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Encyclopedia > Battle of Kock (1939)
Battle of Kock

Conflict: Polish Defence War of 1939
Date: October 2nd - 5th, 1939
Place: near Kock, Poland
Outcome: German victory
Combatants
Poland Germany
Commanders
Franciszek Kleeberg Gustav von Wiedesheim
Strength
 ?  ?
Casualties
250 KIA unknown
World War II: Polish Defensive War of 1939
Westerplatte - Krojanty - Mława - Mokra - Gdańsk Bay - Mikołów - Pszczyna - Węgierska Górka - Jordanów - Tuchola Forest - Łódź - Borowa Góra - Piotrków - Tomaszów - Różan - Radom - Łomża - Wola Cyrusowa - Hel - Wizna - Gdynia - Iłża - Warsaw - Bzura - Jarosław - Modlin - Kałuszyn - Węgrów - Lwów - Kobryń - Brześć - Kępa Oksywska - Tomaszów Lubelski - Kampinos Forest - Janów Lubelski, Wereszyca and Hołosko - Krasnystaw - Grodno - Cześniki - Krasnobród - Władypol - Szack - Wytyczno - Parczew - Kock

The Battle of Kock was the final battle of the Polish September Campaign at the beginning of World War II. It took place from October 2nd through October 5th, 1939, near the town of Kock, Poland. Download high resolution version (980x1102, 509 KB)Map of Polish September Campaign entitled Poland Collapse from The Time newspaper 1939 September 25. ... Polish Defence War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign (alternatively refered to as the German plan Fall Weiss) refers to the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany and the... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... Hey. ... Franciszek Kleeberg (1888-1941) was a Polish general. ... KIA is a three-letter abbreviation for killed in action, a term often used in military histories and narratives to count the number of casualties in a conflict, or the status of an individual. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... German battleship Schleswig-Holstein shelling Polish Westerplatte, 1 September 1939 Westerplatte is a peninsula in GdaÅ„sk, Poland, at an estuary of the Dead Vistula (one of the Vistula delta estuaries), in the GdaÅ„sk harbour channel. ... The Battle of Krojanty was part of the Polish September Campaign of the Second World War. ... The Battle of Mława, otherwise known as the Defence of the Mława position, took place to the north of the town of Mława in northern Poland between September 1 and September 3, 1939. ... The Battle of Mokra took place on September 1, 1939 near the village of Mokra in Silesia, Poland. ... Battle of the GdaÅ„sk Bay took place on September 1, 1939, shortly after the outbreak of the Polish Defensive War. ... In the history of warfare there were several battles fought in the vicinity of the city of Łódź: Battle of Łódź (1914) during World War I Battle of Łódź (1939) during Polish Defence War of 1939 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise... Battle of Wizna Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 7-September 10, 1939 Place Wizna near Poland Result unconcluded Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 6 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial... Battle of Warsaw Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date 8 to September 28, 1939 Place Warsaw, Poland Result Polish defeat The 1939 Battle of Warsaw was fought between the Polish Warsaw Army (Armia Warszawa) garrisoned and entrenched in the capital of Poland (Warsaw) and the German Army. ... Battle of Bzura (also known as Battle of Kutno) took place during the Second World War, Polish September Campaign between 9 September 1939 and 19 September1, 1939 and was fought between Polish and German Nazi forces. ... Battle of Modlin Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 13 to September 29, 1939 Place Modlin village, Modlin Fortress Result Polish capitulation During the Polish September Campaign at the beginning of the Second World War, Modlin Fortress was a headquarters of the Modlin Army until it retreated eastwards. ... The Battle of Lwów (sometimes called the Siege of Lwów) was a battle for the control over the Polish city of Lwów between the Polish Army and the invading Wehrmacht and the Red Army. ... Battle of Kobryń Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Kobryń Result unconcluded Battle of Kobryń was one of the battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... Battle of Brześć Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Fortress of Brześć Result unconcluded Battle of Brześć Litewski (otherwise known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle that took place... Battle of Tomaszów Lubelski took place from 17th September to 26th September 1939 near the town of Tomaszów Lubelski. ... Battle of Szack Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 28, 1939 Place Szack, Poland Result Polish victory Battle of Szack was one of the major battles between the Polish Army and the Red Army fought during the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... The Polish Smarch Campaign — also known as Polish-German War of 1939, in Poland often as Wojna obronna 1939 roku (Defensive War of 1939), in Germany as Polish Campaign (Polenfeldzug), codenamed Fall Weiss (Case White) in the German General Staff — was the invasion of Poland by the armies of Nazi... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... Hey. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is usually an urban area, which is not considered to rank as a city. ...


