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Encyclopedia > Battle of Fort Erie (1866)
Battle of Fort Erie (1866) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battle of Fort Erie (1866)

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Battle of Fort Erie
Conflict: Fenian Raids
Date: June 2, 1866
Place: Fort Erie, Ontario
Result: Fenian victory
Combatants
Fenian Brotherhood Province of Canada
Commanders
John O'Neill John Stoughton Dennis
Strength
400-500 militia 108 militia
Casualties
3-4 dead
8-10 wounded
59 captured
6 wounded
54 captured
Fenian Raids
Campobello Island – RidgewayFort Erie – Pigeon Hill – Eccles Hill – Trout River

The Battle of Fort Erie was a bloody skirmish immediately following the Battle of Ridgeway on June 2, 1866. The victorious Fenian army, withdrawing towards the United States, met and defeated a small force of Canadian militia at Fort Erie. Fenian is a term used since the 1860s for an Irish nationalist who espouses violence, usually by people opposed to their aims. ... 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Location of Fort Erie in the Niagara Region Fort Erie (2001 population 28,143) is a town on the Niagara River in Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Founding of The Irish Republican Brotherhood The Irish Republican Brotherhood, commonly known as Fenians, was an Irish revolutionary secret society, founded in the United States by John OMahony in 1858. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces of Canada. ... Many noteworthy people have had the name John ONeill In 1866, one John ONeill led 800 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English as part of the Fenian Invasion of Canada. ... John Stoughton Dennis, circa 1914 Colonel John Stoughton Dennis (19 October 1820 – 7 July 1885) was a Canadian surveyor, officer of the Canadian militia, and civil servant noted for his role in precipitating the Red River Rebellion by his 1869 surveys of the Red River Settlement. ... The Battle of Ridgeway was contested near Ridgeway, Canada West, on June 2, 1866, between British troops and an irregular army of Irish-American invaders, the Fenians, whose ultimate goal was the establishment of a free Irish Republic. ... Battle of Eccles Hill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Battle of Ridgeway was contested near Ridgeway, Canada West, on June 2, 1866, between British troops and an irregular army of Irish-American invaders, the Fenians, whose ultimate goal was the establishment of a free Irish Republic. ... 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Founding of The Irish Republican Brotherhood The Irish Republican Brotherhood, commonly known as Fenians, was an Irish revolutionary secret society, founded in the United States by John OMahony in 1858. ... Location of Fort Erie in the Niagara Region Fort Erie (2001 population 28,143) is a town on the Niagara River in Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ...


In response to the Fenian occupation of Fort Erie on the night of July 1, militia units throughout the Niagara Region had been mobilized or put on alert. At Port Colborne, a detachment of 108 local militia under Lieutenant-Colonel John Dennis boarded a gunboat of the Dunville Naval Brigade and steamed east to the Niagara River, then scouted downriver as far as Black Creek. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Niagara Regional Municipality (2001 population 410,574), also known as Niagara Region, Regional Niagara, or the Regional Municipality of Niagara, is an area covering 12 municipalities, including th cities of Niagara Falls, Port Colborne, St. ... Location of Port Colborne in the Niagara Region Port Colborne (2004 population 24,797) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in southern Ontario, Canada in Niagara Region. ... John Stoughton Dennis, circa 1914 Colonel John Stoughton Dennis (19 October 1820 – 7 July 1885) was a Canadian surveyor, officer of the Canadian militia, and civil servant noted for his role in precipitating the Red River Rebellion by his 1869 surveys of the Red River Settlement. ... A gunboat is literally a boat carrying one or more guns. ... The Niagara River flows to the north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. ...


The Fenians apparently gone, Dennis turned back upriver to secure the village of Fort Erie and deny the Fenians an easy escape route. Dennis and a company of the Welland Canal Volunteer Artillery Regiment landed without difficulty, rounding up a number of stragglers. But when John O'Neill returned with the bulk of his force from his victory at Ridgeway, the volunteers – expecting to encounter only scattered bands of defeated Fenians under close pursuit – were unable to resist them. A fierce firefight followed, in which the militia soldiers and sailors were swept off the shores and most of the Canadians who had landed captured. Dennis, who escaped on foot by hiding in a friend's house and shedding his uniform, would later be court-martialled for deserting his men, but he was acquitted. Welland Canal The Welland Canal is a ship canal that runs 43. ... Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Many noteworthy people have had the name John ONeill In 1866, one John ONeill led 800 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English as part of the Fenian Invasion of Canada. ... The Battle of Ridgeway was contested near Ridgeway, Canada West, on June 2, 1866, between British troops and an irregular army of Irish-American invaders, the Fenians, whose ultimate goal was the establishment of a free Irish Republic. ...


The remaining Canadians on the gunboat steamed back to Port Colborne, leaving O'Neill and the Fenians in possession of Fort Erie once more. However, with an estimated 5,000 British regulars and Canadian militia converging on his position, and a U.S. naval detachment blocking any attempts at reinforcement, that night O'Neill hastily planned his retreat back to New York State. Some Fenians chose to desert, crossing the river on a variety of stolen or improvised craft. The remainder, 317 in number, crossed in a body and surrendered to a U.S. naval party near Buffalo, putting an end to Fenian incursions along the Niagara Peninsula. State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Aerial view of downtown Buffalo, New York Buffalo, also known as The Queen City, and the City of Good Neighbors, is an American city in western New York. ... The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
History of Fort Erie - Niagara Parks, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada (820 words)
Fort Erie was the first British fort to be constructed as part of this network.
In 1813, the fort was held for a period by U.S. forces after being partially dismantled by the small garrison of British troops and Canadian militia as they withdrew from the fort.
The Fort Erie area became significant as the major terminus in Canada for slaves using the Underground Railroad in the middle of the 1800's.
Fort Erie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1030 words)
Fort Erie was the first British fort to be constructed as part of a network developed after the Seven Years' War (or in North America the French and Indian War) was concluded by the Treaty of Paris (1763) at which time all of New France had been ceded to Great Britain.
The Fort Erie area became significant as the major terminus in Canada for slaves using the Underground Railroad in the middle of the 19th century.
The fort was restored to the 1812-1814 period and officially reopened on July 1, 1939.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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