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Encyclopedia > Battle of Cerro Gordo
Battle of Cerro Gordo
Part of the Mexican-American War

Date: April 18, 1847
Location: Cerro Gordo, Veracruz
Result: U.S. victory
Combatants
United States Mexico
Commanders
Winfield Scott Antonio López de Santa Anna
Strength
8,500 12,000
Casualties
417 4,000 Gen Ciriaco Vasquez dead Gens.Pinzon, Jarrero, La Vega, Norriega & Obando captured
Scott's Central Mexico Campaign
VeracruzCerro GordoContrerasChurubuscoMolino del ReyChapultepecMexico City

The Battle of Cerro Gordo was a battle of the Mexican-American War. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Strength 60,000 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 (Mexican government estimate) The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and... Image File history File links Battlecerrogordo. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that compose Mexico (does not include the Mexican Federal District). ... Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army lieutenant general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a 19th century Mexican general and dictator. ... The Battle of Veracruz was a 20-day siege of the key Mexican seaport of Veracruz, Veracruz, during the Mexican-American War. ... Battle of Contreras Conflict Mexican-American War Date August 20, 1847 Place Mexico City, D.F. Result U.S. victory The Battle of Contreras (also known, particularly in Mexico, as the Battle of Padierna) took place during the night of August 19–20 in the final encounters of the Mexican... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Winfield Scott Antonio López de Santa Anna Manuel Rincón Strength 8,497 1,300 Casualties 133 killed 865 wounded 998 total 1,000 total {{{notes}}} The Battles of Churubusco took place on August 20, 1847, in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of... The Battle of Molino del Rey turned out to be one of the bloodiest fights of the Mexican-American War. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Winfield Scott Nicolás Bravo Strength 7,200 16,000 Casualties 130 killed 703 wounded 29 missing 862 total 1,800 killed and wounded 823 captured 2,623 Total {{{notes}}} The Battle of Chapultepec took place in September 1847 during the Mexican-American War, at... The Battle for Mexico City refers to the series of engagements from September 8 to September 15, 1847 in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the Mexican-American War. ... // The following are known battles of the Mexican-American War. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Strength 60,000 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 (Mexican government estimate) The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and...


Prelude

United States forces captured the port of Veracruz on March 27, 1847. Following this, General Winfield Scott advanced toward Mexico City. Veracruz from space, July 1997 The city of Veracruz is a major port city on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army lieutenant general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) in the South of Mexico, about 2,240 meters (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides...


Action

General Antonio López de Santa Anna, commanding Mexican forces in the area, blocked Scott's march at Cerro Gordo, near Xalapa, with more than 12,000 soldiers in a fortified defile. Scott's corps of engineers discovered a mountain trail around Santa Anna's position. Scott quickly moved the main body of his command along the trail, flanking the Mexicans. A sharp action ensued on April 18, 1847, routing Santa Anna's force. Mexicans lost 1,000 killed and wounded with 3,000 further taken prisoner. The U.S. lost 64 killed and 353 wounded. General Santa Anna, while eating a roast chicken during battle, was so caught off guard by the Fourth Regiment of the Illinois Volunteer Infantry that he was forced to ride off without his artificial leg, which was captured and is still displayed in Illinois. Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a 19th century Mexican general and dictator. ... Xalapa or Jalapa is the capital city of the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A rout is a disorderly withdrawal made by a military force following defeat , a collapse of discipline, or poor morale. ... Binomial name Gallus gallus A chicken (Gallus gallus) is a type of domesticated bird which is often raised as a type of poultry. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ...


Because of the terrain and the successful flanking maneuver used in the encounter, this battle has been called "the Battle of Thermopylae of the West". Combatants Greek city-states Persia Commanders Leonidas† Xerxes I of Persia Strength About 7000 200,000 to 250,0001 Casualties 300 Spartans; over 4,000 total Greeks 10,000 - 30,000 1 Modern estimate by historians; Herodotus claims that the Persian strength was 1 million on land and 1 million...


Scott moved on to Puebla, 75 miles (120 km) from Mexico City, where he halted on May 15, 1847. The city of Puebla – known more formally as Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza or less formally as La Angelópolis or Puebla de los Ángeles – is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name, and the fourth largest city in Mexico just behind Mexico City... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


There were four company grade officers in Scott's corp of engineers who were of significant historical interest; Captain Robert E. Lee, Captain George B. McClellan, Captain Joseph E. Johnston and Lieutenant P.G.T. Beauregard. All went on to serve as generals in the American Civil War (1861–1865). For the author of Inherit the Wind and other works, see Robert Edwin Lee. ... George McClellan George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general (and briefly the general-in-chief of the Union Army) during the American Civil War. ... Joseph E. Johnston Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer and one of the most senior generals in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (BO-rih-gahrd) (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893), best known as a general for the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  The American...


References

  • The Encyclopedia of Military History, Dupuy and Dupuy. Harper & Row, Publishers.
  • [1]

  Results from FactBites:
 
About Cerro Gordo (212 words)
The name was given to the town in 1855 in honor of the early citizens who fought and were wounded in the heroic battle at the mountain pass of Cerro Gordo, Mexico, in the Mexico War 1845-1848.
The Cerro Gordo volunteer fire department and community ambulance service provide the village and surrounding areas with fire protection and emergency service.
Cerro Gordo maintains its own school system with a closed campus policy for grades K through 12.
Battle of Cerro Gordo (418 words)
Cerro Gordo is a difficult mountain pass, at the foot of the eastern slope of the Cordilleras, on the great national road from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico.
Santa Anna, by extraordinary efforts after the battle of BUENA VISTA, had gathered a force of about 12,000 men from among the sierras of Orizaba, concentrated them upon the heights of Cerro Gordo, and strongly fortified the position.
Twiggs approached Cerro Gordo on the 13th, and found Santa Anna in his path.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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