The Polish Independent Operational Group Polesie, led by General Franciszek Kleeberg, fought the German 14th Motorised Corp, led by General Gustav von Wiedesheim. Independent Operational Group Polesie (Samodzielna Grupa Operacyjna Polesie, SGO Polesie) was one of the Polish Army Corps that took part in the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... General is a military rank used by nearly every country in the world. ... Franciszek Kleeberg (1888-1941) was a Polish general. ...

Contents


Before the battle

The Polish battle plan was disorganized, with no planned combat formations. The Wehrmacht destroyed the Polish reserve army (nicknamed "Prusy" or "Polesie") and forced them to withdraw. With heavy losses, the Polish armies retreated to Kraków and the Vistula river. From there, they took the route from Warsaw to Sandomierz. From Sandomierz, they were able to move on to the Lublin area. Wehrmacht   listen? was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... When an addictive behavior is stopped or an addictive substance is withdrawn from use, withdrawal symptoms almost always follow. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... Length 1,047 km Elevation of the source 1,106 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 192,000 km² Origin  Barania Góra, Beskidy Mouth  GdaÅ„sk Bay, Baltic Sea Basin countries Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Sandomierz is a city in south-eastern Poland with 27,000 inhabitants (1995). ... Lublin (pronounce: [lublin]) is the biggest city in eastern Poland and the capital of Lublin Voivodship with a population of 355,954 (2004). ...


The eastern edge of Vistula was defended by Lublin's weak army. The Polish forces camped only in the areas where they could cross the river easily, in case of an attack. Other German forces advanced on Vistula and went on towards Zamość and Włodzimierz Wołyński. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...


The Polish Army at Kraków and Małopolska suffered heavy losses, and did not have the chance to reach the San river front. Therefore, they were unable to organize defences. Field Marshal Rydz Śmigły was appointed to organize the defence of southern Poland. The commander of army area IX Brześć, General Franciszek Kleeberg, was appointed to organize the defence of the line from Pińsk to Brześć. Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... San (or santo) is the Spanish word for saint, as in San Francisco (Saint Francis) and San Diego. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Edward Rydz-Śmigły. ... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... Pinks are hardy carnations of the Dianthus genus, named for their petals pinked edges as though cut with pinking shears. ...


Group organisation

On September 8th, General Franciszek Kleeberg received orders from Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły to organize a division of infantry from the depot division (a depot was where reserve soldiers and recruits were trained). Kleeberg was also ordered to organize a defence line between Brześć to Pińsk. While his forces were well-trained, they were lacking all the heavy equipment that had previously been dispatched to the front-line divisions. September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... Franciszek Kleeberg (1888-1941) was a Polish general. ... Marshal of Poland (Marszałek Polski) is the highest rank in the Polish Army. ... Edward Rydz-Śmigły. ... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... Pinsk (Belarusian: Пінск), a town in Belarus, in the province of Palesse, travesed by the river Pripet, at the confluence of the Strumen and Pina rivers. ...

