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Encyclopedia > Battle of Caucasus

The Battle of Caucasus is a generic name for a series of operations during the Great Patriotic War. In 1942, the Wehrmacht launched the Operation Edelweiss, which aimed at penetrating to the oil fields of Azerbaijan. The German offensive was stopped by the Red Army in Chechenya in September, partly due to severe drain of German personnel to the ongoing Battle of Stalingrad. The Soviet counter-offensive was launched in January 1943. The key military base of Novorossiysk was liberated by September, and the Taman Peninsula was cleared from the Germans in early October. The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... This article is about the year. ... Wehrmacht â–¶(?) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... A Red Army is a communist army. ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 79th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th _ est. ... The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in World War II and is considered one of the bloodiest and largest battles in human history. ... January, from the Très riches heures du duc de Berry January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... 1. ...

Contents


Forces and commanders

Red Army

Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973), Soviet military commander, was a favourite of Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin, a fact which led to one of modern historys greatest military catastrophes. ... Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Sergey Georgyevich Gorshkov (b. ...

Wehrmacht

  • to be added

German offensives (1942)

August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Wehrmacht ▶(?) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Stone Cross of Stavropol, symbol of the city Stavropol (Ста́врополь) is a city located in south-western Russia. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... See Maikop culture for the prehistoric culture. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian, Краснодар) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River, and is the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai (Krasnodar region, also known as Kuban, Russian Кубань). Geographical location... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Categories: Russia-related stubs | North Ossetia | Cities in Russia ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with 30 days. ...

Soviet offensives (1943)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battle of Stalingrad (2794 words)
It was the stubborn battle to occupy the city itself to the last ruined meter, and later Hitler's refusal to retreat from Stalingrad, that cost him his entire southern campaign, and horrible losses to both sides.
One unit which perhaps sacrificed most in the battle of Stalingrad was the elite 13th Guards division, which was sent across the Volga into Stalingrad just in time to repel a German attack that reached the Volga near the center of the city.
It was clear that the battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point of World War 2, that the direction of the war turned against Germany.
North-Caucasian Military District (2309 words)
The North Caucasian Military District [SKVO] with its headquarters in Rostov-on-Donu is responsible for the Caucasus region.
This district includes all of the North Caucasus region and the Don-Volga lands from Rostov-on-Donu to Astrakhan on the Caspian Sea, and from Dagestan in the south to the Volgograd Region in the north.
The bitter battles with the enemy were developed along the front from 320 to 1000 kilometers and at the depth from 400 to 800 kilometers.
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