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Encyclopedia > Battle of Chocim
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Khotin fortress overlooks the Dniester river

Khotyn (Хотин, Polish: Chocim; Romanian: Hotin; Russian: Хотин, Khotin) is a town in the Chernivets'ka oblast' of Ukraine. In former times the town was part of the Bessarabia region, which between the 15th and the 20th centuries passed successively to Moldavia, the Ottoman Empire, Russia, Romania, the Soviet Union, and Ukraine and Moldova. Due to the frequent change of control the name also changed frequently, and there are a multitude of spellings for the town's name, including but not limited to Khotyn, Chocim, Chotyn, Hotin, Choczim, or Khotin. The city is famous for its history and archaeology, and also for the Khotyn Fortress (http://www.xenophongi.org/ukraine/khotin/khotin1s.jpg). The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... The Chernivtsi region (Черніветська область, Chernivets’ka oblast’ in Ukrainian) lies in southwestern Ukraine, bordering on Romania and Moldova. ... Old map of Bessarabia Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name used by Russia to designate the eastern part of the territory known as Moldova (Moldavia in English), which was occupied by Russia in 1812. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ...

Contents

History

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Contemporary painting of the Battle of Khotyn

In the 10th century, Khotyn was a minor settlement of Kievan Rus. In the later part of middle ages it was the seat of a Genoese colony and then part of the Moldavian principality, which by the 17th century falled under Turkish suzeranity. Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the city of Kiev (ru: Ки́ев, Kiev; uk: Ки́їв, Kyiv), from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... Location within Italy Flag of Genoa Christopher Columbus monument in Piazza Aquaverde Genoa (Italian Genova (jeno-vah), Genoese Zena (zaynah), French Gênes) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of Liguria. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


The chief events in its annals are: the two defeats of the Turks by the army of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in 1621 by hetman Jan Chodkiewicz, and again in 1673 by king Jan Sobieski; the defeat of the Turks in 1739 by the Russians under Munnich; the defeat of the Russians by the Turks in 1768; the capture by the Russians in 1769, and by the Austrians in 1788; and the occupation by the Russians in 1806. It finally passed to Russia with Bessarabia in 1812 by the Peace of Bucharest. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1568 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie Casimire Louise Children... Count Burkhard Christoph von Munnich (1683 - 1767) was a Russian field marshal and political figure. ... Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812 was one of the several wars fought between Imperial Russia and Ottoman Empire War broke out in 1806, when Turkey deposed the russophile governors of its vassal states Moldavia and Walachia. ...


Shortly after it became part of Romania in January 1919, Ukrainian Bolshevik troops dressed as civilians entered Khotyn and encouraged the ethnic Ukrainians to revolt. An insurrection took place against the Romanian rule. (see the Khotyn uprising) The Romanian Army defeated the Bolsheviks by February 1919.


The town passed to the Soviet Ukraine in June 1940 with the rest of the Chernivtsi region (formerly known by its historic name Bukovina) as an outcome of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bukovina - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Molotov (lower left), Ribbentrop (in black) and Stalin (far right) The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin pact or Nazi-Soviet pact and formally known as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and...


Battles

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Defending the Polish banner at Chocim in 1621