Unit Polish name Commander Remarks
  Independent Operational Group Polesie - gen. Franciszek Kleeberg
60th Infantry Division 60 Dywizja Piechoty „Kobryń Colonel Adam Epler 7 battalions of infantry, artillery unit, anti-tank battery
Drohiczyn Poleski Group Grupa Drohiczyn Poleski Lt. Colonel Kazimierz Gorzkowski 3 battalions of infantry, anti-tank unit
Jasiołda Group Grupa Jasiołda infantry battalion, machine-gun battalion, anti-tank company, unarmed labour battalion
Brześć Fortress Group Grupa Forteczna Brześć General Konstanty Plisowski 3 infantry battalions, engineering battalion, 2 FT-17 tank companies, 2 armoured trains, artillery group
Pińsk River Flotilla Flotylla Rzeczna Several dozen small river motor boats, monitors and artillery ships
8 anti-aircraft batteries.

Independent Operational Group Polesie (Samodzielna Grupa Operacyjna Polesie, SGO Polesie) was one of the Polish Army Corps that took part in the Polish Defence War of 1939. ... Franciszek Kleeberg (1888-1941) was a Polish general. ... Kobryn (Belarusian: Ко́брынь, Ко́брын; Polish: KobryÅ„; Russian: Ко́брин) is a city in the Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District. ... Battle of Brześć Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Fortress of Brześć Result unconcluded Battle of Brześć Litewski (otherwise known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle that took place... Konstanty Plisowski (1890-1940) was a Polish general and military commander. ... General characteristics Length 5 m Width 1. ... A mock-up of an armoured train Hurban located in Zvolen, Slovakia An armoured train is a train protected with armour. ... Pinsk (Belarusian: Пінск), a town in Belarus, in the province of Palesse, travesed by the river Pripet, at the confluence of the Strumen and Pina rivers. ...

Battle of Brześć and Kobryń

After breaking through the Polish lines in the Battle of Wizna, the German XIX Panzer Corps under Heinz Guderian started its fast advance southwards. The corps, composed of the 3rd Panzer Division, 10th Panzer Division, the 20th Motorised Infantry Division and the reserve 2nd Motorised Division, was ordered to capture the old fortress in Brześć Litewski and then strike further southwards towards Kowel and Galicia. The purpose of this attack was to cut Poland in two and paralise the organisation of defence east of the Bug River. Battle of Wizna Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 7-September 10, 1939 Place Wizna near Poland Result unconcluded Battle of Wizna (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was fought between September 6 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial... General Heinz Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 - 14 May 1954) was a military theorist and innovative General of the German Army during the Second World War. ... The image of the German vodka PzKpfw V-D, a Panther tank   Panzer? is German for armour. ... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... Categories: Cities in Ukraine | Stub ... The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, was the largest and northernmost province of Austria from 1772 until 1918, with Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) as its capital city. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західний Буг, Zakhidnyi Buh), flows from central Ukraine to the west, forming part of the boundary between that nation and Poland, passes along the Polish-Belarusian...


Initially the forces of Guderian advanced southwards almost unopposed. However, on September 14 they were stopped in the area of Brześć Fortress and Kobryń by a four-battalions strong improvised forces under general Konstanty Plisowski. In a three days long battle for the fortress that became known as the Battle of Brześć, both sides suffered significant casualties. Although the Poles finally withdrew from the area on September 17, the Germans did not start a pursuit soon enough to rout the fleeing Poles. Also, the simultaneous attack on Kobryń, which is sometimes referred to as the Battle of Kobryń was unconcluded, with Polish improvised "Kobryń" Infantry Division under colonel Adam Epler withdrawing unopposed. September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Kobryn (Belarusian: Ко́брынь, Ко́брын; Polish: KobryÅ„; Russian: Ко́брин) is a city in the Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District. ... Konstanty Plisowski (1890-1940) was a Polish general and military commander. ... Battle of Brześć Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Fortress of Brześć Result unconcluded Battle of Brześć Litewski (otherwise known as the Siege of Brześć, Battle of Brest-Litovsk or simply Battle of Brześć) was a World War II battle that took place... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Kobryn (Belarusian: Ко́брынь, Ко́брын; Polish: KobryÅ„; Russian: Ко́брин) is a city in the Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District. ... Battle of Kobryń Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date September 14-September 17, 1939 Place Kobryń Result unconcluded Battle of Kobryń was one of the battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939. ...


