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Encyclopedia > Battle of Goose Green
Battle of Goose Green
Part of Falklands War
Date May 27, 1982 - May 28, 1982
Location Goose Green, Falkland Islands
Result British victory
Combatants
United Kingdom United Kingdom Argentina Argentina
Commanders
Lt. Col. Herbert Jones
Maj. Chris P.B. Keeble
Lt. Col. Italo Piaggi
Air Comm. Wilson Pedrozo
Strength
600 troops 1,100 troops
Casualties
17 killed
64 wounded (source)
47 killed
145 wounded
1,000 captured
Falklands War
Pebble IslandGoose GreenTop Malo HouseMount HarrietTwo SistersMount LongdonWireless RidgeMount Tumbledown

The Battle of Goose Green (May 2728, 1982) was an engagement of the Falklands War between British and Argentinian forces. Goose Green had little strategic value to the overall aim of recapturing the capital Stanley but, as it was a significant Argentinian position and close to the beachhead at San Carlos, it could not be ignored. Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Goose Green is a settlement on East Falkland in the Falkland Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Jones VC OBE (May 14, 1940 – May 28, 1982), who disliked his first name and was therefore known to his men and the public as H. Jones, was a posthumous British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South... The Raid on Pebble Island took place on 14-15 May 1982[citation needed] during the Falklands War. ... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Commanders Captain Boswell Strength 19 troops 13 troops Casualties 3 wounded 2 killed 6 wounded 5 captured The Battle of Top Malo House was fought on the 30th May 1982 during the Falklands War,[citation needed] between Argentinian Special Forces and a patrol formed from staff... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Commanders Lt. ... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Commanders Lt. ... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Commanders Lt. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South... Motto: Spanish: En Unión y Libertad (English: In Union and Liberty) Anthem(s): Himno Nacional Argentino Capital Buenos Aires Largest city Buenos Aires Official language(s) Spanish Government Federal republic  - President Néstor Kirchner (Vice President Daniel Scioli) Independence From Spain   - May Revolution 25 May 1810   - Declared 9 July... Goose Green is a settlement on East Falkland in the Falkland Islands. ... Official website: http://www. ... San Carlos is a settlement in northwestern East Falkland, lying south of Port San Carlos on San Carlos Water. ...

East Falkland island showing context of Goose Green
East Falkland island showing context of Goose Green
detailed map of Goose Green isthmus
detailed map of Goose Green isthmus

The British force consisted of four companies of Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert 'H' Jones' 2 PARA (2nd Battalion the Parachute Regiment) which had the following support: three 105mm artillery pieces with 960 shells from 29 Commando Regiment, Royal Artillery; one MILAN anti-tank missile platoon; Scout helicopters, and at dusk, air support provided by three Royal Air Force Harriers. They also had sixty-four 7.62 mm L7 GPMG machineguns according to Brigadier Julian Thompson, author of the book Ready For Anything (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989). Image File history File links Map of East Falkland showing the context of the Darwin and Goose Green isthmus. ... Image File history File links Map of East Falkland showing the context of the Darwin and Goose Green isthmus. ... Image File history File links This map shows some of the settlements around the narrow isthmus joining the north and south parts of East Falkland together with the position of HMS Arrow during the Battle of Goose Green. ... Image File history File links This map shows some of the settlements around the narrow isthmus joining the north and south parts of East Falkland together with the position of HMS Arrow during the Battle of Goose Green. ... Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant-Colonel in British English from the French grades spelling) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine corps and air forces of the world, typically ranking above a Major and below a Colonel. ... Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Jones VC OBE (May 14, 1940 – May 28, 1982), who disliked his first name and was therefore known to his men and the public as H. Jones, was a posthumous British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the... The Parachute Regiments display team, the Red Devils at an American airshow The Parachute Regiment is the main body of elite airborne troops of the British Army. ... RGA redirects here. ... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Milan (MI) Mayor Letizia Moratti Elevation 120 m Area 182 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,308,311  - Density 6,988/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Milanesi Dialing code 02 Postal code 20100 Patron St. ... The Westland Scout was a general purpose military light helicopter developed by Westland Aircraft Limited. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... See also BAE Sea Harrier The Hawker Siddeley Harrier and the AV-8A are the first generation of the Harrier series, a successful close-support and reconnaissance fighter aircraft with V/STOL capabilities. ... The L7 machine gun is a general-purpose machine gun used by the British Army. ...


