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Encyclopedia > Battle of Huamantla
Battle of Huamantla

Conflict: Mexican-American War
Date: October 9, 1847
Place: Huamantla, Tlaxcala
Outcome: U.S. victory
Combatants
United States Mexico
Commanders
Joseph Lane Antonio López de Santa Anna
Strength
3,000 2,000 lancers
Casualties
24 461
Siege and Relief of Puebla
PueblaHuamantla

The Battle of Huamantla was a U.S. victory late in the Mexican-American War that forced the Mexican army to lift the Siege of Puebla. The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Huamantla is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. ... Tlaxcala is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Joseph Lane (1801-1881) was an American general during the Mexican War. ... Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a 19th century Mexican general and dictator. ... The Siege of Puebla began the same day Mexico City fell to Winfield Scott and lasted for 28 days when a relief force was able to fight its way into the city and lift the siege. ... The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... The Siege of Puebla began the same day Mexico City fell to Winfield Scott and lasted for 28 days when a relief force was able to fight its way into the city and lift the siege. ...

Contents


Background

The same day Mexico City fell to Gen. Winfield Scott's army (September 14), Mexican forces began the Siege of Puebla. Less than a month later, a relief force was organized and marched out to Puebla under the command of Major General Joseph Lane. Mexican reinforcements were also moving to Puebla under the command of Antonio López de Santa Anna, just after renouncing his presidency. Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides... Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States lieutenant general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... The Siege of Puebla began the same day Mexico City fell to Winfield Scott and lasted for 28 days when a relief force was able to fight its way into the city and lift the siege. ... The city of Puebla – known more formally as Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza or less formally as La Angelópolis or Puebla de los Ángeles – is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name, and the fourth largest city in Mexico just behind Mexico City... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Joseph Lane (1801-1881) was an American general during the Mexican War. ... Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a 19th century Mexican general and dictator. ...


Battle

On October 8 Lanes sent out spies who found out that Santa Anna's force was waiting in Huamantla, 25 miles from Puebla. The next day, October 9, Lane's vanguard of Texas Rangers under Captain Samuel Walker reached the town, and sighted roughly 2,000 Mexican lancers. At the head of his Rangers, Walker charged into the city to drive out the Mexicans, but Santa Anna personally led a counter attack and stopped the Rangers. Walker was mortally wounded and, for about an hour, the Rangers desperately fought to hold their position in the town, some of them seeking refuge in a church. The rest of Lane's infantry arrived, attacked and drove out Santa Anna's force. When Lane heard of Walker's death he turned his troops loose, who pillaged and burned Huamantla, the only instance in the war in which a sizeable U.S. force had sacked a city. October 8 is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years). ... Huamantla is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. ... The city of Puebla – known more formally as Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza or less formally as La Angelópolis or Puebla de los Ángeles – is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name, and the fourth largest city in Mexico just behind Mexico City... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... Statue of a Texas Ranger in front of the Texas State Capitol in Austin, by artist Pompeo Coppini. ... Capt. ...


Aftermath

The Battle of Huamantla was Santa Anna's final battle. The new Mexican government led by Manuel Peña y Peña first tried its power when it asked Santa Anna to turn over command of the army to General José Joaquin de Herrera. Three days after the battle, General Lane fought his way into Puebla and raised the siege. Lane continued raids against Mexican guerrillas to keep the supply route between the port of Veracruz and Mexico City clear. Veracruz from space, July 1997 The city of Veracruz is a major port city on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides...


Sources

  • Nevin, David; editor, The Mexican War (1978)
  • Bauer, K. Jack, "The Mexican-American War 1846-48"
  • http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~wynkoop/webdocs/1231850.htm

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Huamantla - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (214 words)
Huamantla is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala.
It is located in the eastern portion of the state, on the northeastern flanks of the dormant Matlalcueitl volcano,40 km northeast of the city of Puebla, Puebla (as the crow flies over the mountain) or 30 km east of Apizaco, Tlaxcala (along Mexican Federal Highway 136).
Huamantla is a major centre for the raising of livestock for bullfighting.
Britain.tv Wikipedia - Joseph Lane (347 words)
At the outbreak of hostilities with Mexico, Lane was appointed colonel of the 2nd Indiana Volunteer Regiment and served along the border.
The same year he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers and commanded the Indiana Brigade at the Battle of Buena Vista.
After the battle he was appointed major general of volunteers and led the relief force which lifted the Siege of Puebla defeating Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of Huamantla along the way.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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