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Encyclopedia > Battle of Kawagoe
Battle of Kawagoe
Part of the Sengoku period
Date: 1545
Location: Kawagoe castle, Musashi Province (today, Saitama Prefecture)
Result: Hōjō victory; siege fails
Combatants
garrison of Hōjō clan forces of Ogigayatsu Tomosada
Commanders
Hōjō Tsunanari, Hōjō Ujiyasu Ogigayatsu Tomosada, Ashikaga Haruuji, Uesugi Norimasa
Strength
3000 in garrison, 8000 in relief force 85,000
Campaigns of the Hōjō
Arai - Edo - Nashinokidara - Kamakura - Ozawahara - Musashi-Matsuyama 1537 - Kōnodai 1538 - Kawagoe - Odawara 1561 - Musashi-Matsuyama 1563 - Kōnodai 1564 - Mifunedai - Hachigata 1568 - Odawara 1569 - Mimasetoge - Kanbara - Nirayama - Fukazawa - Omosu - Kanagawa - Hachigata 1590 - Odawara 1590 - Shimoda - Oshi

The 1545 battle of Kawagoe (川越の戦い Kawagoe no tatakai?) was part of a failed attempt by Ogigayatsu Tomosada to regain Edo Castle from the Hōjō clan. Ogigayatsu, a member of a branch of the Uesugi family, was joined by his relative Uesugi Norimasa, and by Ashikaga Haruuji. The Sengoku period (Japanese: 戦国時代, Sengoku-jidai) or Warring States period, was a period of civil war in the history of Japan that spans from the middle 15th to the early 17th centuries. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... The article incorporates text from OpenHistory. ... Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県; Saitama-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... The Late Hojo clan is a modern day clan, formed in the U.S., that follows the teachings of a leader, whose traditional name would be Mido. ... Hōjō Ujiyasu )(1515–1571) was the son of Hōjō Ujitsuna and a great daimyō (warlord) of the Odawara Hojo clan. ... Uesugi Norimasa (上杉憲正)(1522-1579) was a daimyō of feudal Japan, and held the post of Kantō Kanrei, the Shoguns deputy in the Kantō. He is perhaps best known as the adoptive father of Uesugi Kenshin, one of the most famous warlords in Japanese history. ... The Late Hojo clan is a modern day clan, formed in the U.S., that follows the teachings of a leader, whose traditional name would be Mido. ... Combatants garrison of Miura Yoshiatsu forces of the Hōjō clan Commanders Miura Yoshiatsu Hōjō Soun Strength Casualties The 1516 siege of Arai was among the first steps taken by Hōjō Soun towards becoming one of the most powerful warlords of Japans Sengoku period. ... Combatants Hojo Clan Uesugi Clan Commanders Hojo Ujitsuna Uesugi Tomooki Strength Casualties The Siege of Edo was fought in 1524 between the Hojo and Uesugi clans. ... Combatants Uesugi clan Hōjō clan Commanders Strength Casualties The Siege of Kamakura was fought in 1526 between the Hojo clan and the Uesugi clan. ... Combatants forces of the Hōjō clan forces of the Uesugi clan Commanders Hōjō Ujiyasu Uesugi Tomooki The 1530 battle of Ozawahara was the first battle for Hōjō Ujiyasu, then fifteen years old. ... Combatants Hojo Clan forces of Satomi Yoshihiro Commanders Hojo Ujiyasu Satomi Yoshihiro Strength Casualties The Battle of Konodai was fought in 1564 between the Hojo clan and the forces of Satomi Yoshihiro. ... Combatants forces of the Hōjō clan forces of Takeda Shingen Commanders Strength Casualties The Siege of Hachigata was fought in 1568 between the forces of Takeda Shingen and the Hojo clan. ... Combatants Takeda forces forces of the Hōjō clan Commanders Takeda Shingen Strength Casualties The Siege of Odawara was fought in 1569 between the forces of Takeda Shingen and the Hojo clan. ... The Battle of Mimasetoge took place in 1569 in Japan. ... Combatants forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi Hōjō clan army Commanders Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu Hōjō Ujimasa Strength 200,000 50,000 Casualties Unknown Unknown The third siege of Odawara ) occurred in 1590, and was the primary action in Toyotomi Hideyoshis campaign to eliminate the Hōjō clan as... The siege of Shimoda was a naval siege conducted against a coastal Hōjō fortress in Izu Province. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... Edo Castle (江戸城 -jō) was built in 1457 by ÅŒta Dōkan in what is now the Chiyoda ward of Tokyo, but was then known as Edo, Toshima District, Musashi Province. ... The Late Hojo clan is a modern day clan, formed in the U.S., that follows the teachings of a leader, whose traditional name would be Mido. ... The Uesugi clan (上杉氏) were descendants of Fujiwara Yoshikado, who was a daijo-daijin during the 9th Century. ... Uesugi Norimasa (上杉憲正)(1522-1579) was a daimyō of feudal Japan, and held the post of Kantō Kanrei, the Shoguns deputy in the Kantō. He is perhaps best known as the adoptive father of Uesugi Kenshin, one of the most famous warlords in Japanese history. ...


Despite an overwhelming attacking force, numbering around 85,000, the 3,000 men in Kawagoe Castle's garrison, led by Hōjō Tsunanari, held off the siege until the relief force arrived. That relief force, numbering only 8,000, was led by Tsunanari's brother, Hōjō Ujiyasu, and a single warrior was sent to sneak past the Uesugi siege lines to inform the garrison of the relief's arrival. Though still strongly outnumbered, ninja spies informed the Hōjō forces that the attackers, Ashikaga Haruuji in particular, had relaxed their vigilance due to their overconfidence in victory. Hōjō Ujiyasu )(1515–1571) was the son of Hōjō Ujitsuna and a great daimyō (warlord) of the Odawara Hojo clan. ... Ninja (忍者) has two meanings. ...


The Hōjō tried a risky tactic, coordinating a night attack between the garrison and the relieving force. Going against battlefield custom, the samurai were ordered to leave behind any heavy armor, which would slow them down and perhaps reveal their position, and to not bother taking the heads of their defeated enemies. This would deny the warriors much honor, as their triumphs would not be known or recorded, but the intense loyalty of the Hōjō samurai caused them to follow these orders.


The tactic succeeded, and the Hōjō foiled the siege. This defeat for the Uesugi would lead to the near-extinction of the family.


References

  • Turnbull, Stephen (2002). 'War in Japan: 1467-1615'. Oxford: Osprey Publishing.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kawagoe: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (333 words)
Kawagoe is the site of Kitain Temple (built 830), famed for its images of the 500 disciples of Buddha.
Kawagoe (川越市) is a city located in Saitama, Japan and is about a 30-minute train ride from Tokyo.
Kawagoe is famous for its sweet potatoes, and on the local "Candy Street" one can find such treats as sweet potato chips, sweet potato ice cream, sweet potato coffee, and even sweet potato beer, brewed at the local Koedo Brewery.
Military Aspects of the Daimyo (9368 words)
In addition, the wonderfully detailed battle scrolls depicting the conflicts of the age (such as the 'Nagashino Scroll', pieces of which appear below) rarely depict the large numbers of ashigaru that we know were present at the battles.
The horses the samurai used in battle were almost never armored (perhaps due to their typically small size and consequently lower load-bearing capacity), and might easily be felled or wounded with a single spear thrust.
Relatively few battles were 'to the death' and many were in fact a series of skirmishes.
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