Both the Polish units from Kobryń and Brześć were soon joined by the Podlaska Cavalry Brigade. The unit, commanded by general Ludwik Kmicic-Skrzyński, successfully withdrew through Białowieża Forest and evaded encirclement. General Kmicic-Skrzyński with his chief of staff major Julian Szychiewicz went to Wołkowysk where he made phone contact with General Franciszek Kleeberg. The two agreed to join their forces and advance further southwards, towards the Romanian Bridgehead. Białowieża Primaeval Forest, known as Belavezhskaya Pushcha (Белавеская пушча) in Belarus and Puszcza Białowieska in Poland, is an ancient virginal forest straddling the border between Belarus and Poland, located 70 km north of Brest. ... Franciszek Kleeberg (1888-1941) was a Polish general. ... The Romanian Bridgehead (Polish Przedmoście rumuńskie) was an area in South-Eastern Poland, nowadays located in Ukraine. ...



18 September September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ...


Supplied 16th Motorised Infantry Regiment with the help of artillery and Luftwaffe began attack on position of 83rd Polish Infantry Regiment. They captured some Polish positions. The   Luftwaffe? (German: air force, IPA: [luftvafÉ™]) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ...


The Polish counter attack began at 17.00 hours and some positions were recaptured.


After getting order from commander of army Warsaw general Rommel, Kleeberg begun with his forces withdrawal to Romania and Hungary. Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ...


19 September - 20 September Polish forces are ordered to concentrate north of Kowel. While on the march, a formation of the Polesie group was attacked by fifth column and enemy air forces, but loose groups of Polish soldier join the Polesie group. September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... Categories: Cities in Ukraine | Stub ...


22 September September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ...


After a battle with Red Army forces general Kleeberg decided to march to the relief of Warsaw. He planned first to capture crossing places on the Bug River. Place of concentration would be area near Włodawa. Formations of group fought only with Germans. They could fight with Red Army but only if formations of Red Army tried to attack group. This article is about the armed forces of the Soviet Union. ...


22-25 September Formations of group Polesie during march to Włodawa was attacked by German air forces. 25 September General Kleeberg got information that Włodawa is captured by unknown Polish formations. This formation were organized by Colonel Brzoza-Brzezina Most of soldiers are soldiers from destroyed Polish formations who weren't caught by Germans and were looking for commanders and formations which fought. Forces 5 battalions of infantry, two howitzer battery 75 mm, tabor, field hospital. scout squadron- 1 plane PSW two RWD-8. His forces began organising defence of bridgehead in Włodawa. (Redirected from 22 September) September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ...


17-26 September Formations of Group Polesie crossed Bug river and entered area near Włodawa. 27 IX After getting information about surrender of Warsaw, General Kleeberg asked his commanders about their opinion. On first point he told about political and military situation, he asked General Podhorski commander of cavalry division "Zaza"- two brigade of cavalry "Plis", "Edward", two infantry battalions "Olek" and "Wilk", division artillery- that he shall join his division to his forces. Podhorski agreed, after that they decided that at first they went to Stawy near Dęblin- in these place were situated main arsenal of Polish army- then went to Holy Cross Mountains and moved to guerilla war. (Redirected from 17 September) September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ...


Reorganization of independent group Polesie. One of the decisions of Kleeberg was new organisation of his group. He ordered that division Kobryń would get little supplies with people and weapons and would be named as 60th Infantry Division. After joining groups "Brzoza" and "Drohiczyn" colonel Brzoza-Brzezina would organize 50th Infantry Division.


60th Infantry Division- commander Colonel Adam Epler, forces- three infantry regiments, division of artillery, motorised company of anti-tank artillery 37 mm, seven independent under formations.


50th Infantry Division- commander Colonel Ottokar Brzoza-Brzezina, forces- three infantry regiments, division of artillery.


Under his command general Klebeerg had 4 tactical formation and some independent formations - 18,000 soldiers.


