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Encyclopedia > Battle of Heligoland Bight
First Battle of Heligoland Bight
Part of the First World War
Date 28 August 1914
Location Heligoland Bight, North Sea
Result British victory
Combatants
Britain German Empire
Commanders
David Beatty
Reginald Tyrwhitt
Leberecht Maass
Strength
5 battlecruisers
8 light cruisers
33 destroyers
3 submarines
6 light cruisers
19 torpedo boats
12 minesweepers
Casualties
35 killed
55 wounded
712 killed
149 wounded
336 captured
3 light cruisers
1 torpedo boat
North Sea 1914-1918
1st Heligoland BightDogger BankJutland2nd Heligoland Bight

The First Battle of Heligoland Bight was a naval battle of the First World War, fought on 28 August 1914. The British planned to attack German patrols off the north-west German coast. Combatants Allied Powers: France Italy Russia Serbia United Kingdom United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Heligoland Bight (also known as Helgoland Bight or German Bight) is a bay of the North Sea, located at the mouth of the Elbe river. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I   Capital Berlin Language(s) German (official) Polish (Posen, Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871-1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty (1871-1936), born in County Wexford, Ireland, was an admiral in the Royal Navy. ... Sir Reginald Tyrwhitt (1870-1951) was an admiral of the Royal Navy in World War One who commanded light forces stationed at Harwich on the east coast of England during the first part of the war. ... Rear Admiral Leberecht Maass was the commander of German naval forces at the first Battle of Heligoland Bight on 28 August 1914. ... The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea that took place on 24 January 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. ... Combatants Royal Navy (Grand Fleet) Kaiserliche Marine (High Seas Fleet) Commanders Sir John Jellicoe, Sir David Beatty Reinhard Scheer, Franz von Hipper Strength 28 battleships, 9 battlecruisers, 8 heavy cruisers, 26 light cruisers, 78 destroyers 16 battleships, 5 battlecruisers, 6 pre-dreadnoughts, 11 light cruisers, 61 torpedo-boats Casualties 6... The Second Battle of Heligoland Bight was a naval battle of World War I. On 17 November 1917, German minesweepers clearing a path through the British minefield in the Heligoland Bight of the North Sea near the coast of Germany was intercepted by two Royal Navy cruisers Calypso and Caledon... The French battleship Orient burns, 1 August 1798, during the Battle of the Nile A naval battle is a battle fought using ships or other waterborne vessels. ... Combatants Allied Powers: France Italy Russia Serbia United Kingdom United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The Harwich Force of two light cruisers, HMS Arethusa and HMS Fearless, and 31 destroyers, under the command of Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt, made a raid upon the German navy patrols west of the German naval base at Heligoland. Its actions were to be coordinated with a submarine force commanded by Commodore Roger Keyes. Providing cover for the Harwich Force were Cruiser Force C with five old armored cruisers and Cruiser Force K under Rear Admiral Moore with the battlecruisers HMS Invincible and HMS New Zealand. The Admiralty did not consider more support necessary, but Admiral John Jellicoe, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet, subsequently sent the First Battlecruiser Squadron under Vice Admiral David Beatty and the First Light Cruiser Squadron under Commodore William Goodenough to provide cover and support. The Admiralty's failure to inform Tyrwhitt and Keyes of this change in plans later caused considerable confusion on the battlefield. A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... HMS Arethusa was the name ship of her class of light cruisers. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Sir Reginald Tyrwhitt (1870-1951) was an admiral of the Royal Navy in World War One who commanded light forces stationed at Harwich on the east coast of England during the first part of the war. ... Heligoland (in German, Helgoland and in North Frisian, Lun, Hålilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea. ... Roger John Brownlow Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes ( 1872- 1945) was a noted British admiral and hero, with a life of adventure stretching from African anti slavery patrols to Allied landings in Leyte in World War II. Early Days The son of a famous hero father, Keyes was born on October... The fifth Invincible of the Royal Navy was a battlecruiser, the lead ship of her class of three, and the first battlecruiser to be built by any country in the world. ... HMS New Zealand was the battlecruiser flagship of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe at the Battle of Jutland in World War I. She was a gift to Britain from the people of New Zealand. ... Old Admiralty House, Whitehall, London, Thomas Ripley, architect, 1723-26, was not admired by his contemporaries and earned him some scathing couplets from Alexander Pope The Admiralty was historically the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... Admiral of the Fleet Lord Jellicoe Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe (December 5, 1859- November 20, 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral. ... During World War I, the British Home Fleet was renamed the Grand Fleet. ... David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty (1871-1936), born in County Wexford, Ireland, was an admiral in the Royal Navy. ...