The entire 2nd Battalion was affected by the 2 PARA 'Second World War image'. The German soldiers called them 'the red devils', an allusion to what they saw as their abilities in all things military. Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Jones known by all his men simply as 'H' commanded 2 PARA. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


The defending Argentinian forces known as Task Force Mercedes consisted of the Lieutenant-Colonel Italo Piaggi's 12th Infantry Regiment (RI 12) and a company of the Ranger-type 25th Infantry Regiment (RI 25). Lieutenant-Colonel Mohamed Ali Seineldin, considered by many Argentinians to be the 'father' of the Argentinian Commandos, who chafing at his role as Commanding Officer of an ordinary infantry unit, put all his conscripts through a compressed version of the commando course in March 1982, dressing them in the green berets of the Army Commandos and changing the title of RI 25 unofficially to 25th 'Special' Infantry Regiment. The name 'Special' was picked rather than adopt the US Army 'Ranger' title. The RI 12 conscripts were not properly trained for infantry fighting but were mainly recruited from Guaraní Indian stock of Corrientes Province who pride themselves on being a warrior race. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Corrientes is a province in northeast Argentina, in the Mesopotamia region. ...


Just after 2.30 am on 28 May, the 2nd Battalion launched its attack on the Argentinians to capture Goose Green 'before breakfast'. RI 12's A Company defended the Darwin Parks sector with two rifle platoons, and a mortar platoon (about 104 men). For ninety minutes the forward Argentinian platoons were pounded with naval artillery. In the ensuing night battle about twelve Argentinians were killed. Individual Argentinian soldiers fought ferociously. Major Philip Neame's D Company was temporarily halted by the Coronation Ridge position. One of his men, Lance-Corporal Gary Bingley darted out from under cover to charge the enemy machinegun nest that was holding up the advance. He was hit ten metres from the machinegun, but shot two of the crew before collapsing. He was posthumously awarded the Military Medal. With the enemy machinegun out of action, the Paras were able to clear the Argentinian platoon position with only minimal losses May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... USS Iowa (BB-61) fires a full broadside of nine 16/50 and six 5/38 guns during a target exercise near Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, 1 July 1984. ... The Military Medal was (until 1993) a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land. ...


As 2 PARA moved on to the south via Darwin Parks, its soldiers were full of confidence that they had broken the back of Task Force Mercedes. They were wrong. The Argentinians made a determined stand along Darwin Ridge. As A and B Companies moved south from Coronation Ridge they were raked by fire from a couple of concealed Argentinian FN MAG machineguns. An Argentinian senior NCO, Company Sergeant-Major Juan Cohelo, is credited with rallying the RI 12's A Company remnants falling back from Darwin Parks. He was seriously wounded later in the day. The first British assault was broken up by fire from Sub-Lieutenant Ernesto Peluffo's RI 12 platoon. Corporal Osvaldo Olmos, of RI 25 refused to leave his foxhole and continued firing at the British company as it moved forward. The Paras called on the Argentinians to surrender. The FN MAG is a machine gun manufactured by Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgium. ... There are many types of defensive fighting positions (DFPs), more commonly known in U.S. military slang as foxholes. ...


Realising that his force was in danger of faltering, Colonel Jones seized a submachine gun and, calling on those nearest him to follow, charged the nearest enemy position with complete disregard for his own safety. This action exposed him to fire from a number of trenches. As he charged up a short slope at the enemy position he was seen to fall and roll backwards downhill. He immediately picked himself up, and again charged the enemy trench, firing his sub-machine gun and seemingly oblivious to the intense fire directed at him. He was hit by fire from Lance-Corporal Jose Rios' MAG machinegun which he outflanked, and fell dying only a few feet from the enemy he had assaulted. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his desperate and heroic action.


By then it was 10.30 am and Major Dair Farrar-Hockley's A Company made a third attempt, but this petered out. Eventually the British company, hampered by the morning fog as they advanced up the slope of Darwin Ridge, were driven back to the gulley by the fire from 2nd Lieutenant Roberto Estevez and his men, who were 1st Platoon, of RI 25's C Company. During this action Lieutenant Estevez directed Argentinian 105mm artillery and 120 mm mortar fire that later earned him posthumously the 'Cross for Heroic Valour in Combat'(CHVC). The 2nd Battalion's mortar crews alone fired 1,000 rounds to keep the enemy at bay, and helped stop the Argentinians to get a proper aim at the Paras. (source: Peter Harclerode, PARA!: Fifty Years of the Parachute Regiment, p. 329, Arms & Armour Press, 1993)


It was almost noon before the British advance resumed. Inspired by their Commanding Officer's sacrifice, A Company soon cleared the eastern end of the Argentinian company position and opened the way forward. There had been two battles going on in the Darwin hillocks - one around Darwin Hill looking down on Darwin Bay, and an equally fierce one in front of Boca Hill (also known as Boca House Ruins). Sub-Lieutenant Guillermo Aliaga's 3rd Platoon of RI 8's C Company held Boca Hill. The position of Boca Hill was taken after heavy fighting by Major John Crosland's B Company with support from the Milan anti-tank platoon. About the time of the victory at the Boca Hill position, A Company overcame the Argentinian defenders on Darwin Hill, finally taking the position that had caused many casualties to both companies. Eighteen Argentinians were dead and thirty-nine wounded, a testament to the bravery of the Argentinians in that battle. Majors Farrar-Hockley and Crosland each won the Military Cross for their efforts. Corporal David Abols received a Distinguished Conduct Medal for his daring charges which turned the Darwin Hill battle.