28 September Beginning of march Polish divisions on south to line Parczew- Wojcieszków. Division of cavalry Zaza has to secure this march. 1 Uhlans regiment from cavalry brigade "Edward" successfully crossed Wieprz river and captured Spiczyn, another cavalry regiments from division Zaza captured after fighting Jawidz and Wymysłów. Germans received heavy losses. September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... Uhlan dressed in the characteristic czapka. ...


29 September Fighting between Division Zaza and Germans near Spiczyn. On evening division broke contact with Germans and went to forest near Czeremniki. German under formation of infantry supported by two tanks attacked without success 1st Battalion 182nd Infantry Regiment- part of 60th Infantry Division. September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ...


30 September Polish forces are situated between rivers Tyśmienica and Wieprz. September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 92 days remaining. ...


1 October Forces of Independent group Polesie settled pass Świderki colony Bystrzyca, Wola Osowińska, Bełcząc, colony Ostrówek. October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ...


Division of cavalry Zaza settled in forests near Tyśmianka river. One squadron of 2nd Uhlans Regiment who defended near road destroyed German scout patrol. Command of 5th Uhlans Regiment, battalions' infantry "Olek" and "Wilk" attacked Germans under formation in Kock and captured town.


Battle of Kock

On 30 September staff of 10th Army were ordered to destroy a large Polish force stationed between the Bug and Vistula rivers northwest of Kock. Commander of 10th Army Walter Reichenau ordered this task commander of XIV Motorised Corps. XIV- 29th and 13th Motorised Infantry Division and some independent formations. Each German motorised division had a paper strength 16445 soldiers, 2676 trucks and staff cars, 1944 motorcycles, and 18 armoured cars. September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 92 days remaining. ...


October 2nd

The German commander of XIV Corp knew that Polish forces were situated in forests northwest from the town of Kock. He thought that the commander of Polish forces didn't know about capitulation of Warsaw. October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ...


In opinion of commander of 13th Motorised Infantry Division General Paul Otto, the Polish forces had become so demoralized that they were incapable of combat, and that a German unit of one battalion would be enough to disarm the Poles and take them to a Prisoner of War camp.


Otto sent a force consisting of 3rd Battalion, 93rd Motorised Infantry Regiment supported by 8th Battery from 13th Regiment of Light Artillery. The battalion commander decided to divide his forces into two groups which were sent to Serokomla and Kock. He could count on help from 93rd Motorised Infantry Regiment with some support forces which followed him.


Kock

At 8:30 In the morning, a column of half-tracks and trucks with infantry was stopped by firing from a guard platoon of No.2 company of Battalion Wilk. After a long fight the German troops withdrew. The 179th Infantry Regiment was alerted and moved to a defensive position near Kock and in town. At about 11:00 the German lead elements attacked the Polish positions, which were now 2 battalions strong. In spite of supporting artillery fire the attack failed.


About dusk German motorcyclists appeared near the church in Kock and begun firing, but subsequently withdrew under counter-fire.


Serokomla

A company of motorised infantry entered the village of Serokomla. This led to the beginning of a chaotic fight between the Germans and Polish Uhlans from Cavalry Brigade 'Plis' (commander Colonel Plisowski) supported by an artillery crew from the brigade of Plis. One side (which??) was forced to withdraw south of Serokomla.


Losses

German losses were 300-400 killed and wounded. 5 officers, 180 NCOs and privates were captured by the Polish. Components of Cavalry Brigade 'Plis' lost about 200 soldiers which were killed or wounded.


October 3rd

The stiff Polish resistance forced General Otto to use all his forces for an assault. He was going to divide Polish forces into two parts and destroy them. He decided that 33rd Motorised Infantry Regiment supported with a part of division artillery would attack on Annopol, Pieńki and Talczyn. This group was tasked to destroy 50 Polish Infantry Division. 93rd Motorised Infantry Regiment was ordered to capture Serokomla then Hordzież and to destroy a defensive formation of cavalry division "Zaza". 66th Motorised Infantry Regiment entered the field of battle in the afternoon. October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ...


