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Encyclopedia > Battle of Dobro Pole
Battle of Dobro Pole
Part of the Balkans Theatre (World War I)

Two Pronged Allied Offensive
Date September 15, 1918
Location Dobro Pole, Macedonia
Result Decisive Anglo-French Victory, effectively led to Bulgaria signing an armistice and leaving the war
Combatants
Bulgaria France
British Empire
Commanders
Ferdinand I Louis Franchet d'Esperey
George Milne
Strength
4,000 10,000
Casualties
Entire army captured, wounded, or killed Minimal

The Battle of Dobro Pole was a World War I battle, fought on September 15, 1918. The battle resulted in a decisive Anglo-French victory, with a defeated Bulgaria left to sign an armistice, which removed it from World War I. Combatants Central Powers Triple Entente, Serbia, Romania The Balkans Campaign of World War I was fought between Serbia and later Romania who sided with the Allied Powers against the Central Powers, mostly Austria-Hungary and Germany as well as Bulgaria. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Louis Félix Marie François Franchet dEspèrey ( 25 May 1856 – 3 July 1942) was a French general during the First World War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Sir George Milne lived between 1866 and 1948. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Anglo-French is a term that may be used in several contexts: Nationality, eg. ... A white flag is traditionally used to represent a truce. ...


The battle was fought at Dobro Pole, in present day Macedonia, then part of Bulgaria.

Contents

Prelude

Once the Bulgarian advance into Romania and Greece had been halted, conditions at the front deteriorated rapidly and political support for the war began to wane. Bulgaria had now achieved all its war aims, but was compelled to continue fighting in order to assist its Central Powers allies. With little manpower available for farming, serious food shortages affected both civilians and soldiers while rampant inflation damaged the economy. In 1917 food riots broke out and opposition to World War I propaganda became widely circulated. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Triple Alliance. ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ... Modern soldiers. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The First World War was mainly opposed by left-wing groups, there was also opposition by Christain groups baised on pacifism The trade union and socialist movements had declared before the war their determined opposition to a war which they said could only mean workers killing each other in the...


On June 17, 1917, Greece joined the war on the side of the Entente (having issued a declaration of war on 23 November 1916). In September 1918, the Entente forces launched a two-pronged offensive into Bulgarian-occupied Macedonia. Entente, meaning a diplomatic understanding, may refer to a number of agreements: The Entente Cordiale, 1904 between France and the United Kingdom. ...


Bulgaria was able to defeat Britain and Greece at the Battle of Doiran decisively, but Anglo-French forces did not halt their advance, and the two forces finally met at Dobro Pole. Combatants Great Britain, Greece Bulgaria Commanders George Milne Vladimir Vazov Strength - English: 4 divisions, Greeks: 2 divisions - 9-th Infantry division, with parts of 11-th Infantry division and the Mountain Division (Total: 34,500) Casualties English: 47,000 Greeks: 12,000 494 The Battle of Doiran was fought from...


The Battle

Bulgarian forces met a more powerful and larger army at Dobro Pole. The large majority of the Allied Powers consisted of the 122nd French Infantry Division. The Bulgarians were prized for losing no battles to this point in the war, and Ferdinand I decided to stay and fight. The machine gun companies, the 10th and 30th Bulgarian Infantry Divisions dug in. However, the Anglo-French force was drastically superior. Before the battle began, the Bulgarians were surrounded. Being outmanned and strategically inert, the Bulgarians were unable to stop the Allied advance. Even when asked to surrender, as victory was hopeless, the Bulgarians refused to give up, ignoring the Allied requests. The Allies continued to advance, and eventually their flamethrowers inflicted devastating damage upon the Bulgarians, who soon were soundly defeated. In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... // Riverboat of the U.S. Brownwater Navy deploying an ignited napalm mixture from riverboat mounted flamethrower in Vietnam A flamethrower is a mechanical device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire. ...


Revolt

After the humiliating defeat at Dobro Pole, other Bulgarian soldiers began to revolt, and the Bulgarian front lines were abandoned. The rebels headed towards Sofia in order to negotiate with the government. When the rebels reached Sofia, they were crushed by Bulgarian loyalists and German troops. Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population (15 September 2006)  - City 1,246,791  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,377,761 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC...


Aftermath

10 days after the battle, with the front lines abandoned by the Bulgarian Army, the Entente advance in Bulgaria met little resistance. Bulgaria signed an armistice with the Allied Powers, officially leaving the war. Immediately after, a peasant-led "Agrarian" government took control.


In November 1919 the Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine awarded Thrace to Greece, depriving Bulgaria of access to the Aegean Sea. The newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes took Macedonia and Southern Dobruja went back to Romania. Severe limitations were placed on the size of the Bulgarian Army and enormous war reparations in goods and money were to be paid to the Allies. The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine, dealing with Bulgaria for its role as one of the Central Powers in World War I, was signed on the November 27, 1919 at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Southern Dobruja (Южна Добруджа (Yuzhna Dobrudzha) in Bulgarian, Dobrogea de sud or Cadrilater in Romanian is an area of north-eastern Bulgaria comprising the administrative districts named for its two principal cities of Dobrich and Silistra. ... The Bulgarian Army (Bulgarian: Българска армия) represents the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria. ... War reparations refer to the monetary compensation provided to a triumphant nation or coalition from a defeated nation or coalition. ...


See also

Combatants Austria-Hungary German Empire Bulgaria(1915-1918) Serbia Greece(1916-1918) Montenegro France(1916-1918) United Kingdom(1916-1918) Italy(1916-1918) Commanders August von Mackensen Oskar Potiorek Nikola Zhekov Radomir Putnik Nicholas I Maurice Sarrail Adolphe Guillaumat Franchet dEsperey George Milne Panagiotis Danglis The Serbian Campaign was...

References

  • Hayles, John (2001-12-13). Republic of Bulgaria National History. Retrieved on 2007-01-20.

 
 

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