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Encyclopedia > Battle of Fulford
Battle of Fulford
Part of Viking Conquest of England
Date 20 September 1066
Location Fulford, York, England
Result Norwegian Victory
Territorial
changes
Norwegian gain Fulford and later York
Combatants
Norwegians Anglo-Saxon English
Commanders
Harald Hardrada

Tostig September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... Fulford is a historic village and civil parish on the outskirts of York, England. ... York is a city in Northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Harald III Sigurdsson (1015 – September 25, 1066), later surnamed Harald HardrÃ¥de (Old Norse: Haraldr harðráði, roughly translated as Harald stern council or hard ruler) was the king of Norway from 1047[1] until 1066. ... Tostig Godwinson (~1026- September 25, 1066), Earl of Northumbria, was son to Godwin, Earl of Wessex and his second wife Gytha Thorkelsdóttir. ...

Morcar of Northumbria and his brother Edwin, Earl of Mercia
Strength
unknown, possibly 7000 unknown, probably of about equal size to the norwegians
Casualties
Unknown Unknown

On September 20, 1066, King Harald III of Norway and Tostig, his English ally, fought and defeated the Northern Earls Edwin and Morcar at the Battle of Fulford. Tostig was able to identify the most valuable hostages afterwards, thus ensuring lasting compliance from the defeated English. Tostig was Harold Godwinson's brother who was banished. He allied with Harald and promised him the crown. In return Tostig would be given his own English lands. Morcar (or Morkere) (d. ... Edwin (died 1070) was the elder brother of Morcar, Earl of Northumbria, son of Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia and nephew of Hereward. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ... Harald III Sigurdsson (1015 – September 25, 1066), later surnamed Harald HardrÃ¥de (Old Norse: Haraldr harðráði, roughly translated as Harald stern council or hard ruler) was the king of Norway from 1047[1] until 1066. ... Tostig Godwinson (~1026- September 25, 1066), Earl of Northumbria, was son to Godwin, Earl of Wessex and his second wife Gytha Thorkelsdóttir. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Edwin (died 1070) was the elder brother of Morcar, Earl of Northumbria, son of Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia and nephew of Hereward. ... Morcar (or Morkere) (d. ... Harold Godwinson, or Harold II of England (c. ...


Edwin had brought some soldiers to the east to prepare for an invasion by the Norwegians. The battle started with the English spreading their forces out at German Beck to secure their flanks. On the right flank was the River Ouse, and on the left flank was the Fordland, a swampy area. The disadvantage to the position was that it gave Harald higher ground which was perfect for seeing the battle from a distance. Another disadvantage was that if one flank gave way, the other one would be in trouble. If the Anglo-Saxon army had to retreat, it would not be able to because of the marshlands. They would have to hold off the Norwegians as long as possible. Fordland is a city located in Webster County, Missouri. ...


Harald's army approached from three routes to the south. Harald lined his army up to oppose the Anglo-Saxons, but he knew it would take hours for all of his troops to arrive. His least experienced troops were sent to the right, and his best troops on the riverbank.

Contents

Background Information

When the Anglo-Saxon king Edward the Confessor died in 1066 with no child, and thus no heir to the throne, it created a power vacuum into which three competing interests laid claim to King of England. Edward the Confessor or Eadweard III (c. ...


The first was Harald III Sigurdsson of Norway who pressed his claim on the basis of an agreement between his predecessor and nephew Magnus and Harthacanute that the first of them to die should inherit England, Norway and Denmark - the same claim that Harald had used to press his claims on Denmark. The second was William the Bastard, the Duke of Normandy, because of his blood ties to Aethelred. The third was an Anglo-Saxon by the name of Harold Godwinson who had been elected by the Anglo-Saxon Witenagemot of England to be king. The stage was set for a battle between the three. However, the Norwegians were the first side to initiate hostilities. They invaded England before the Normans, due to the bad weather conditions in the channel that delayed Duke William's invasion.


English charge

The English struck first, advancing on the Norwegian army before it could be fully deployed. Morcar's troops pushed Harald's back into the marshlands with their attack, making progress against the weaker section of the Norwegian line. However, this initial success proved insufficient for victory to the English army, as the Norwegians brought the force of the better of their troops to bear upon them, still fresh against the weakened Anglo-Saxons.


Harald's countermove

Harald brought more of his troops from the right flank to attack the centre, and sent more men to the river. The men were outnumbered, but they kept pushing and shoving the defenders back. Their efforts worked and the Anglo-Saxons were forced to give ground. Edwin's soldiers who were defending the bank now were cut off from the rest of the army by the marsh, so they headed back to the city to make a final stand. Within another hour, the men on the beck were forced off by the Norwegians. Other invading Norwegians who were still arriving found a way to get around the thick fighting and opened a third front against the Anglo-Saxons. Outnumbered and outmanuevered, the defenders were forced into defeat. Edwin and Morcar however, did survive the fight.


The remaining men in Fulford surrendered under the promise that the victors would not loot their city. The treaty was kept, as King Harald turned his attention towards York. York is a city in Northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ...


Consequences of the loss

The Battle of Fulford did not yield a huge gain or loss to either side, but fits into the important chain of events of the English Autumn of 1066. As a section of the total force of the nation, English losses were not decisive and the Norwegians retained a sizeable army, prepared for an attack on York. The Battle of Stamford Bridge ended these designs, with the defeat of Harald's army, and it is unlikely (though not totally implausible, given the vague data), that the losses at Fulford were a significant contributing factor to this later defeat. Fulford was not to be the battle to end all Scandinavian attempts at English conquest, and neither was Stamford Bridge - Sweyn II Estridsson of Denmark sent an army to England after the Norman Conquest, but was bought off by the Normans. Had the Norwegian invasion been defeated at Fulford Gate, King Harold Godwinson would have been forced into neither the taxing marches nor the battle losses that the defeat at Fulford thrust upon him, altering significantly his army at the Battle of Hastings. Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ... Combatants Norwegians, Northumbrian rebels, small numbers of Scots Anglo-Saxon England Commanders Harald Hardråde† Harold Godwinson Strength 300 ships, 5000 men Unknown Casualties 276 ships, 4500 men Unknown The Battle of Stamford Bridge in England is generally considered to mark the end of the Viking era. ... Coin struck for Sweyn II of Denmark, ca. ... Combatants Normans, supported by Bretons, Aquitanians, Flemings & French Anglo-Saxons Commanders William of Normandy, Odo of Bayeux Harold Godwinson† Strength 7,000-8,000 7,000-8,000 Casualties Unknown, thought to be around 2,000 killed and wounded Unknown, but significantly more than the Normans The Battle of Hastings...


It might have required more than was possible from the outnumbered English army, but if the Battle of Fulford had gone the other way, 1066 could have been a very different year for the Anglo Saxon people of Britain, and the history of England, and the whole United Kingdom could have run another course entirely. Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Battle of Fulford (2392 words)
In open battle it could be swung with devastating effect to scythe down the opposition while the berserk, wielding his axe, remained out of range of sword or spear.
The battle would have to move on otherwise the bodies of dead and injured would keep the warriors apart.
Fulford was about to create the conditions for such massacres.
Battle of Fulford - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1266 words)
The Battle of Fulford did not yield a huge gain or loss to either side, but fits into the important chain of events of the English Autumn of 1066.
The Battle of Stamford Bridge ended these designs, with a swift routing for the Vikings, and it is unlikely (though not totally implausible, given the vague data), that the losses at Fulford were a significant contributing factor to this later defeat.
Fulford was not to be the battle to end all Scandinavian attempts at English conquest, as Stamford Bridge was.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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