General Kleeberg thought that main German advance would go on position of division of cavalry "Zaza" at Serokomla Hordzież. He decided that part of the cavalry would fend off the German attack. The rest would join a counterattack alongside 50th Infantry Division on the right wing and rear of the 13th German Motorized Infantry Division. 60th Infantry Division and Cavalry Brigade 'Podlaska' brigade would close off potential German attack routes. If counter-attack would finish with success German division would be forced to withdraw behind river Wieprz.


7:50-9:30 Attack by two regiments of 50th Infantry Division (180th and 178th less its 2nd battalion) attacked supported with fire of a howitzer battery. The attack was under the command of Undercolonel Gorzkowski on German formations. After some success Polish counter-attack stopped. All Polish groups from 50th Infantry Division were forced on the defensive. The cavalry attack by Uhlans was stopped and were forced to withdraw on west from Wola Gułowska Loading a WW1 British 15 in (381 mm) howitzer 155 mm M198 Howitzer A howitzer or hauwitzer is a type of field artillery. ...


10:30 German artillery begun fire on Polish cavalry position. 93rd Motorized Infantry Regiment begun attack on position of battalion "Wilk", inflicting heavy losses. 33rd Infantry Regiment began a gradual attack on the position of 50th Infantry Division.


After heavy fight German advance was stopped. Otto decided to support 33rd Motorised Infantry Regiment with 2nd Battalion from 66th Motorised Infantry Regiment. German formations captured Wola Gułowska, but in the evening they were forced to retreat from the eastern part of the area.


October 4th

Because the 13th Motorised Infantry Division had been unsuccessful, the commander of XIV Corp. was forced to use the 29th Motorised Infantry Division. General Otto ordered the 93rdInfantry Regiment to move from the Wieprz river to Dęblin. The 66th Motorised Infantry Regiment would attack Adamów i Wola Gułowska, and the 33rd Infantry Regiment would clear the area to the north of Kock. October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in Leap years). ...


General Kleberg suspected that the main combined attack of the 13th Motorised Division and the 29thMotorised Division would be on Adamów and Krzywda. He thought there was a chance to destroy the 13thMotorised Division as they had already sustained heavy casualties with soldiers and materiel loss. The cavalry division "Zaza" and 50thInfantry Division would defend positions and the 60thInfantry Division would attack the 13th Motorised Division. The Podlaska Cavalry Brigade would oppose the 29thMotorised Infantry Division.


In the morning, the main elements of 13thDivision attacked the cavalry division Zaza and the 50thInfantry division. By 12:00 part of 66thInfantry Regiment captured Zakępie and advanced on Adamów where they were stopped by 1st Battalion of 180th Infantry Regiment.


About 11 hours apart, first from the west and then the east, forces from the 66th Regiment attacked the battalions Olek and Wilk defending Czarna. The defenders sustained heavy casualties from artillery fire and Wilk was forced to withdraw to the eastern edge of the Adamów forest whereas Olek, after first retreating to Adamów later deployed to Gułów. Between 10:00 and 11:00 formations of 66th Regiment attacked formations of cavalry from the 5th Uhlans Regiment who then withdrew from Wola Gułowska to the south east and Adamów.


About 12:00 the 66ththen attacked the 2ndSquadron of the 2ndUhlans Regiment in Zarzecze who also withdrew with heavy casualties. The commander of the regiment moved the 4thSquadron south from Helenowka to try to assist the 2nd Squadron while the 3rdSquadron held the enemy to the west of Wola Gułowska. Then the 3rd and 4th Squadrons with elements of the 10th Uhlans Regiment fought near the cemetery of the village of Turzyca B and the church in Wola Gułowska. Ground was lost and regained repeatedly until an attack of 2ndBattalion 184thInfantry Regiment and the Uhlans Squadron enabled the Polish to dig in.