In the 1621 battle of Khotyn, an army of 160,000 Turkish veterans were led by Sultan Osman II from Adrianople towards the Polish frontier. The Turks, after their victory at the Cecora, had high hopes of conquering Poland altogether. Their opposing military commander Jan Karol Chodkiewicz crossed the Dnieper in September 1621 and entrenched himself in the Khotyn Fortress right in the path of the Ottoman advance. Here for a whole month the Commonwealth hetman held the sultan at bay, till the first fall of autumn snow compelled Osman to withdraw his diminished forces. But the victory was dearly purchased by Poland. A few days before the siege was raised the aged grand hetman died of exhaustion in the fortress on September 24, 1621. The battle is described by Wacław Potocki in his most famous work Transakcja wojny chocimskiej and ends the period of Moldavian Magnate Wars. Edirne is a city in (Thrace), the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. ... Battle of Cecora Conflict Polish-Ottoman Wars Date 17 September-7 October 1620 Place near Cecora and Prut river, Moldova Result Polish defeat Battle of Cecora (also known as Battle of Tutora) was battle between Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ottomans forces (Turks and Tatars) from 17 September 1620 to... Nobel Family Chodkiewicz Coat of Arms Chodkiewicz Parents Jan Hieronim Chodkiewicz Krystyna Zborowska Consorts Zofia Mielecka Anna Alojza Ostrogska Children with Zofia Mielecka Hieronim Chodkiewicz Anna Scholastyka Chodkiewicz Date of Birth 1560 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death September 24, 1621 Place of Death Chocim Castle, Poland Jan Karol Chodkiewicz... This article is about the river. ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... Events February 9 - Gregory XV is elected pope. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The Moldavian Magnate Wars refer to the period at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century when the magnates of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth intervened in the affairs of Moldavia, clashing with the Habsburgs and the Ottoman Empire for domination of the territory. ...


In the 1673 battle of Khotyn, the Polish Hussars again fought a major battle at this location. Polish Hussar Hussar (original Hungarian spelling: huszár, plural huszárok) refers to a number of types of cavalry used throughout Europe since the 15th century. ...


In the Russo-Turkish War, the fortress was taken by Russian field marshal Burkhard Christoph von Munnich on August 19, 1739. This victory is remembered primarily through the Ode on the Taking of Khotin from the Turks, composed by the young Mikhail Lomonosov. This ode produced a revolution in the Russian letters, often taken as a starting point of the modern Russian poetry. Russo-Turkish War of 1735-1739, a war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, caused by intensified contradictions over the results of the Russo-Polish War of 1733-1735 and endless raids by the Crimean Tatars. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Count Burkhard Christoph von Munnich (1683 - 1767) was a Russian field marshal and political figure. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 20 - Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne, including the Koh-i-Noor September 9 - Stono Rebellion erupts near Charleston September 18 - Treaty of Belgrade signed October 3 - Treaty of Nissa signed October 23 - Great Britain declares war... Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (Михаи́л Васи́льевич Ломоно́сов) (November 19 (November 8, Old Style), 1711 – April 15 (April 4, Old Style), 1765) was a Russian writer and polymath who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. ... Russian literature refers to the literature of Russia or its émigrés, and to the Russian-language literature of several independent nations once a part of what was historically Russia or the Soviet Union. ...


Famous people

Philology is the study of ancient texts and languages. ... Petriceicu_Hasdeu: photograph and signature Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu (February 16, 1836_September 7, 1907) a Romanian philologist, was born at Hotin in Bessarabia in 1836, and studied at the university of Kharkiv. ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Category:Chocim
  • History and photos (http://www.xenophongi.org/ukraine/khotin/khotin.htm)
  • Flags of the world (http://www.fotw.us/flags/ua-hotin.html)
  • Lomonosov's ode on the capture of Khotin (http://www.e-lingvo.net/lyric_lomonosov_39.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chocim 1621 (1352 words)
In the Battle of Chocim in 1621, an army of 160,000 Turkish veterans, led by Osman II, advanced from Adrianople towards the Polish frontier.
The Polish commander Jan Karol Chodkiewicz crossed the Dniester in September 1621 and entrenched the Khotyn Fortress, blocking the path of the Ottoman march.
Battle of Cecora (also known as Battle of Ţuţora) was a battle between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (assisted by Moldavian troops) and Ottoman forces (backed by Tatars), fought from September 17 to October 7, 1620 in Moldavia, near the Prut river.
Khotyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1070 words)
Khotin) is a city in the Chernivtsi Oblast of western Ukraine, and is the administrative center of the Khotynsky Raion (district) within that oblast.
In the Battle of Khotyn in 1621, an army of 160,000
The Polish commander Jan Karol Chodkiewicz crossed the Dniester in September 1621 with approximately 35,000 soldiers and entrenched the Khotyn Fortress, blocking the path of the Ottoman march.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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