In the early hours on 28 August, the Harwich Force encountered the first German torpedo boats west of Heligoland. Not entirely surprised by the attack, the Germans hastily deployed the light cruisers SMS Frauenlob and SMS Stettin, joined shortly afterwards by four more light cruisers, including Rear Admiral Leberecht Maass' flagship, SMS Cöln. August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... SMS Frauenlob bell of Frauenlob SMS Frauenlob was a Gazelle-class light cruiser in the German Imperial Navy. ... Rear Admiral Leberecht Maass was the commander of German naval forces at the first Battle of Heligoland Bight on 28 August 1914. ... SMS Cöln was a light cruiser of the Kolberg class in the Imperial German navy, launched in 1909, flagship of Rear Admiral Leberecht Maass in the first Battle of Heligoland Bight on 28 August 1914. ...


Finding his force outgunned and under heavy fire, with Arethusa badly damaged by Frauenlob, Tyrwhitt received initial assistance from Commodore Goodenough's squadron of six modern Southampton-class light cruisers: HMS Southampton, HMS Birmingham, HMS Falmouth, HMS Liverpool, HMS Lowestoft and HMS Nottingham. SMS Frauenlob suffered severe damage herself and retreated to Heligoland, but SMS Mainz, arriving on the battlefield from Emden, found herself between Tyrwhitt's and Goodenough's forces and was sunk after a long and valiant battle. HMS Southampton was one of the third batch of Town class light cruisers [sister ships were HMS Dublin and Chatham. ... HMS Birmingham was a member of the final group of three ships of the so-called Town class of light cruisers. ... The fifth HMS Liverpool of the Royal Navy was a 4800 ton light cruiser of the Bristol class. ... SMS Mainz was a light cruiser of the Kolberg class in the Imperial German navy, launched in 1909, with 4,400 tons displacement. ... Emden is a city and seaport in the northwest of Germany, on river Ems. ...


With more German cruisers careening about in the fog and smoke and much confusion on both sides, Tyrwhitt requested assistance from Beatty's battlecruisers at 11.25 am. Beatty, with the battlecruisers HMS Lion, HMS Queen Mary and HMS Princess Royal, had by then linked up with Rear Admiral Moore's Force K and was some 25 miles to the north. The five battlecruisers arrived at about 12.40pm and sank SMS Cöln and SMS Ariadne, leaving the scene before the Germans, impeded by low tide, could get their own battlecruisers out of Wilhelmshaven. HMS Lion was a battlecruiser of the Royal Navy launched in 1910, the lead ship of her class. ... HMS Queen Mary was a Royal Navy Lion-class battlecruiser, armed with eight 13. ... HMS Princess Royal was a Royal Navy battlecruiser of the World War I era. ... SMS Ariadne was a light cruiser of the Gazelle class in the Imperial German Navy, with 2,700 tons displacement and 10 x 10. ... Wilhelmshaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


The battle was a clear British victory. Germany had lost three light cruisers and one torpedo boat, 712 men killed and 336 prisoners of war. The Royal Navy had lost no ships and only 35 men killed.


External link

  • Battle of Heligoland Bight

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Britain.tv Wikipedia - Heligoland (1571 words)
Heligoland is located 70 km (44 miles) from the German coast line and actually consists of two islands: the populated triangular-shaped 1 km² (0.4 sq mi) main island (Hauptinsel) to the west and the Düne ("dune,"?title=Heligolandic: de Halem) to the east.
The island of Heligoland is a geological oddity; the presence of the main island's characteristic red sedimentary rock in the middle of the German Bight is unusual.
Heligoland is now a holiday resort and enjoys a tax-exempt status, and consequently, much of the economy is founded on sales of cigarettes, alcoholic beverages and perfumes to tourists that visit the islands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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