October 5th

The commander of XIVth Motorized Corp. decided that he would use two of his divisions. They would circle and destroyed Polish forces. The 13th Motorized Division made advance on Bystrzyca and Adamów then Wróblina and Stanin; the 29th Motorised Division made advance on Radyryż Kościelny and Wróblina where they met troops from 13th Division. October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ...


General Kleeberg decided to destroy 13th Motorised Infantry Division by using forces of 50th, 60th infantry division and Cavalry division Zaza. Podlaska Brigade of Cavalry had to defend position under Radoryż Kościelny and Wróblina.


Fighting in Wojcieszków, Adamów and Gułów.

5:30 Artillery of 13th Division began to fire on the position of 180th Infantry Regiment battalion in Adamów and Battalion "Olek" in grange Gułów.


8:00 Beginning of advance of the 66th Infantry Regiment.


10:00 After a short fight, the Germans captured Adamów, then they attacked the Polish position on hill 170 and Gułów, which they captured after heavy combat. The 66th Motorised Infantry Regiment took heavy losses. Then they took position on the eastern edge of the forest at Adamów. General Podhorski sent the cavalry brigade "Plis" which had to support fighting Polish formations. The brigade had to take position on the eastern edge of the forest at Adamów. After getting contact with enemy brigade, they began an attack on the Germans' position in the forest. They captured the forest because they couldn't move so they established a position there.

After the capture of Adamów and grange Gułów by the 66th Infantry Regiment, the 33rd Motorised Infantry Regiment began to advance, and they captured Wojcieszkowoe and Glinne. Polish formation 178th Infantry regiment withdrew. The commander of 178th Infantry Regiment ordered his force to recapture Wojcieszkowo and Glinne. Polish battalions recaptured them, but they withdrew after taking heavy losses. The advance of 180th Infantry Regiment on Adamów failed. Colonel Brzoza-Brzezina sent to fight 178 regiment infantry under command of ensing Dec. Advance of Polish regiment met with German advance. Polish battalions II and II get heavy losses and withdrew to Burzec. From 1 battalion in advance took a part company of sappers.

Meanwhile attack of Polish 184 infantry regiment with support of battalion of 179 infantry regiment recapture church and cementry in Wola Gułowska. Advance 182 infantry regiment with a help of three 100 mm howitzer cannons broke German defence in Helenów. 16:00 last German advance from Adamów on positions 10 uhlans regiment in forest Krzywda 182 regiment in Helenów and 184 regiment in Wola Gułowska. 10 uhlans regiment after hard fight withdrew to forest. Most forces of division Brzoza successfully defend their position in Burzec. 182 infantry regiment kept their position. 184 regiment has to withdraw because there was a lack of ammo in artillery which support him.

During this time begin two Polish key advances. II battalion of 183 infantry regiment with a support of artillery begin bayonette assault on Germans who attack south wing of cavallery Brigade Plis.

Assault gets success German began escape, they were chased by infantry and cavallry. Rear of south wing of 13th motorised division was attacked by brigade of Cavalery "Edward" which capture village Poznań with german artillery battery which has to be destroyed but was forced to withdraw under fire of others German artillery battery. Formations of 13th motorised division began withdrawal. Attack of 29 motorised division on position of Podlaska Cavalery Brigade and rear formation of division Brzoza.

During 5 October positions of Podlaska Cavallry Brigade were attacked by 29 motorised infantry division. After defence under Radoryż formations of Podlaska Brigade Cavallery and rear formation of division Brzoza withdrew south of place Krzywda.

6 October at 10 am Independent Group Polesie surrendered. In his last order general Kleeberg wrote that reason for his decision to capitulate was that group was surrounded and ammo and food is depleted.


Bibliography

  • Jan Wróblewski "Samodzielna grupa operacyjna "Polesie" 1939", Wojskowy Instytut Historyczny, Warsaw 1989
  • Marian Porwit "Komentarze do historii polskich działań obronnych 1939", Volume 3 "Czytelnik", Warsaw 1973

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