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Encyclopedia > Battle of Issus (622)
Roman-Persian Wars
CarrhaeResaenaMisicheBarbalissosEdessaSingaraAmidaCtesiphonSamarraIberian WarLazic WarSolachon - IssusNineveh

Also known as the 'Third Battle of Issus', the battle was fought between the Eastern Roman Emperor (or 'Byzantine Emperor') Heraclius and the Sassanid Empire at the strategic ground near the small riverine town of Issus below the difficult inland mountains in 622, now in the Turkish Province of Hatay. Emperor Heraclius transported his army through the Aegean sea and unexpectedly defeated the Persian army in the decisive battle of Issus. [1]. Combatants Roman Republic Roman Empire Eastern Roman Empire Persian Empire projected through Parthian and Sassanid dynasties Commanders Lucullus, Pompey, Crassus, Mark Antony, Trajan, Valerian I, Julian, Justinian I, Belisarius, Heraclius Surena, Shapur I, Shapur II, Kavadh I, Khosrau I, Khosrau II, Shahrbaraz, Rhahzadh The Roman-Persian Wars were a series... Combatants Roman Republic Parthia Commanders Marcus Licinius Crassus †, Publius Crassus † Surena Strength 35,000 Roman legionnaires 4,000 cavalry 4,000 light infantry 9,000 cavalry archers 1,000 Cataphract Casualties 20,000 dead 10,000 captured 4,000 wounded Minimal The Battle of Carrhae was a decisive battle fought... The Battle of Resaena was fought in 243 between the forces of Gordian III and Persia. ... Combatants Sassanid Persians Roman Empire Commanders Shapur I Unknown Strength Unknown 60,000-70,000 Casualties Unknown Unknown The Battle of Barbalissos was fought between the Sassanid Persians and Romans at Barbalissos. ... Combatants Sassanid Empire Roman Empire Commanders Shapur I Valerian Strength 40,000 70,000 including Praetorian Guard Casualties Minimal Heavy The Battle of Edessa took place between the armies of the Roman Empire under the command of Emperor Valerian and Sassanid forces under King Shapur I in 259. ... The Battle of Singara was fought in 344 between Roman and Sassanid Persian forces. ... Combatants Roman Empire Sassanid Empire Commanders Ursicinus Shapur II Grumbates Strength Casualties The Siege of Amida took place when Sassanids under King Shapur II besieged the Roman city of Amida in 359. ... Combatants Romans Persians Commanders Julian the Apostate Shapur II Strength 90,000 N/A Casualties low, but include Julian, and casualties from disease 2,500 dead The Battle of Ctesiphon took place in June 26, 363 AD between the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and the Persian emperor Shapur II... Combatants Eastern Roman Empire Iberia Persian Empire Commanders Belisarius Sittas Gregory Maurice Kavadh I Firouz Azarethes The Iberian War was fought from 526 to 532 between the Eastern Roman Empire and Persian Empire over the country of Iberia // Origin After the Anastasian War, a seven-year truce was agreed on... The Lazic War, or Egrisi Great War as it is known in Georgian historiography, refers to the twenty-year war between Byzantium and Iran Sassanid Empire for controlling the western Georgian Kingdom of Egrisi/ Lazica in 542-562. ... Combatants Byzantine Empire Sassanid Empire Commanders Heraclius Rhahzadh† Strength  ?  ? Casualties  ?  ? The Battle of Nineveh was the climactic battle of the last of the Roman-Persian Wars between the Byzantine Empire and the Sassanid Empire, in 627. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Heraclius and his sons Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Empire (Persian: ‎ Sasanian) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226 - 651). ... Issus can refer to the: Battle of Issus, fought by Alexander the Great in 333 BC, which took place near Issus (town), along the Issus (river) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Hatay is a region in the middle east around the town of Iskenderun. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Empire (Persian: ‎ Sasanian) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226 - 651). ...

See also

  • Hadith of the prediction in Sura al-Rum— An alledged prophesy by Mohammed that the Byzantines would triumph in this battle.

A famous recorded oral tradition among Muslims (Arabic: Hadith) is about a prediction in the Quran. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ...


  1. ^ [1], [2]



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