After the victory on Darwin Ridge C and D Companies began to make their way to the small airfield as well as Darwin School, which was east of the airfield, while B Company made their way south of Goose Green Settlement. A Company remained on Darwin Hill. Lieutenant James Barry's No. 12 Platoon saw some fierce action at the airfield. They were ambushed, but one of his men shot dead two of the attackers, and then reported the events to Major Neame. The platoon sergeant charged the attacking enemy with his machinegun, killing four of them. For his bravery Sergeant John Meredith was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal. Private Graham Carter won the Military Medal by rallying No. 12 Platon and leading it forward at bayonet point to take the airfield. The RI 25 platoon fled into the Darwin-Goose Green track and was able to make good its escape. Sergeant Sergio Garcia, of RI 25, single-handedly covered the withdrawal of his platoon during the British counterattack. He was posthumously awarded the 'Medal for Valour in Combat'(MVC). C Company had not lost a single man in the Darwin School fighting, but a D Company private was later killed from a burst of Argentinian 35 mm anti-aircraft fire, which reduced the building to rubble. Four of D Company were dead and several were wounded. A dozen Argentinian bodies were found among the last Argentinian defence line.


As day became night, two Argentinian Air Force warrant officers who were POWs were sent to the Argentinian commanders at Goose Green by the acting CO of 2 PARA Major Chris Keeble, with the terms of surrender. Argentinian air strikes, using air-to-ground rockets and napalm, failed to make much impression, particularly in the face of solid anti-aircraft defences, which included two manportable SAM detachments equipped with Blowpipe missiles. A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... Canadian 129th Anti-Aircraft Defense Battery missile team with Blowpipe during NATO exercise Cornet Phaser. ...


The following day Lieutenant-Colonel Piaggi surrendered all Argentinian forces, approximately 1,000 men, including 202 men of the Argentinian Air Force. He would be later drummed out of the army in disgrace. Major Keeble was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. There is a comparison here with Major Mike Norman, the commander of Naval Party 8901 who were forced to surrender because they were surrounded. Both officers faced only two possible alternatives: surrender, or whole-scale slaughter of their troops, much of it at long range. The fourteen-hour battle had cost the British seventeen killed and sixty-four wounded, the majority from 2 PARA. (source) One British participant said later that it was just like the Second World War. Around fifty Argentinians were killed and a hundred wounded. Source: Veterans Affairs Canada The Distinguished Service Order is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and other formerly Commonwealth countries, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. ...


BATTLE SUMMARY


Image:WwwF48GooseGreen.GIF Image File history File links WwwF48GooseGreen. ...


See also

Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South... British military history is a long and varied topic, extending from the prehistoric and ancient historic period, through the Roman invasions of Julius Cæsar and Claudius and subsequent Roman occupation; warfare in the Mediaeval period, including the invasions of the Saxons and the Vikings in the Early Middle Ages...

Reference

  • Peter Harclerode (May 1, 1993). Para!: Fifty Years of the Parachute Regiment, Reprint edition, Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-097-6.

see also 2 Para's Battle for Darwin Hill and Goose Green ISBN 0-9660717-1-9 by David J. kenney Oak Square Press April 2006[1] Falklands War Binderbook - Author Information Pending


External links

  • see Naval-History.Net for detailed article and map of battle
  • an even more detailed article and map
  • Robert Bolia's detailed article reassessing the command abilities of the Argentine Regimental Commander at Goose Green
  • Photographs of the Ranger-type Argentinian 25th 'Special' Infantry Regiment. Website contains accounts of RI 25
  • Alejandro Corbacho's detailed article reassessing the fighting spirit and cohesion of the Argentine conscripts and regulars during the battle of Goose Green
Falklands War
Military forces | Argentine ground forces | British ground forces | Air forces | Argentine naval forces | British naval forces
Timeline | Background | Invasion | Falklands War
Battles | Goose Green | Mount Harriet | Two Sisters | Mount Longdon | Mount Tumbledown | Wireless Ridge
Operations | Algeciras | Canbelow | Corporate | Black Buck | Keyhole | Paraquat | Purple Warrior | Rosario | Sutton

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Goose Green (658 words)
Goose Green is a settlement on East Falkland in the Falkland Islands.
Goose Green was occupied by Argentine forces during the Falklands War.
Goose Green had little strategic value to the overall aim of recapturing the capital Stanley but, as it was a significant Argentinian position and close to the beachhead at San Carlos Water, it could not be ignored.
Battle of Goose Green: The Times Report - Sidebar - MSN Encarta (177 words)
The battle for Goose Green was the longest battle of the Falklands War.
In late April 1982 the 2nd Battalion of the Parachute Regiment was deployed to the South Atlantic following the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), subsequently landing unopposed on the beaches of San Carlos in the early hours of May 21, 1982.
They moved south towards Darwin for the assault on Goose Green, an Argentine-occupied settlement that threatened the flank of the British advance towards Port Stanley.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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