz Mastalerz
Polish Army
Armia Pomorze
Bortnowski
Chojnice Operational Group
Majewski
Pomeranian Cavalry Brigade
Grzmot-Skotnicki
18th Pomeranian Uhlans Regiment: 1st, 2nd squadrons, 1 platoon from 3rd and 4th squadrons
Mastalerz
Wehrmacht
4rd Army
von Kluge
XIX Corps
Guderian
20th Motorised Division
von Wiktorin
76th Infantry Regiment

This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Wehrmacht   listen? was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Günther von Kluge Günther von Kluge (nicknamed Hans) (October 30, 1882 - August 19, 1944), was a German military leader. ... General Heinz Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 - 14 May 1954) was a military theorist and General of the German Army during the Second World War. ...

See also

Eugeniusz Świeściak, commander of the 1st squadron
Eugeniusz Świeściak, commander of the 1st squadron

This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Polish Defence War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign (alternatively refered to as the German plan Fall Weiss) refers to the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany and the... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Krojanty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (719 words)
The Battle of Krojanty was part of the Polish September Campaign of the Second World War.
The battle took place near the village of Krojanty in Pomerania (7 kilometres from the town of Chojnice) on September 1, 1939.
Polish units were engaged in battle from 0500 against elements of German 76th Infantry Regiment of 20th Motorised Division under Lt.Gen. Mauritz von Wiktorin, which operated on the left (northern) flank of XIX Panzer Corps under Gen. Heinz Guderian.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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